A public security bureau in China refers to a government office acting as a police station or a local or provincial police. The PSB system is similar in concept to the Japanese Kōban system, is present in each province and municipality. A PSB handles policing, public security, social order, the other duties of such offices include residence registration, as well as internal and external migration matters, such as the registration of temporary residents; the system of public security bureaus is administered by the Ministry of Public Security, which co-ordinates the work of provincial public security bureaus that are answerable to the local governments and branches of the Communist Party of China. Provincial public security bureaus in turn administer county or district level public security sub-bureaus and branch bureaus, which perform a role similar to larger police stations; the lowest level outposts are police posts, which perform a role similar to small local police stations. The network of public security bureaus and the Ministry of Public Security should not be confused with the separate but parallel network of state security bureaus, administered at the national level by the Ministry of State Security, responsible for external and internal intelligence, performs a "secret police" role.
The two systems are administratively separate, although at local levels they co-operate to a large extent and share resources. Most major Chinese cities will have a PSB assigned to deal with local security needs; each province and autonomous region has a provincial-level Public Security Department or municipal PSB to deal with provincial security issues. In 2016, the Xinjiang PSB signed a partnership agreement with Huawei. In 2019, the same PSB and of its subordinate municipal PSBs were sanctioned by the U. S. Government for their role in human rights abuses against the Uyghurs. Fire Services Traffic VIP Protection Immigration and Visitor Affairs Public security Crime Control Public Safety and Information Ministry of Public Security of the People's Republic of China Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau Beijing Municipal Public Security Bureau official website Shanghai Municipal Bureau of Public Security Guangdong Provincial Public Security Department Bureau of Public Security of Guangzhou Municipality
Patrick Roach is a Canadian actor and investor. He is best known for playing Randy on the television series Trailer Park Boys. 2006 Trailer Park Boys: The Movie as Randy 2009 Trailer Park Boys: Countdown to Liquor Day as Randy 2010 Matt and Wes Vs. The Zombie Apocalypse as Zombie 8 2014 Trailer Park Boys: Don't Legalize It as Randy 2014 Swearnet: The Movie as Himself / Swearman 2014 Swearnet Live as Pat Roach / Randy TV Movies and TV shows 2001–2007, 2014–2018 Trailer Park Boys as Randy 2004 Trailer Park Boys Christmas Special as Randy TV Movie 2008 Say Goodnight to the Bad Guys as Randy 2011 The Drunk and on Drugs Happy Funtime Hour as Pat Roach 2 episodes 2011 2014 Epic Meal Time as Randy 2 episodes 2014 Trailer Park Boys: Live in Dublin as Randy 2014 GGN: Snoop Dogg's Double G News Network as Randy 1 episode 2014 Trailer Park Boys: Live at the North Pole as Randy 2015 Trailer Park Boys: Drunk, High & Unemployed as Randy 2016 Garage Talks as Randy 1 episode Roach was born in Gander, Newfoundland.
Roach is known for his large gut. For the first four years he appeared on Trailer Park Boys, Roach continued to work as a regional sales manager for Sparkling Springs, a bottled water company, he would film Trailer Park Boys on his vacation time, but in July 2004 he quit his job in order to concentrate on acting. He appeared in a commercial for the telephone service Vonage; when asked what it was like appearing shirtless in nearly every episode of Trailer Park Boys, Roach replied that "it was uncomfortable at first, but after everyone in Canada has seen you, what the hell". His character works as Weekend Trailer Park Superviser, his is in a relationship with the Trailer Park Supervisor Jim Lahey, whom he always calls Mr. Lahey. Lahey is dependant on his assistant for his daily care. Roach has commented in an interview that Randy is gay, though the show portrays the character as bisexual, he was in the original Trailer Park Boys short film before it was made into a series. His character was the basis for Randy, but was named Patrick and wore a shirt.
In between shooting the show and Dunsworth travelled across Canada performing at comedy clubs and other music events as a stand-up/improv act. After Dunsworth's death in 2017, Roach created his own stand-up comedy show called Randy's Cheeseburger Picnic. From 2009 to 2013, Roach worked at Investors Group as a personal finance consultant. In 2010, Roach reunited with many of his former Trailer Park Boys castmates in the new series The Drunk and On Drugs Happy Fun Time Hour. Roach and his ex-wife, have two children. Patrick Roach on IMDb
Song Yoo-geun is a South Korean person who gained recognition as a child prodigy in South Korea since 2004. After graduating college in 2009, he was involved in a number of controversies during his unsuccessful doctorate program at Korean University of Science and Technology, including one involving his paper in October 2015 written with his advisor, Park Seok-jae; the paper, entitled "Axisymmetric, Nonstationary Black Hole Magnetospheres: Revisited" appeared in the Astrophysical Journal. However, the paper was soon retracted due to conerns. Song Yoo-geun left a prodigy school he attended in 2003. Six months of his independent study enabled him to solve pre-calculus problems. In August 2004, at age 6, he passed "Craftsman Information Processing" certification examination. In November of the same year, his parents tried to enroll him at a local elementary school as a sixth grader. While Song did not perform well, obtaining a score of 12% on his math exam, his parents maintained that Song was neither used to, or interested in, calculating equations that lacked meaning.
Although the school allowed this at first, it reversed its decision, citing administrative difficulties. Song's parents took the elementary school to court, where the court ruled that the school's decision was unlawful in April 2005, allowing Song to study there as a sixth grader; as Korean students must enroll in middle school within 30 days of the beginning of the school year, Song could not enroll in middle school after winning the lawsuit. Song's parents decided to opt for a Korean equivalent of the GED. Song passed the test, which gave him the right to enroll in high school in May 2005, he went on to pass the test that certified him as a high school graduate in August 2005. Thus, Song finished the twelve-year curriculum spanning elementary school – middle school – high school in nine months, setting a new record. In October 2005, he applied and was accepted to Inha University through its early decision plans, which allows exceptional students to bypass the Korean equivalent of SATs at age 7, being the youngest university student ever.
During his interview with Inha University, Song demonstrated his understanding of the Schrödinger equation, a partial differential equation, of central importance to quantum mechanics theory. Considering his young age, Inha University formed a committee of seven, named "Song Yoo-Geun Committee," including professors and his mother, who gave him private lessons instead of the usual classroom style lectures. Inha University provided Song with his own lab, a residence space, so that he can stay with his parents, at his parents' request, his first semester GPA was 3.8/4.5 equivalent to a B+. However, In December 2008, mere two years after he has begun his studies, he decided to withdraw from Inha University, since he felt "difficult to study within the framework that the professor has arbitrarily decided for themselves." He said, "I want to study string theory or big bang theory, but I cannot do that as an undergraduate student."Of the 140 credits required for graduation, Song received 53 credits from Inha University, 113 credits from an on-line degree institution.
On this, Inha University said, that it "respects Song's decisions." To fulfill total credit hours to apply for a graduate school, he achieved Bachelor's degree using Credit Bank System. He began at UST with the intention of studying astronomy. Like Inha University, UST formed a committee of professors, titled "Song Yoo-Geun Project," and Song was given private lessons in lieu of classroom lectures; the topics of the lectures varied from quantum field theory, nuclear physics and topology. The university set aside 100 million Korean won for research. In February 2010, UST announced that Song was accepted to its combined master's and Ph. D. program, with the goal of obtaining a Ph. D. in 2012. He studied under the guidance of Park Seok-jae, whose specialized area is black hole modeling, he passed his candidacy exam in November 2014, by a presentation entitled "Gromov-Witten Invariants on Real Hypersurfaces of Kähler Manifold," and declared his intention to become a mathematician to the press. However, he again changed his mind to study black holes.
During a press conference in 2005, after he was admitted to Inha University, he brought a machine that purifies air, gave a demonstration of it. The press and the Inha University officials reported that Song claimed it to be a machine that he invented himself, to thank the Korean citizens for their support, it became known that the machine was in fact designed by a small company. According to CEO of JC Technologies, Song's father told him that being able to show off the machine in front of the press will help with its sales, he had borrowed it from the company. Song's father admitted this misunderstanding, saying that "Song has ambitions to study air purification methods using photosynthesis, so he just did a demonstration. There may have been parts where we were misunderstood, as this was our first large-scale press conference." In 2015, The Astrophysical Journal retracted Song's paper due to plagiarism issue. ApJ noticed that the paper plagiarized a 2002 book chapter, a proceeding paper of Song's advisor, Park Seok-jae.
Song & Park draws extensively from an earlier publication by Park, "Stationary Versus Nonstationary Force-Free Black Hole Magnetospheres," in Black Hole Astrophysics 2002: Proceedings of the Sixth APCTP Winter School. In fact, the differences are modest confined to an alternate formulation of the
Aleksander Lesser was a Polish painter, sketch artist, art critic, amateur researcher of antiquities, of Jewish descent. Lesser holds a place in Polish art history "as an outstanding representative of his country’s historical school." He specialized in Polish historical and contemporary themes, he was known and respected in artistic and scholarly circles. He was a member of Kraków's Academy of Learning and co-founder of Warsaw's Zachęta, the Society for Encouragement of the Fine Arts. Aleksander Lesser was born in Warsaw in 1814 to Levy Lesser, a famous trader and banker, Roza Loewenstein. Lesser's formal study of painting began in the Warsaw Lyceum under Aleksander Kokular before continuing at the Faculty of Fine Arts at the Royal University of Warsaw in 1830–1831 under Antoni Brodowski, the Polish romantic painter; this university was closed by the imperial Russian authorities after the Polish uprising of 1831. Between 1836 and 1846, Lesser studied in Munich under Peter Cornelius, Heinrich Hess, Julius Schnorr von Carosfeld.
In 1843, Lesser became friends with a prominent Polish poet named Cyprian Kamil Norwid. Lesser returned to Warsaw in 1846, where he was praised for his treatment of historical and religious themes, as well as for his portraits and genre scenes. Many of his paintings, including Obrona Trembowli, were interpreted by both critics and the public as allegories of the Polish struggle for independence. Lesser began giving a more important role to Jewish themes in his work in the 1860s, thus becoming one of the first artists to paint scenes from modern Polish Jewish history. In addition, Lesser began painting and sketching scenes from Polish Jewish history upon the encouragement of Joachim Lelewel, a historian and advocate of Polish independence, living in exile. In 1860, Lesser was a co-founder of the Society for the Encouragement of the Fine Arts, an organization which aimed to promote art for the mutual benefit of both artists and society at large. Lesser was a member of the executive committee of this organization from 1864 to 1883, he served on the Commission on Art History in the Academy of Arts and Sciences in Kraków starting from 1878.
Lesser died in 1884 at the age of 69. Nowadays, his works are located in the National Museum in Warsaw, in the National Museum in Kraków, in collections in Poznań and Lviv, his most famous paintings include: The Defense of Trembowla against the Turks The Funeral of the Five Fallen in 1861, depicting the funeral of Poles of Catholic and Hebrew descent, murdered by Russian Cossacks. The painting includes Eastern Orthodox and Jewish clergymen. Portraits of Polish Kings – 40 portraits of Polish monarchs; the paintings, together with commentaries, were published in Warsaw in 1860. Notable are: The Recovery of Wanda's Body from the Wisła River Kadłubek Writing His Chronicle at a Monastery Young Boleslaw Wrymouth Departs Moravia The Coronation of Leszek I the White The Prussian Tribute Copernicus' Last Moments Paintings with Christian themes, e.g. The Transfiguration of Jesus. List of Poles #Fine arts "Aleksander," Encyklopedia powszechna PWN, vol. 2, Warsaw, Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, 1974, p. 705
Stuart Jay Olshansky is a professor in the School of Public Health at the University of Illinois at Chicago concentrating on biodemography and gerontology and is co-founder and Chief Scientist at Lapetus Solutions, Inc. He is a research associate at the Center on Aging and at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Olshansky is an associate editor of the Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences and Biogerontology and is a member of the editorial boards of several other scientific journals. Olshansky has been working with colleagues in the biological sciences to develop the modern "biodemographic paradigm" of mortality – an effort to understand the biological nature of the survival and dying out processes of living organisms; the focus of his research has been on estimates of the upper limits to human longevity, exploring the health and public policy implications associated with individual and population aging, forecasts of the size and age structure of the population, pursuit of the scientific means to slow aging in people, global implications of the re-emergence of infectious and parasitic diseases, insurance linked securities.
Olshansky was born on February 22, 1954. He attended Michigan State University and was awarded a B. S. in 1975. He attended the University of Chicago and was awarded a M. S. in 1982. He received his Ph. D. in sociology at the University of Chicago in 1984. His work on biodemography has been funded by a Special Emphasis Research Career Award and an Independent Scientist Award from the National Institute on Aging and a research grant from the U. S. Social Security Administration starting in 1991. In 2011 he published an article on the longevity of United States presidents in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Olshansky was the recipient of a 2005/2006 Senior Fulbright Award to lecture in France. In 2010 he was made fellow of the Gerontological Society of America. Olshansky has been a vocal supporter of scientific attempts increase the human healthspan, he is an advocate for prolonging the healthy life-span compared to increasing the overall length of life as such. In an interview he advocated for further study of calorie restriction, genetic study of humans centenarians, for further study on life extension and senescence.
He is co-author with Bruce A Carnes of The Quest for Immortality: Science at the Frontiers of Aging and with Jim Kirkland and George Martin he co-edited "Aging: The Longevity Dividend", published in 2015. On Sept. 15, 2000 after American biologist Steven Austad was quoted in Scientific American as saying "The first 150-year old person is alive right now", he and Olshansky made their famous Lifespan Bet, putting $150 each into an investment fund, with the money and interest to go to the winner on Jan. 1, 2150 if he is of sound mind.
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth was a German SS functionary during the Nazi era. He was a war criminal who perpetrated mass murder and genocide in German occupied Poland during the Holocaust. Karl Georg Eberhard Schöngarth was born on 22 April 1903 in Germany, his father was a master brewer. Schöngarth began high school at the age of 11, but soon dropped out in order to work at a garden center to support the war effort. On 7 March 1918 Schöngarth was awarded a “Young Men's Iron Medal”. After the war, he was to go back to high school to complete his education, but instead joined a Freikorps paramilitary group in Thuringia; this lead to Schöngarth joining a local Nazi group in Erfurt on November 1923, as he felt the organization agreed with his ethno-nationalistic tendencies. Schöngarth fled to Coburg to try and escape from his crime of treason, but came back to Erfurt and was given amnesty. In 1924 Schöngarth finished his high school education and got a job at the Deutsche bank while joining the Army Infantry Regiment 1/15 in Gießen.
Karl Eberhard Schöngarth joined the SA as member number 43,870 while claiming expulsion from the army. By 1924, Schöngarth's involvement with the Nazi party had decreased, he enrolled at the University of Leipzig, majoring in economics and law, he landed a job in the Naumburg Superior Courts. He went on to acquire his doctorate in law from the Institute for Labor and Law, on 28 June 1929 at just the age of 26, was awarded a Cum Laude, his thesis was on the subject of'the refusal of notices of termination of employment contracts. He decided to take his second bar exam in December 1933 and became a court official for Magdeburg and Torgau. Eberhard married Dorothea Gross. After becoming a court official, Schöngarth began involving himself more in the Nazi party. On 1 February 1933 he joined the SS; because party membership was now crucial for getting a government job in Germany, his involvement allowed him to become a postmaster in Erfurt. In 1933 he became a member of the SS's own intelligence service.
He left his postmaster position on November 1, 1935, joined the Gestapo. During his time working with the Gestapo, he worked in the main press office, the political-church council, the Arnsberg district office in Dortmund, he served as police chief in Münster and was named a government counselor. Though unknown why he found employment at the political church, a letter from Reinhard Heydrich to the Reich Ministry of the Interior recommended Eberhard become a part of the Secret State Police due to his broad and insightful law background, he was placed with the Gestapo, with the SS. He rose in ranks in the SS, becoming a first lieutenant, captain and lieutenant colonel in 1939, from colonel to brigadier general in 1940. During the German attack on Poland he was promoted to SS Obersturmbannfuhrer, he served as a Senior Inspector for the RSHA in Dresden. In January 1941 he was sent to Kraków, occupied Poland, as senior commander of the SiPo and SD. During this time Schöngarth was stationed in Kraków, he formed several Einsatzgruppen in Warsaw and Lublin, with the intention of perpetrating massacres.
He was responsible for the murder of up to 10,000 Polish Jews between July and September 1941 and the massacre of Lwów professors behind the frontlines of Operation Barbarossa in the Soviet Union. Schöngarth attended the Wannsee Conference on 20 January 1942, along with Dr. Rudolf Lange, who had participated in the Holocaust. From early July 1944 until the end of war he was the BdS in the Netherlands, he is reported to have killed 263 persons in reprisal for the ambushing of SS General Hanns Albin Rauter March 6, 1945. In 2019, a mass grave containing the remains of more than 1,000 Jews was discovered during renovation work on houses in Brest. An Einsatzgruppe led by Schöngarth murdered more than 5,000 Jews in the area between 10 and 12 July 1941. Schöngarth was captured by the allies at the end of the war in Europe. After an investigation into his background, he was charged with the crime of murdering a downed Allied pilot at Enschede and tried by a British military court in Burgsteinfurt, he was sentenced to death by hanging.
Schöngarth was executed by Albert Pierrepoint on 16 May 1946 at Hamelin prison. This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the German Wikipedia. Media related to Karl Eberhard Schöngarth at Wikimedia Commons Holocaust Research Project: Karl Eberhard Schöngarth