Public transport in Stockholm

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A metro train at Gamla stan station
An icy commuter train
A city bus at Sergels torg
Heritage tram on the Djurgården line
Modern tram on Spårväg City line 7 at Sergels torg

Public transport in Stockholm consists of bus, metro, regional/suburban rail, light rail, tram and an archipelago boat operation in Stockholm County, Sweden. The bus and rail is organized by Storstockholms Lokaltrafik (Stockholm Transport, literally: Greater Stockholm Public Transport),[1] SL, which is owned by the Stockholm County Council; the operation and maintenance of the public transport systems are delegated by SL to several contractors. The boat traffic is handled by Waxholmsbolaget.

The airport rapid public transport systems are handled separately though, with Flygbussarna providing airport bus services, and Arlanda Express an airport train service.

Transport systems[edit]

Bus[edit]

There is a vast number of bus lines in Stockholm County. There are three different kinds of bus lines that differ from regular bus lines.

  • Inner-city blue bus lines
  • Suburban blue bus lines
  • Service bus lines

The blue bus are in the inner city variant trunk lines traversing large parts of the Stockholm inner city, and in the suburban variant acting as important feeder lines between the suburbs and public transport hubs in central Stockholm, or providing crossway connections between suburbs; these are called blue bus lines because the buses that operate on them are painted blue, in contrast to the red color of the regular buses.[2] The service bus lines are especially adapted for elderly people, and are found in certain residential areas. Along some parts of these lines instead of regular bus stops there are areas where one can halt the bus just by waving at them.

Blue bus lines[edit]

Line Route
1 Frihamnen – HötorgetFridhemsplanStora Essingen
2 NorrtullOdenplanSlussenSofia
3 SödersjukhusetSlussenFridhemsplanKarolinska Hospital
4 GullmarsplanFridhemsplanEast Station – Radiohuset
6 RopstenEast StationOdenplanKarolinska Institute
172 NorsborgHuddingeHögdalenSkarpnäck
173 SkärholmenÄlvsjöBandhagenSkarpnäck
176 Mörby station – SolnaEkerö centre – Stenhamra
177 Mörby station – Solna – Tappström – Skärvik
178 Mörby station – Helenelund station – KistaJakobsberg station
179 Sollentuna station – KistaSpånga station – Vällingby
471 SlussenNackaOrminge centre – West Orminge
474 SlussenGustavsberg centre – Ålstäket – Hemmesta
670 East StationDanderyds sjukhusVaxholm
676 East StationDanderyds sjukhusNorrtälje
873 GullmarsplanTyresö centre – Nyfors
875 GullmarsplanTyresö centreTyresö church

Metro[edit]

The Stockholm Metro consists of three groups of lines, which are each referred to as a singular line.

Name Lines Stretch Length Stations
Blue line 10, 11 KungsträdgårdenHjulsta/Akalla 25.5 km 20
Red line 13, 14 Norsborg/FruängenRopsten/Mörby centrum 41.2 km 36
Green line 17, 18, 19 Åkeshov/Alvik/Hässelby strandSkarpnäck/Farsta strand/Hagsätra 41.3 km 49

The Stockholm metro has been called 'the world's longest art gallery',[3] with most of the network's 100 stations decorated with sculptures, mosaics, paintings, installations, engravings and reliefs.

Suburban rail[edit]

There are three suburban rail systems, with eight lines. Roslagsbanan uses an 891 mm narrow gauge, the others use standard gauge.

Name Lines Stretch Length Stations
Saltsjöbanan 25, 26 SlussenSaltsjöbaden; IgelbodaSolsidan 18.5 km 18
Roslagsbanan 27, 28, 29 Stockholm East StationNäsbypark/Österskär/Kårsta 65.0 km 39
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 40 Uppsala C – Arlanda C– Stockholm City – Södertälje centrum 25
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 41 Märsta – Stockholm City – Södertälje centrum 24
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 42 Märsta – Stockholm City – Nynäshamn 21
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 43 Bålsta – Stockholm City – Nynäshamn 28
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 44 Kallhäll – Stockholm City – Älvsjö 21
Commuter rail (Pendeltåg) 48 Södertälje centrum – Gnesta 6

Regional and intercity rail[edit]

There are regional and InterCity trains going on the mainlines between Stockholm and cities outside the county; these cities include Uppsala, Gävle, Eskilstuna, Linköping, Västerås. These train are run by SJ on their own, and SJ tickets or special combination tickets called TiM (SJ+SL) are valid; the trains are run for a profit by SJ, without tax support.

Light rail and tram[edit]

There is one heritage tram line operational, Djurgården line;[4] the infrastructure is owned by SL, but the cars are owned and operated by the Swedish Tramway Society. All SL fares are valid.[5]

There are three regular light rail lines and one inner city tram line in Stockholm and only two of them, Nockebybanan and the new Tvärbanan are connected and share depot and rolling stock; the LRV primarily used on these lines are a localized version of Bombardier's Flexity Swift; Urbos trams have also been ordered.[6]

Name Line Stretch Length Stops
Spårväg City 7 Sergels TorgWaldemarsudde 3.2 km 12
Nockebybanan 12 NockebyAlvik 5.7 km 10
Lidingöbanan 21 RopstenGåshaga Brygga 9.2 km 14
Tvärbanan 22 Sickla StationSolna Station 18.2 km 26

Boat[edit]

There are several Stockholm archipelago boat lines in Stockholm County, run by Waxholmsbolaget; some of them operate year around.

As of August 2018 there are four water bus (pendelbåt) lines in Stockholm, where SL fares apply.[7]

Name Line Route
Sjövägen [sv] 80 FrihamnenNybroplan
Djurgården ferry 82 SlussenSkeppsholmenAllmänna gränd
Riddarfjärdslinjen [sv] 85 Klara MälarstrandRiddarholmen[8]Söder MälarstrandKungsholmstorg
Ekerölinjen [sv] 89 TappströmKlara Mälarstrand

Airport transport[edit]

The rapid public transport to and from the airports in Stockholm are handled a bit separately than the regular land based public transport as handled by SL, thus they have their own tickets and pricing structure, it is also possible to take regular public transport to and from the airports, but that typically means one has to change between some buses or trains and the trip takes more time.

Arlanda Express[edit]

Arlanda Express provides an airport rail link service to and from the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport.

Flygbussarna[edit]

Flygbussarna provides an airport bus service to and from all four airports associated with Stockholm: Stockholm-Arlanda Airport, Stockholm-Bromma Airport, Stockholm-Skavsta Airport, and Stockholm-Västerås Airport.

Local transportation[edit]

Arlanda is since 2012 served by the commuter train (Pendeltåg) to Stockholm and Uppsala; the trip takes 38 minutes to Stockholm Central Station and 18 minutes to Uppsala.[9] As of 9 January 2019 there is a supplemental fee of 120 SEK for passing through the railway station at the airport.[10]

Tickets[edit]

As of March 2009, by one measure—single ticket price for a 10-kilometre (6.2 mi) journey—Stockholm has the most expensive-to-use public transport in the world.[11]

SL's tickets[edit]

SL has two main forms of tickets. Both are used for all SL public transport within Stockholm County.[10]

  • Travel card — valid during a specified period of time, from 24 hours up to a year, depending on the card.
  • Single journey ticket — valid for 75 minutes from activation, within Stockholm County. Single journey tickets are mainly purchased with credits loaded onto an SL Access card.

In either case, the ticket is loaded onto an SL Access RFID card that is scanned at the start of the first journey.

Regardless of the ticket used, journeys by the Stockholm Commuter Rail Pendeltåg to Arlanda Airport, or crossing the county border to Uppsala and Knivsta, incur additional costs; as mentioned above, the additional cost for using the railway station at Arlanda airport is 120 SEK (can be paid upon arrival). Travelling to Uppsala or Knivsta with SL from Stockholm County requires a valid Uppsala County (UL) ticket in addition to the usual SL ticket.

SL Access RFID card used to hold tickets.

SL's ticket prices[edit]

As of 9 January 2019, the prices for the most common tickets are as follows.[10] The discounted fare is for persons under the age of 20, or over the age of 65.

Single journey ticket
Purchase method Adult fare Discounted fare
SL credits ("reskassa") 32 SEK 22 SEK
App, ticket machines, ticket booth, ticket agent 45 SEK 31 SEK
Bought from a conductor 64 SEK 42 SEK
Travel cards
Card name Adult fare Discounted fare
24-hour card 130 SEK 90 SEK
72-hour card 260 SEK 170 SEK
7-day card 335 SEK 225 SEK
30-day card 890 SEK 590 SEK
90-day card 2,580 SEK 1,700 SEK
365-day card 9,310 SEK 6,240 SEK
30-day card including Arlanda passage 1,190 SEK 890 SEK

In addition, there are tickets available for school students under 20 years old, as well as tickets valid both for SL and UL.

Waxholmsbolaget's tickets[edit]

With the Waxholmsbolaget archipelago boats the ticket structure is essentially

  • Cash ticket paid on board, price dependent on trip length
  • 30-day period cards

On the Djurgården ferry line (Djurgårdsfärjan) between Slussen and Djurgården, only the SL travel cards are valid.

Arlanda Express tickets[edit]

The Arlanda Express train between Stockholm central station and Arlanda airport has its own relatively expensive tickets; as of January 2019, the normal price is 295 SEK one way. Tickets can be bought in vending machines near the platform, or electronic tickets on the internet, they can be bought on board the train for a 100 SEK surcharge. There are discounts for children, students and retired people. There are multi-journey tickets, and a one-year tickets for unlimited travel.[12]

Contractors[edit]

SL does not themselves directly operate any traffic, instead all the traffic is handled by contractors.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stockholm Transport - in English Archived 2007-02-07 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Blåbussarna". AB Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
  3. ^ Art Discussion website 'Twisted Sifter'
  4. ^ "The Djurgården line no 7:". Swedish Tramway Society. Retrieved 2007-05-18.
  5. ^ "The Djurgården line no 7N: Fares". Swedish Tramway Society. Retrieved 2011-07-21.
  6. ^ "CAF wins Urbos tram contracts". Retrieved 2011-04-01.
  7. ^ "Pendelbåtar" (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  8. ^ "Pendelbåtslinje 85 får en ny hållplats" (in Swedish). Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. 21 December 2017. Archived from the original on 2018-01-07. Retrieved 2018-08-12.
  9. ^ "Trains". Stockholm Arlanda Airport. Swedavia. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
  10. ^ a b c "Fares & tickets". Storstockholms Lokaltrafik. Retrieved 2019-01-27.
  11. ^ "A fare price?". The Economist. September 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-24. In Stockholm it costs $4.88 for a single journey of 10km on public transport, the highest cost in a study of 73 cities by UBS, a Swiss bank.
  12. ^ "Tickets and fares". Arlanda Express. Retrieved 2019-01-27.[self-published source]

External links[edit]