Puck is a defunct magazine, the first successful humor magazine in the United States of colorful cartoons and political satire of the issues of the day. It was founded in 1871 as a German-language publication by Joseph Keppler, an Austrian-born cartoonist, it was published from 1871 until 1918. Puck's first English-language edition was published in 1877, covering issues like New York City's Tammany Hall, presidential politics, social issues of late 19th century to early 20th centuries. A collection of Puck cartoons dating from 1879 to 1903 is maintained by the Special Collections Research Center within the Gelman Library of The George Washington University; the Library of Congress has an extensive collection of Puck Magazine prints online. The Florida Atlantic University Libraries Special Collections Department maintains a collection of both English and German edition Puck cartoons dating from 1878 to 1916; the weekly magazine was founded by Joseph Keppler in St. Louis, it began publishing German language periodicals in March 1871, though the German-language periodical publication failed.
After working with Leslie's Illustrated Weekly in New York—a well-established magazine at the time—Keppler created a satirical magazine called Puck published in German. In 1877, after gaining wide support for an English version of Puck, Keppler published its first issue in English; the first English edition was sold for 16 cents. Puck gained notoriety for its witty, humorous cartoons and was the first to publish weekly cartoons using chromolithography in place of wood engraving, offering three cartoons instead of one. In its early years of publication, Puck's cartoons were printed in black and white, though editions featured colorful, eye-catching lithographic prints in vivid color; the English language magazine continued in operation for more than 40 years under several owners and editors, until it was bought by the William Randolph Hearst company in 1916. The publication lasted two more years. A typical 32-page issue contained a full-color political cartoon on the front cover and a color non-political cartoon or comic strip on the back cover.
There was always a double-page color centerfold on a political topic. There were numerous black-and-white cartoons used to illustrate humorous anecdotes. A page of editorials commented on the issues of the day, the last few pages were devoted to advertisements. "Puckish" means "childishly mischievous". This led Shakespeare's Puck character to be recast as a charming near-naked boy and used as the title of the magazine. Puck was the first magazine to carry illustrated advertising and the first to adopt full-color lithography printing for a weekly publication; the magazine consisted of 16 pages measuring 10 inches by 13.5 inches with front and back covers in color and a color double-page centerfold. The cover always quoted Puck saying, "What fools these mortals be!" The jaunty symbol of Puck is conceived as a putto in a top hat. He appears not only on the magazine covers but over the entrance to the Puck Building in New York's Nolita neighborhood, where the magazine was published, as well. In May 1893, Puck Press published A Selection of Cartoons from Puck by Joseph Keppler featuring 56 cartoons chosen by Keppler as his best work.
During 1893, Keppler temporarily moved to Chicago and published a smaller-format, 12-page version of Puck from the Chicago World's Fair grounds. Shortly thereafter, Joseph Keppler died, Henry Cuyler Bunner, editor of Puck since 1877 continued the magazine until his own death in 1896. Harry Leon Wilson replaced Bunner and remained editor until he resigned in 1902. Joseph Keppler Jr. became the editor. Years after its conclusion, the "Puck" name and slogan were revived as part of the Comic Weekly Sunday comic section that ran on Hearst's newspaper chain beginning in September 1931 and continuing until the 1970s, it was revived again by Hearst's Los Angeles Herald Examiner, which folded in 1989. Over the years, Puck employed many early cartoonists of note, Louis Dalrymple, Bernhard Gillam, Friedrich Graetz, Livingston Hopkins, Frederick Burr Opper, Louis Glackens, Albert Levering, Frank Nankivell, J. S. Pughe, Rose O'Neill, Charles Taylor, James Albert Wales, Eugene Zimmerman; as Thomas explains: n an age of partisan politics and partisan journalism, Puck became the nation's premier journal of graphic humor and political satire, played an important role as a non-partisan crusader for good government and the triumph of American constitutional ideals.
Its prime targets, were not just corrupt machine politicians. The magazine included as well what it, like the letterpress, condemned as the nefarious political agenda of the Catholic Church its new Pope, Leo XIII. Indeed, New York's infamous Irish Tammany Hall, committed to spoils and patronage as the means of dominating the body politic, was all the more dangerous to Puck because, beginning in the 1870s, Irish Catholics dominated it; the hall's Irish Catholic base enabled the magazine to rationalize more its conviction that the Catholic Church, ruled by a foreign potentate dressed in the irrational garb of infallibility, was a menace not only to the nation's body politic but to its democratic soul. If allowed to proceed unimpeded, the pope and his minions, along with Tammany's bosses and supporters, would convert the nation into their personal fiefdom. Puck was not about to let that happen. In cartoons and editorials spanning two decades, the magazine blasted and con
Vasili Nikitich Mitrokhin was a major and senior archivist for the Soviet Union's foreign intelligence service, the First Chief Directorate of the KGB, who defected to the United Kingdom in 1992 after providing the British embassy in Riga with a vast collection of KGB files, which became known as the Mitrokhin Archive. The intelligence files given by Mitrokhin to the MI6 exposed an unknown number of Russian agents, including Melita Norwood. Disclosing Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi on how she made India for sale, he was co-author with Christopher Andrew of The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West, a massive account of Soviet intelligence operations based on copies of material from the archive. The second volume, The Mitrokhin Archive II: The KGB in the World, was published in 2005, soon after Mitrokhin's death. Mitrokhin was born in Yurasovo, in Central Russia, Ryazan Oblast, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic. After leaving school, he entered artillery school attended university in Kazakh SSR, graduating with degrees in history and law.
Towards the end of the second World War, Mitrokhin took a job in prosecutor's office in Kharkiv in the Ukrainian SSR. He entered the MGB as a foreign intelligence officer in 1948, his first foreign posting was in 1952. During the 1950s, he served on various undercover assignments overseas. In 1956, for example, he accompanied the Soviet team to the Olympic Games in Australia; that year, after he had mishandled an operational assignment, he was moved from operational duties to the archives of the KGB's First Chief Directorate and told he would never work in the field again. Mitrokhin sometimes dated the beginnings of his disillusionment to Nikita Khrushchev's famous speech to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union congress denouncing Joseph Stalin, though it seems he may have been harbouring doubts for some time before that. For years, he had listened to broadcasts on the BBC and Voice of America, noting the gulf between their reports and party propaganda. However, when he began looking into the archives, he claimed to have been shocked by what he discovered about the KGB's systematic repression of the Soviet people.
"I could not believe such evil", he recalled. "It was all planned, thought out in advance. It was a terrible shock when I read things."Between 1972 and 1984, he supervised the move of the archive of the First Chief Directorate from the Lubyanka to the new KGB headquarters at Yasenevo. While doing so, he made immensely detailed notes of documents from the archive, he retired in 1985. During the Soviet era, Mitrokhin made no attempts to contact any western intelligence services. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, he traveled to Latvia with copies of material from the archive and walked into the American embassy in Riga. Central Intelligence Agency officers there did not consider him to be credible, concluding that the copied documents could have been faked, he went to the British embassy and a young diplomat there saw his potential. Following a further meeting one month with representatives of the Secret Intelligence Service, operations retrieved the 25,000 pages of files hidden in his house, covering operations from as far back as the 1930s.
He and his family were exfiltrated to Britain though authorities of Yeltsin's Russia were not impeding the free travel abroad of active or retired members of secret services or members of their families. Richard Tomlinson, the MI6 officer imprisoned in 1997 for attempting to publish a book about his career, was one of those involved in retrieving the documents from containers hidden under the floor of the dacha; these works are collectively referred to as the Mitrokhin Archives. Vasili Mitrokhin and Christopher Andrew, The Sword and the Shield: The Mitrokhin Archive and the Secret History of the KGB, Basic Books, hardcover, ISBN 0-465-00310-9. Ltd, 451 pages, ISBN 0-7146-5257-1 "Chekisms", Tales of the Cheka, A KGB Anthology and introduced by Vasiliy Mitrokhin. "Чекизмы"'. The Yurasov Press, 435 pages, ISBN 978-0-10-850709-0.. Mitrokhin, Vasiliy Nikitich, The KGB in Afghanistan, English Edition and edited by Christian F. Ostermann and Odd Arne Westad, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Cold War International History Project, Working Paper No.
40, Washington, D. C. February 2002. Mitrokhin Archive List of Eastern Bloc defectors List of KGB defectors Sources The Times, January 29, 2004 The Daily Telegraph, February 2, 2004 The Mitrokhin Archive from the Cold War International History Project Spy Fever Strikes UK at Literature of Intelligence, Muskingum College at the Wayback Machine BBC News - BRITAIN BETRAYED - Spies who betrayed Britain - Monday, 20 December 1999 at the Wayback Machine
Odette Alonso is a poet, storyteller and promoter of Cuban literature. She has a degree in Philology, she lives in Mexico, where she has resided since 1992. Odette was born in Santiago de Cuba in 1964, she is a member of the Network of Female Latin American Writers, the Writers' and Artists' Union of Cuba, the Union of Women Writers of the Antilles. She is an editor of the Dirección de Publicaciones of the Universidad Autónoma de México, she has published a book of short stories Con la boca abierta in Spain in 2006 and the novel Espejo de tres cuerpos in Mexico through Quimera Ediciones in 2009. She is the compiler of a poetry anthology called, her project "Poetas cubanos de la diáspora" won one of the prizes of the 2003 Cuban Artists Fund in New York. It was published under the title Antología de la poesía cubana del exilio by Aduana Vieja Editorial in Valencia in 2011. Alonso's work has been included in numerous anthologies of poetry and stories and has appeared in various journals and pages on the Internet.
Poetry collections Enigma de la sed, Cuba, 1989. Historias para el desayuno, Cuba, 1989. Palabra del que vuelve, Cuba, 1996. Linternas, New York, USA, 1997. Visiones, Mexico, 2000. Insomnios en la noche del espejo, Mexico, 2000. Antología cósmica de Odette Alonso, Mexico, 2001. Diario del caminante, Mexico, 2002. Cuando la lluvia cesa, Spain, 2003. El levísimo ruido de sus pasos, Spain,2005. Escombros del alma, France, 2011 Manuscrito hallado en alta mar, Mexico, 2011 Premio "Adelaida del Mármol", Cuba, 1989. Premio Pinos Nuevos de Poesía, Cuba, 1996. Premio Internacional de Poesía "Nicolás Guillén", Mexico, 1999. Cuban Artists Fund, New York, USA, 2003