Ademuz is a municipality in the comarca of Rincón de Ademuz in the Valencian Community, Spain. The name in Valencian is Ademús; the many archaeological remains still present from different time periods - Neolithic, Roman - reveal an early occupation of the area. Notwithstanding, the first written references are Arabic ones, focusing on its castle, whose advantageous emplacement dominated the Turia river and its natural passage from the lands of Aragon to the city of Valencia; the Muslim fortress of Al-Dāmūs was conquered by Peter II of Aragon in 1210, with the aid of the hospitalier and templar knights, who were rewarded with the right to collect some taxes from the area. It fell back into Muslim hands shortly thereafter, it was incorporated into the kingdom of Valencia by James I of Aragon, who put it under direct control of the crown, together with the other historical village of the comarca, Castielfabib. As a royal villa, Ademuz periodically sent an elected representative to the Corts Valencianes.
As a frontier fortress, it suffered from the wars with Castille in the 14th century: both Ademuz and Castielfabib were invaded and occupied by Peter I of Castile. The heroic defense and the loyalty of its population were rewarded by Peter IV of Aragón and his immediate successors, who gave the villa new rights and privileges. From the beginnings of the 14th century onwards Ademuz and its countryside were an Encomienda of the Order of Montesa, which anyway never ruled over Ademuz, limiting itself to collect some taxes they had rights over. On June 7 1656, the villa suffered a massive earthquake which destroyed the primitive church of San Pedro Intramuros, the city council and forty other houses. Notwithstanding, Ademuz's castle will still prove its worth during the many civil wars of the 19th century, with it being occupied and rebuilt several times by carlist troops; the two original municipalities which existed in the Rincón's comarca and Ademuz, became fragmented over time, affecting specially that of Ademuz, from which several villages seceded as they reached some populational and economical importance: Vallanca, Puebla de San Miguel, Casas Altas y Casas Bajas.
Ademuz is situated in the middle of the Rincón de Ademuz, a Spanish comarca belonging to Valencian Community representing an exclave situated between the territories of the provinces of Cuenca and Teruel. The town counts three pedanías: Mas del Olmo and Val de la Sabina; as of the 2008 census of INE, the population of Ademuz was 1,269. Candel Tortajada, F.: Viaje al Rincón de Ademuz. Barcelona, 1977. ISBN 84-01-44182-X Eslava Blasco, R.: Ademuz y su patrimonio histórico-artístico. Ademuz, 2007. ISBN 978-84-606-4251-0 Media related to Ademuz at Wikimedia Commons Official website
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Castielfabib is a municipality in the comarca of Rincón de Ademuz in the Valencian Community, Spain. Known as "the small Albarracín", Castielfabib is located on a hill near the right bank of the river Ebrón. Located in the northwest corner of Rincon de Ademuz, it is mountainous with elevation ranging between 800 and 1,550 m; the most important points of elevation are: Mill Creek, Peña de Águila and third order geodetic vertices of Cabezo, Umbria La Muela and Cross of the Three Kingdoms, so named because its summit brings together the old kingdoms of Aragon and Valencia. The river Turia enters the north, it flows on the east of Riodeva. Ebrón River crosses the territory from northwest to southeast, flowing into Turia, the boulevard of Palomarejos runs north and comes to the precipice of the Canaleja; the climate is continental, the prevailing winds are from the north and east, the latter causing the rains in April. In the municipality of Castielfabib, there are the following civil parishes: Arroyo Cerezo.
Cuesta del Rato. Mas de Jacinto. Mas de los Mudos. Los Santos; the municipality of Castielfabib shares borders with the following towns: Ademuz and Vallanca, all of them situated in the province of Valencia. Farther afield to the west the municipality borders Salvacañete in the province of Cuenca, Castilla-La Mancha. Castielfabib is, together with Ademuz, one of the two historic towns of the Rincón de Ademuz region, established through the thirteenth century Christian conquest of the Aragonese, when both towns were incorporated into the real domain and property of the Crown and had representation in parliament. In Soreico Solana, there are remnants of the Bronze Age and the Iron Age, another Iberian was established. Romans appear in the Faber Castle, west of the town. In Castillejo in the departure of the Saints, was found in 1971 a Roman tombstone fragment preserved in the Museum of Prehistoric Valencia; the population was captured in 1210 by Peter II of Aragon, was recovered by the Muslims again.
When conquered by James I it was a place of the Crown, cediéndose the tithes into the Temple. In 1304 was committed by James II Gil Ruiz de Lihori as collateral for a loan. In 1319 dissolved the Knights Templar, their rights were transferred to the Montesa, the barony of Castielfabib, consisting of the territory of Ademuz corner. In 1390, there was a dispute between the Order of Montesa and the bishopric of religious intervention in the village, requiring the intervention of the Pope to solve it; as a royal town, Castielfabib trustee periodically sent to the Generalitat Valenciana, the Valencian Parliament. The township has remained unchanged since medieval times and since has only been a municipality at the expense of the territory of Castielfabib: Torrebaja, tiny Lordship in the Middle Ages. During the War of Independence Castielfabib was occupied by the French; the Carlist entered into 1835 and rebuilt the castle demolished to be won back by government forces. The economy is traditionally based on livestock.
The banks of rivers have irrigated land and produce apples, pears and cereals. In the rain-fed area and vine are grown; the sheep are the most important, followed by goat. There are a number of hives. There is a youth hostel, with room service and swimming pool; the town entrance is from the road N-420, the Tourism Office of the Rincón de Ademuz is located at "Los Centenares" of Castielfabib, along with a rural tourism complex. From the 7th to 11th of September festivities are dedicated to Our Lady of Grace; the pattern is Castielfabib San Guillermo. Easter is the most traditional of the municipality. Events occur as the bringing of two poplars from the banks of the river to the place, it is planted in the square, the popular dance on Saturday night, the singing of the "Aurora" in the houses of the "Mayoral" and "Mayoralesas" in the early hours of Sunday and the "courtesy" of Easter morning with the traditional human Turning the Bell. Castielfabib shares with the other towns of Rincon de Ademuz several recipes such as gachas and others, in which pork and its derivatives are central.
Almond and other fruits are grown in the fertile plain of the River Ebrón and they are a key ingredient in the local bakery. In recent times other local products such as mushrooms and tomatoes are being promoted. Francisco Novella, was Professor of Rhetoric at the University of Valencia. Antonio Diaz Tortajada. Journalist and writer. Since March 2011, Castielfabib has an Astronomical Association established by amateur astronomer from the "Circolo Astrofili Bergamaschi" Carlos García Villalba, with the aim of bringing this science to the general public taking advantage of the exceptional conditions for viewing the sky
Vallanca is a municipality in the comarca of Rincón de Ademuz in the Valencian Community, Spain