Pulaski County, Illinois

Pulaski County is a county located in the U. S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 6,161, its county seat is Mound City. It is located along the Ohio River in the southwestern portion of the state, known locally as "Little Egypt". Pulaski County was formed on March 1843, out of parts of Alexander and Johnson counties, it was named in honor of Kazimierz Pułaski, killed at the Siege of Savannah in the Revolutionary War. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 203 square miles, of which 199 square miles is land and 4.0 square miles is water. It is the third-smallest county in Illinois by area. In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mound City have ranged from a low of 26 °F in January to a high of 90 °F in July, although a record low of −12 °F was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 104 °F was recorded in June 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 3.04 inches in September to 4.76 inches in May.

Interstate 57, listed as a speed trap. U. S. Highway 51 Illinois Route 37 Illinois Route 169 Union County Johnson County Massac County Ballard County, Kentucky Alexander County Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge As of the 2010 census, there were 6,161 people, 2,642 households, 1,658 families living in the county; the population density was 30.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 3,155 housing units at an average density of 15.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 64.4% white, 32.4% black or African American, 0.4% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.7% from other races, 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 15.1% were German, 6.8% were Irish, 6.6% were English, 6.6% were American. Of the 2,642 households, 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 37.2% were non-families, 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals.

The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.96. The median age was 43.2 years. The median income for a household in the county was $31,173 and the median income for a family was $39,699. Males had a median income of $36,915 versus $29,007 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,444. About 16.7% of families and 22.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.0% of those under age 18 and 18.0% of those age 65 or over. Mound City Mounds Karnak New Grand Chain Olmsted Pulaski Ullin National Register of Historic Places listings in Pulaski County Perrin, William Henry, ed.. History of Alexander and Pulaski Counties, Illinois. Chicago: O. L. Baskin and Company, Historical Publishers

Bottlenose skate

Not to be confused with the Pacific white skate, Bathyraja spinosissima. The bottlenose skate, spearnose skate, or white skate is a species of skate in the family Rajidae, it is a benthic fish native to the coastal eastern Atlantic Ocean. Due to overfishing, it has been depleted or extirpated in many parts of its former range in the northeastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea, is now endangered; the bottlenose skate is found along the coastlines of the eastern Atlantic Ocean, from the southern British Isles to South Africa, including the Mediterranean, extending into the southwestern Indian Ocean to Mozambique. It is listed as occurring in the northwestern European seas, but no valid records exist for the northern areas of the northeast Atlantic, it is a benthic species of sandy and detrital bottoms, at depths of 40–400 m from coastal regions to the upper continental slope. Du Buit reported. Most bottlenose skates are 60–150 cm long, with maximum recorded lengths of 230 cm for males and 202 cm for females.

The flattened, angular pectoral fin fisc is about 1.4–1.5 times as broad as long. The snout is broad-based, abruptly tapering to a protruding sharp point and covered with small, sharp thorns. There are 40–45 rows of teeth in the upper jaw; the juveniles have 1 thorn before and 0–1 thorns behind the eyes and three rows of large thorns on the tail, 10–16 on the midline and 7–17 on either side. The adults have about 6 thorns around the inner margin of the orbit and 16–30 mid-dorsal and 17–29 lateral thorns on the tail; the skin is rough in adults except for a smooth patch in the center of the disc. The young are smooth, except for on the snout. Large juveniles and adults are greyish or bluish with or without numerous small white spots above, white below with brown to black disc margins. Hatchlings are plain reddish-brown above with blue spots, white below with broad dusky disc margins; the bottlenose skate is a benthic predator of bony fishes, other elasmobranchs, fish offal, shrimps, mysids and cuttlefish.

Younger, smaller fish are found in shallower water. Like other skates, this species is oviparous, with females producing 55-156 ova per year after a gestation period of 15 months; the egg cases are oblong in shape, with stiff pointed horns at each corners and the larger horns flattened. They are deposited in muddy flats in the spring; the capsules measure 12.5-18.3 cm 10.0-13.9 cm wide. This species is estimated to mature at 120 cm for females. In the 17th century, the bottlenose skate was prized by the French for food; because of its large size and slow reproductive rate, the bottlenose skate is vulnerable to exploitation by fisheries. Anecdotal data suggests that there has been a substantial decline in the abundance and geographical range of this species in the north Atlantic and Mediterranean. In the north Atlantic, populations of bottlenose skates have declined or disappeared from the Bay of Biscay and the Irish Sea. There are no recent records of this species in the waters off the United Kingdom, where it occurred.

The bottlenose ray still persists along the coast of the Iberian Peninsula, though the population data is uncertain due to confusion with the shagreen ray and the sandy ray. In the Mediterranean, bottlenose skates of most size classes down to egg cases are taken as by-catch in multi-species trawling fisheries, it was caught off the coasts of Tunisia and Morocco in the 1970s and was described as more or less frequent in the northwestern Mediterranean from the 1950s to the 1970s. The MEDITS trawl surveys, begun in 1985 and carried out six times a year in four geographic regions, indicates that the bottlenose skate is now rare in the Mediterranean and that it has been reduced to a small fraction of its former range; the Italian National Group for Demersal Resource Evaluation survey captured this species infrequently in the Adriatic Sea. The species is assessed globally as Endangered in the IUCN Red List, Critically Endangered in the northeast Atlantic. However, its status will require re-evaluation.

In 2010, Greenpeace International added the bottlenose skate to its Seafood Red List, which includes marketed species that "have a high risk of being sourced from unsustainable fisheries"


ForgeRock is a multinational identity and access management software company headquartered in San Francisco, U. S. A; the company develops commercial open source identity and access management products for internet of things, cloud and enterprise environments. Fran Rosch is the CEO of ForgeRock. ForgeRock has offices in Bristol, Grenoble, Oslo, Paris and Singapore. ForgeRock has raised $140 million in venture funding from Accel Partners, Foundation Capital, Meritech Capital Partners, KKR; when Sun Microsystems was acquired by Oracle in January 2010, Sun’s open source identity and access management software was scheduled for phase out in favor of Oracle’s in-house product. ForgeRock was founded in Norway by a group of ex-Sun employees in February 2010 to fork the code and continue to develop Sun’s software. ForgeRock provides digital identity management through its primary product, the ForgeRock Identity Platform; the ForgeRock Identity Platform includes Access Management, Identity Management, Directory Services, Identity Gateway.

ForgeRock Access Management provides access management, ForgeRock Directory Services is an LDAP directory service, ForgeRock Identity Management is used for identity management, ForgeRock Identity Gateway provides an identity gateway for web traffic and application programming interfaces. ForgeRock offers a Profile and Privacy Management Dashboard for compliance with the EU General Data Protection Regulation and provides support for the User-Managed Access 2.0 standard. Despite being under an open source license, the enterprise version of the ForgeRock Identity Platform can only be accessed by purchasing a commercial license; the source code of the community version is publicly available under the terms of the Common Development and Distribution License. "Startup debuts with cloud-based open-source identity and access management software". Computerworld. November 14, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2016. Wolpe, Toby. " signs up open source ForgeRock's identity tech". ZDNet. Retrieved August 15, 2016.

"ForgeRock Ignites New'Kantara' Standard For Digital Consent, Privacy And Identity". Forbes. August 3, 2015. Retrieved August 15, 2016. Reilly, Richard Byrne. "ForgeRock takes in $30 million, promptly trash-talks Oracle". VentureBeat. Retrieved August 15, 2016. "Industry Collaboration Will Utilize Digital Patient Identity and Consent to Advance Clinical Care". GlobeNewswire. May 3, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2018. "ForgeRock Opens Up Open Banking". GlobeNewswire. July 19, 2018. Retrieved August 2, 2018. Official website