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Bailey–Johnson 150-metre race

The Bailey–Johnson 150-metre race was a track and field event that occurred in Toronto, Ontario on Sunday, 1 June 1997. In an effort to settle the dispute regarding, the world's fastest man, a race not sanctioned by IAAF was held at SkyDome between 1996 Olympic 100 metre champion Donovan Bailey from Canada, 1996 Olympic 200 metre and 400 metre champion Michael Johnson, from the United States; the unofficial title of "world's fastest man" goes to the Olympic 100 metre champion. The Olympics 100–200 metre double had been achieved only four times before 1996: at Munich and Los Angeles for men and Munich and Seoul for the women. In 1996, the host of NBC's Olympics coverage Bob Costas, others, pointed out that Johnson's gold-medal performance in the 200 m was faster than Bailey's 100 m performance in that 19.32 divided by two is 9.66. Bailey dismissed Costas' comments as "a person who knew nothing about track talking about it with a lot of people listening"; the 200 metre time always yields a "faster" average speed than a 100-metre race time, since the initial slow speed at the start is spread out over the longer distance.

In other words, the second 100 metres is run with a "flying start", without the slow acceleration phase of the first 100 metres and without the greater than 0.10 s reaction time of the start. In fact, each 200 metre gold medalist from 1968, when electronic timing was introduced, to 1996 had a "faster" average speed at the Olympics, save one, yet there had been no controversy over the title of "world's fastest man" until Bob Costas' remarks during the 1996 Olympics. Notably in the 1996 edition of the men's 100 metre final, after golds in 1984 and 1988, as well as a bronze in 1992, the Americans had finished out of the medals despite being the hosts. Adding insult to injury, the Canadian team anchored by Bailey defeated the Americans in the 4 x 100 metre relay. Bailey's accomplishments in the 1996 Summer Olympics, both firsts for Canadians, provided considerable national pride; some Canadians saw the American media's promotion of Michael Johnson as the "world's fastest man" as a cynical attempt to lessen Bailey's achievements.

It was seen as reminiscent of the Ben Johnson-Carl Lewis rivalry in the 1980s, a rivalry, exacerbated at the 1987 World Championships in Rome after Ben Johnson defeated Lewis in the 100 metre final. In defeat, Lewis begun voicing accusations that Ben Johnson was using performance-enhancing drugs, behavior, seen as egotistical and lacking humility, despite the accusations being proven to be true the following year; some Canadians saw Bailey's 1996 Summer Olympic accomplishments as somewhat redressing Ben Johnson's positive drug test and disqualification at the 1988 Summer Olympics. Due to the press attention and public interest over the disputed "world's fastest man" claim, the idea for a 150-metre showdown to settle the issue got floated right away, Bailey resisted calls for the event to take place soon after the Olympics, opting instead to compete in track meets across Europe. Back in North America, the issue was a topic of hot debate in Canada where many felt that Bailey should not entertain the idea of a 150-metre race, seeing the "world's fastest man" title as rightfully his and considering him the one with more to lose in the event of such a showdown.

Still, many Canadians were irate with continual references to Michael Johnson as the "world's fastest man" in the American media. S. advertising campaign to promote Donovan Bailey as the world's fastest man by taking out ads in USA Today, a decision that got him lots of support from across Canada. As the debate and positioning over the 150-metre race continued at home, in Europe the two were taking part in various meets in their respective disciplines - on 30 August 1996 at the Internationales Stadionfest meet in Berlin and Johnson got into a shouting match. Both incidentally lost their races that day - Bailey to Dennis Mitchell and Johnson to Frankie Fredericks. Over the coming months in the fall of 1996, several offers to stage the 150-metre event came in, the most serious of which were those by Newcastle, England-based company Nova International led by British former distance runner Brendan Foster and the one by an Ottawa-based entity named Magellan Entertainment Group, a small company that up to that point specialized in motivational seminars for corporations.

Amid much media speculation, Magellan won the bid in mid November 1996, announcing a $500,000 appearance fee for each athlete with an additional $1 million promised for the race winner. Though no exact date and location had been set, the event was announced by a Magellan representative, 29-year-old Giselle Briden, at a press conference held in Toronto on 18 November 1996 with both athletes present and exchanging verbal barbs. Tentative date mentioned at this time was 31 May 1997; the end of the calendar year 1996 brought the usual media summarizing of the sporting achievements during the previous year. By now well-known figures outside of sporting bounds, both Johnson and Bailey as well as their upcoming showdown featured prominently in their countries' respective media year-end best-of lists. Predictably, American media celebrated Johnson with the US-based news agency Associated Press voting his Olympic double gold the top story of 1996, while Canadian media extolled Bailey with the country's 126 newspaper editors and broadcast news directors taking part in a vote for the top newsmaker of 1996, choosing Bailey ahead of Chief of Defence Staff Jean Boyle who resigned in the middle of Somalia Af

Ivory carved tusk depicting Buddha life stories

Carved elephant tusk depicting Buddha life stories is an intricately carved complete single tusk now exhibited at the Decorative Arts gallery, National Museum, New Delhi, India. This tusk was donated to the Museum; this tusk, nearly five foot long, illustrates forty three events in the life of the Buddha and is thought to have been made by early 20th century craftsmen from the Delhi region. The use of the complete ivory tusks for carving was popular in 18th and 19th century India in the Delhi region apart from Burma. Similar whole tusk carvings are found in the Ivory Coast and Benin but made from the tusks of African elephants; the art of ivory carving in India is ancient with references found in Kalidasa's Meghadūta. The earliest ivory carving from the Indian region is comb dating to the 2nd century CE found at Taxila. Ivory carving flourished in Assam and Mysore where elephants were available and the art of ivory carving had royal patronage. Ivory was an object of trade between kingdoms and they found their way into areas where the art of carving had patronage.

This ivory tusk illustrates important life events of Buddha in 43 circular roundel, first 25 referring to the story of Buddha's birth to his enlightenment followed by 18 depicting his life events from enlightenment to Mahaparinirvana. Similar scenes have been presented in sculptures and paintings many a times but this ivory tusk shows few new scenes of Buddha's life such as Siddharatha's fight for a bird, his move against animal sacrifice and realization of death; as the thickness of the tusk reduces upwards, one can see at the tip three well-known postures depicting Bhumisparsha mudra and Dharmachakrapravatan mudra besides the roundels. There is an intricately carved floral creeper banding around the roundels enhancing its beauty; the story is arranged clockwise. National Museum, New Delhi Walrus ivory Ivory trade