The Puna de Atacama or Atacama Plateau is an arid high plateau, in the Andes of northern Chile and Argentina. Geomorphologist Walther Penck based his Grossfalt landform association on Puna de Atacama; the plateau's elevation averages 4,500 m above sea level, it spans an area of 180,000 km2. In Argentina, Puna's territory is extended in the provinces of Salta and western Catamarca. In Chile, it is included in the regions of north-eastern Atacama. Before the War of the Pacific, the region belonged to Bolivia. In 1898, it was ceded to Argentina in exchange for recognition of Tarija as part of Bolivia. Chile, which had annexed the Litoral Province from Bolivia, declared the exchange illegal; the border was defined in 1899 after the Puna de Atacama dispute. Of the 75,000 km2 in dispute, 64,000 were awarded to 11,000 to Chile. Atacama Desert Altiplano Altiplano–Puna volcanic complex Salar de Atacama Salar de Arizaro Puna grassland Tren a las Nubes Salta–Antofagasta railway
Helmstedt is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is bounded by the district of Wolfenbüttel, the City of Braunschweig, the District of Gifhorn, the City of Wolfsburg and the State of Saxony-Anhalt; the district is bounded by the Elm in the Lappwald in the east. Large parts of the district are part of the Elm-Lappwald Nature Park. In the Elm limestone was mined in medieval times. In the Middle Ages Königslutter was among the most wealthy cities of the Holy Roman Empire. In 1576 the University of Helmstedt was founded, the largest university of protestant Germany; the Duchy of Brunswick created administrative districts in 1833. It was subdivided into the Ämter of Calvörde, Königslutter, Schöningen, Vorsfelde. In 1944, the Amt of Calvörde, which formed an exclave, was moved to the District of Haldensleben, Province of Saxony. During the administrative reforms of the 1970s, northern areas of the district were moved to the District of Gifhorn and to the City of Wolfsburg. During the 20th century, the area between Helmstedt and Schöningen was used for lignite mining by the Braunschweigische Kohlenbergwerke AG.
Several villages were destroyed by surface mining. In the upper part the heraldical horse of Lower Saxony is displayed. In the bottom there are symbols for agriculture. Media related to Landkreis Helmstedt at Wikimedia Commons Official website
John William Savidan, nicknamed "Billy", "Bill" or "Jack" and born in Auckland, was a New Zealand long distance runner from 1926. At the 1930 British Empire Games in Hamilton, Ontario he won the six mile race with a time of 30:49.6 mins, despite stopping over the finish line after what he thought was the last lap and being told that there was a lap to go. The official had inadvertently turned over two discs instead of one, he beat Ernie Harper from England. In the three mile race he did not finish. At the 1932 Summer Olympics at Los Angeles he finished fourth in both the 5000 metre event and the 10000 metre competition, he did not compete in the national championships in 1935 and 1936 as he was working as a stonemason and could not spend the necessary time training, but competed against two Japanese runners who were visiting New Zealand in 1937. Like Malcolm Champion before him he was for some years Custodian at Auckland's Tepid Baths. McMillan, Neville. New Zealand Sporting Legends: 27 Pre-War Sporting Heroes.