The purple triangle was a concentration camp badge used by the Nazis to identify Bibelforscher in Nazi Germany. The purple triangle was introduced in July 1936 with other concentration camps such as those of Dachau and Buchenwald following in 1937 and 1938. In the winter of 1935-36, before the onset of the war, Jehovah’s Witnesses have been reported to make up 20-40% of the prisoners in concentration camps. Although Jehovah's Witnesses made up the vast majority of those wearing the purple triangle, a few members of other small pacifist religious groups were included. Jehovah's Witnesses came into conflict with the Nazi regime because they refused to use the Hitler salute, believing that it conflicted with their belief to only worship and swear loyalty to Jehovah and to do otherwise would be disloyalty; because refusing to use the Hitler salute was considered a crime, they were arrested, their children attending school were expelled and separated from their families. When Germany made military enlistment mandatory, they were persecuted because they refused to bear arms.
Being politically neutral, they refused to vote in the elections. Based on Nuremberg Laws, those who were classified as ethnic Jews wore a badge comprising a purple triangle superimposed on a yellow triangle. Identification in Nazi camps Nazi concentration camp badges Persecution of Jehovah's Witnesses in Nazi Germany Religion in Nazi Germany Jehovah's Witnesses Stand Firm Against Nazi Assault US Holocaust Memorial Museum summary "Jehovah's Witnesses in Germany" University of Minnesota's Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies "Jehovah's Witnesses in National Socialist concentration camps, 1933-45, by Johannes S. Wrobel, Religion and Society vol. 34, no. 2, 89-125 Purple Triangles: A Story of Spiritual Resistance by Jolene Chu published in Judaism Today, No. 12, Spring 1999 Purple Triangle: An Untold Story of the Holocaust They Triumphed Over Persecution, The Watchtower March 1, 2003 Garbe, Detlef. Between Resistance and Martyrdom: Jehovah's Witnesses in the Third Reich. Washington, DC, Madison, Wisconsin: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in association with University of Wisconsin Press.
The Unknown Confederate Soldier Monument in Horse Cave is a monument between Horse Cave and Kentucky Down Under, off the main road between Horse Cave and I-65 on the Old Dixie Highway, in Hart County, Kentucky. Among the various monuments of the Civil War Monuments of Kentucky Multiple Property Submission, all of which became part of the National Register of Historic Places on July 17, 1997, it is an oddity for several reasons. First, though meant to imply an obelisk, it was constructed of local materials by a single individual, it was built during the Great Depression in year 1934, long after most monuments to the American Civil War. Instead of the typical limestone and marble from which most monuments were made, the monument uses geodes from Tennessee, a sedimentary/volcanic rocks in which crystals fill a hollow interior; the monument is 12 feet high, with a base of five feet square. The monument honors an unknown foot soldier from the 11th Louisiana Infantry, who died prior to the Battle of Munfordville.
He was part of a tree-cutting detail. Ordered to rest, he lay down beside a tree, his loaded rifle accidentally discharged. The soldier was buried with rocks marking his head and feet. Years a wire fence was placed around the grave. Local tradition says that a man named Sam Lively built the monument, fearing otherwise the grave would become lost; the monument is technically on private property, but a path through the evergreen trees allows visitors access. A Confederate Naval Jack flies beside the monument; the Inscription says: Unknown Soldier C. S. A. was a member of Gen. Clay Anderson division 11th Louisiana Killed September 9, 1862. Erected 1934 by Sam Lively
Andrew M. Mead has been a Justice of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court since 2007, his current term expires in 2021. Mead attended the University of New York Law School, he has been a member of the Bangor law firms of Mitchell & Stearns. He is a past President of the Maine State Bar Association, he was appointed to the Maine District Court in 1990 and the Maine Superior Court in 1992. He served as Chief Justice of the Maine Superior Court from 1999 to 2001, he was appointed to the Maine Supreme Judicial Court in 2007. He has served as judicial liaison to the Maine Rules of Evidence Advisory Committee and chaired the Task Force on Electronic Court Records, he has been active in a number of court jury reform initiatives. He is a member of the University of Maine adjunct faculty. Biographies of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court justices Cleaves Law Library biography of Andrew Mead Mead Profile on Judgepedia Material on this page was imported from the Judgepedia article on Andrew Mead, has been expressly released under the GFDL per Judgepedia:Copyrights
Lens Express was a direct-mail-order company that sold contact lenses that were available over-the-phone, offered a free catalog. The company was well known for Lynda Carter appearing in its ads, including her famous trademark sayings such as "I wouldn't trust these baby blues to just anyone!" and "Make your life a whole lot easier!". In 2002, Lens Express was acquired by 1-800 Contacts. In 1986 a business administration and finance student of University of Florida, Engin Yesil and his friend Yalie Golan started Lens Express from their Fort Lauderdale apartment. Engin was to have returned to Turkey to manage his father's shoe business, but saw a greater venture in Florida. Unlike other states, Florida provided a better opportunity for growth while still operating within state rules and regulations; this became important. In the 1980s the world of contact lens usage was exploding due to the growth of the soft contact lens market. However, access to contact lenses as a product was restricted as it was unsafe for people to purchase products from anyone other than the eye doctor.
On April 2, 1985, WCBS-TV, New York Consumer Editor Betsy Ashton, interviewed by Meredith Vieira, reported on the optometric industry's battle against mail-order contact lens firms. Representing the American Optometric Association, Dr. Paul Farkas argued that mail order contact lenses were unsafe. Conversely, USA Lens founder Dr. Joseph Seriani extolled the virtues of his firm while arguing that many eye doctors' services were superfluous for otherwise healthy patients; the report mentioned that certain states, including Hawaii, West Virginia, North Carolina, Minnesota had restraint of trade laws in effect to prevent advertising for contact lenses. The "way" for a mail order contact lens industry did not become clear until the Federal Trade Commission ruled in 1985, that eye doctors must provide the contact lens prescription to their patients so that the patient may shop for contact lenses as a consumer. Withholding a contact lens prescription would be considered restraint of trade. Linda J. Kaplan, MD, Ophthalmologist, a consultant to the FTC, a liaison to the Ethics Committee for the American Academy of Ophthalmology, was an advocate for patient consumerism and joined forces with Lens Express in 1987.
Under her leadership as Director of Quality Assurance the company grew into their first warehouse located in Pompano Beach. Company policy included that no contact lenses were sold to first time users, only replacement lenses were sold, all prescriptions were verified for accuracy etc. Dr. Linda Kaplan's national television and print campaign for Lens Express was directed at educating the American consumer: "I endorse the Lens Express program because they guarantee to deliver the exact same lenses your own doctor prescribed, while making the purchase of new, fresh replacement lenses and convenient for thousands of men and women across America" Linda Kaplan, MD, PA, FAAO; the message impact of safety and convenience was strong. In the 1990s Joe Seriani filed a lawsuit against Lens Express charging that founders, Yalie Golan and Engin Yesil, used drug proceeds to start Lens Express, it is unclear if Yalie Golan had been involved with USA Lens, but it seems the Florida Attorney General's Office did investigate that company as well.
In the early 2000s, the executive Lens Express management team was designated under the leadership of CEO, Mike Lorelli, who represented the Strategic Optical Group, CFO, Ron Kaplove who led the local management team in Deerfield Beach, FL. As a result of the charges, disruptive nature of the criminal investigation and professional threats, Dr. Linda Kaplan resigned from Lens Express and withdrew her endorsement. Concomitantly, Lynda Carter's husband, Robert A. Altman, a former attorney, made the acquaintance of Engin Yesil; this lead Lens Express to procure the services of former Wonder Woman actress Lynda Carter for the new national television campaign: "I wouldn't trust these baby blues to just anyone!" In 1992 with the triad withdrawal of leadership of Engin Yesil, Yalie Golan and Dr Linda Kaplan prospects looked grim. However, Lens Express had developed a business model; the second group of Lens Express Directors included Mordechai Golan, Menderes Akdag, Brian O'Neill. Lens Express pioneered the direct to consumer contact lens industry offering significant savings on factory sealed contact lenses.
Shortly after the Alcon acquisition, the Lens Express management team consisted of CEO Mike Lorelli, CFO Ron Kaplove, Vp Sales Jeff Edelson, Vp Marketing, Debra Kania, Vp IT Sean odonahue. May 1996, Summit Technology acquired Lens Express for $32 million. In the 1990s Summit Autonomous Inc. was bereft with patent and other business litigation related to their excimer laser systems and procedures. Their business model plan for expansion included the owning and operating of vision correction centers, via their subsidiary, Refractive Centers International, Inc. There were 19 such centers in the U. S. many of which were affiliated with prestigious national teaching hospitals. It was thought that additional to the positive cash flow of Lens Express, the acquisition of Lens Express' market base could create a channel for patient flow to convert contact lens wearers into Laser patients. May 2000 Summit Technology entered into an agreement to sell its Lens Express business unit to Strategic Optical Holdings, Inc. for $31 million cash, plus a minority equity interest in the acquiror.
September 1, 2000 Summit Autonomous, Inc. was acquired by Alcon. an
2011 Bulgaria foot-and-mouth disease outbreak is an outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease occurring in Southeastern Bulgaria in 2011. FMD was first confirmed on 5 January 2011, in a wild boar, shot on 30 December 2010; this animal is believed to have crossed the Bulgarian-Turkish border near the village of Kosti, Burgas Province in the Strandzha Mountains. A necropsy revealed foot-and mouth disease. Following this, 37 infected animals were discovered in the village of Kosti, all susceptible livestock there were culled. Burgas Province and seven other neighbouring provinces declared a quarantine. On 14 January a new outbreak was suspected in the neighbouring village of Rezovo, it is believed to have been carried by a Turkish cattle herd. On 17 January the presence of the disease was confirmed; the Bulgarian authorities ordered culling of all susceptible livestock in Rezovo. The losses in the two villages are promised to be compensated; the mayor of Tsarevo Municipality Petko Arnaudov proposed construction of a wire fence along the Turkish border to prevent further movement of diseased animals into Bulgaria.
The proposal was accepted by the Ministry of Forestry. The authorities ordered disinfection of all vehicles crossing from Turkey, where a major outbreak was occurring. On 31 January in the village of Gramatikovo, Malko Tarnovo Municipality, located in the 10 km prevention zone around the first two outbreaks, a new outbreak was discovered; the blood tests found 13 animals infected with the disease. The authorities ordered culling of all susceptible livestock in the village, which consists of 149 animals - 1 cow, 38 sheep and 110 goats; the losses are promised to be compensated. On 25 March two new outbreaks were discovered in the villages of Kirovo; the authorities ordered culling of 173 infected animals. The last new case was detected in April 2011. Prior to this outbreak, Bulgaria had not had a case of FMD since 1996
Sales & Marketing Executives International is a worldwide non-profit organization offering membership and professional sales and marketing certification. SMEI is dedicated to ethical standards, continuing professional development, knowledge sharing, mentoring students. Founded in 1935 in the U. S. as the National Federation of Sales Executives, the organization grew to become the largest in the world for sales and marketing managers by the late 1940s. SMEI’s activities are guided by five founding principles, designed to strengthen principles and practice of the profession. Professional Standards and Identification: The improvement of the standards for professional selling, sales management and marketing, in order to establish sales and marketing as a recognized profession. Continuing Education: The planning and implementation of educational programs of the membership to enable members to keep up-to-date with changes in the marketplace and to grow as professionals; the planning and implementation of organized training programs for professional selling, sales management, marketing.
Sharing Knowledge: The establishment of discussion forums, for example, web meetings, online networking and conferences which enable members to share sales and marketing experiences and knowledge. Assist Students: The establishment of programs to work with students at the high school and college levels to enable them to understand the excellent career opportunities in the sales and marketing profession; this objective led to the current SMEI sponsored programs with Distributive Education Clubs of America. Support the Free Enterprise System: In recognizing that sales and marketing is the energizing force that drives the competitive marketplace. For the credibility of the profession, SMEI established professional certifications in marketing and sales for professionals who have met and surpassed high standards of education, experience and ethical conduct. In 1984, Sales & Marketing Executives International, Inc. established sales certification and marketing certification programs for professionals to complete in order to be able to use its professional designations.
Certified Marketing Executive – CME For marketing managers and top level executives. Certified Sales Executive – CSE For sales managers, company owners and top level executives. SMEI Certified Professional Salesperson – SCPS For sales representatives and professionalsSMEI Certified Professional Marketer – SCPM • For marketing representatives SMEI has two primary award programs that recognize individuals as exemplary in the field of sales and marketing: SMEI Academy of Achievement: Individuals receiving this award include, among others, Frederick W. Smith, founder of FedEx. SMEI Distinguished Sales & Marketing Award or Distinguished Sales Award SMEI has the following locations: New York, NY, USA – Registered Address and USA Operations Vancouver, Canada – Canadian Operations Rotterdam, Netherlands – Europe Operations Beijing, China – China Operations Middle East – Licensed Operations, including Turkey, Iraq, UAE Mexico – Affiliated Operations Puerto Rico – Affiliated Operations Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam Operations Official website