Cookeville micropolitan area
The Cookeville Micropolitan Statistical Area, as defined by the United States Census Bureau, is an area consisting of three counties in central Tennessee, anchored by the city of Cookeville. As of the 2010 census, the Cookeville Micropolitan Area had a population of 106,042. Jackson Overton Putnam Algood Alpine Baxter Cookeville Gainesboro Livingston Monterey At the census of 2000, there were 93,417 people, 37,441 households, 25,469 families residing within the Cookeville Micropolitan Area; the racial makeup of the Cookeville Micropolitan Area was 95.88% White, 1.22% African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 1.13% from other races, 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.27% of the population. The median income for a household in the Cookeville Micropolitan Area was $28,110, the median income for a family was $34,599. Males had a median income of $26,430 versus $20,062 for females; the per capita income for the Cookeville Micropolitan Area was $15,286.
Tennessee census statistical areas
The Tennessee Senate is the upper house of the U. S. state of Tennessee's state legislature, known formally as the Tennessee General Assembly. The Tennessee Senate has the power to pass resolutions concerning any issue regarding the state, country, or world; the Senate has the power to create and enforce its own rules and qualifications for its members. The Senate shares these powers with the Tennessee House of Representatives; the Senate alone has the power to host impeachment proceeding and remove impeached members of office with a 2/3 majority. Tennessee Senate, according to the state constitution of 1870, is composed of 33 members, one-third the size of the Tennessee House of Representatives. Senators are to be elected from districts of equal population. According to the constitution, a county is not to be joined to a portion of another county for purposes of creating a district; the Tennessee constitution has been amended to allow that if these rulings are changed or reversed, a referendum may be held to allow the senate districts to be drawn on a basis other than equal population.
In 1921, Anna Lee Keys Worley became the first woman to serve in the Tennessee Senate. Until 1966, Tennessee state senators served two-year terms; that year the system was changed, by constitutional amendment. In that year, senators in even-numbered districts were elected to two-year terms and those in odd-numbered districts were elected to four-year terms; this created a staggered system. Senators from even-numbered districts are elected in the same years as Presidential election, Senators from odd-numbered districts are elected in the same years as mid-term elections. Districts are to be consecutively numbered. Republicans attained an elected majority in the Senate in the 104th General Assembly for the first time since Reconstruction. According to Article III, Section 12 of the Constitution of the State of Tennessee, the Speaker of the Senate assumes Office of Governor in the event of a Vacancy; the Senate elects one of its own members as Speakerand the Speaker automatically becomes Lieutenant Governor of Tennessee.
The Speaker appoints a Speaker Pro Tempore who presides over the Senate in the absence of the Speaker as well as a Deputy speaker to assist the Speaker in his or her duties. The current Speaker of the Senate and Lieutenant Governor is Randy McNally, elected to the position in 2017. One of the main duties of the Speaker is to preside over the Senate and make Senate committee appointments based upon ability and preference of members and party representation; the Speaker maintains the power to remove members from Committee appointments. The Speaker, in cohort with the Speaker of the House of Representatives, chairs the Joint Legislative Services Committee which provides assistance to the General Assembly; the Speaker controls staffing and office space with Senate staff. The Speaker serves as an ex-officio member of all standing committees. "I do solemnly swear that, as a member of this, the General Assembly of the State of Tennessee, I will faithfully support the Constitution of this State and of the United States, I do solemnly affirm that as a member of this General Assembly, I will, in all appointments, vote without favor, partiality, or prejudice.
"“No person shall be a senator unless he shall be a citizen of the United States, of the age of thirty years, shall have resided three years in this state, one year in the county or district preceding the election.” Senate Leaders Speaker of the Senate/ Lieutenant Governor: Randy McNally Speaker Pro Tempore: Ferrell Haile Deputy Speaker: Janice Bowling The Tennessee State Senate has 12 committees in total: 9 standing Committees and 3 Select Committees. During the 111th General Assembly, they are: Official website
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Overton County, Tennessee
Overton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,083, its county seat is Livingston. Overton County is part of TN Micropolitan Statistical Area. On May 10, 1933, a half-mile wide F4 tornado struck the small community of Beatty Swamps; the tornado destroyed every structure in the town and either killed or injured nearly every inhabitant, with 33 of the 35 deaths occurring in the area. Much of the area was swept clean of debris, a reaper-binder was thrown 500 yards, cars were moved hundreds of feet. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 435 square miles, of which 433 square miles is land and 1.4 square miles is water. Overton County straddles the Eastern Highland Rim, consists of low, rolling hills divided by narrow creek valleys; the backwaters of Dale Hollow Lake, namely the Mitchell Creek and Big Eagle Creek sections, spill over into the northern part of the county. The Southeast part of the county is on the Cumberland Plateau.
Pickett County Fentress County Putnam County Jackson County Clay County Alpine Mountain Wildlife Management Area Jackson Swamp Wildlife Management Area Standing Stone State Forest Standing Stone State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 20,118 people, 8,110 households, 5,920 families residing in the county. The population density was 46 people per square mile. There were 9,168 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.59% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 2.28% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, 0.49% from two or more races. 2.69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,110 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.00% were non-families. 24.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,915, the median income for a family was $32,156. Males had a median income of $25,287 versus $19,674 for females; the per capita income for the county was $13,910. About 12.30% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 20.50% of those age 65 or over. Livingston Lester Flatt, Bluegrass musician Thomas D. Harp, California state senator born in Overton County Albert H. Roberts, Governor of Tennessee Roy Roberts, Blues singer Catherine "Bonny Kate" Sevier, widow of John Sevier Cordell Hull United States Secretary of State Josiah Gregg merchant, explorer and author of Commerce of the Prairies Benoni Strivson Medal of Honor Recipient Indian Wars Alpine Institute National Register of Historic Places listings in Overton County, Tennessee Standing Stone State Park USS Overton County Media related to Overton County, Tennessee at Wikimedia Commons Official site Overton County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Overton County at Curlie
Jackson County, Tennessee
Jackson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. The population was 11,638 at the 2010 census, with an estimate of 11,509 in 2015, its county seat is Gainesboro. Jackson is part of the Cookeville Micropolitan Statistical Area. Jackson County was created by an act of the Tennessee General Assembly on November 6, 1801, it was the eighteenth county established in the state. It was formed from part of Smith Indian lands; the name honors Andrew Jackson, who by 1801 had served as a U. S. Congressman and Senator from Tennessee, a Tennessee Supreme Court justice, a colonel in the Tennessee militia, he became more known as commander at the Battle of New Orleans and as the seventh President of the United StatesIn the 1790s, an Army outpost named Fort Blount was built 10 miles west of Gainesboro on the Cumberland River, in what is now western Jackson County. Fort Blount was an important stop for travelers on Avery's Trace. Williamsburg, a town developed around the fort, served as the Jackson County seat from 1807 to 1819.
The county's early records were all lost in a disastrous courthouse fire on August 14, 1872. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 320 square miles, of which 308 square miles is land and 11 square miles is water. Clay County Overton County Putnam County Smith County Macon County The Boils Wildlife Management Area Cummins Falls State Park Cordell Hull Wildlife Management Area Washmorgan Hollow State Natural Area As of the census of 2000, there were 10,984 people, 4,466 households, 3,139 families residing in the county; the population density was 36 people per square mile. There were 5,163 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 98.63% White, 0.15% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. 0.81% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,466 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.30% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.70% were non-families.
25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.89. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 26.80% from 45 to 64, 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,502, the median income for a family was $32,088. Males had a median income of $24,759 versus $19,511 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,020. About 15.10% of families and 18.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over. Gainesboro Dodson Branch As a secessionist Middle Tennessee county, Jackson County was one of the most Democratic in the state.
Only once up to 2008 did a Democrat lose the county – when Warren G. Harding carried Jackson County by ninety votes in his record popular-vote landslide of 1920, due to large increases in voter turnout for the isolationist cause Harding espoused. Along with Lewis County it was one of two Tennessee counties to give pluralities to both Hubert Humphrey in 1968 and George McGovern in 1972. However, like all of Appalachia and surrounding areas, Jackson County has since 2000 seen a rapid shift towards the Republican Party due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues. Whereas Al Gore won seventy percent of the vote in 2000, Barack Obama won by only thirty-nine votes in 2008, Mitt Romney became only the second Republican to carry the county in 2012 and Donald Trump four years received a proportion of the vote for the GOP associated with Unionist East Tennessee counties. National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Tennessee Official Jackson County Website Gainesboro-Jackson County Chamber of Commerce Jackson County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
Burgess Falls State Park
Burgess Falls State Park is a state park and state natural area in Putnam County and White County, located in the southeastern United States. The park is situated around a steep gorge in which the Falling Water River drops 250 feet in elevation in less than a mile, culminating in a 136-foot cataract waterfall; the Burgess Falls State Natural Area, which covers 350 acres, is managed by the Tennessee Department of Environment and Conservation. The Falling Water River rises near the base of the Cumberland Plateau in eastern Putnam County and winds its way across the Highland Rim to its mouth along the Center Hill Lake impoundment of the Caney Fork, located in an area where the Highland Rim drops off into the Central Basin; the Burgess Falls State Natural Area comprises the section of the river just above its mouth, where the river drops from 900 feet atop the Highland Rim to just over 600 feet at Center Hill Lake. Over a long period of time, the Falling Water River's rapids have cut a deep gorge just above its mouth.
The river drops to the Central Basin in a series of cascades and waterfalls, each gaining in size and intensity as the river approaches Center Hill Lake. At the Falling Water Cascades, located just downstream from the old Burgess Falls Dam, the river spills over a 10-foot embankment of rocks. Downstream from the Cascades, the river drops another 30 feet at Little Falls. Beyond Little Falls, where the river bends to the north, is an 80-foot cascade known as Middle Falls. Downstream from Middle Falls, where the river bends westward again, is the 136-foot Burgess Falls; the distance between Falling Water Cascades and Burgess Falls is less than a mile. Burgess Falls spills into a large limestone gorge enclosed by sheer walls 100–200 feet high; the Falling Water River enters Center Hill Lake downstream from Burgess Falls. Burgess Falls is named after Tom Burgess, a Revolutionary War veteran who settled along this section of the Falling Water River in the 1790s; the Burgess family used the river's rapids to power a grist mill and a saw mill which supplied early settlers with corn meal and lumber.
In 1924, the City of Cookeville built an earthen dam along the river a mile or so upstream from Burgess Falls. After a flood destroyed the dam in 1928, the city replaced it with a concrete dam that provided the area with electricity until the arrival of the Tennessee Valley Authority in 1944. Due in large part to calls from Cookevillians to protect the area, Burgess Falls State Park was established in 1971. Part of a pipeline bridge still spans the river in the vicinity of Little Falls; the pipeline crossed the river into a tunnel on the north walls of the gorge and emerged to cross the river again near Middle Falls en route to a powerhouse. The entrance to Burgess Falls State Park is located just off Tennessee State Route 135 halfway between Cookeville and Sparta; the park is open year-round, but is closed on days of high precipitation due to the Falling Water River's volatility. A 1.5-mile loop trail follows the bluffs along the south bank of the gorge, starting at Falling Water Cascades and ending at a platform overlooking Burgess Falls.
Little Falls and Middle Falls are visible from the trail. A stairway continues down into the gorge. A second loop trail follows the ridgeline southwest of Burgess Falls; the Burgess Falls State Natural Area includes Burgess Falls Lake and part of the forest on the both sides of the river in the lake's vicinity. Cummins Falls State Park Ozone Falls State Natural Area Burgess Falls State Park official website Burgess Falls State Natural Area Burgess and other Tennessee waterfalls Friends of Burgess Falls
1890 United States Census
The Eleventh United States Census was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time; the data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, the District of Columbia; this was the first census in which a majority of states recorded populations of over one million, as well as the first in which multiple cities – New York as of 1880, Philadelphia – recorded populations of over one million. The census saw Chicago rank as the nation's second-most populous city, a position it would hold until 1990, in which Los Angeles would supplant it.
The 1890 census collected the following information: The 1890 census was the first to be compiled using methods invented by Herman Hollerith and was overseen by Superintendents Robert P. Porter and Carroll D. Wright. Data was entered on a machine readable medium, punched cards, tabulated by machine; the net effect of the many changes from the 1880 census: the larger population, the number of data items to be collected, the Census Bureau headcount, the volume of scheduled publications, the use of Hollerith's electromechanical tabulators, was to reduce the time required to process the census from eight years for the 1880 census to six years for the 1890 census. The total population of 62,947,714, the family, or rough, was announced after only six weeks of processing; the public reaction to this tabulation was disbelief, as it was believed that the "right answer" was at least 75,000,000. The United States census of 1890 showed a total of 248,253 Native Americans living in the United States, down from 400,764 Native Americans identified in the census of 1850.
The 1890 census announced that the frontier region of the United States no longer existed, that the Census Bureau would no longer track the westward migration of the U. S. population. Up to and including the 1880 census, the country had a frontier of settlement. By 1890, isolated bodies of settlement had broken into the unsettled area to the extent that there was hardly a frontier line; this prompted Frederick Jackson Turner to develop his Frontier Thesis. The original data for the 1890 Census is no longer available. All the population schedules were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Commerce Building in Washington, D. C. in 1921. Some 25 % of the materials were presumed another 50 % damaged by smoke and water; the damage to the records led to an outcry for a permanent National Archives. In December 1932, following standard federal record-keeping procedures, the Chief Clerk of the Bureau of the Census sent the Librarian of Congress a list of papers to be destroyed, including the original 1890 census schedules.
The Librarian was asked by the Bureau to identify any records which should be retained for historical purposes, but the Librarian did not accept the census records. Congress authorized destruction of that list of records on February 21, 1933, the surviving original 1890 census records were destroyed by government order by 1934 or 1935; the other censuses for which some information has been lost are the 1810 enumerations. Few sets of microdata from the 1890 census survive, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Mayo-Smith, Richmond, "The Eleventh Census of the United States". In: The Economic Journal, Vol. 1, p. 43 - 58 1891 U. S Census Report Contains 1890 Census results Historical US Census data from the U. S. Census Bureau website Hollerith 1890 Census Tabulator by Columbia University "The Fate of the 1890 Population Census" from the National Archives website