Charles Burr Todd
Charles Burr Todd was an American historian. He was born at Redding, educated at the common schools, fitted for college, but failure of eyesight prevented him from entering. After teaching for some time, he devoted himself to literary pursuits, contributed to American magazines. In May 1877, Charles Burr Todd was appointed commissioner for erecting a monument on the 1778-1779 winter quarters of Gen. Israel Putnam's division of Continentals in Redding, authorized by act of the Connecticut legislature, he was instrumental in the creation of Putnam Memorial State Park. As a Redding resident and historian he was interested in preserving the site, now a state park dedicated to Putnam's encampment. In 1895 he was secretary of the committee appointed by Mayor Strong for the printing of early records of New York City. In 1903 Todd entered a Washington, D. C. police station, claiming that he had been poisoned and that detectives from New York City were pursuing him with the intent of killing him for magazine articles he had written a decade earlier and that offended certain prominent New Yorkers.
He appeared otherwise sane but was nonetheless confined to an insane asylum for eight days, whereupon he was released. His writings include: A General History of the Burr Family History of Conn.. Life and letters of Joel Barlow The Story of Washington, the National Capitol The Chautauquan The story of the city of New York The true Aaron Burr The real Benedict Arnold In Olde Connecticut In Olde Massachusetts In Olde New York The Washington's Crossing Sketch Book Wilson, J. G.. "Todd, Charles Burr". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.. "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia. New York: Dodd, Mead
Greenwich is a town in Fairfield County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 61,171, it is the 10th largest municipality in Connecticut, the largest that functions as a town. The largest town on Connecticut's Gold Coast, Greenwich is home to many hedge funds and other financial service firms. Greenwich is the southernmost and westernmost municipality in Connecticut as well as in the six-state region of New England, it is 40 to 50 minutes by train from Grand Central Terminal in Manhattan. CNN/Money and Money magazine ranked Greenwich 12th on its list of the "100 Best Places to Live in the United States" in 2005; the town is named after a Royal borough of London in the United Kingdom. The town of Greenwich was settled in 1640. One of the founders was Elizabeth Fones Winthrop, daughter-in-law of John Winthrop and Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. What is now called Greenwich Point was known for much of the area's early history as "Elizabeth's Neck" in recognition of Elizabeth Fones and their 1640 purchase of the Point and much of the area now known as Old Greenwich.
Greenwich was declared a township by the General Assembly in Hartford on May 11, 1665. During the American Revolution, General Israel Putnam made a daring escape from the British on February 26, 1779. Although British forces pillaged the town, Putnam was able to warn Stamford. In 1974, Gulliver's Restaurant and Bar, on the border of Greenwich and Port Chester, killing 24 young people. In 1983, the Mianus River Bridge, which carries traffic on Interstate 95 over an estuary, resulting in the death of three people. For many years, Greenwich Point, was open only to their guests. However, a lawyer sued, saying his rights to freedom of assembly were threatened because he was not allowed to go there; the lower courts disagreed, but the Supreme Court of Connecticut agreed, Greenwich was forced to amend its beach access policy to all four beaches in 2001. These beaches include Greenwich Point Park, Island Beach, Great Captain Island, Byram Park. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 67.2 square miles, of which 47.8 square miles is land and 19.4 square miles, or 28.88%, is water.
In terms of area, Greenwich is twice the size of Manhattan. The town is bordered to the west and north by Westchester County, New York, to the east by the city of Stamford, faces the Village of Bayville to the south across the Long Island Sound. If you travel far enough east from Greenwich, you hit Long Island at its extremity. Therefore, Greenwich is in a geographically exceptional position, being in a sense surrounded by New York; the Census Bureau recognizes seven CDPs within the town: Byram, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, Riverside, a "Greenwich" CDP covering a portion of town. The USPS lists separate zip codes for Greenwich, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, Riverside. Additionally, Greenwich is further divided into several smaller, unofficial neighborhoods. Longtime residents have a fierce loyalty and superior opinion of their particular neighborhood; the Hispanic population is concentrated in the southwestern corner of the town. In 2011, numerous neighborhoods were voted by the Business Insider as being the richest neighborhoods in America.
Byram, Cos Cob, Old Greenwich, Riverside each have their own ZIP Codes and with the exception of Byram, each has a Metro North station. American Lane is separated by Interstate 684 from the entire rest of Connecticut and can be reached only from New York State. Round Hill, with an elevation of more than 550 feet, was a lookout point for the Continental Army during the American Revolution; the Manhattan skyline is visible from the top of the hill. Bush-Holley House Putnam Cottage Calf Island, a 29-acre island about 3,000 feet from the Byram shore in Greenwich, is open for visitors, although as of the summer of 2006 it was getting few of them. More than half of the island is a bird sanctuary off-limits to members of the public without permission to visit; the island is available for overnight stays for those with permits, otherwise the east side is open from dawn till dusk. Great Captain Island is off the coast of Greenwich, is the southernmost point in Connecticut. There is a Coast Guard lighthouse on this island, as well as a designated area as a bird sanctuary.
The lighthouse is a Skeletal Tower. Island Beach or "Little Captain Island" once was the venue for the town's annual Island Beach Day. Ventriloquist Paul Winchell and his dummy, Jerry Mahoney, once came for a show, on another occasion the National Guard let adults and children fire machine guns into the water, according to an article in the Greenwich Time. Island Beach has changed over the decades; the bathhouse once on the island's eastern shore is gone, erosion is eating away at the beaches themselves. Greenwich experiences a humid continental climate. During winter storms, it is common for the area north of the Merritt Parkway to receive heavier snowfall than the area closer to the coast, due to the moderating influence of Long Island Sound; as of the census of 2000, there were 61,101 people, 23,230 households, 16,237 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,277.6 people per square mile. There were 24,511 housing units at an average density of 512.5 per square mile. As of the census of 2013, the racial makeup of the town was 80.90%
Becket Hill State Park Reserve
Becket Hill State Park Reserve is a public recreation area lying adjacent to Nehantic State Forest in the town of Lyme, Connecticut. The state park is as an undeveloped, walk-in park totaling 260 acres with no listed activities, it is managed by the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection. Becket Hill State Park Reserve is named for an early settler of the area named Beckwith. In 1961, the land for the reserve was given to the state by the George Dudley Seymour Trust, to become the 76th designated Connecticut state park. Beckett Hill was listed on the Connecticut Register and Manual for 1962 as having 260 acres of undeveloped land; the reserve is an undeveloped, walk-in park with access through the Lyme section of Nehantic State Forest, entered from Connecticut Route 156. Bushwhacking is required as no trails cross from the forest to the state park reserve; the reserve's boundary with the state forest is created by 69-acre Uncas Lake and Falls Brook, a stream that connects Uncas Lake with 30-acre Norwich Pond.
Boat launches for non-motorized craft are located on each. The waters are stocked with brook and rainbow trout. Becket Hill State Park Reserve Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Nehantic State Forest Map Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
New England town
The New England town referred to as a town in New England, is the basic unit of local government and local division of state authority in each of the six New England states and without a direct counterpart in most other U. S. states. New England towns overlay the entire area of a state, similar to civil townships in other states where they exist, but they are functioning municipal corporations, possessing powers similar to cities in other states. New Jersey's system of powerful townships, boroughs and cities is the system, most similar to that of New England. New England towns are governed by a town meeting legislative body; the great majority of municipal corporations in New England are based on the town model. S. County government in New England states is weak at best, in some states nonexistent. Connecticut, for example, does Rhode Island. Both of those states retain counties only as geographic subdivisions with no governmental authority, while Massachusetts has abolished eight of fourteen county governments so far.
With few exceptions, counties serve as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Towns are laid out so that nearly all land within the boundaries of a state is allocated to a town or other corporate municipality. All land is incorporated into the bounds of a municipal corporation's territory, except in some sparsely populated areas of the three northern New England states. Towns are municipal corporations, with their powers defined by a combination of municipal corporate charter, state statutes, the state constitution. In most of New England, the laws regarding their authority have been broadly construed. In practice, most New England towns have significant autonomy in managing their own affairs, with nearly all of the powers that cities have in most other U. S. states. New Hampshire and Vermont follow Dillon's Rule, which holds that local governments are creatures of the state. Traditionally, a town's legislative body is the open town meeting, a form of direct democratic rule, with a board of selectmen possessing executive authority.
Only several Swiss cantons with Landsgemeinde remain as democratic as the small New England town meetings. A town always contains a built-up populated place with the same name as the town. Additional built-up places with different names are found within towns, along with a mixture of additional urban and rural territory. There is no territory, not part of a town between each town. In most parts of New England, towns are not laid out on a grid. Vermont is the leading exception to this, much of the interior of Maine was laid out as surveyed townships; the town center contains a town common used today as a small park. All residents live within the boundaries of a municipal corporation. Residents receive most local services at the municipal level, county government tends to provide few or no services. Differences among states do exist in the level of services provided at the municipal and county level, but most functions handled by county-level government in the rest of the United States are handled by town-level government in New England.
In Connecticut, Rhode Island, most of Massachusetts, county government has been abolished, counties serve as dividing lines for the judicial system. In other areas, some counties provide other limited administrative services. In many cases, the house numbers on rural roads in New England reset to zero upon crossing a town line. Residents identify with their town for purposes of civic identity, thinking of the town in its entirety as a single, coherent community. There are some cases where residents identify more with villages or sections of a town than with the town itself in Rhode Island, but this is the exception, not the rule. More than 90% of the municipalities in the six New England states are identified as towns. Other forms of municipalities that exist are based on the town concept, as well—most notably cities. Most New England cities have adopted a city form of government, with a council and a mayor or manager. Municipal entities based on the concept of a compact populated place are uncommon, such as a Vermont village or Connecticut borough.
In areas of New England where such forms do exist, they remain part of the parent town and do not have all of the corporate powers and authority of an independent municipality. Towns date back to the time of the earliest English colonial settlement, which predominated in New England, they pre-date the development of counties in the region. Areas were organized as towns as they were settled, throughout the 17th, 18th, 19th centuries. Town boundaries were not laid out on any kind of regular grid, but were drawn to reflect local settlement and transportation patterns affected by natural features. In early colonial times, recognition of towns was informal connected to local church divisions. By 1700, colonial governments had become more involved in the official establishment of new towns. Towns were governed by a town meeting form of government, as many still are today. Towns were the only form of incorporated municipality in New England; the city form of government was not introduced until much later.
Boston, for instance, was a town for the first two centuries of its existence. The entire land areas of Connecticut an
Above All State Park
Above All State Park is an undeveloped public recreation area located in the town of Warren, Connecticut. Remnants of a Cold War-era military radar installation may be seen; the only park amenities are informal trails not maintained by the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection. Because of its reputation as one of the best lookouts in Litchfield County, the Above All peak was the site of a wooden observation tower in the years before the Civil War. A mountain-top summer resort planned in the 1880s, that would have featured a 125-foot observation tower for the viewing of far distant sights, never materialized; the park originated in 1927. The state's purchase of 28 adjoining acres from the Stanley estate followed in December 1927. In 1934, the State Register and Manual identified Above All as Connecticut's 36th state park. From June 1957 to June 1968, the state park became a Semi-Automatic Ground Environment Air Defense Network radar site; the military installation was called the New Preston Gap-Filler RADAR Annex P-50A /Z-50A.
The site was an unmanned gap-filler "providing low altitude coverage" that "consisted of the radar and tower along with the building which contained the radar equipment and a diesel generator." In 1968, a dirt road and cinder block building were added to the top of the hill as part of an upgrade to the site. In 1981, the park was the subject of a study by Northeast Utilities as a possible wind power site. An anemometer and wind vane were placed atop a 65-foot tower to record wind data. According to the WPA writers who created Connecticut: A Guide to Its Roads and People in the 1930s, the park's name came from its "top of the world" isolation. In his book on Connecticut's state parks, Joseph Leary traces the name to the land's use by the Stone family, who claimed it was the highest working farm by elevation in all of Connecticut. Accessing the park off Connecticut Route 341 requires passing a barred gate. Informal trails near the top of the park are not maintained or marked and there are no facilities.
Structures on the site include the radar equipment building, footings for the radar tower, supports for the generator's fuel tank. Photos displayed on the Radome website show the condition of the site in 2001 and 2006 with the equipment building in "excellent condition," and the radar tower and chain-link fencing missing; the site has been vandalized by graffiti. Above All State Park Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection
Anna Hyatt Huntington
Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington was an American sculptor and was once among New York City's most prominent sculptors. At a time when few women were successful artists, she had a thriving career. Hyatt Huntington exhibited traveled received critical acclaim at home and abroad, won awards and commissions. During the first two decades of the 20th century, Hyatt Huntington became famous for her animal sculptures, which combine vivid emotional depth with skillful realism. In 1915, she created the first public monument by a woman in New York City, outside of Central Park: Her Joan of Arc, located on Riverside Drive at 93rd Street, is the city’s first monument dedicated to a historical woman. Huntington was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on March 10, 1876, her father Alpheus Hyatt was a professor of paleontology and zoology at Harvard University and MIT. He encouraged her early interest in animals and animal anatomy. Anna Hyatt first studied with Henry Hudson Kitson in Boston, who threw her out after she identified equine anatomical deficiencies in his work.
She studied with Hermon Atkins MacNeil and Gutzon Borglum at the Art Students League of New York. In addition to these formal studies, she spent many hours doing extensive study of animals in various zoos and circuses, she was one of 250 sculptors who exhibited in the 3rd Sculpture International held at the Philadelphia Museum of Art in the summer of 1949. In 1932, Huntington became one of the earliest woman artists to be elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. Between the years of 1927 and 1937, Huntington survived tuberculosis. Huntington and her husband, Archer Milton Huntington, founded Brookgreen Gardens near Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, she was a member of the National Academy of the National Sculpture Society. A donation of $100,000 from her and her husband underwrote the NSS Exhibition of 1929; because of her husband's enormous wealth and the shared interests of the couple, the Huntingtons founded fourteen museums and four wildlife preserves. They donated the land for the Collis P. Huntington State Park, consisting of 800 acres of land in Redding, Connecticut, to the State of Connecticut.
Anna Vaughn Hyatt Huntington died October 1973 in Redding, Connecticut. She is buried in The Bronx, New York City, her grave is next to that of her husband Archer Milton Huntington who died on December 11, 1955. Her papers are held at Syracuse University, the Archives of American Art of the Smithsonian Institution; the Metropolitan Museum of Art listed Huntington among the foremost woman sculptors in the United States to have undertaken large, publicly commissioned works, alongside Malvina Hoffman and Evelyn Longman. She was the aunt of the art historian A. Hyatt Mayor, her animal sculptures, figures of both life-sized and in smaller proportions, are in museums and collections throughout the United States. Hyatt Huntington’s work is now displayed in many of New York’s leading institutions and outdoor spaces, including Columbia University, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the National Academy of Design, the New-York Historical Society, the Hispanic Society of America, the Cathedral of Saint John the Divine, Central Park, Riverside Park and the Bronx Zoo.
She spent two years collaborating with Abastenia St. Leger Eberle to produce Man and Bull, exhibited at the St. Louis Exposition in 1904; the Hispanic Society of America was founded in 1904 by Archie Huntington. Anna was responsible for the art in its courtyard, including: the towering 1927 bronze statue, El Cid—there are editions in: Seville, Spain. Two statues are located at the entrance to Collis P. Huntington State Park in Redding and Bethel, Connecticut: Mother Bear and Cubs and Sculpture of Wolves; the park was donated to the state of Connecticut by the Huntingtons. Other equestrian statues by Huntington greet visitors to the entrance to Redding Elementary School, the John Read Middle School, at the Mark Twain Library; the statue at the elementary school is called Fighting Stallions and the one at the middle school is called A Tribute to the Workhorse. The sculpture at the Mark Twain Library called The Torch Bearers, is identical in form to the one in Madrid, but is cast in bronze and appears to be smaller.
In her Horse Trainer she enlivens the theme of the Roman marble Horse Tamers of the Quirinale, taken up by Guillaume Coustou for the horses of Marly. Huntington's Joan of Arc stands at the intersection of Riverside Drive and Ninety-third Street in Manhattan, with other versions in San Francisco, Gloucester, Québec City; the plaster model, which she made at the studio of Jules Dalou, earned her Honorable Mention at the 1910 Paris Salon. Cast in bronze by the Gorham Manufacturing Company to one-and-a-half-times life size, its Mohegan granite base was designed by John Vredenburgh Van Pelt. Jean Jules Jusserand spoke at its dedication on December 6, 1915; the $35,000 needed to erect the statue was donated by numismatist J. Sanford Saltus, namesake of the American Numismatic Society's Saltus Award. Andrew Jackson, A Boy of The Waxhaws, Andrew Jackson State Park, South Carolina, depicts a young Andy Jackson, sitting astride a farm horse, it is
Moses Hazen was a Brigadier General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. Born in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, he saw action in the French and Indian War with Rogers' Rangers, his service included brutal raids, during the Expulsion of the Acadians and the 1759 Siege of Quebec. He was formally commissioned into the British Army, shortly before the war ended, retired on half-pay outside Montreal, where he and Gabriel Christie, another British officer, made extensive land purchases in partnership. During his lifetime he acquired land in Quebec, New Hampshire and New York, but lost most of his Quebec land due to litigation, with Christie and the negative effects of the Revolution. In 1775 he became involved in the American invasion of Quebec early in the American Revolutionary War, served with the Continental Army, in the 1775 Battle of Quebec, he went on to lead his own regiment, throughout the war, seeing action in the 1777 Philadelphia campaign and at Yorktown in 1781.
He was involved in litigation, both military and civil, petitioned Congress for compensation of losses and expenses incurred due to the war. He supported similar efforts by men from his regiment who were unable to return to Quebec because of their support for the American war effort. Moses Hazen was born in Haverhill, a frontier town in the Province of Massachusetts Bay, to an old New England Puritan family. Histories that mention Hazen sometimes indicate that he was Jewish, however a genealogist documents Hazen's lineage to England, where the family name was Hassen; some contemporaries of Hazen seem to have thought. Hazen was apprenticed to a tanner when the Indian War broke out. In 1756, he enlisted with the local militia, he first served at Fort William Henry near Lake George, where he first met, may have served under, Robert Rogers of Rogers' Rangers. Rogers recommended him for an officer's commission in a new company of the Rangers. In McCurdy's company, he saw action at Louisbourg, including the initial landings, when the action was quite fierce.
After Louisbourg, the company was stationed first at Fort Frederick, at Fort St. Anne, where the company was part of a campaign against Indians and Acadians that had taken refuge there from the ongoing expulsion of the Acadians; these raids were sometimes quite brutal. In one brutal incident, Hazen was responsible for the scalping of six men, the burning of four others, along with two women and three children, in a house he set on fire. Joseph Bellefontaine, a leader of the local militia and the father of one of the women, claimed that he was forced to witness this event in an attempt to coerce his cooperation with the rangers. General Jeffery Amherst, who did not hear of the incident until after he had promoted Hazen to captain, noted, "I am sorry that to say what I have since heard of that affair has sullied his merit with me as I shall always disapprove of killing women and helpless children."In January 1759, Captain McCurdy was killed when a tree felled by one of his men fell on him. In 1759, his company was at the siege of Quebec, where the company was engaged in scouting and raiding in the countryside.
In another notable atrocity that may have involved Hazen's company, a priest and thirty parishioners in a parish near Quebec were killed and scalped. Hazen fought at the 1760 Battle of Sainte-Foy, where he was wounded in the thigh. In February 1761, he purchased a commission as a first Lieutenant in the 44th Regiment of Foot in the British Army, he spent the remainder of the war on garrison duty at Montreal, retiring on half-pay in 1763. General James Murray wrote approvingly of Hazen in 1761, "He discovered so much still bravery and good conduct as would justly entitle him to every military reward he could ask or demand". During the siege of Quebec, Hazen had met Gabriel Christie a deputy quartermaster. Christie owned some land in the Richelieu River valley south of Montreal, wanted to expand his holdings. After the war and Hazen jointly purchased the seigneuries of Sabrevois and Bleury, located on the east bank of the Richelieu near Fort Saint-Jean, they leased land on the west side of river from the Baron of Longueuil.
These holdings gave them exclusive control over the land holdings around Saint-Jean, the northernmost navigable point reachable from Lake Champlain. Christie, still in military service, was away from the land, so Hazen developed the land while Christie provided the funding. Hazen constructed a manor house at Iberville, two mills, set about selling timber and other business endeavours. In 1765, Hazen was appointed a deputy land surveyor, a justice of the peace; as part of his business dealings, he offered General Thomas Gage in command of British forces in New York City and lumber for military