Putty is a material with high plasticity, similar in texture to clay or dough used in domestic construction and repair as a sealant or filler. Putty has been used extensively in glazing for fixing and sealing panes of glass into wooden frames, although its use is decreasing with the prevalence of PVC and metal window frames which use synthetic sealants such as silicone. Glazing putty is traditionally made by mixing a base of whiting with linseed oil in various proportions. There are a number of synthetic alternatives such as polybutene based putties, where the polybutene is a low molecular weight oligomer replacing the linseed oil. Butyl rubber is added to the mixture to provide some strength and flexibility. Painter's Putty is a linseed oil-based product used for filling holes, minor cracks and defacements in wood only. Putties can be made intumescent, in which case they are used for firestopping as well as for padding of electrical outlet boxes in fire-resistance rated drywall assemblies. In the latter case, hydrates in the putty produce an endothermic reaction to mitigate heat transfer to the unexposed side.

In woodworking, water-based putties are more used, as these emit little odour, are more cleaned up and are compatible with water-based and latex sealers. Plumber's putty is waterproof, used to make watertight seals in plumbing. Pratley's Putty is an adhesive used for steel bonding. Certain types of putty have use in the field of terminal ballistics, where the putty can represent the average density of the human body; as such it can be used, for instance, to test the penetrative power of projectiles, or the stopping power of body armour. Play putty, such as silly putty, is for children to play with, comes in plastic eggs. Pratley's Putty Bondo Blu-Tack Caulking Epoxy putty Mortite putty Wood filler Grain filler "Putty". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22. 1911. Putty & Mastic at wiki. DIY

Shigeru Mizuki

Shigeru Mizuki was a Japanese manga artist and historian, best known for his manga series GeGeGe no Kitarō. Born in a hospital in Osaka and raised in the city of Sakaiminato, Tottori, he moved to Chōfu, Tokyo where he remained until his death, his pen-name, comes from the time when he managed an inn called'Mizuki Manor' while he drew pictures for kamishibai. A specialist in stories of Yōkai, he is considered a master of the genre. Mizuki was a noted historian, publishing works relating to world history, Japanese history, his own World War II experience. Mizuki was born Shigeru Mura in the city of the second of three sons, he was raised in the coastal city of Sakaiminato 境港, where he spent much of his childhood as a'scrapper': picking fights and participating in childish warfare with the neighbouring children. He displayed from an early age a particular talent for art. During his time in elementary school, Mizuki's teachers were so impressed by his skills with a pencil that they organised an exhibition of his work, he went on to be featured in the Mainichi newspaper as something of an artistic prodigy.

In addition to this penchant for the artistic, Mizuki had an interest in the supernatural - something, fueled by listening to ghost stories told by a local woman named Fusa Kageyama, but whom the young Mizuki nicknamed "Nononba". However, in 1942, he was drafted into the Imperial Japanese Army and sent to New Britain Island in Papua New Guinea, his wartime experiences affected him as he contracted malaria, watched friends die from battle wounds and disease, dealt with other horrors of war. In an Allied air raid, he was caught in an explosion and lost his dominant arm. Regarding this life-changing event, a Nov. 30, 2015 NHK announcement of his death showed excerpts of a video interview with him at age 80, in which he said that as the only survivor of his unit, he was'ordered to die' — a prospect he considered ridiculous. The result of Mizuki's wartime experience was a concurrent sense of goodwill. In the same interview, he explained that his Yōkai characters can be seen only in times of peace, not war, that he purposely created these supernatural creatures to be of no specific ethnicity or nationality as a hint of the potential for humanity.

While in a Japanese field hospital on Rabaul, he was befriended by the local Tolai tribespeople, who offered him land, a home, citizenship via marriage to a Tolai woman. Mizuki acknowledged that he considered remaining behind, but was shamed by a military doctor into returning home to Japan first for medical treatment to his arm and to face his parents, which he did reluctantly. Upon arriving home, Mizuki had planned to return to New Guinea, his injuries did little to help, nor did the fact that his older brother, an artillery officer, was convicted as a war criminal for having prisoners of war executed. After his return to Japan he worked at a variety of jobs including as a fish salesman and kamishibai artist. In 1957, Mizuki released Rocketman, he published numerous works afterwards, both dealing with yōkai. He has written many books on both subjects, including an autobiography about his time on New Britain Island and a manga biography of Adolf Hitler in 1971; this book was published in English in 2015 by Quarterly.

Mizuki began a rental manga adaptation of the kamishibai Hakaba Kitarō in 1960. In 1965, it was renamed Kappa no Sanpei and began serialization in Weekly Shōnen Magazine, before being renamed again to GeGeGe no Kitarō in 1967. In 1972 he publishes the gekiga graphic novel Nonnonba about his grandmother. In 1991, he released a short work titled War and Japan published in The Sixth Grader, a popular edutainment magazine for young people, detailing the atrocities committed by the Japanese Army during their rampage in China and Korea and is narrated by Nezumi Otoko; the work serves as a powerful counterpoint to revisionist manga like the works of Yoshinori Kobayashi and by extension a way for Mizuki to express his anger at those responsible for all of Japan's victims. From 1989 till 1998 he works on the series Showa: A History of Japan following the same approach and describing the Showa history combined with personal anecdotes. In these books Nezumi Otoko is the narrator; when not working in either field, he painted a number of subjects, though these works are not as well known as his literary ones which have made him a household name.

In 2003, he returned to Rabaul to rekindle his friendship with the locals, who had named a road after him in his honor. In 2005, Mizuki appeared in a cameo role in Yōkai Daisenso directed by Takashi Miike, a film about Yōkai inspired by his work as well as the work of Aramata Hiroshi, he appears towards the end of the film in the role of the Great Elder Yōkai: a pacifistic character who condemns the warring ways of the film's antagonist and reaffirms the role of Yōkai as peaceful, playful creatures. A brief explanation about his works is mentioned in the film. In 2010, NHK broadcast an asadora about his married life, Gegege no Nyōbō, based on his wife's autobiography. On November 30, 2015, Shigeru Mizuki died of heart failure in a Tokyo hospital after collapsing at his home from a heart attack. Most of Mizuki's work remained for a long time unknown outside Japan, due to them not being translated. Around 2010 started publishing his Showa, Kitaro and Hitler French and Spanish publication appeared shortly afterwards, leading to an increasing interest for his work (and

Radical 22

Radical 22 meaning "box" is 1 of 23 Kangxi radicals composed of two strokes. In the Kangxi Dictionary, there are 64 characters. An archaic version of this radical, directly regularized from the bronzeware and seal scripts forms appears in regular script or printed text as and is used for the transcription of ancient inscriptions. Fazzioli, Edoardo. Chinese calligraphy: from pictograph to ideogram: the history of 214 essential Chinese/Japanese characters. Calligraphy by Rebecca Hon Ko. New York, 1987: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-89659-774-1. CS1 maint: location Lunde, Ken. "Appendix J: Japanese Character Sets". CJKV Information Processing: Chinese, Korean & Vietnamese Computing. Sebastopol, Calif.: O'Reilly Media. ISBN 978-0-596-51447-1. Unihan Database - U+531A