Aerocaribe was an airline based in Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico. It was a regional affiliate of Mexicana operating services under the Mexicana Inter banner and codeshares with its parent company, it operated 120 flights a day. In 2005 Mexicana decided to rebrand Aerocaribe as MexicanaClick. Aerocaribe was founded in 1972 as Aerolíneas Bonanza in 1975 and started operations on 12 July 1975 under the name Aerocaribe, it was formed by Yucatán private investors of the Alonso Family, but was bought by Corporacion Mexicana de Aviación on 23 August 1990. In 1996 Mexicana became part of the Cintra group, its affiliate AeroCozumel has been integrated. Mexicana decided to transfer its fleet of Fokker 100 aircraft to Aerocaribe to rebrand the airline, its new name is MexicanaClick and it is an attempt to create a Mexican low-cost carrier, starting operations in July 2005. in 2008, with mexicanas restructuration Click, was announced that it would stop being a Low Cost airline, change its name to MexicanaClick operating as a regional feeder, for domestic destinations in Mexico.
The new airline started adding to their fleets, Boeing 717, which added Business class to the airline. Aerocaribe operated the following services in January 2005: Domestic scheduled destinations: Cancún, Cozumel, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Mazatlán, Mérida, Mexico City, Oaxaca, Puerto Escondido, Tuxtla Gutiérrez and Villahermosa. International scheduled destinations: Havana; the Aerocaribe fleet consisted of the following aircraft in January 2005: 2 Fairchild FH-227 9 Douglas DC-9-30Other aircraft used throughout the years: 2 Britten-Norman Islander 3 F27J Friendship 4 Douglas DC-9-14 2 Cessna Caravan 1 Douglas DC-9-15 BAE Jetstream 31 On July 8, 2000, Aerocaribe Flight 7831 crashed near Chulum Juarez, Mexico killing all 19 on board. On March 15, 1984, Aerocozumel Flight 261 crashed after takeoff from Cancun International Airport, Mexico. No one died in crash. One of the passengers died of a heart attack while moving through the swamp
The cuneiform sign qa, is a common-use sign of the Amarna letters, the Epic of Gilgamesh, other cuneiform texts. It has a secondary sub-use in the Amarna letters for ka4. Linguistically, it has the alphabetical usage in texts for q, a, or qa, a replacement for "q", by k, or g; the qa sign usage in the Epic of Gilgamesh is as follows: qa-. Moran, William L. 1987, 1992. The Amarna Letters. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987, 1992. 393 pages. Parpola, 197l; the Standard Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, Simo, Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project, c 1997, Tablet I thru Tablet XII, Index of Names, Sign List, Glossary-, 165 pages
Cimber A/S was a Danish airline headquartered in Sønderborg and based at Copenhagen Airport. It flies for Scandinavian Airlines on a wet lease contract. Cimber has been owned by CityJet since early 2017 and was a subsidiary of SAS. Cimber Sterling went bankrupt on 3 May 2012. At that point, the airline had been flying to up to 30 destinations daily in Northern and Eastern Europe from Copenhagen Airport, on behalf of Scandinavian Airlines, with four Bombardier CRJ-200 aircraft; this arrangement was extended by the curator, law firm Kromann Reumert, to 16 May, as it was profitable. On 16 May, it was announced that several parts of Cimber Sterling had been sold, including the ACMI contract with Scandinavian Airlines; the buyers of the contract were former key people of Cimber Sterling, Jørgen Nielsen, the former juridical director Alex Dyrgaard, the former CEO of the airline Jacob Krogsgaard. The deal included 114 employees who would continue as part of Cimber A/S. At the same time, Scandinavian Airlines and Cimber A/S signed an extension of the agreement, valid till the summer 2014.
Cimber will only operate for other airlines. Cimber began with a share capital of DKK 600,000. In September 2014, Cimber announced the shutdown of its operations by March 2015 as Scandinavian Airlines as their single customer did not intend to renew their contracts, but in December 2014, Scandinavian Airlines announced that it had entered into an agreement to acquire 100% of Cimber for DKK20 million. Scandinavian Airlines planned to transfer 12 CRJ900 aircraft to Cimber to operate from Copenhagen Airport and to continue with the Cimber's previous plans to retire its ATR 72 and CRJ200 aircraft. In January 2017, SAS reached an agreement with CityJet whereby CityJet bought Cimber and would continue to operate flights on behalf of SAS. Cimber was merged into CityJet in 2018. Cimber does not operate any routes under its own brand. All flights are conducted on behalf of Scandinavian Airlines, within their regional and European route network; the Cimber fleet consists of the following aircraft: The airline operated the following aircraft: 2 further Bombardier CRJ200ER Media related to Cimber Air at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Qantas Airways is the flag carrier of Australia and its largest airline by fleet size, international flights and international destinations. It is the third oldest airline in the world, after KLM and Avianca having been founded in November 1920; the Qantas name comes from "QANTAS", an acronym for its original name, "Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services", it is nicknamed "The Flying Kangaroo". Qantas is a founding member of the Oneworld airline alliance; the airline is based in the Sydney suburb of Mascot with its main hub at Sydney Airport. As of March 2014, Qantas had a 65% share of the Australian domestic market and carried 14.9% of all passengers travelling in and out of Australia. Various subsidiary airlines operate to regional centres and on some trunk routes within Australia under the QantasLink banner. Qantas owns Jetstar Airways, a low-cost airline that operates both international services from Australia and domestic services within Australia and New Zealand. Qantas was founded in Winton, Queensland on 16 November 1920 by Hudson Fysh, Paul McGinness and Fergus McMaster as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
The airline's first aircraft was an Avro 504K. In 1920 Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Ltd had its headquarters in Winton before moving to Longreach, Queensland in 1921 and Brisbane, Queensland in 1930. In 1934, QANTAS and Britain's Imperial Airways formed Qantas Empire Airways Limited; the new airline commenced operations in December 1934, flying between Darwin. QEA flew internationally from May 1935. After World War II began, enemy action and accidents destroyed half of the fleet of ten, when most of the fleet was taken over by the Australian government for war service. Flying boat services were resumed in 1943, with flights between the Swan River at Crawley in Perth, Western Australia and Koggala lake in Ceylon; this linked up with the British Overseas Airways Corporation service to London. Qantas' kangaroo logo was first used on the "Kangaroo Route", begun in 1944, from Sydney to Karachi, where BOAC crews took over for the rest of the journey to the UK. In 1947, QEA was nationalised by the Australian government led by Labor Prime Minister Ben Chifley.
QANTAS Limited was wound up. After nationalisation, Qantas' remaining domestic network, in Queensland, was transferred to the nationally owned Trans Australia Airlines, leaving Qantas with a purely international network. Shortly after nationalisation, QEA began its first services outside the British Empire – to Tokyo. Services to Hong Kong began around the same time. In 1957 a head office, Qantas House, opened in Sydney. In June 1959 Qantas entered the jet age. On 14 September 1992, Qantas merged with Australian Airlines; the airline started to be rebranded to Qantas in the following year. Qantas was privatised between 1993 and 1997. Under the legislation passed to allow the privatisation, Qantas must be at least 51% owned by Australian shareholders. In 1998, Qantas co-founded the Oneworld alliance with American Airlines, British Airways, Canadian Airlines, Cathay Pacific, with other airlines joining subsequently. With the entry of new budget airline Virgin Blue into the domestic market in 2000, Qantas' market share fell.
Qantas created the budget Jetstar Airways in 2001 to compete. The main domestic competitor to Qantas, Ansett Australia, collapsed on 14 September 2001. Market share for Qantas neared 90%, but competition with Virgin increased as it expanded. Qantas revived the Australian Airlines name for a short-lived international budget airline between 2002 and 2006, but this subsidiary was shut down in favour of expanding Jetstar internationally, including to New Zealand. In 2004, the Qantas group expanded into the Asian budget airline market with Jetstar Asia Airways, in which Qantas owns a minority stake. A similar model was used for the investment into Jetstar Pacific, headquartered in Vietnam, in 2007, Jetstar Japan, launched in 2012. In December 2006, Qantas was the subject of a failed bid from a consortium calling itself Airline Partners Australia. Merger talks with British Airways in 2008 did not proceed to an agreement. In 2011, an industrial relations dispute between Qantas and the Transport Workers Union of Australia resulted in the grounding of all Qantas aircraft and lock-out of the airline's staff for two days.
On 25 March 2018, a Qantas Boeing 787 Dreamliner became the first aircraft to operate a scheduled non-stop commercial flight between Australia and Europe, with the inaugural arrival in London of Flight 9. QF9 was a 17-hour, 14,498 km journey from Perth Airport in Western Australia to London Heathrow; the key trends for the Qantas Group, are shown below: Qantas' headquarters are located at the Qantas Centre in the Bayside Council suburb of Mascot, New South Wales. The headquarters underwent a redevelopment, completed in December 2013. Qantas has operated a number of passenger airline subsidiaries since inception
MexicanaClick Click Mexicana, was Mexicana's regional operator, serving most of Mexicana's domestic routes between more than 25 Mexican cities. It was founded as a low-cost carrier, but changed its market to regional operations after its acquisition by Mexicana, its main base was Mexico City International Airport. The airline was started operations on 12 July 1975 as Aerocaribe, it was formed by Yucatán private investors but was bought by Corporación Mexicana de Aviación on 23 August 1990. It operated regional services under the Mexicana Inter banner using Fairchild FH-227 and Douglas DC-9-30 aircraft. Mexicana decided to transfer its fleet of Fokker 100 aircraft to Aerocaribe and rebrand the airline, with Click Mexicana starting operations in July 2005; some services operated by Mexicana de Aviación, such as Ciudad del Carmen and Saltillo, were shifted to Click Mexicana. In December 2005 the Mexicana group, including Click Mexicana, was reprivatised and sold by the Mexican government to Grupo Posadas, a hotel chain.
As part of a restructuring of Mexicana in 2008, it was announced that Click would stop service as a separate Low Cost airline and begin serving domestic destinations in Mexico as a regional feeder under the name MexicanaClick. The new airline started adding to their fleet with Boeing 717 aircraft, which added Business class to the airline. Click, along with its parent company ceased operations on 28 August 2010 after filing for bankruptcy earlier in the month. Mexicana and its subsidiaries had stopped selling tickets three weeks prior to the shutdown; the MexicanaClick fleet consisted of the following aircraft:The airline announced in February 2009 that it would replace its Fokker 100 fleet with 25 Boeing 717-200 aircraft from Midwest Airlines, starting in 2009 with 7 aircraft. As of 11 March 2009, the average age of the MexicanaClick fleet was 13.3 years. The seats in the entire fleet were made of grey leather. To match the interior there were orange curtains and a "Click" symbol at the front of the cabin similar to that of the parent company Mexicana.
On February 11, 2010, a MexicanaClick Fokker 100 landed at Monterrey Airport with its landing gear up after pilots reported a malfunction. The aircraft was bound for Nuevo Laredo, but diverted to Monterrey given its longer runway and better emergency response capabilities. None of the 96 people on board were injured. Mexicana
Qatar the State of Qatar, is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. Whether the sovereign state should be regarded as a constitutional monarchy or an absolute monarchy is disputed, its sole land border is with neighbouring Gulf Cooperation Council monarchy Saudi Arabia to the south, with the rest of its territory surrounded by the Persian Gulf. An arm of the Persian Gulf separates Qatar from the nearby Bahrain. In early 2017, Qatar's total population was 2.6 million: 313,000 Qatari citizens and 2.3 million expatriates. Islam is the official religion of Qatar; the country has the highest per capita income in the world. Qatar is classified by the UN as a country of high human development and is regarded as the most advanced Arab state for human development. Qatar is a high-income economy, backed by the world's third-largest natural gas reserves and oil reserves. Qatar has been ruled by the House of Thani since Mohammed bin Thani signed a treaty with the British in 1868 that recognised its separate status.
Following Ottoman rule, Qatar became a British protectorate in the early 20th century until gaining independence in 1971. In 2003, the constitution was overwhelmingly approved in a referendum, with 98% in favour. In the 21st century, Qatar emerged as a significant power in the Arab world both through its globally expanding media group, Al Jazeera Media Network, supporting several rebel groups financially during the Arab Spring. For its size, Qatar wields disproportionate influence in the world, has been identified as a middle power. Qatar is the subject of a diplomatic and economic embargo by Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Egypt, which began in June 2017. Saudi Arabia has proposed the construction of the Salwa Canal, which would run along the Saudi-Qatar border turning Qatar into an island. Pliny the Elder, a Roman writer, documented the earliest account pertaining to the inhabitants of the peninsula around the mid-first century AD, referring to them as the Catharrei, a designation which may have derived from the name of a prominent local settlement.
A century Ptolemy produced the first known map to depict the peninsula, referring to it as Catara. The map referenced a town named "Cadara" to the east of the peninsula; the term'Catara' was used until the 18th century, after which'Katara' emerged as the most recognised spelling. After several variations -'Katr','Kattar' and'Guttur' - the modern derivative Qatar was adopted as the country's name. In Standard Arabic, the name is pronounced. Human habitation of Qatar dates back to 50,000 years ago. Settlements and tools dating back to the Stone Age have been unearthed in the peninsula. Mesopotamian artifacts originating from the Ubaid period have been discovered in abandoned coastal settlements. Al Da'asa, a settlement located on the western coast of Qatar, is the most important Ubaid site in the country and is believed to have accommodated a small seasonal encampment. Kassite Babylonian material dating back to the second millennium BC found in Al Khor Islands attests to trade relations between the inhabitants of Qatar and the Kassites in modern-day Bahrain.
Among the findings were 3,000,000 crushed snail shells and Kassite potsherds. It has been suggested that Qatar is the earliest known site of shellfish dye production, owing to a Kassite purple dye industry which existed on the coast. In 224 AD, the Sasanian Empire gained control over the territories surrounding the Persian Gulf. Qatar played a role in the commercial activity of the Sasanids, contributing at least two commodities: precious pearls and purple dye. Under the Sasanid reign, many of the inhabitants in Eastern Arabia were introduced to Christianity following the eastward dispersal of the religion by Mesopotamian Christians. Monasteries were constructed and further settlements were founded during this era. During the latter part of the Christian era, Qatar comprised a region known as'Beth Qatraye'; the region was not limited to Qatar. In 628, Muhammad sent a Muslim envoy to a ruler in Eastern Arabia named Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi and requested that he and his subjects accept Islam. Munzir obliged his request, accordingly, most of the Arab tribes in the region converted to Islam.
After the adoption of Islam, the Arabs led the Muslim conquest of Persia which resulted in the fall of the Sasanian Empire. Qatar was described as a famous camel breeding centre during the Umayyad period. In the 8th century, it started benefiting from its commercially strategic position in the Persian Gulf and went on to become a centre of pearl trading. Substantial development in the pearling industry around the Qatari Peninsula occurred during the Abbasid era. Ships voyaging from Basra to India and China would make stops in Qatar's ports during this period. Chinese porcelain, West African coins and artefacts from Thailand have been discovered in Qatar. Archaeological remains from the 9th century suggest that Qatar's inhabitants used greater wealth to construct higher quality homes and public buildings. Over 100 stone-built houses, two mosques, an Abbasid fort were constructed in Murwab during this period. However, when the caliphate's prosperity declined in Iraq, so too did it in Qatar. Qatar is mentioned in 13th-century Muslim scholar Yaqut al-Hamawi's book, Mu'jam Al-Buldan, which alludes to the Qataris' fine striped wov
Queen Alexandra Hospital
The Queen Alexandra Hospital in Cosham, Portsmouth, is the only hospital serving the city of Portsmouth and the surrounding area. There are several small treatment outstations which have been opened to relieve the overload at the QA Hospital, it is publicly owned and is administered by the Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust and has a Ministry of Defence Hospital Unit attached. A military hospital, The Queen Alexandra was built in 1904–1908 to replace an earlier hospital which stood in Lion Street in Portsea, Portsmouth; the original buildings were of red brick construction, the site was in a rural area, linked to Portsmouth and the surrounding villages by a tram service. The demilitarisation of the hospital began in 1926 when it was handed to the Ministry of Pensions, to care for disabled ex-servicemen; the Second World War saw the first civilian patients admitted, several temporary huts added to the site to increase capacity. As with many makeshift hospitals from the era, the huts stayed in place for several years after the war.
Following the creation of the National Health Service in 1948, all but 100 of the 640 beds were transferred to the NHS in 1951, with the remainder reserved for ex-servicemen. A League of Friends was established one year later. Development of the hospital under the NHS was rapid, a Cerebral Palsy Unit was built in 1955, with two classrooms, a physiotherapy room, a speech and language therapy room, a staff room, a kitchen; the unit opened in 1956. This was followed in 1957 by an outpatients unit, in 1958 by the hospital chapel. In 1960 the existing buildings were upgraded with a new boiler system; the League of Friends funded two new day rooms, which were added in 1962, when the main block was refurbished. A library was added in 1969. In the 1960s, it was announced that the Queen Alexandra would become a district general hospital, complete with an Accident and Emergency department; this involved the construction of several new buildings, which began in 1968 with an eye department, a training school for nurses and two three-storey blocks for staff accommodation.
A further two accommodation blocks, this time nine storeys high, were added being completed in 1976. Only two of the planned three new ward blocks were built. Patients were transferred from the Royal Portsmouth Hospital in 1979, with the Queen Alexandra Hospital, including a new breast unit, being opened a year by Princess Alexandra. Over the subsequent three years, the South Block was refurbished, culminating in the Trevor Howell Day Hospital opening in 1983. Five years a new diabetes unit opened, followed by a rehabilitation unit in 1991. A further rebuilding of the hospital was announced in 1999 although the procurement under a Private Finance Initiative contract was not completed until 2005; some of the original buildings of the military hospital were demolished to make way for the new main hospital buildings. The works were designed by the Building Design Partnership and completed by Carillion at a cost of £236 million. In October 2009 the new Queen Alexandra Hospital was opened by The Princess Royal.
At this time all the old local hospitals and the Royal Hospital Haslar were closed and the services moved to the QA Hospital. The annual payment the trust will make to its private sector contractor under the PFI contract is £32.866 million, subject to satisfactory performance by the contractor and other factors such as repayment and refinancing options. The contract is for 35 years. A Care Quality Commission inspection in 2015 rated the trust as "outstanding" in relation to being caring and effective but needed to improve providing "safe and well-led services". Conditions in the accident and emergency department were so overcrowded that some patients with serious conditions had waited over an hour to be assessed. List of hospitals in England Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust Main website Portsmouth Hospital Radio New Website as of November 2006