QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed at the embedded systems market. QNX was one of the first commercially successful microkernel operating systems; as of 2020, it is used in a variety of devices including mobile phones. The product was developed in the early 1980s by Canadian company Quantum Software Systems renamed QNX Software Systems; the company was acquired by BlackBerry Limited in 2010. As a microkernel-based OS, QNX is based on the idea of running most of the operating system kernel in the form of a number of small tasks, named Resource Managers; this differs from the more traditional monolithic kernel, in which the operating system kernel is one large program composed of a huge number of parts, with special abilities. In the case of QNX, the use of a microkernel allows users to turn off any functions they do not need without having to change the OS. Instead, such services will not run; the system is quite small, with earlier versions fitting on one 1.44 MB floppy disk.
QNX Neutrino has been ported to a number of platforms and now runs on any modern central processing unit family, used in the embedded market. This includes the PowerPC, x86, MIPS, SH-4, the interrelated of ARM, StrongARM, XScale. QNX offers a license for academic users; the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet computer designed by BlackBerry uses a version of QNX as the primary operating system. Devices from BlackBerry running the BlackBerry 10 operating system are based on QNX. QNX is used in car infotainment systems with many major car makers offering variants that include an embedded QNX architecture, it is supported by popular SSL/TLS libraries such as wolfSSL. Gordon Bell and Dan Dodge, both students at the University of Waterloo in 1980, took a course in real-time operating systems, in which the students constructed a basic real-time microkernel and user programs. Both were convinced there was a commercial need for such a system, moved to the high-tech planned community Kanata, Ontario, to start Quantum Software Systems that year.
In 1982, the first version of QUNIX was released for the Intel 8088 CPU. In 1984, Quantum Software Systems renamed QUNIX to QNX in an effort to avoid any trademark infringement challenges. One of the first widespread uses of the QNX real-time OS was in the nonembedded world when it was selected as the operating system for the Ontario education system's own computer design, the Unisys ICON. Over the years QNX was used for larger projects, as its 44k kernel was too large to fit inside the one-chip computers of the era; the system garnered a reputation for reliability and became used in running machinery in many industrial applications. In the late-1980s, Quantum realized that the market was moving towards the Portable Operating System Interface model and decided to rewrite the kernel to be much more compatible at a low level; the result was QNX 4. During this time Patrick Hayden, while working as an intern, along with Robin Burgener, developed a new windowing system; this patented concept was developed into the embeddable graphical user interface named the QNX Photon microGUI.
QNX provided a version of the X Window System. Toward the end of the 1990s, the company began work on a new version of QNX, designed from the ground up to be symmetric multiprocessing capable, to support all current POSIX application programming interfaces and any new POSIX APIs that could be anticipated while still retaining the microkernel architecture; this resulted in QNX Neutrino, released in 2001. Along with the Neutrino kernel, QNX Software Systems became a founding member of the Eclipse consortium; the company released a suite of Eclipse plug-ins packaged with the Eclipse workbench in 2002, named QNX Momentics Tool Suite. In 2004, the company announced. Before this acquisition, QNX software was widely used in the automotive industry for telematics systems. Since the purchase by Harman, QNX software has been designed into over 200 different automobile makes and models, in telematics systems and in infotainment and navigation units; the QNX CAR Application Platform was running in over 20 million vehicles as of mid-2011.
The company has since released several middleware products including the QNX Aviage Multimedia Suite, the QNX Aviage Acoustic Processing Suite and the QNX HMI Suite. The microkernels of Cisco Systems' IOS-XR and IOS Software Modularity are based upon QNX. In September 2007, QNX Software Systems announced the availability of some of its source code. On April 9, 2010, Research In Motion announced they would acquire QNX Software Systems from Harman International Industries. On the same day, QNX source code access was restricted from hobbyists. In September 2010, the company announced a tablet computer, the BlackBerry PlayBook, a new operating system BlackBerry Tablet OS based on QNX to run on the tablet. On October 18, 2011, Research In Motion announced "BBX", renamed to BlackBerry 10, in December 2011. Blackberry 10 devices build upon the BlackBerry PlayBook QNX based operating system for touch devices, but adapt the user interface for smartphones using the Qt based Cascades Native User-Interface framework.
At the Geneva Motor Show, Apple demonstrated CarPlay which provides an iOS-like user interface to head units in compatible vehicles. Once configured by the automaker, QNX can be programmed to hand off its display and some functions to an Apple CarPlay device. On December 11, 2014, Ford Motor Company stated the company would be
Daniel Lee Jennings is an American professional baseball pitcher, a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball for the Miami Marlins, Chicago White Sox, Tampa Bay Rays, Milwaukee Brewers, Washington Nationals, he played college baseball for the Nebraska Cornhuskers of the University of Nebraska. Though born in Berkeley, Jennings was raised in West Des Moines, Iowa. There, he attended Valley High School. Playing for the school's baseball team, he led the team to back-to-back state championships in 2004 and 2005; as a senior in 2005, Jennings pitched to a 9–0 win–loss record and 0.85 earned run average, earning All-State honors. Jennings attended the University of Nebraska. In 2008, he played collegiate summer baseball with the Cotuit Kettleers of the Cape Cod Baseball League, he was drafted by the Marlins in the ninth round of the 2008 MLB draft. He made his professional debut that season for the Jamestown Jammers of the Class A-Short Season New York–Penn League. Across three levels of minor league baseball in 2009, Jennings had a combined 1–2 record, six saves, 2.15 ERA in 45 games overall, allowing with 26 walks and while striking out 69 batters in 62⅔ innings pitched for the Greensboro Hornets of the Class A South Atlantic League, the Jupiter Hammerheads of the Class A-Advanced Florida State League, the Jacksonville Suns of the Class AA Southern League.
Baseball America rated Jennings as the Marlins' fourth best pitching prospect, 13th best overall. Returning to Jacksonville in 2010, Jennings was suspended for 50 games for violating minor league baseball's policy banning the use of performance-enhancing drugs; the Marlins added Jennings to their 40-man roster after the 2011 season to protect him from the Rule 5 draft. Jennings began the 2012 season with the New Orleans Zephyrs of the Class AAA Pacific Coast League. In nine appearances, he had a 2.08 ERA. The Marlins promoted Jennings to MLB on April 30, 2012, he pitched a scoreless inning in relief in his debut that day. On August 7, 2014, Jennings was pitching in relief against the Pittsburgh Pirates when Jordy Mercer hit a line drive that struck Jennings in the head, inflicting a concussion in the process. Jennings was kept overnight in a Pittsburgh hospital for observations instead of accompanying the Marlins to Cincinnati for their next series against the Cincinnati Reds after the game. Jennings thanked Pirates fans on Twitter for their support after the crowd at PNC Park gave Jennings a standing ovation when he was carted off the field and gave the crowd a thumbs-up.
He returned to the Marlins shortly thereafter, passing concussion protocol and sustaining no permanent injury. The Marlins traded Jennings to the Chicago White Sox on December 11, 2014, in exchange for André Rienzo. On July 27, 2017, the White Sox traded Jennings to the Tampa Bay Rays in exchange for first baseman Casey Gillaspie, he was released on March 26, 2018. Jennings signed with the Milwaukee Brewers on March 30, 2018, he elected free agency on November 30, 2018. On February 15, 2019, Jennings signed a minor league deal with the Los Angeles Angels; the Angels released him on March 26. On April 15, 2019, Jennings signed a minor league deal with the Washington Nationals, he had his contract purchased on April 30. Jennings posted a 13.50 ERA over eight games with the Nationals before being designated for assignment on May 20. He elected free agency on May 22. On July 8, 2019, Jennings signed a minor league deal with the New York Yankees, he was released by the Yankees on August 13, 2019. Jennings has been confused for the son of Dan Jennings, an executive for the Marlins when the younger Jennings was pitching for them.
His parents and Janet Jennings, live in West Des Moines. Jennings has a brother, who works as a tennis professional at the Quad City Tennis Club, he is married. Jennings' parents, fiancée, her parents all flew to Miami to watch Jennings' MLB debut. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference Dan Jennings on Twitter
Sir Michael Scudamore Redgrave CBE was an English stage and film actor, director and author. He received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance in Mourning Becomes Electra, as well as two BAFTA Award for Best British Actor nominations for his performances in The Night My Number Came Up and Time Without Pity. At the 4th Cannes Film Festival, he won Best Actor for his performance in The Browning Version. Redgrave was born in Bristol, the son of actress Margaret Scudamore and the silent film actor Roy Redgrave, he never knew his father. He died when Redgrave was 14, his mother subsequently married a tea planter. Redgrave disliked his stepfather, he studied at Magdalene College, Cambridge. Clifton College's theatre, the Redgrave Theatre, was named after him, he was a schoolmaster at Cranleigh School in Surrey before becoming an actor in 1934. He played all the leading roles himself; the "Redgrave Room" at the school was named after him. In the new Guildford School of Acting building, which opened in January 2010, the "Sir Michael Redgrave Studio" was named for him.
Redgrave made his first professional appearance at the Playhouse in Liverpool on 30 August 1934 as Roy Darwin in Counsellor-at-Law spent two years with its Liverpool Repertory Company where he met his future wife Rachel Kempson. They married on 18 July 1935. Offered a job by Tyrone Guthrie, Redgrave made his first professional debut in London at the Old Vic on 14 September 1936, playing Ferdinand in Love's Labours Lost. During 1936–37 he played Mr Horner in The Country Wife, Orlando in As You Like It, Warbeck in The Witch of Edmonton and Laertes to Laurence Olivier's Hamlet, his hit of the season was Orlando. Edith Evans was his Rosalind and the two fell much in love; as he explained: "Edith always had a habit of falling in love with her leading men. As You Like It transferred to the New Theatre in February 1937 and Redgrave again played Orlando. At the Embassy Theatre in March 1937, he played Anderson in a mystery play, The Bat, before returning to the Old Vic in April, succeeding Marius Goring as Chorus in Henry V.
Other roles that year included Christopher Drew in Daisy Fisher's comedy A Ship Comes Home at the St Martin's Theatre in May and Larry Starr in Philip Leaver's comedy Three Set Out at the Embassy in June, before joining John Gielgud's Company at the Queen's Theatre, September 1937 to April 1938, where he played Bolingbroke in Richard II, Charles Surface in The School for Scandal and Baron Tusenbach in Three Sisters. Other roles included: Alexei Turbin in The White Guard, Phoenix Theatre October 1938 Sir Andrew Aguecheek in Twelfth Night, Phoenix December 1938 Harry, Lord Monchesney in The Family Reunion, Westminster Theatre March 1939 Henry in Springtime for Henry, touring 1939 Once the London theatres were re-opened, after the outbreak of war, he played: Captain Macheath in The Beggar's Opera, Theatre Royal, March 1940 Charleston in Thunder Rock, by Robert Ardrey, Neighbourhood Theatre June 1940. Redgrave joined the Royal Navy as an ordinary seaman in July 1941, but was discharged on medical grounds in November 1942.
Having spent most of 1942 in the Reserve he managed to direct Lifeline starring Frank Pettingell at the Duchess Theatre in July. Resuming his stage career he played/directed: Rakitin in A Month in the Country, St James's Theatre March 1943 Lafont in six matinees of Parisienne, a comedy by Henry Becque, translated by Ashley Dukes, co-starring Sonia Dresdel, St James's Theatre June 1943 Blow Your Own Trumpet, a comedy by Peter Ustinov, Playhouse Theatre August 1943 The Wingless Victory, a period romance by Maxwell Anderson, starring Rachel Kempson as Faith Ingalls, Phoenix Theatre September 1943 Harry Quincey in Uncle Harry, a thriller by Thomas Job, with Beatrix Lehmann as Leslie Quincey and Rachel Kempson as Lucy Forrest, Garrick Theatre March 1944 Colonel Stjerbinsky in Jacobowsky and the Colonel, a comedy by Franz Werfel, adapted by S. N. Behrman, with Rachel Kempson as Marianne, Piccadilly Theatre, June 1945 Title role in Macbeth, Aldwych Theatre December 1947. After appearing as Frank Elgin in Winter Journey at the St James's Apr