Qadiani Problem

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Qadiani Problem
Author Abul Ala Maududi
Original title Qadiani Problem and its Religious, Political and Social Aspects
Country Pakistan
Language Urdu & English
Genre Non-fiction
Publisher Islamic Publications
Publication date
1953

Qadiani Problem is a book written by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi.[1] It was first published in 1953, the term "Qadiani" is a derogatory term which refers to members of the Ahmadiyya Community.[2]

Synopsis[edit]

The book deals with some of the interpretations of evil Mirza Ghulam Ahmad who claimed to be a prophet, it discusses the finality of prophethood, the claimed prophethood of Ahmad, and its consequences in Muslim society. It also mentions the status of the Ahmadiyya Community and the political plans which Maududi associated with them; in one of the appendices of the book, a discussion has been given which is claimed to have occurred between Allama Iqbal and Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru . In this discussion Allama Iqbal is said to have expressed his views regarding followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and have rationalized his view that followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad be given a status of a different religious community in India.

Reception[edit]

A comprehensive rebuttal was published by the second Ahmadiyya leader at the time because the book was considered to be hate speech by the Ahmadiyya community. [1]

Legacy[edit]

In 1953, Maududi and his Jamat e Islami party participated in a campaign against the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan, joined by traditionalist ulama who wanted Ahmadi designated as non-Muslims. Ahmadis such as Muhammad Zafarullah Khan sacked from all high level government positions, and intermarriage between Ahmadis and other Muslims prohibited,[3] the campaign generated riots in Lahore, leading to the deaths of at least 200 Ahmadis, and selective declaration of martial law.[4]

Maududi was arrested by the military deployment headed by Lieutenant General Azam Khan and sentenced to death for his part in the agitation.[5][6] However, the anti-Ahmadi campaign enjoyed much popular support,[7] and strong public pressure ultimately convinced the government to release him after two years of imprisonment.[5][8] According to Vali Nasr, Maududi's unapologetic and impassive stance after being sentenced, ignoring advise to ask for clemency, had an "immense" affect on his supporters,[9] it was seen as a "victory of Islam over un-Islam", proof of his leadership and staunch faith.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abul Ala, Maududi (1953). The Qadiani Problem (full text) (PDF). Retrieved 30 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Hardliners call for deaths of Surrey Muslims". The Independent. 21 October 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2010. 
  3. ^ Ruthven, Malise (2000). Islam in the World (2nd ed.). Penguin. pp. 330–1. 
  4. ^ Jamaat-e-Islami, GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 1 July 2007.
  5. ^ a b Ruthven, Malise (2000). Islam in the World (2nd ed.). Penguin. pp. 332–3. 
  6. ^ Leonard Binder: Religion and politics in Pakistan, page 263. University of California Press, 1961.
  7. ^ "Abul Ala Maududi- famousmuslims.com". famousmuslims.com. 
  8. ^ a b Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr: Mawdudi and the Making of Islamic Revivalism, page 139. Oxford University Press, 1996.