Ciaotou District is a rural district in Kaohsiung City, Taiwan. During the Japanese era, modern-day Gangshan District and Ciaotou were administered under Okayama Town, Okayama District, Takao Prefecture, it has 37,328 inhabitants in 2016, belongs to the Kaohsiung conurbation. The district consists of Qiaotou, Shilong, Yuliao, Xilin, Bixiu, Jiabei, Dingyan, Shihe and Sande Village. 1114 Memorial Park Bamboo Grove Park Faith for Three Kings Temple Jioujiawei Yishan Temple Kaohsiung Metropolitan Park Shueiliou Village Taiwan Sugar Museum Three Kings Temple KMRT Ciaotou Station transferable to TRA Qiaotou Station Tai Chen-yao, Vice Minister of Council of Agriculture Kaohsiung Ciaotou District Office, Kaohsiung City
Simplified Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language; the government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Hong Kong and the Republic of China. While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups retain their use of simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name colloquially; the latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms.
On the other hand, the official name refers to the modern systematically simplified character set, which includes not only structural simplification but substantial reduction in the total number of standardized Chinese characters. Simplified character forms were created by reducing the number of strokes and simplifying the forms of a sizable proportion of Chinese characters; some simplifications were based on popular cursive forms embodying graphic or phonetic simplifications of the traditional forms. Some characters were simplified by applying regular rules, for example, by replacing all occurrences of a certain component with a simplified version of the component. Variant characters with the same pronunciation and identical meaning were reduced to a single standardized character the simplest amongst all variants in form. Many characters were left untouched by simplification, are thus identical between the traditional and simplified Chinese orthographies; some simplified characters are dissimilar to and unpredictably different from traditional characters in those where a component is replaced by a simple symbol.
This has led some opponents of simplification to complain that the'overall process' of character simplification is arbitrary. Proponents counter that the system of simplification is internally consistent. Proponents have emphasized a some particular simplified characters as innovative and useful improvements, although many of these have existed for centuries as longstanding and widespread variants. A second round of simplifications was promulgated in 1977, but was retracted in 1986 for a variety of reasons due to the confusion caused and the unpopularity of the second round simplifications. However, the Chinese government never dropped its goal of further simplification in the future. In August 2009, the PRC began collecting public comments for a modified list of simplified characters; the new Table of General Standard Chinese Characters consisting of 8,105 characters was implemented for use by the State Council of the People's Republic of China on June 5, 2013. Although most of the simplified Chinese characters in use today are the result of the works moderated by the government of the People's Republic of China in the 1950s and 60s, character simplification predates the PRC's formation in 1949.
Cursive written text always includes character simplification. Simplified forms used in print are attested as early as the Qin dynasty. One of the earliest proponents of character simplification was Lufei Kui, who proposed in 1909 that simplified characters should be used in education. In the years following the May Fourth Movement in 1919, many anti-imperialist Chinese intellectuals sought ways to modernise China. Traditional culture and values such as Confucianism were challenged. Soon, people in the Movement started to cite the traditional Chinese writing system as an obstacle in modernising China and therefore proposed that a reform be initiated, it was suggested that the Chinese writing system should be either simplified or abolished. Lu Xun, a renowned Chinese author in the 20th century, stated that, "If Chinese characters are not destroyed China will die". Recent commentators have claimed that Chinese characters were blamed for the economic problems in China during that time. In the 1930s and 1940s, discussions on character simplification took place within the Kuomintang government, a large number of Chinese intellectuals and writers maintained that character simplification would help boost literacy in China.
In 1935, 324 simplified characters collected by Qian Xuantong were introduced as the table of first batch of simplified characters, but they were suspended in 1936. The PRC issued its first round of official character simplifications in two documents, the first in 1956 and the second in 1964. Within the PRC, further character simplification became associated with the leftists of the Cultural Revolution, culminating with the second-round simplified characters, which were promulgated in 1977. In part due to the shock and unease felt in the wake of the Cultural Revolution and Mao's death, the second-round of simplifications was poorly received. In 1986 the authorities retracted the second round completely. In the same year, the authorities promulgated a final list of simplifications, identical to the 1964 list except for six changes (including the restoration of three characters, simplified in the First Round: 叠, 覆, 像.
Yudu County is a county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Ganzhou, located in the south of Jiangxi province, China. Yudu County was established in the year 201 BC; the name Yudu came from its highest mountain, Yushan Mountain, was renamed to "于都" in 1951. In 1934 the county was the starting point of the Long March for the First Red Army. Ganzhou–Longyan Railway
Traditional Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese characters are Chinese characters in any character set that does not contain newly created characters or character substitutions performed after 1946. They are most the characters in the standardized character sets of Taiwan, of Hong Kong and Macau, in the Kangxi Dictionary; the modern shapes of traditional Chinese characters first appeared with the emergence of the clerical script during the Han Dynasty, have been more or less stable since the 5th century. The retronym "traditional Chinese" is used to contrast traditional characters with Simplified Chinese characters, a standardized character set introduced by the government of the People's Republic of China on Mainland China in the 1950s. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau. In contrast, Simplified Chinese characters are used in mainland China and Malaysia in official publications. However, several countries – such as Australia, the US and Canada – are increasing their number of printed materials in Simplified Chinese, to better accommodate citizens from mainland China.
The debate on traditional and simplified Chinese characters has been a long-running issue among Chinese communities. A large number of overseas Chinese online newspapers allow users to switch between both character sets. Although simplified characters are taught and endorsed by the government of China, there is no prohibition against the use of traditional characters. Traditional characters are used informally in regions in China in handwriting and used for inscriptions and religious text, they are retained in logos or graphics to evoke yesteryear. Nonetheless, the vast majority of media and communications in China is dominated by simplified characters. In Hong Kong and Macau, Traditional Chinese has been the legal written form since colonial times. In recent years, simplified Chinese characters in Hong Kong and Macau has appeared to accommodate Mainland Chinese tourists and immigrants; this has led to concerns by many residents to protect their local heritage. Taiwan has never adopted simplified characters.
The use of simplified characters in official documents is prohibited by the government of Taiwan. Simplified characters are understood to a certain extent by any educated Taiwanese, learning to read them takes little effort; some stroke simplifications that have been incorporated into Simplified Chinese are in common use in handwriting. For example, while the name of Taiwan is written as 臺灣, the semi-simplified name 台灣 is acceptable to write in official documents. In Southeast Asia, the Chinese Filipino community continues to be one of the most conservative regarding simplification. While major public universities are teaching simplified characters, many well-established Chinese schools still use traditional characters. Publications like the Chinese Commercial News, World News, United Daily News still use traditional characters. On the other hand, the Philippine Chinese Daily uses simplified. Aside from local newspapers, magazines from Hong Kong, such as the Yazhou Zhoukan, are found in some bookstores.
In case of film or television subtitles on DVD, the Chinese dub, used in Philippines is the same as the one used in Taiwan. This is because the DVDs belongs to DVD Region Code 3. Hence, most of the subtitles are in Traditional Characters. Overseas Chinese in the United States have long used traditional characters. A major influx of Chinese immigrants to the United States occurred during the latter half of the 19th century, before the standardization of simplified characters. Therefore, United States public notices and signage in Chinese are in Traditional Chinese. Traditional Chinese characters are called several different names within the Chinese-speaking world; the government of Taiwan calls traditional Chinese characters standard characters or orthodox characters. However, the same term is used outside Taiwan to distinguish standard and traditional characters from variant and idiomatic characters. In contrast, users of traditional characters outside Taiwan, such as those in Hong Kong and overseas Chinese communities, users of simplified Chinese characters, call them complex characters.
An informal name sometimes used by users of simplified characters is "old characters". Users of traditional characters sometimes refer them as "Full Chinese characters" to distinguish them from simplified Chinese characters; some traditional character users argue that traditional characters are the original form of the Chinese characters and cannot be called "complex". Simplified characters cannot be "standard" because they are not used in all Chinese-speaking regions. Conversely, supporters of simplified Chinese characters object to the description of traditional characters as "standard," since they view the new simplified characters as the contemporary standard used by the vast majority of Chinese speakers, they point out that traditional characters are not traditional as many Chinese characters have been made more elaborate over time. Some people refer to traditional characters as "proper characters" and modernized characters as "simplified-stroke characters" (sim
Wuxue Guangji County, is a county-level city on the north shore of the Yangtze River in eastern Hubei province, People's Republic of China. Wuxue falls under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Huanggang. Wuxue's total population is about 580,000 and the city extends over 1,200 square kilometres all of, cultivated; the city has Mount Lu to the east, is close to the Qizhou hometown of famed ancient pharmacist Li Shizhen in neighboring Qichun County in the west, borders the Yangtze River in the south, leans against the Dabie Shan mountain range in the north. Wuxue is 220 kilometers downriver from the provincial capital of Wuhan and about 50 kilometers upriver from the port of Jiujiang City, on the south side of the Yangtze in Jiangxi province. Wuxue administers four subdistricts and eight towns: Wuxue opened as a port towards the end of the 16th century. Upon China signing the 1876 Yantai treaty with Britain, foreign merchants established an upgraded wharf; the port's strategic advantage lies in its proximity to the juncture of three provinces — Hubei and Jiangxi — and serves as a central hub for commodity trade.
The port was modernized in 1953, with further-enhanced navigational improvements in 1975 and 1980. The total length of the port waterfront is now 14 kilometers, with 23 quay berths and many large warehouses and cranes; the port handles both passenger traffic. In addition to the port, Wuxue is known as the "Gateway to Three Provinces"; as well, it is served by the east-west inter-provincial Shanghai-Hibiscus Expressway, is a major station on the Beijing-Guangzhou railway. A passenger ferry runs across the river and downstream to Jiujiang, Wuxue is about one hour by car from Jiujiang airport
Jiangyan District is one of three urban districts of the city of Taizhou, Jiangsu province, having been, until December 2012, a county-level city. Jiangyan is noted for being the birthplace of the former General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Hu Jintao. Called Taixian or Taihsien, Jiangyan was a county by the end of the Western Han Dynasty, it has relics from a Buddha statue from the Tang Dynasty. It was a town in the Qing Dynasty Jiangyan has also been called Hailu and Taizhou. In July 1994, the name was changed to Jiangyan and city status obtained; the Qintong Boat Festival has a long history going back to the Ming Dynasty, is growing in importance as a tourist destination in eastern China. The Baima Temple in Jiangyan is the birthplace of the Navy of the People's Liberation Army; the first Soviet base in northern Jiangsu was founded in Jiangyan by the No. 14 Red Army. Jiangyan has been working to modernize the district through enhanced education and technology opportunities. Many technologies have been developed in Jiangyan, more than 70 patents have been registered.
Jiangyan has been among the "Top 100 most economically competitive counties in China" since 1995. In 1990, Jiangyan was awarded the Global 500 Roll of Honor by the United Nations Environment Programme for its success in protecting the environment and increasing grain yield through wide use of marsh biogas ponds. Jiangyan District is divided into 15 towns: Located in the center of Jiangsu province, Jiangyan is bordered on the east by Hai'an and Dongtai. To the west lie the districts of Hailing and Gaogang. Taixing is to Xinghua to the north; the Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway runs north-south through the district, National Highway 328 runs east-west. Water transportation is by the Yangzhou Canal and by the Zhonggan, Jiangyan-Qintong and Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers. There is bus service to Jiangyan from Shanghai or Nanjing via National Highway 328 and the Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway. By road, Shanghai can be reached from Jiangyan in under three hours. Jiangyan's railway station, located north of the town, has both ordinary trains, on long distance routes, modern, faster D-trains running from Nantong, Hai'an, Taizhou and Nanjing.
When the Hutong Yangtze River bridge opens around 2020, D-train service will extend through to Shanghai, with a travel time from Jiangyan of about 90 minutes. The Qintong Boat Festival is held every year in Qingming, around April 4–6. During the festival, boats from nearby villages and towns converge on Xique lake for a few days of celebration. Theatrical performances and lion dances, other folk dances are held on the boats. A highlight of the festival is the racing of boats using long poles instead of paddles; the boat festival attracts foreign investment to the area. Xique Lake is located in Qintong, 15 kilometres north of Jiangyan, makes up part of the Qintong Swamp. Gao Ershi Museum, Jiangyan There are 233 kindergartens, 280 primary schools, 50 middle schools, 2 provincial special high schools. Jiangyan High School was promoted to be a provincial high school. Jiangyan is known for a number of notable people: General Chen Yi commanded the Battle of Huangqiao in Qujiang Tower, in downtown Jiangyan.
Ming dynasty general Tang Shunzhi fought the Japanese wokou in Jiangyan. Yue Fei and Wen Tianxiang were both stationed in Jiangyan to fight against the Jin and Mongol invaders during the Song dynasty. Wang Dong, one of the founders of the'Taizhou clique' philosophy, taught in Jiangyan for decades in the Wanggong Temple; the temple is now preserved as a museum. Liu Jingting was Master of a form of traditional Chinese opera; the artist Tang Zhique, along with his brother Tang Zhiyi and nephew Tang Riyin, the so-called'Three Tangs', were from Jiangyan during the Ming dynasty. Huang Longshi was a Master of go in the Qing Dynasty. Gao Ershi was a calligrapher in modern times. Lu Fubao was the consul of Taiwan. Hu Jintao, the former General Secretary of the Communist Party, was born in Jiangyan. Cao Jun, artist living in the United States. Official website of Jiangyan, Jiangsu Jiangyan English guide Official website of Qintong Boat Festival
Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County
Datong Hui and Tu Autonomous County is a county of Qinghai Province, China. It is under the administration of Xining city. Since 2009 a folk music "Flower Festival" has been held annually in late July on "Mount Laoye" in Datong town. China National Highway 227 Xining–Datong Expressway Xining–Datong Railway, a 39-km long dead-end railway branch constructed in 1966-1968 and serving a local coal mine. In the past, passenger service operated on that line, but ceased in 2008. Lanzhou–Xinjiang High-Speed Railway, opened in December 2014. Limited service. List of administrative divisions of Qinghai