Biên Hòa is a city in Đồng Nai Province, about 30 kilometres east of Hồ Chí Minh City, to which Biên Hòa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1. In 1989 the estimated population was 273,879. In 1999, the population was 435,400. 701,194 in 2009. In December 2012, the population of the city crossed the one million mark; the area around Biên Hòa was part of small kingdom prior to being annexed by Chenla. It was fishing region; the capture of Biên Hòa on December 16, 1861 was an important allied victory in the Cochinchina Campaign. This campaign, fought between the French and the Spanish on the one side and the Vietnamese on the other, began as a limited punitive expedition and ended as a French war of conquest; the war concluded with the establishment of the French colony of Cochinchina, a development that inaugurated nearly a century of French colonial dominance in Vietnam. Biên Hòa grew into a major suburb of Saigon. Following the First Indochina War, tens of thousands of refugees from the northern and central regions of Vietnam—a large portion of whom were Roman Catholics — resettled in Biên Hòa as part of Operation Passage to Freedom.
During the Vietnam War, the United States Air Force operated Bien Hoa Air Base near the city. Mortar attacks on U. S. and ARVN targets were staged from residential districts in Biên Hòa. Two of the better-known attacks took place during Tet of 1968 as well as 1969. Like most other areas of Vietnam, post-war Biên Hòa suffered a period of severe economic decline between 1975 and the second half of the 1980s. In part, because of its high concentration of former refugees and their descendants who had fled the Communist government of North Vietnam in the mid-1950s, Biên Hòa was the site of small-scale resistance to the Communist government in the months following the fall of the Republic of Vietnam. In the 1980s, the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam initiated the economic reform policy of Đổi Mới and Biên Hòa experienced an economic resurgence. Biên Hòa and the surrounding areas received large amounts of foreign investment capital, the area industrialized; as of 2005, Biên Hòa is now an industrial center of southern Vietnam, many factories and warehouses operate in the area surrounding the city.
Bien Hoa Sugar is located near the city. With regard to entertainment, the city includes several amusement parks and restaurants lining the Đồng Nai River. Construction has increased and the real estate market has experienced a series of boom cycles since the mid-1990s. Biên Hòa is the location of the Biên Hòa Military Cemetery, a large national cemetery for fallen soldiers and military officials of the former Republic of Vietnam; the cemetery today is now neglected by the current communist regime, many sections of the cemetery are either vandalized, or demolished for the construction of various building projects. Most of the time there was no proper reburial for the skeletal remains, this caused an outcry by Overseas Vietnamese, most of whom came from the South; the Vietnamese America Foundation, its program called "The Returning Casualty" are attempting to restore the cemetery and excavate a nearby mass grave. Bien Hoa is the central of Industry in South Viet Nam. About 6 industrial Zone Bien Hoa I Industrial Zone 335 ha Bien Hoa II Industrial Zone 365 ha Amata industrial park 674 ha The Long Binh Industrial Zone Development Agtex Long Binh Industrial Park - AGTEX 28: 43 ha Tam Phuoc Industrial Park 323 ha Hồ Chí Minh Bridge leads out of the south of the city.
Biên Hòa Railway Station on the North–South Railway is available. Vinh Trấn Biên Literature Temple Bien Hoa Air Base Đồng Nai Bridge HOABINHMINH
Chu Lai International Airport
For the military use of the facility prior to April 1975, see Chu Lai Air BaseChu Lai International Airport is an airport in Chu Lai, Vietnam. It is near the largest city in Quảng Nam Province; the airport is located in Núi Thành District. The airfield was established in the Vietnam War, as Chu Lai Air Base, by the United States Marines; the airport was nearly abandoned after the fall of Saigon, only used irregularly for military flights. On March 22, 2004, the construction of the terminal began and on March 22, 2005, the first commercial flight from Ho Chi Minh City's Tan Son Nhat International Airport landed here; as of 2008, Chu Lai International Airport is the largest airfield in Vietnam in terms of area, covering 30 km². The runway is 3050 m long. To facilitate the travel arrangement to two major towns in the neighborhoods, free shuttle bus services are provided from and to the airport for Tam Ky city and Quang Ngai city; the government of Vietnam has approved an investment plan for this airport.
According to this plan, Chu Lai airport will receive nearly VND 11,470 billion in investment for enlarging its capacity to 25 landing places by 2015 and 46 by 2025. The project will include renovation and new infrastructure, including two runways, 3,800m and 4,000m long, 60 meters wide each, six parking lots and two transit stations. By 2010, existing runways and parking lots will be upgraded; the airport will receive a new signal light system and control station for average sized aircraft, such as Boeing 767s and Airbus A320s. Vietnamese officials hope the airport will be able to handle 4 million passengers by completion in 2025; the airport is projected to become an air cargo transport hub, with 5 million metric tons of cargo per year. In November 2015, a collaboration between Vietnam and New Zealand governments has initiated a project to establish a pilot training school in the Chu Lai Airport; this is projected to train 300 pilots a year in 2020
Quy Nhơn is a coastal city in Bình Định Province in central Vietnam. It is composed of 16 wards and five communes with a total of 284 km². Quy Nhơn is the capital of Bình Định Province; as of 2009 its population was 280,535 Historically, the commercial activities of the city focused on agriculture and fishing. In recent years, there has been a significant shift towards service industries and tourism. There is a substantial manufacturing sector; the town of Quy Nhơn was founded in the late 18th century, although its origins stretch back much further to the 11th-century Champa culture, the Tây Sơn dynasty and the 18th century seaport of Thị Nại. During the 1620s the town was host to Portuguese Jesuits. During the Ming treasure voyages of the 15th century, the Chinese fleet led by Admiral Zheng He would always make port at Qui Nhơn in Champa as their first destination after leaving China; the city is renowned as the birthplace of 18th century Vietnamese emperor Nguyễn Huệ and, more had a large American military presence during the Vietnam War.
Today the city is recognized as a first class city with a geo-economic priority and an urbanized infrastructure. The government describes it as one of the three commercial and tourism centres of the central southern coastal region. Quy Nhơn has a varied topography, being diversified with mountains and forests, fields, salt marshes, lagoons, rivers, shorelines and islands, its coastline is 42 km long with sandy beaches, abundant seafood resources and other natural products of economic value. The city has sixteen wards: Trần Hưng Đạo, Lê Lợi, Lê Hồng Phong, Trần Phú, Lý Thường Kiệt, Nguyễn Văn Cừ, Đống Đa, Thị Nại, Hải Cảng, Ngô Mây, Ghềnh Ráng, Quang Trung, Nhơn Bình, Nhơn Phú, Bùi Thị Xuân, Trần Quang Diệu, it has five villages of Nhơn Lý, Nhơn Hội, Nhơn Châu, Nhơn Hải and Phước Mỹ with a total area of 284.28 km² and a population of about 284,000 people. Quy Nhơn is served by Vietnam Airlines, Bamboo Airways, VietJet Air, Jetstar Pacific through Phu Cat Airport, with flights to Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City.
Quy Nhơn railway station could be reached by a branch off the main line of the North–South railway, but this line was suspended in May 2016. Reunification express trains stop only in Diêu Trì railway station, around 10 km west of Quy Nhơn. Quy Nhơn is one of the main industrial centres of the South Central Coast, behind only Da Nang and Nha Trang, it is the major industrial and service centre of Bình Định Province, including its largest industrial facilities at Phu Tai Industrial Park and Nhon Hoi Economic Zone. The city's economic activities include industries, export-imports, seaport services, aquatic product husbandry and tourism; the economic trend, at present, is service-based at the expense of agriculture and pisciculture. Cereals are cultivated on 2548ha of Quy Nhơn's land with an output of 13,021 tons as of 2009, just 2% of the province's total. Other crops included 10,891 tons of vegetables, 2795 tons of sugar-cane, as well as smaller amounts of coconuts and cashew nuts. Much of the city's industry is concentrated in and around Phu Tai Industrial Park in the west of the city along National Route 1A.
Quy Nhon is a major centre of garden furniture manufacturing. It has traditionally been relying on access to wood from Bình Định's forests as well as the Central Highlands provinces of Gia Lai and Kon Tum and as far as Cambodia's Ratanakiri and Laos' Attapeu Province. Most of the furniture factories are located in Phu Tai Industrial Park. Several chemical enterprises that supply the furniture and wood processing industry have been set up in the vicinity of the industrial park. Other industries in Quy Nhơn process agricultural and aquatic products, or produce construction materials and paper products. Bidiphar is a pharmaceutical company headquartered in Quy Nhon, an exception to the city's general focus on basic and wood processing industries. Nhon Hoi Economic Zone is central to the city's and province's industrial development plans. However, as of late 2010 it was still in the early stages of development, with few factories completed. Quy Nhơn has seen only limited foreign investment; as of 2008, 13 foreign companies employed 1119 people in the city.
The economic structure of Quy Nhơn is a shift towards increasing the proportion of service industries, reducing the rate of agriculture and fisheries in GDP. The shares of agriculture and fisheries – industrial and construction – services in GDP in 2006 reached: 36.7% – 28% – 35.3%. Income per capita in 2010 was 1625 USD / person Quy Nhon has two universities: Quy Nhon University and Quang Trung University; as of 2009 they had a total teaching staff of 601 and 23,383 students, 13,704 of whom were female. There were 28,500 secondary school students. Xavier Le Pichon, French geophysicist Qui Nhơn travel guide from Wikivoyage
Hạ Long is the capital city and 1st-class provincial city of Quảng Ninh Province, Vietnam. The name Hạ Long means "descending dragon"; the city was created in 1993, when the old capital, Hòn Gai, was merged with Bãi Cháy – the main tourist area. The city lies on Hạ Long Bay, it is located at about 178 km east of Hanoi. The population in 2013 was 227,000; the city's economy has switched from coal mining to tourism, due to the large number of visitors drawn by the Hạ Long Islets every year. At present, Hạ Long is experiencing rapid growth not only in tourism sphere, but as a place upon the main road to southern China. In 2007 Vietnam-China Business Forum, a $400 million deal was signed to build a highway linking Hạ Long, Móng Cái and Quảng Ninh. Hạ Long city is divided into two parts: West Hạ Long; the eastern part, Hòn Gai, where most of the official buildings and industry are concentrated, is connected by bridge with the western part, Bãi Cháy, considered to be more of a tourism attraction. There are several good quality hotels in Hạ Long city and plenty of budget accommodation, two hospitals and several private medical centers.
The biggest hotel in Vietnam is planned to be built on the bay, beginning from 2007. The name Hạ Long is derived from the Sino-Vietnamese 下龍, meaning "descending dragon". For more about the origin of this name, see Hạ Long Bay. Being a coastal city, it has unique potentials of tourism and seaport due to its land lies along the shore of Hạ Long Bay of 50 km, is 160 km to the north-east from Ha Noi, 60 km to the west from Hai Phong, 180 km to the east from Móng Cái international border gate, bounded by the Gulf of Tonkin to the south. Hạ Long has strategic location of security of the region and the country. In the south of the city there is Bai Tho Mountain with its vertical seaward face, used by some famous local poets; the limestone peak offers attractive views of the bay. There are such places of interest as Cua Van Fishing Village, Hoang Gia Park, Hạ Long Market, Bãi Cháy Trading Center, Quảng Ninh Museum, Vietnam-Japan Cultural House, Children's Cultural House. Hạ Long city has an active Roman Catholic church in its eastern part, Hòn Gai, on the hill near the main post office, which holds the services on Sunday evenings and on Christian holidays.
Man has been present on Hạ Long Bay for a long time. Over the years, researchers concluded that during the application process of history, there were three cultures which called Soi Nhu, Hạ Long and Cai Beo culture, it shows that surrounding areas were one of the cradles of mankind. Heartland of today's Hạ Long City just a fishing village, called the Oyster Coast. By the beginning of the Nguyễn Dynasty, it was renamed to Mau Le; the east wards of the present city earlier belonged to Hoành Bồ District. In 1883, the French occupied the bay area, they carried out coal mining in the mines on the Gulf Coast; as on many islands there was lots of hemp so French called Ile des brouilles or a name translated from Hon Gai to Hon Gay renamed Hon Gai. According to the researchers, Hon Gai is calling deviation from the place of the French Red Sea at that time; the "H" in French is a silent sound. Be sure to read the Hongay or Hon Gai. At that time, Hon Gai was an administrative unit under Quảng Yên. After the August Revolution in 1945, this township became the capital town of the huge Hong Gai mine area.
Late in 1946, the French reconquest of Hon Gai. After Geneva Conference, Hong Gai town was the capital of the Hong Quang special district. October 30, 1963, the government combined Hai Ninh province and Hong Quang special district to create Quảng Ninh Province, Hong Gai which became the capital of Quảng Ninh, while expanding town to the east and west. Hong Gai town center provided coal for all industrial zones of North Vietnam, it was the gateway to connect with China so it was the focus of the U. S. raiding fierce in war. Bãi Cháy Ferry was the most important transportation hub, with American bombs destroyed many times, awarded Hero of the People's Armed Forces 3 times. In December 27, 1993, the government issued Decree No. 102/CP, Halong City was formally established on the basis of Hon Gai town. Hạ Long City is divided into 20 wards: As planned, the city comprises five economic areas: Area 1: Trading, services including wards Yet Kieu, Tran Hung Dao, Hong Gai, Bạch Đằng, Hong Hai, Hong Ha, Cao Xanh and Cao Thang Area 2: Industry, forestry including wards Ha Trung, Ha Tu, Ha Khanh, Ha Lam and Ha Phong Area 3: Industry, seaports including north-west of Bãi Cháy, North of Viet Hung, Gieng Day and Ha Khau Area 4: Tourism, trading including south of Bãi Cháy, Hung Thang ang Tuan Chau Area 5: Agriculture, fishery including Viet Hung and Dai YenThe economic structure of Hạ Long is: Industry-tourism, trading, agriculture and fishery.
In 2002, city's GDP increased up to VND 1,6669.7 billion, accounting for 38% of the whole province, of which industry and construction occupy 31%, tourism and services occupy 53%. Annual GDP growth rate is 11.4%. GDP per capital reached USD 1,070 in 2002, higher than per capita income of the country in that time. Halong City has 1,470 industry and handicrafts manufacturing units, including coal mining and processing, ship building, building materials, wood processing, food and garment. There are 3 industrial zones Dong Dang and Ha Khanh. Van Don International Airport is the airport of Ha Long, it is located about 50 km awa
Da Nang is one of the five largest cities in Vietnam including Ho Chi Minh City, Haiphong, Cần Thơ in terms of urbanization and economy. Located on the coast of the South China Sea at the mouth of the Han River, it is one of Vietnam's most important port cities; as one of the country's five direct-controlled municipalities, it is under the direct administration of the central government. Da Nang is the commercial and educational centre of Central Vietnam, as well as being the largest city in the region. In addition to its well-sheltered accessible port, Da Nang's location on the path of National Route 1A and the North–South Railway makes it a hub for transportation, it is located within 100 km of several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Imperial City of Hue, the Old Town of Hoi An, the My Son ruins. The city was known as Cửa Hàn during early Đại Việt settlement, as Tourane during French colonial rule. Before 1997, the city was part of Quang Nam-Da Nang Province. On 1 January 1997, Da Nang was separated from Quảng Nam Province to become one of four independent municipalities in Vietnam.
Da Nang is listed as a first class city, has a higher urbanization ratio than any of Vietnam's other provinces or centrally governed cities. Most of the names by which Da Nang has been known make reference to its position at the Hàn River estuary; the city's present name is agreed to be a Vietnamese adaptation of the Cham word da nak, translated as "opening of a large river". Other Chamic sources, with similar definitions, have been proposed. Inrasara, a researcher specializing in Champa, suggests Da Nang is a variation of the Cham word daknan. Another name given to Da Nang was Cửa Hàn; the name used by the French, Tourane, is said to derive from this name, by way of a rough transliteration. Notably, this name appears on maps of the area drafted by Alexandre de Rhodes in 1650; the name Kean was another name purportedly used during the 17th century to refer to the land situated at the foot of the Hải Vân Pass. Other names referring to Da Nang include: a colloquial name which survives in folklore.
Trà Úc, Trà Áo, Trà Sơn and Đồng Long Loan, literary names used by Confucian scholars. In Chữ Nôm, used until 1945, "Đà Nẵng" is written as 沱灢. Thái Phiên, a name used after the 1945 August Revolution, commemorating Thái Phiên, the leader of popular revolts during the 1916 Duy Tân Resistance; the city's origins date back to the ancient kingdom of Champa, established in 192 AD. At its peak, the Chams' sphere of influence stretched from Huế to Vũng Tàu; the city of Indrapura, at the site of the modern village of Dong Duong in Quảng Nam Province, was the capital of Champa from about 875 to about 1000 AD. In the region of Da Nang were the ancient Cham city of Singhapura, the location of, identified with an archeological site in the modern village of Trà Kiệu, the valley of Mỹ Sơn, where a number of ruined temples and towers can still be viewed. In the latter half of the 10th century, the kings of Indrapura came into conflict with the Đại Việt, who were based at Hoa Lư near modern Hanoi. In 982, three ambassadors sent to Champa by emperor Lê Hoàn of the Đại Việt were detained in Indrapura.
Lê Hoàn decided to go on the offensive, sacking Indrapura and killing the Cham King Parameshvaravarman I. As a result of these setbacks, the Cham abandoned Indrapura around 1000 AD; the Đại Việt campaign against Champa continued into the late 11th century, when the Cham were forced to cede their three northern provinces to the rulers of the Lý Dynasty. Soon afterwards, Vietnamese peasants began moving into the untilled former Cham lands, turning them into rice fields and moving relentlessly southward, delta by delta, along the narrow coastal plain; the southward expansion of Đại Việt continued for several centuries, culminating in the annexation of most of the Cham territories by the end of the 15th century. One of the first Europeans to visit Da Nang was Portuguese explorer António de Faria, who anchored in Da Nang in 1535. Faria was one of the first Westerners to write about the area and, through his influence, Portuguese ships began to call at Hội An, a much more important port than Da Nang.
Throughout the 17th and 18th centuries and Spanish traders and missionaries made landfall at Hội An, just south of Đà Nẵng. An American, John White, arrived at Da Nang on 18 June 1819 in the brig Franklin of Salem and was advised that the country was recovering from devastating wars, that what little produce there had been promised. Other American ships arriving shortly after were the Marmion of Boston, the Aurora and Beverly of Salem. Conditions were such that they were unable to conduct trade, the subsequent missions of British East India Company agent John Crawfurd in 1823 and the two missions of Andrew Jackson's agent, diplomatist Edmund Roberts, in 1833 and 1836 were unable to secure trade agreements. Following the edict of Emperor Minh Mạng in 1835, prohibiting European vessels from making landfall or pursuing trade except at Hàn Port, Da Nang surpassed Hội An, becoming the largest commercial port in the central region. In 1847, French vessels dispatched by Admiral Cécille bombarded Đà Nẵng, ostensibly on the grounds of alleged persecution of Roman Catholic missionaries.
Hanoi is Vietnam's capital and second largest city by population. The city lies on the right bank of the Red River. Hanoi is 105 km west of Haiphong. From 1010 until 1802, it was the most important political centre of Vietnam, it was eclipsed by the imperial capital of Vietnam during the Nguyễn Dynasty. In 1873 Hanoi was conquered by the French. From 1883 to 1945, the city was the administrative center of the colony of French Indochina; the French built a modern administrative city south of Old Hanoi, creating broad, perpendicular tree-lined avenues of opera, public buildings, luxury villas, but they destroyed large parts of the city, shedding or reducing the size of lakes and canals, while clearing out various imperial palaces and citadels. From 1940 to 1945 Hanoi, as well as most of French Indochina and Southeast Asia, was occupied by the Japanese empire. On September 2, 1945, Ho Chi Minh proclaimed the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; the Vietnamese National Assembly under Ho Chi Minh decided on January 6, 1946, to make Hanoi the capital of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
From 1954 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam, it became the capital of a reunified Vietnam in 1976, after the North's victory in the Vietnam War. October 2010 marked 1,000 years since the establishment of the city; the Hanoi Ceramic Mosaic Mural is a 6.5 km ceramic mosaic mural created to mark the occasion. On July 16, 1999, the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization presented the title “City for Peace” to Hanoi. Hanoi had many unofficial names throughout history. During the Chinese occupation of Vietnam, it was known first as Long Biên Tống Bình and Long Đỗ. Long Biên gave its name to the famed Long Biên Bridge, built during French colonial times, more to a new district to the east of the Red River. Several older names of Hanoi feature long, linked to the curved formation of the Red River around the city, symbolized as a dragon. In 866, it was named Đại La.. This gave it the nickname La Thành. Both Đại La and La Thành are names of major streets in modern Hanoi; when Lý Thái Tổ established the capital in the area in 1010, it was named Thăng Long.
Thăng Long became the name of a major bridge on the highway linking the city center to Noi Bai Airport, the Thăng Long Boulevard expressway in the southwest of the city center. In modern time, the city is referred to as Thăng Long – Hà Nội, when its long history is discussed. During the Hồ dynasty, it was called Đông Đô. During the Minh dynasty, it was called Đông Quan. During the Lê dynasty, Hanoi was known as Đông Kinh; this gave the name to Gulf of Tonkin. A square adjacent to the Hoàn Kiếm lake was named Đông Kinh Nghĩa Thục after the reformist Tonkin Free School under French colonization. After the end of the Tây Sơn had expanded further south, the city was named Bắc Thành. Minh Mạng renamed the city Hà Nội in 1831; this has remained its official name until modern times. Several unofficial names of Hanoi include: Kẻ Chợ, Tràng An, Hà Thành, Thủ Đô. Hanoi has been inhabited since at least 3000 BC; the Cổ Loa Citadel in Dong Anh district served as the capital of the Âu Lạc kingdom founded by the Thục emigrant Thục Phán after his 258 BC conquest of the native Văn Lang.
In 197 BC, Âu Lạc Kingdom was annexed by Nanyue, which ushered in more than a millennium of Chinese domination. By the middle of the 5th century, in the center of ancient Hanoi, the Liu Song Dynasty set up a new district called Songping, which became a commandery, including two districts Yihuai and Suining in the south of the Red River with a metropolis in the present inner Hanoi. By the year 679, the Tang dynasty changed the region's name into Annan, with Songping as its capital. In order to defeat the people's uprisings, in the half of the 8th century, Zhang Boyi, a Tang dynasty viceroy, built Luocheng. In the earlier half of the 9th century, it was further called Jincheng. In 866, Gao Pian, the Chinese Jiedushi and named it Daluocheng, the largest citadel of ancient Hanoi at the time. In 1010, Lý Thái Tổ, the first ruler of the Lý Dynasty, moved the capital of Đại Việt to the site of the Đại La Citadel. Claiming to have seen a dragon ascending the Red River, he renamed the site Thăng Long – a name still used poetically to this day.
Thăng Long remained the capital of Đại Việt until 1397, when it was moved to Thanh Hóa known as Tây Đô, the "Western Capital". Thăng Long became Đông Đô, the "Eastern Capital." In 1408, the Chinese Minh Dynasty attacked and occupied Vietnam, changing Đông Đô's name to Dongguan, or Đông Quan in Sino-Vietnamese. In 1428, the Vietnamese overthrew the Chinese under the leadership of Lê Lợi, who founded the Lê Dynasty and renamed Đông Quan Đông Kinh or Tonkin. Right after the end of the Tây Sơn Dynasty, it was named Bắc Thành (北城
Mỹ Tho is the capital city, center of economics and technology of Tiền Giang Province, located in the Mekong Delta region of South Vietnam. It has a population of 169,000 in 2006 and 220,000 in 2012; the majority ethnic group is the Kinh, some of the Chinese, the Cham and the Khmer. Boat rides on the Mỹ Tho River are popular with tourists, the city is known for hủ tiếu Mỹ Tho, a type of rice noodle soup. Mỹ Tho was founded in the 1680s by Chinese refugees fleeing China, when the entire country became a colony of the Manchu-led Qing Empire in 1683; the area, at the time, was once part of the former Khmer Empire and it was annexed to Vietnam in the 18th century. The city is named after the Mỹ Tho River. In Sino-Vietnamese script, the name is given as 美萩. Due to its proximity to Saigon, Mỹ Tho was the traditional gateway to the Mekong Delta. In the 17th century, the city had become one of the biggest commercial hubs in today's Southern Vietnam. In 1860s, Mỹ Tho, along with Saigon, was a major strategic city during the French colonial campaign towards Vietnam.
In 1862, France's capture of Mỹ Tho is regarded as the conclusion to the establishment of the French colony of Cochinchina, a development that inaugurated nearly a century of French colonial dominance in Vietnam. During the colonization period, the economy continued to prosper, attracting more immigrants from Teochew and Minnan. Mỹ Tho City is recognized as a grade II in October 7, 2005. Mỹ Tho is divided to 11 wards and 6 communes.6 communes: Đạo Thạnh Mỹ Phong Phước Thạnh Tân Mỹ Chánh Thới Sơn Trung An Phước Thạnh Mỹ Tho is connected to the rest of the country by National Route 1A and Tiền River. In here, people use motorcycles and boats for transportation. Mỹ Tho has the first railway route in Vietnam, one of the most modern transport means in the world linking Saigon and Mỹ Tho, put into use in 1885. However, it was destroyed in 1960s. By road, Mỹ Tho City is 70 km from Vĩnh Long Province, 70 km from Ho Chi Minh City, 103 km from Cần Thơ, 179 km from Châu Đốc, 182 km from Rạch Giá, 132 km from Long Xuyên.
Mỹ Tho and Bến Tre are connected by Rạch Miễu Bridge. By river, there are many short boat trips to various islands, Bến Tre, floating markets in the surrounding areas, it has overnight long boats to Châu Đốc and Long Xuyên. Vĩnh Tràng Temple, Cao Dai Temple, Dong Tam Snake Farm. There are four islands in the Tien River between Mỹ Tho and Bến Tre: Dragon, Tortoise and Unicorn Islands; the Mekong Delta is considered to be the "rice basket of Vietnam", contributing more than half of the nation’s rice production. Mỹ Tho is well known as floating markets, where people sell and buy things on the river, as well as Ben Tam Ngua and Mỹ Thuận market. Mỹ Tho was the first town in southern Vietnam to have a high school; the Collège de Mỹ Tho, opened in March 1879, is now called Nguyễn Đình Chiểu High School. It was one of the first schools Vietnam had, now is still known for its education quality among Southern schools. Another school called "School for Gifted Students of Tien Giang" opened in Mỹ Tho city. Though the total area is limited compared to other schools in the province, quality of education there is considered one of the best.
The curriculum they use is modified so that students learn more of their core subjects than in other schools. For instance, students from a Math class do all the required materials like any other classes, more of Chemistry and Physics because they are in the Natural Science block, a lot more of Math. Preparation for national exams and entrance examination to the university are prioritized there. Schools in Mỹ Tho are named with famous Vietnamese writers and national heroes such as Nguyễn Trãi, Thu Khoa Huan is known as Nguyen Huu Huan, Xuân Diệu, Lê Ngọc Hân, Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Trần Hưng Đạo. Tiền Giang College which became Tiền Giang University in 2005 is located at Mỹ Tho. Today the economy is based on tourism and agricultural products such as coconuts and longans. During World War II the French Vichy government interned foreign nationals in Mỹ Tho. In May 1945, the Japanese seized control of the camps fearing an allied attack. Foreign nationals were confined throughout the war; as the regional capital Mỹ Tho is the main market dealing in all the produce from the region as well as fish and seafood from Mỹ Tho's large ocean-going fishing fleet.
The large and exuberant market is one of South Vietnam's biggest sources for dried fish and other dried seafood products such as Kho Muc. At night the market is dedicated to the dealing and sorting of Mekong River fish catfish for Hồ Chí Minh City's wholesale markets. Produce fruit and vegetables, is delivered by boat directly to markets, it is a popular starting point for tourists to take a boat trip on the Mekong River. Mỹ Tho was the subject of "The Lesson", a chapter in a memoir by Tobias Wolff, In Pharaoh's Army: Memories of the Lost War, describing the events of the 1968 Tet Offensive there. In 2010, there are total 17 markets located in wards and commune in Mỹ Tho. West and North: Chợ Gạo District East: Châu Thành District, Tiền Giang South: Tiền River and Bến Tre Province Nguyễn Thị Thập - Chairman of the Women's Federation of Vietnam from 1956–1974 General Nguyễn Khánh - former Prime Minister and Ambassador of South Vietnam. General Nguyễn Hữu Hạnh - served in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam Madame Thiệu, the last serving First Lady of South Vietnam from 1967 to 1975 and wife of the President of South Vietnam Nguyễn Văn Thiệu.