Quad City International Airport is a public airport in Rock Island County, three miles south of Moline in Blackhawk Township and in Coal Valley Township. In 2012 it was named "Illinois Primary Airport of the Year". Quad City is the third-busiest commercial airport in Illinois behind Midway; the airport does not have any international commercial passenger flights. S. Customs Office, enabling international cargo shipments and international general aviation passenger flights. Franing Field, the site of the present Quad City International Airport, was picked as an ideal flying field, with 120 acres of level, grassy land free of obstacles; the airport made headlines right at the start, chosen as a control point for the first coast-to-coast flight in the fall of 1919. On August 18, 1927 an estimated 10,000 people came to welcome Charles Lindbergh in Moline and his famous plane, the Spirit of St. Louis on the Gugenheim tour, a cross-country commercial aviation promotion tour. In 1929 Phoebe Omlie set an altitude record above the airport in a Velie Monocoupe, the only plane manufactured in Moline, which still hangs in the passenger terminal.
In 1947 the Metropolitan Airport Authority of Rock Island County was formed after seven townships voted to establish it. In 1957 the first count of enplaning and deplaning passengers was made with a total of 59,701 recorded; the airport underwent major remodeling in 1961 and 1968, adding everything from baggage claim to a restaurant and boarding areas. The present airport terminal was completed in 1985, after studies showed that an addition to the 1954 structure would be more costly than an new terminal; the shift to the new $11 million terminal allowed expansion of airline facilities. AccessAir, Air Midwest, AirTran Airways, America West Airlines, American Airlines, Allegiant Air, Chicago Air, Midway Connection, Northwest Airlines, Ozark Air Lines, Pan American World Airways, Skyway Airlines, Trans World Airlines and United Airlines have flown to Quad Cities. At one time Mississippi Valley Airlines had its headquarters at the airport. In the early and mid-1990s turboprop equipment was common.
Carriers have replaced their turboprops with newer regional jets. Allegiant Air MD 80s fly to Orlando, Las Vegas and Phoenix/Mesa. None of the current legacy carriers fly mainline jets from Moline; until 2002-03 American Airlines MD-80s flew to Saint Louis after its acquisition of TWA in the early 2000s. United Boeing 727s and 737s flew non-stop to Denver until 1995. Republic DC-9s flew to both Detroit and Minneapolis starting in 1986. America West 737s flew to Phoenix in 1987-92, Braniff served Moline from the 1940s until 1959. In 2001 the terminal underwent a major renovation and expansion: two new concourses, a larger baggage claim area, new restaurants and gift shops; the project doubled the size of the terminal. The Philadelphia architectural firm DPK&A designed the new concourses. A larger U. S. Customs and Border Protection Facility was opened in 2014 in a former air cargo building; the facility processes international passengers arriving on general aviation flights. No airlines use this facility.
It has a processing room, an interview room, space for agricultural inspections, office space, holding cells for passengers who are prohibited from entering the U. S. or who are being detained and transported by law enforcement. Phase two of the project will renovate the remainder of the building to create an international terminal or Federal Inspection Service, should the airport establish nonstop international charter flights. Gere-Dismer Architects of Rock Island designed the facility; the airport set its passenger record in 2007 when 484,212 passengers boarded flights while 481,930 deplaned. The total beat. In 2008 passenger numbers declined: 957,087 passengers enplaned or deplaned. Passenger count dropped to 763,416 in 2013. Quad City International Airport covers 2,021 acres and has three runways: 9/27: 10,002 ft × 150 ft Concrete, ILS 13/31: 7,301 ft × 150 ft Asphalt/Concrete 5/23: 5,016 ft × 150 ft ConcreteQuad City International Airport can accommodate any aircraft in any weather with the long runways, ILS, high-intensity lighting.
Airport officials claim that the airport is capable of handling the Airbus A380. The airfield has had many changes over the past few years, including extending Taxiway Hotel. Runway 5/23 has been expanded to a usable 5,015 feet. Runway 9/27, the longest runway, was rebuilt in 2011; the program included a temporary 6,500-foot parallel runway. The new runway 9/27 has new pavement, new shoulder construction, taxiway additions, a new glide-slope capture effect kit for runway 9; the cost was $34 million and was completed in late 2012 when the temporary runway became a taxiway. The airport's first Air Traffic Control Tower was on top of the old passenger terminal; the present tower, on the south side of the airport near fixed-base operator Elliot Aviation, is manned seven days a week from 0530 am to 1030 pm. At other times control of airspace is by the Chicago Air Traffic Center remoted from Il. In 2017 the
Pete Oxford is a British-born conservation photographer based in Quito, Ecuador. Trained as a marine biologist, he and his wife, South African-born Reneé Bish, now work as a professional photographic team focusing on wildlife and indigenous cultures. Oxford is a founding fellow of the International League of Conservation Photographers and was a co-founder of the Galapagos Naturalist Guide’s Association in 1987. In 1992, he became a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society, he is an ambassador for Gitzo Inspires and works with the Orianne Society based in the United States and the MarAlliance for marine conservation. Oxford and Bish are co-founders and operators of Pete Oxford Expeditions, leading photographic tours with a focus on responsible travel. Oxford has 10 images featured in the BBC Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition, he is known as the 15th most active photographer in the history of the awards. Oxford's images have been appeared in many publications such as National Geographic Magazine.
His photos have been featured in BBC Wildlife, Time Magazine, International Wildlife, WWF, Smithsonian, GEO, Nature’s Best, Terre Sauvage, Outdoor Photography Magazine, The Economist, The Guardian, Ranger Rick, Airone. In 2015, Oxford was awarded the IUCN'Man in Nature' Photographic Prize at the Terre Sauvage Nature Image Awards Exhibition for his series documenting Whale Sharks. In 2014, Oxford received the title of Ecuadorian Photojournalist of the Year for his article “Yasuní, una visión personal” in Revisita Mundo Diners. In 2015, Oxford was the winner of the Ranger Rick Photographer of the Year Award, presented by the National Wildlife Federation. In 2014, Oxford was awarded the IUCN/Terre Sauvage Mevita Grant for his photographic series documenting elephant relocation in Africa. In 2010, Oxford was recognized as one of the top 40 Most Influential Nature Photographers in the world by Outdoor Photography Magazine. Undiscovered Guyana Foreword by President of Guyana David A. Granger Yasuní, Tiputini and the Web of Life Foreword by E.
O. Wilson The Origin of the Waorani Galapagos Wildlife Rupununi Rediscovering a Lost World Foreword by HRH Prince Charles Spirit of the Huaorani: An Amazon people of the Yasuní region of Ecuador Foreword by Trudie Styler & Sting Galapagos: Both Sides of the Coin Foreword by HRH Prince Philip Cunsi Pindo: La Señora de los Monos Ecuador: Land of Frogs Ecuador Chagras: Ecuador’s Andean Cowboys Galapagos: The Untamed Isles Amazon Images: A portfolio of impressions from the Ecuadorian Amazon Life among the monkey hunters: The Amazon tribe that has evolved flat feet after years of catching primates to eat by climbing trees and shooting them with blowpipes Amazing Pictures Reveal Life Inside An Amazon Tribe Incredible photos of Ecuadorian tribe, whose lifestyle is threatened by oil exploration Amazing photos show 2,200-pound rhino in helicopter airlift above African jungle in relocation to protect them from poachers Frontiers: A Special Breed Whale Sharks Buceando con tiburones ballena Nagas, los últimos cazadores de cabezas Elephant Rescue: A roving herd in Zimbabwe puts human ingenuity to the test View from the Crater’s Rim These Are The Measures We Need To Take To Make Sure Elephants Are Safe Yasuní, Una Visión Personal Gorgeous Brunette and Stunning Blonde Run Wild in Marataba Ecuador’s Yasuni National Park Yasuni National Park seen through the lens of nature photog Pete Oxford Stories from Marataba: Babe the Bushpig Roaming with rhinos in South Africa Touched by lightning Iberian Lynx: Return of the Spanish Tiger Rediscover Rupununi In Southern Guyana, A Wildlife Haven Galapagos – in pictures Nature photography Wildlife photography Pete Oxford Photography Website Pete Oxford Expeditions International League of Conservation Photographers The Orianne Society
The almond is a species of tree native to Iran and surrounding countries but cultivated elsewhere. The almond is the name of the edible and cultivated seed of this tree. Within the genus Prunus, it is classified with the peach in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by corrugations on the shell surrounding the seed; the fruit of the almond is a drupe, consisting of an outer hull and a hard shell with the seed, not a true nut, inside. Shelling almonds refers to removing the shell to reveal the seed. Almonds are sold unshelled. Blanched almonds are shelled almonds that have been treated with hot water to soften the seedcoat, removed to reveal the white embryo; the almond is a deciduous tree. The young twigs are green at first, becoming purplish where exposed to sunlight grey in their second year; the leaves are 8 -- 13 cm long, with a 2.5 cm petiole. The flowers are white to pale pink, 3–5 cm diameter with five petals, produced singly or in pairs and appearing before the leaves in early spring.
Almond grows best in Mediterranean climates with mild, wet winters. The optimal temperature for their growth is between 15 and 30 °C and the tree buds have a chilling requirement of 300 to 600 hours below 7.2 °C to break dormancy. Almonds begin bearing an economic crop in the third year after planting. Trees reach full bearing five to six years after planting; the fruit matures in 7 -- 8 months after flowering. The almond fruit is 3.5–6 cm long. In botanical terms, it is not a nut but a drupe; the outer covering or exocarp, fleshy in other members of Prunus such as the plum and cherry, is instead a thick, grey-green coat, called the hull. Inside the hull is a reticulated, woody shell called the endocarp. Inside the shell is the edible seed called a nut. One seed is present, but two occur. After the fruit matures, the hull splits and separates from the shell, an abscission layer forms between the stem and the fruit so that the fruit can fall from the tree; the almond is native to Iran and surrounding countries.
It was spread by humans in ancient times along the shores of the Mediterranean into northern Africa and southern Europe, more transported to other parts of the world, notably California, United States. The wild form of domesticated almond grows in parts of the Levant. Selection of the sweet type from the many bitter types in the wild marked the beginning of almond domestication, it is unclear as to. The species Prunus fenzliana may be the most wild ancestor of the almond, in part because it is native of Armenia and western Azerbaijan, where it was domesticated. Wild almond species were grown by early farmers, "at first unintentionally in the garbage heaps, intentionally in their orchards". Almonds were one of the earliest domesticated fruit trees, due to "the ability of the grower to raise attractive almonds from seed. Thus, in spite of the fact that this plant does not lend itself to propagation from suckers or from cuttings, it could have been domesticated before the introduction of grafting".
Domesticated almonds appear in the Early Bronze Age, such as the archaeological sites of Numeira, or earlier. Another well-known archaeological example of the almond is the fruit found in Tutankhamun's tomb in Egypt imported from the Levant. Of the European countries that the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh reported as cultivating almonds, Germany is the northernmost, though the domesticated form can be found as far north as Iceland; the word "almond" comes from Old French almande or alemande, Late Latin *amandula, derived through a form amygdala from the Greek ἀμυγδάλη, an almond. The al- in English, for the a- used in other languages may be due a confusion with the Arabic article al, the word having first dropped the a- as in the Italian form mandorla. Other related names of almond include Mandel or Knackmandel, mandorla, amêndoa, almendra; the adjective "amygdaloid" is used to describe objects which are almond-shaped a shape, part way between a triangle and an ellipse. See, for example, the brain structure amygdala, which uses a direct borrowing of the Greek term amygdalē.
The pollination of California's almonds is the largest annual managed pollination event in the world, with 1.4 million hives being trucked in February to the almond groves. Much of the pollination is managed by pollination brokers, who contract with migratory beekeepers from at least 49 states for the event; this business has been affected by colony collapse disorder, causing nationwide shortages of honey bees and increasing the price of insect pollination. To protect almond growers from the rising cost of insect pollination, researchers at the Agricultural Research Service have developed a new line of self-pollinating almond trees. Self-pollinating almond trees, such as the'Tuono', have been around for a while, but their harvest is not as desirable as the insect-pollinated California'Nonpareil' almond tree. The'Nonpareil' tree produces large, smooth al