Quadrans Muralis was a constellation created by the French astronomer Jérôme Lalande in 1795. It depicted a wall-mounted quadrant with which he and his nephew Michel Lefrançois de Lalande had charted the celestial sphere, was named Le Mural in the French atlas, it was between the constellations of Boötes and Draco, near the tail of Ursa Major, containing stars between β Bootis and η Ursae Majoris. Johann Elert Bode converted its name to Latin as Quadrans Muralis and shrank the constellation a little in his 1801 Uranographia star atlas, to avoid it clashing with neighboring constellations. In 1922, Quadrans Muralis was omitted when the International Astronomical Union formalised its list of recognized constellations; the variable star BP Boötis was a member of the constellation. 39 Boötis is a double star, transferred by Lalande into Quadrans. The Quadrantid meteor shower is still named after the obsolete constellation
Piano tuning is the act of adjusting the tension of the strings of an acoustic piano so that the musical intervals between strings are in tune. The meaning of the term'in tune', in the context of piano tuning, is not a particular fixed set of pitches. Fine piano tuning requires an assessment of the vibration interaction among notes, different for every piano, thus in practice requiring different pitches from any theoretical standard. Pianos are tuned to a modified version of the system called equal temperament. In all systems of tuning, every pitch may be derived from its relationship to a chosen fixed pitch, A440, the note A above middle C. Piano tuning is done by a wide range of independent piano technicians, piano rebuilders, piano-store technical personnel, hobbyists. Professional training and certification is available from organizations or guilds, such as the Piano Technicians Guild. Many piano manufacturers recommend. Many factors cause pianos to go out of tune atmospheric changes. For instance, changes in humidity will affect the pitch of a piano.
Changes in temperature can affect the overall pitch of a piano. In newer pianos the strings stretch and wooden parts compress, causing the piano to go flat, while in older pianos the tuning pins can become loose and don't hold the piano in tune as well. Frequent and hard playing can cause a piano to go out of tune. For these reasons, many piano manufacturers recommend that new pianos be tuned four times during the first year and twice a year thereafter. An out-of-tune piano can be identified by the characteristic "honky tonk" or beating sound it produces; this fluctuation in the sound intensity is a result of two tones of similar frequencies being played together. For example, if a piano string tuned to 440 Hz is played together with a piano string tuned to 442 Hz, the resulting tone beats at a frequency of 2 Hz, due to the constructive and destructive interference between the two sound waves. If a string tuned to 220 Hz is played together with a string tuned at 442 Hz, the same 2 Hz beat is heard.
Because pianos have multiple strings for each piano key, these strings must be tuned to the same frequency to eliminate beats. The pitch of a note is determined by the frequency of vibrations. For a vibrating string, the frequency is determined by the string's length and tension. Piano strings are wrapped around tuning pins. Piano tuning became a profession around the beginning of the 1800s, as the "pianoforte" became mainstream. Musicians owned harpsichords, which were much easier to tune, which the musicians tuned themselves. Early piano tuners were trained and employed in piano factories, underwent an apprenticeship of about 5–7 years. Early tuners faced challenges related to a large variety of new and changing pianos and non-standardized pitches. Keyboard instruments were tuned using just intonation, pythagorean tuning and meantone temperament meaning that such instruments could sound "in tune" in one key, or some keys, but would have more dissonance in other keys; the development of well temperament allowed fixed-pitch instruments to play reasonably well in all of the keys.
The famous "Well-Tempered Clavier" by Johann Sebastian Bach took advantage of this breakthrough, with preludes and fugues written for all 24 major and minor keys. However, while unpleasant intervals were avoided, the sizes of intervals were still not consistent between keys, so each key still had its own distinctive character. During the 1700s this variation led to an increase in the use of equal temperament, in which the frequency ratio between each pair of adjacent notes on the keyboard was made equal, allowing music to be transposed between keys without changing the relationship between notes. Pianos are tuned to an A440 pitch standard, adopted during the early 1900s in response to varying standards; the pitch standards had risen from about A415 during the late 1700s and early 1800s to A435 during the late 1800s. Though A440 is the standard, some orchestras in Europe, use a higher pitch standard, such as A442. A stretched string can vibrate in different modes, or harmonics, when a piano hammer strikes a string it excites multiple harmonics at the same time.
The first harmonic is the loudest, determines the pitch, perceived. In theory the higher harmonics vibrate at integer multiples of the fundamental frequency. In reality, the frequencies of the overtones are shifted up due to inharmonicity caused by the stiffness of the strings; the relationship between two pitches, called an interval, is the ratio of their absolute frequencies. The easiest intervals to identify and tune are those where the note frequencies have a simple whole-number ratio because the harmonics of these intervals coincide and beat when they are out of tune; the term temperament refers to a tuning system that allows intervals to beat instead of tuning pure or "jus
Gaston Emergency Medical Services is the Emergency Medical Service for Gaston County, North Carolina. This is the 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, they respond to 35,000 calls annually. The service provides advanced life support. GEMS was the first EMS organization within the State of North Carolina to achieve national accreditation through the Commission on Accreditation of Ambulance Services. GEMS has 10 ems post throughout the county. Gaston Emergency Medical Service headquarters is located in North Carolina. GEMS transports patients to CaroMont Regional Medical Center and other outlying facilities in neighboring counties. GEMS is supported by the local rescue squads throughout the county; these include South Point Lifesaving Crew, Stanley Civil Defense Rescue, Dallas Rescue, Ranlo Fire and Rescue, Gaston Lifesaving Crew, Crowders Mountain Rescue, Cherryville Rescue, And the local fire departments that respond to medical calls. Bicycle Emergency Response Team Dive Rescue and Recovery Team Honor Guard S.
T. A. R. Team Tactical Medic Team Structural Collapse and Trench Personnel Rehab Unit Gems Explorers Team GEMS has 11 stations Official website
William le Scrope, 1st Earl of Wiltshire, King of Mann was a close supporter of King Richard II of England. He was a second son of 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton, he was a soldier-adventurer in Lithuania and France, where he served with John of Gaunt. Gaunt made him seneschal of Aquitaine in 1383, he was made vice-chamberlain of the household of King Richard II in 1393 and granted the castle and manor of Marlborough in Wiltshire. In the same year his father purchased for him the Isle of Man from the earl of Salisbury, giving him the nominal title Dominus de Man or King of Mann. In 1394 he became a Knight of the Garter, he was created Earl of Wiltshire in 1397 and became Lord High Treasurer in 1398. He became effective head of the government in Richard's absence, he benefitted from the confiscated estates of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, kept for a time under his care in the Isle of Man, of John of Gaunt. He was left 2,000 marks in King Richard's will in April 1399, he had been involved in Richard's second marriage to the 6-year-old Isabella of Valois in 1396 and was made Isabella's guardian at Wallingford Castle, of which he was castellan, when the King went to Ireland in 1399.
Together with Sir John Bussy, Sir William Bagot and Sir Henry Green he had been made responsible for assisting Edmund of Langley, Duke of York in the defence of the realm during Richard's absence, when the exiled Henry Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford seized his chance to invade. Scrope was captured with Bussy and Green when Bristol Castle surrendered to Henry on 28 July 1399, he was executed without trial at Bristol Castle, together with Bussy and Green, his head carried to London in a white basket to be displayed on London Bridge. After Hereford's ascendance to the throne as Henry IV, Parliament confirmed the sentence and determined that all his estates and title were to be forfeit to the crown, he married in 2nd. Daughter of Sir Maurice Russell of Dyrham, Glos. and Kingston Russell, Dorset. An attempt was made by Simon Thomas Scrope to reclaim the Earldom by a collateral descendant, over 500 years later. Although he was proven to be the senior heir male general, the claim failed on other grounds.
In 1869, the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords, after a series of hearings beginning in 1862 under the title of Wiltes Claim of Peerage 4 HL 126, rejected the claim of Simon Thomas Scrope, of Danby, to the Earldom of Wiltes granted to William le Scrope, above. It was proved that Simon Thomas Scrope was the senior heir male of the Earl of Wiltes, but the Committee for Privileges decided that as a matter of law an English peerage could not descend to heirs male general who were not directly descended from the original grantee; the Committee declined to follow its own earlier decision in the Devon Peerage Claim 5 English Reports 293, in which a grant to "heirs male" had been allowed to pass to heirs male collateral. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Biography
Philip Keung Ho-man is a Hong Kong actor and film producer. Keung began his acting career as a television actor in 1985 for Asia Television, began appearing in films from 1988, he left ATV in 2010 and became a full-time film actor while acting in television series from time to time. In 2017, Keung was nominated for the Hong Kong Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in the 2016 film, in the following year, Keung won the award for his performance in the 2017 film, Shock Wave. Keung is the oldest son in his family, being the elder brother of two younger sisters and a younger brother, his father was separated from his mother before he was born and thus, he has never met his father. Keung's mother was remarried to a Chung surnamed decorator contractor; because his mother suffered from illness and his adopted father was busy with work at the same time, his younger siblings were sent to a children's home. When Keung was 14 years old, his mother died from her illness and he was sent to the Holland Hostel operated by the Hong Kong Student Aid Society in Kwun Tong.
Keung had attended many primary schools, ranging from North Point to Kwun Tong. He was enrolled in the Delia Memorial School. While attending secondary school, Keung starting working in a number of odd jobs such as a dim sum waiter at the China Restaurant, a decorator and an acrobat performer, he became an extra actor since his girlfriend at that time worked in an extra actors' agency. In 1986, Keung signed up for Asia Television's first Mr. Television Competition, where he won second place as well as the title of "Mr. Talent" and subsequently became a contracted artiste for ATV. Keung received praises for his satirical portrayal of LegCo member Leung Kwok-hung in ATV's political parody program, Hong Kong Gossip. However, since the audience viewership for ATV has been low, most local audiences only began noticing him after he left ATV in 2010 and began appearing in high-profile films such as Beast Stalker, The Stool Pigeon and Life Without Principle, for which he was nominated for the Chinese Film Media Awards for Best Supporting Actor.
In recent years, Keung has become one of Hong Kong's most prolific film actors, appearing in over 40 films between 2013 and 2018, playing major supporting roles in many high-profile films such as Firestorm, Little Big Master, Two Thumbs Up and Trivisa, for which he was nominated for the Hong Kong Film Award for Best Supporting Actor and Hong Kong Film Critics Society Award for Best Actor. In 2017, Keung won the Best Supporting Actor Award at the 1st Profima International Film Fest & Awards in Malaysia for his performance in the action film Shock Wave, winning his first acting award in his career. At the 37th Hong Kong Film Awards, Keung was once again awarded Best Supporting Actor for his role in Shock Wave, while being nominated in the same category for his performance in the film, Concerto of the Bully. Keung landed the leading role in two of his upcoming films and Remember What I Forgot, which were promoted at the 2018 Hong Kong International Film & TV Market, which ran from 19 to 22 March 2018.
In the former, Keung plays a 51-year-old married man and father whose craving for feminization increases, while playing a Hong Kong film fanatic who suffers from brain degeneration in the latter. In 1999, Keung married Anna Kam, his wife is known as Kappy King. She was voted as Miss Congeniality. Philip Keung on Facebook Philip Keung at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase Philip Keung on IMDb
Jacquelyn Dowd Hall is an American historian, Julia Cherry Spruill Professor at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Jacquelyn Dowd Hall was born in oldest of five children and daughter to Jinx Dowd, she graduated high school as valedictorian. She attended college at Southwestern at Memphis, where she first became involved in the Civil Rights Movement, her grandmother received angry letters about the work that she did. In 1965, she graduated from Southwestern at Memphis with high honors. In 1967, she earned an M. A. from Columbia University. In 1970, she moved to Atlanta. Soon after, she returned to New York to complete her Ph. D. which she earned in 1974. Over the course of her professional career, she has been president of the Organization of American Historians and the Southern Historical Association. Jacquelyn Hall was arrested along with other protesters in May 2013 as part of the Moral Monday non-violent protest of actions taken by the NC General Assembly. Jacquelyn Dowd Hall is a historian at the University of North Carolina.
1990 Guggenheim Fellowship 1999 National Humanities Medal Sisters and Rebels: A Struggle for the Soul of America. W. W. Norton & Company. 2019. ISBN 978-0-393-04799-8. "The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past", Journal of American History, March 2005 Like A Family: The Making of a Southern Cotton Mill World. UNC Press. 2000. ISBN 978-0-8078-4879-1. Jacquelyn Dowd Hall. Revolt Against Chivalry: Jessie Daniel Ames and the Women's Campaign Against Lynching. Columbia University Press. 1993. ISBN 978-0-231-08283-9. Susan Ware, ed.. "O. Delight Smith:A Labor Organizer's Odyssey". Forgotten Heroes: Inspiring American Portraits from Our Leading Historians. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-86872-1. Linda K. Kerber, Jane Sherron De Hart, eds.. Women's America: refocusing the past. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-512180-3. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Vicki Ruíz, Ellen Carol DuBois, eds.. "Open Secrets: Memory and the Refashioning of Southern Identity". Unequal sisters: a multicultural reader in U.
S. women's history. Routledge. P. 426. ISBN 978-0-415-92516-7. Jacquelyn Dowd Hall. CS1 maint: uses editors parameter Sara Alpern, ed.. "Lives through Time: Second Thoughts on Jessie Daniel Ames". The Challenge of Feminist Biography: Writing the Lives of Modern American Women. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-06292-6. "Jacquelyn Dowd Hall - Department of History". History.unc.edu. Archived from the original on 2014-04-02. Retrieved 2016-01-27