Sant'Anna di Palazzo
Sant'Anna di Palazzo is a church in the quartiere of San Ferdinando in Naples, Italy. After the victory at the Lepanto, this church and Santa Maria della Vittoria in Naples were erected and dedicated to the Madonna del Rosario, whose devotion was felt to have contributed to the success at the battle. In 1572, Michele Lauro offered the Dominicans this land for construction of a church. In this time, this zone was less populated. One of the leaders of the Parthenopean Republic, Eleonora Fonseca Pimentel was married here in February 1778, buried her son here. Luca Giordano was baptized in this church; the facade is attributed to Giovanni Battista Nauclerio. The stucco decorations date from the 17th century, but restored in the 18th century. There are four bas-relief depictions of popes who helped establish the devotion of the rosary: Popes Benedict XI, Benedict XIII, Innocent V, Pius V; the main altar created by Domenico Antonio Vaccaro. The main altarpiece is a Madonna del Rosario by Giuseppe Bonito.
The Rococo style sacristy was completed by Michelangelo Porzio. The dome,once tiled with Maiolica, dominates the skyline of the zone; the church was damaged during bombardments in 1943. Vincenzo Regina, Le chiese di Napoli. Viaggio indimenticabile attraverso la storia artistica, letteraria, civile e spirituale della Napoli sacra and Compton editor, Naples 2004
Santa Maria della Concezione a Montecalvario
Santa Maria della Concezione a Montecalvario is a church in central Naples, Italy. Founded as a small church in 1579, it was attached to the adjacent monastery and school of the Concezione, it is located on via Concezione a Montecalvario #32. From 1718 to 1725, Domenico Antonio Vaccaro with the collaboration of the engineers Giuseppe Lucchese Prezzolini and Filippo Marinelli, reconstructed the church, its decoration dates to 1724. In 1889 the complex was closed due to structural instability. By the end of the 19th century it had come to the jurisdiction of the Collegi Riuniti, in 1916, it was granted in perpetuity to the Archiconfraternity of the Santissimo Corpo di Cristo, while the college and garden were given to the Commune of Naples. In 1928, the college was demolished and a school built. In 1960 a maternity institute was built in the grounds of the garden. In 1978, further restorations were carried out under Loreto Colombo, yet the church was again damaged by the 1980 Irpinia earthquake, work continued till 1987.
The interior has a Greek cross plan. The cupola is decorated by stuccoes by Giuseppe Cristiano; the main altar and the majolica pavement wes designed by Vaccaro. It is flanked by the heraldic symbols of the Mercurio family; the 16th century statue depicts the Immaculate Conception. The chapels have paintings by Vaccaro, Tommaso Martini, Nicola Maria Rossi; the Vaccaro brothers completed the majolica pavement. Napoli e dintorni, Touring club italiano, Touring Editore, 2001. AA. VV. Napoli: Montecalvario questione aperta, Clean edizioni, Italy
Santissima Trinità dei Pellegrini, Naples
The Santissima Trinità dei Pellegrini is a church on via Portamedina in the historic city centre of Naples, Italy The church building and the eponymous hospital was founded in the sixteenth century by Fabrizio Pignatelli di Monteleone, a member of the Knight of Jerusalem, the complex, was given to the Brotherhood of the Holy Trinity. The hospital attached therein, the structure was designed by Carlo Vanvitelli, enlarged along with the church in 1769; the church connects on the right nave with the small church of Santa Maria Materdomini. The facade is characterized by fine stucco statues of Angelo Viva, representing San Filippo Neri and San Gennaro; the architecture of the temple is somewhat unusual. On the high altar there are works in stucco by Viva, with the two sides as many paintings by Paolo De Matteis, both representing St. Joseph with Child Jesus, while other paintings are attributed to the school of Giuseppe Bonito; the choir of the church was designed by Giovanni Antonio Medrano with a rich decoration in stucco.
On the first altar on the left, by Onofrio Palumbo is a San Gennaro protecting Naples from lightning. In the church there is a bust of the adviser Ferrante Magdalene, first counselor of the king, buried there
Santa Maria della Concordia
Santa Maria della Concordia is a baroque-style, Roman Catholic church, located on the Piazza of the same name in Naples, region of Campania, Italy. The church was erected in 1556 using designs by the Carmelite priest Giuseppe Romano, it was restored in the 18th century by the architect Giovan Battista Nauclerio. In 1735, Nicola Tagliacozzi Canale was involved in the refurbishment of the interiors; the 18th-century facade is elaborate, built on a high plinth of piperno dominated by two pairs of pilasters of composite order. Near the door of the sacristy, is a painting depicting a Virgin and St Michael, attributed to Jusepe de Ribera, though some attribute it to Bernardo Azzolino. To the left of the entrance is a tomb of Gaspare Benemerino, who died in 1641, claimed to be son of the King of Fez; as mentioned in the inscription, he converted, joining the armies of Philip III of Spain, he fought against his former countrymen. The complex over the centuries hosted a boarding school and a conservatory, but the French suppressed the convent and in the 19th century it was converted into a famous prison for debtors those from the upper classes.
Vincenzo Regina, Le chiese di Napoli. Viaggio indimenticabile attraverso la storia artistica, letteraria, civile e spirituale della Napoli sacra and Compton editor, Naples 2004
Naples is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan. In 2017, around 967,069 people lived within the city's administrative limits while its province-level municipality has a population of 3,115,320 residents, its continuously built-up metropolitan area is the second or third largest metropolitan area in Italy and one of the most densely populated cities in Europe. First settled by Greeks in the second millennium BC, Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited urban areas in the world. In the ninth century BC, a colony known as Parthenope or Παρθενόπη was established on the Island of Megaride refounded as Neápolis in the sixth century BC; the city was an important part of Magna Graecia, played a major role in the merging of Greek and Roman society and a significant cultural centre under the Romans. It served as the capital of the Duchy of Naples of the Kingdom of Naples and of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861.
Between 1925 and 1936, Naples was expanded and upgraded by Benito Mussolini's government but subsequently sustained severe damage from Allied bombing during World War II, which led to extensive post-1945 reconstruction work. Naples has experienced significant economic growth in recent decades, helped by the construction of the Centro Direzionale business district and an advanced transportation network, which includes the Alta Velocità high-speed rail link to Rome and Salerno and an expanded subway network. Naples is the third-largest urban economy in Italy, after Rome; the Port of Naples is one of the most important in Europe and home of the Allied Joint Force Command Naples, the NATO body that oversees North Africa, the Sahel and Middle East. Naples' historic city centre is the largest in Europe and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, with a wide range of culturally and significant sites nearby, including the Palace of Caserta and the Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Naples is known for its natural beauties such as Posillipo, Phlegraean Fields and Vesuvius.
Neapolitan cuisine is synonymous with pizza – which originated in the city – but it includes many lesser-known dishes. The best-known sports team in Naples is the Serie A club S. S. C. Napoli, two-time Italian champions who play at the San Paolo Stadium in the southwest of the city, in the Fuorigrotta quarter. Naples has been inhabited since the Neolithic period; the earliest Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the second millennium BC. Sailors from the Greek island of Rhodes established a small commercial port called Parthenope on the island of Megaride in the ninth century BC. By the eighth century BC, the settlement had expanded to include Monte Echia. In the sixth century BC the new urban zone of Neápolis was founded on the plain becoming one of the foremost cities of Magna Graecia; the city grew due to the influence of the powerful Greek city-state of Syracuse, became an ally of the Roman Republic against Carthage. During the Samnite Wars, the city, now a bustling centre of trade, was captured by the Samnites.
During the Punic Wars, the strong walls surrounding Neápolis repelled the invading forces of the Carthaginian general Hannibal. Naples was respected by the Romans as a paragon of Hellenistic culture. During the Roman era, the people of Naples maintained their Greek language and customs, while the city was expanded with elegant Roman villas and public baths. Landmarks such as the Temple of Dioscures were built, many emperors chose to holiday in the city, including Claudius and Tiberius. Virgil, the author of Rome's national epic, the Aeneid, received part of his education in the city, resided in its environs, it was during this period. Januarius, who would become Naples' patron saint, was martyred there in the fourth century AD; the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, Romulus Augustulus, was exiled to Naples by the Germanic king Odoacer in the fifth century AD. Following the decline of the Western Roman Empire, Naples was captured by the Ostrogoths, a Germanic people, incorporated into the Ostrogothic Kingdom.
However, Belisarius of the Byzantine Empire recaptured Naples in 536, after entering the city via an aqueduct. In 543, during the Gothic Wars, Totila took the city for the Ostrogoths, but the Byzantines seized control of the area following the Battle of Mons Lactarius on the slopes of Vesuvius. Naples was expected to keep in contact with the Exarchate of Ravenna, the centre of Byzantine power on the Italian Peninsula. After the exarchate fell, a Duchy of Naples was created. Although Naples' Greco-Roman culture endured, it switched allegiance from Constantinople to Rome under Duke Stephen II, putting it under papal suzerainty by 763; the years between 818 and 832 were tumultuous in regard to Naples' relations with the Byzantine Emperor, with numerous local pretenders feuding for possession of the ducal throne. Theoctistus was appointed without imperial approval. However, the disgruntled general populace chased him from the city, instead elected Stephen III, a man who minted coins with his own initials, r
Santa Maria del Rosario a Portamedina
Santa Maria del Rosario a Portamedina is a church located on Via Rosario in Portamedina in the Quartieri Spagnoli of the historic center of Naples, Italy. The church was founded in 1568 by the Congregation of the Holy Spirit, church and cloister were completed in the 17th century. From 1724 to 1742, the complex underwent reconstruction, which gives the site its present shape, external rococo decoration, internal stucco details; this was carried out by either Domenico Antonio Vaccaro or his followers. In 1929, the conservatory of the Dominican order was transferred to nuns of the Compagnia di Maria and in 1937 it was recognized as a school. During the twentieth century, the complex was altered; the facade facing a narrow street, has an ornate stucco portico. The interior is a centralized with two chapels, a rectangular apse, no dome. At present, the church is closed to the public. AA. VV. Napoli: Montecalvario questione aperta, Clean edizioni, Italy
Santissima Trinità degli Spagnoli
The church of the Santissima Trinità degli Spagnoli is a religious building in Naples, found in the piazza of the same name. The structure was first built in 1573 and was ceded to the Spanish residents of the Quartieri Spagnoli it passed to the Order of the Santissima Trinità della Redenzione dei Cattivi, an order dedicated to the redemption of captives held in Muslim lands; this order had been instituted by Pope Innocent III. The church was rebuilt and the interior redecorated by the Trinitarians in 1788; the portico dates from the mid-17th century. The church and convent were suppressed during the Napoleonic occupation. At the time a seventeenth-century altarpiece of the Santissima Trinità con la Madonna del Rimedio was looted. Napoli e dintorni, Touring club Italia, Touring Editor, 2001