¡Cuatro! is a 2013 rockumentary starring the punk rock band Green Day, directed by Tim Wheeler. The film documents the creation of the band's 2012 album trilogy ¡Uno!, ¡Dos! and ¡Tré!. The documentary, directed by Tim Wheeler and produced by Tim Lynch, was released through Reprise Records on the September 24, 2013. A 40-minute version of the documentary premiered on VH1 in 2012; the documentary contains footage of Green Day's producer Rob Cavallo and Green Day's days composing and organizing the trilogy until their release. ¡Cuatro! was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Music Film. ¡Cuatro! Contains footage of Green Day in the studio composing, organizing and discussing the albums, as well as speaking on their approach to recording an album trilogy; the documentary contains live footage of Green Day performing their new songs at small club shows across the United States in 2011 and 2012. When Green Day entered the studio to record the trilogy, multiple clips were posted on the band's YouTube channel of them creating the albums.
Mike Dirnt, bassist of Green Day said that "Over the last year while we were recording our trilogy, we posted multiple clips every week so fans can see parts of the recording process of ¡Uno! ¡Dos! ¡Tré!. ¡Quatro! brings our fans one step closer by giving them more access and revealing what it was like for us to make these records." Lead guitarist and vocalist of Green Day, Billie Joe Armstrong told Billboard that their aim for ¡Cuatro! as a documentary was "not going to be the sitting down, head shot of me going,'We started out blah blah blah'. "We wanted to get into lifestyles of rock'n' roll and playing rock'n' roll and letting the story kind of tell itself rather than create revisionist." Green Day drummer Tré Cool told BBC Breakfast that the purpose of the documentary was to show fans what it's like to make a record by giving them an inside look at the process, saying that "People ask what is it like to make a record. It's like someone asking what a sausage tastes like, you can describe it - or you can just hand someone a sausage."
A documentary about the making of ¡Uno! ¡Dos! ¡Tré! was announced July 9, 2012, ¡Cuatro!, which at the time was titled ¡Quatro!, was confirmed on November 21, 2012. A 40-minute version of the documentary premiered a week after on VH1 on November 28, 2012, subsequently aired on MTV2 and Palladia; the full documentary made its debut showing at the Winter X Games XVII in January 2013, was screened again at SXSW in March 2013. ¡Cuatro! was released to ¡Uno!, ¡Dos!, ¡Tre! Box set purchasers on April 8, 2013 and was released bundled with ¡Tre! on August 26, 2013. The documentary was released by itself on DVD and digitally on September 24, 2013.¡Cuatro! received positive reviews upon release. Crackle gave the film a score 4 out of 5; the film has received a user score of 8.4/10 on IMDb. ¡Cuatro! was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Music Film
Suzi Quatro (album)
Suzi Quatro is the debut solo studio album by the American singer-songwriter and bass guitarist of the same name. The album was released in October 1973, by the record label Rak in most territories; the album was released under Bell Records in the United States and Canada, EMI Records in Japan, Columbia Records in some European countries. The album was titled Can the Can in Australia; the album was a critical and commercial success, achieving international popularity upon its release, reaching the top 50 in the charts in several territories, peaking at #32 in the UK album charts, #4 in Germany, #5 in the Netherlands, #2 in Australia. The album achieved minor success in the United States, entering the top 150 in the charts there; the single Can the Can, included on the album in most countries, became Quatro's most successful hit, reaching number one in the charts in several European countries and Australia, had modest success in the US, peaking at 56 in the charts in 1976 when it was re-released in that country a few years later.
The album spawned her second single 48 Crash which achieved commercial success, reaching the top ten in several countries, including the UK where it went to number 3. The Elvis Presley cover All Shook Up was given a limited release as a single in the United States, peaking at #85 in the charts there. Presley admitted to Quatro himself when it was released that her cover of the song was "the best since own". Village Voice critic Robert Christgau said, "nothing in her own songwriting equals the one-riff rock of the two Chapman-Chinn singles "48 Crash," and the last time I got off on someone dressed in leather was before John Kay started repeating himself." In a retrospective review for AllMusic Dave Thompson gave the album four and half stars and wrote that "Suzi Quatro remains one of the most nakedly sexual albums of the entire glam rock epoch -- and one of the hottest debuts of the decade." All tracks composed by Len Tuckey. "Rockin' Moonbeam" was not included on the album in some countries, including the US and Canadian presses which omitted both "Rockin' Moonbeam" and "Get Back Mamma" and included "Can the Can" in their replacement.
Australia released the album under the "Can the Can" title, written on the album cover, appearing above Len Tuckey, but was otherwise identical to the version pictured above. Suzi Quatro - Bass, Lead Vocals Len Tuckey - Guitar, Slide Guitar, Backing Vocals Alastair McKenzie - Electric Piano, Grand Piano, Backing Vocals Dave Neal - Drums, Backing Vocals Engineer – Pete Coleman Mastered by – Chris Blair Producer – Mike Chapman, Nicky Chinn Cover Photography – Gered Mankowitz Produced at Audio International Studio, London Mastered at EMI Studios, Abbey Road Source: Suzi Quatro's Suzi Quatro album cover Suzi Quatro at Discogs
Quatro is Suzi Quatro's second album released in October 1974 from Rak Records as SRAK 509. With the exception of the United States and Canada where the record was released under Bell Records, in Japan the album was released under EMI Records, in several territories in Europe it was released from Columbia Records; the album achieved success in several territories, topping the Australian charts and remained in the charts there for six weeks. The album entered into the US charts, reaching the top 150. "Devil Gate Drive" became a major hit, reaching the No. 1 spot in the UK and Australian charts, becoming her second number one in both countries. The singles "The Wild One" and "Too Big" achieved commercial success, with the former reaching the top 10 in both the UK and in Australia, the latter reaching the top 20 in those same territories. "The Wild One" was featured in Floria Sigismondi's 2010 film, The Runaways, a coming-of-age/biopic about Cherie Currie and the 1970s all-girl rock band, The Runaways.
Suzi Quatro was a major influence both musically and for The Runaways and Joan Jett, so the film makes several references to her. "Devil Gate Drive" was included on the album in most countries but was omitted from the UK first pressing. "Friday" was omitted from the original US release of the album. In some territories including the UK and US, the album contained a slow arrangement of "The Wild One" in replacement of the single version on the album; the fast rock version of the song was not made available in the US upon its initial release and remained unacknowledged in that region until several compilations were released years later. Both versions of the song were arranged by Phil Dennys. Suzi Quatro – lead vocals and bass guitar Len Tuckey – guitar and backing vocals Alastair McKenzie – keyboards and backing vocals Dave Neal – drums and backing vocals The album contained three songs that were major hits on the UK singles chart. "Devil Gate Drive" reached No. 1 in February 1974.
Quadro is Nvidia's brand for graphics cards intended for use in workstations running professional computer-aided design, computer-generated imagery, digital content creation applications, scientific calculations and machine learning. The GPU chips on Quadro-branded graphics cards are identical to those used on GeForce-branded graphics cards; the Quadro cards differ in their ECC memory and enhanced floating point precision, which tremendously reduce the risks of calculation errors. The Nvidia Quadro product line directly competes with AMD's Radeon Pro line of professional workstation cards; the Quadro line of GPU cards emerged in an effort at market segmentation by Nvidia. In introducing Quadro, Nvidia was able to charge a premium for the same graphics hardware in professional markets, direct resources to properly serve the needs of those markets. To differentiate their offerings, Nvidia used driver software and firmware to selectively enable features vital to segments of the workstation market, such as high-performance anti-aliased lines and two-sided lighting, in the Quadro product.
The Quadro line received improved support through a certified driver program. These features were of little value to the gamers that Nvidia's products sold to, but their lack prevented high-end customers from using the less expensive products. There are parallels between the market segmentation used to sell the Quadro line of products to workstation markets and the Tesla line of products to engineering and HPC markets. In a settlement of a patent infringement lawsuit between SGI and Nvidia, SGI acquired rights to speed-binned Nvidia graphics chips which they shipped under the VPro product label; these designs were separate from the SGI Odyssey based VPro products sold on their IRIX workstations which used a different bus. SGI's Nvidia-based VPro line included the VPro V3, VPro VR3, VPro V7, VPro VR7. Actual extra cards only for Quadro 4000 cards and higher: SDI Capture:SDI Output: Quadro Plex consists of a line of external servers for rendering videos. A Quadro Plex contains multiple Quadro FX video cards.
A client computer connects to Quadro Plex to initiate rendering. More data in Nvidia Tesla Cards. Scalable Link Interface SLI is the next generation of Plex. SLI can improve Frame Rendering, FSAA. Quadro SLI support Mosaic for 8 Monitors. With Quadro SYNC Card support of max. 16 Monitors possible. Most Cards have SLI-Bridge-Slot for 3 or 4 cards on one main board. Acceleration of scienctific calculations is possible with CUDA and OpenCL. Nvidia has 4 types of SLI bridges: Standard Bridge LED Bridge High-Bandwidth Bridge PCIe-Lanes only reserved for SLIMore see SLI. Nvidia supports supercomputing with its 8-GPU Visual Computing Appliance. Nvidia Iray, Chaosgroup V-Ray and Nvidia OptiX accelerate Raytracing for Maya, 3DS Max, Cinema4D, Rhinoceros and others. All software with CUDA or OpenCL, such as ANSYS, NASTRAN, ABAQUS, OpenFoam, can benefit from VCA; the DGX-1 is available with 8 GP100 Cards. More data in Nvidia Tesla Cards; the Quadro RTX series is based on the Turing microarchitecture, features real-time raytracing.
This is accelerated by the use of new RT cores, which are designed to process quadtrees and spherical hierarchies, speed up collision tests with individual triangles. The raytracing performed by the RT cores can be used to produce reflections and shadows, replacing traditional raster techniques such as cube maps and depth maps. Instead of replacing rasterization however, the information gathered from ray-tracing can be used to augment the shading with information, much more photo-realistic regarding off-camera action. Tensor cores further accelerate raytracing, are used to fill in the blanks in a rendered image, a technique known as de-noising; the Tensor core performs the result of deep learning on supercomputers to codify how to, for example, increase the resolution of images. In the Tensor core's primary usage, a problem to be solved is analyzed on a supercomputer, taught by example what results are desired, the supercomputer determines a method to use to achieve those results, done with the consumer's Tensor core.
These methods are delivered "over the air" to consumers. RTX is the name of the development platform introduced for the Quadro RTX series. RTX leverages Microsoft's OptiX and Vulkan for access to raytracing. Many of these cards use the same core as the game- and action-oriented GeForce video cards by Nvidia; those cards that are identical to the desktop cards can be software modified to identify themselves as the equivalent Quadro cards and this allows optimized drivers intended for the Quadro cards to be installed on the system. While this may not offer all of the performance of the equivalent Quadro card, it can improve performance in certain applications, but may require installing the MAXtreme driver for comparable speed; the performance difference comes in the firmware controlling the card. Given the importance of speed in a game, a system used for gaming can shut down textures, shading, or rendering after only approximating a final output—in order to keep the overall frame rate high; the algorithms on a CAD-oriented card tend rather to complete all rendering operations if that introduces delays or variations in the timing, prioritising accuracy and rendering quality over speed.
A Geforce card focuses more on texture fillrates and high framerates with lighting and sound, but Quadro cards prioritize wireframe rendering and object
The cuatro is a family of Latin American string instruments found in Central and South America, Puerto Rico and other parts of the West Indies, derived from the Spanish guitar. Although some have viola-like shapes, most cuatros resemble a small to mid-sized classical guitar. Cuatro means four in Spanish. Like the original cuatro. Certain variants are considered the national instrument of some countries; the cuatro is used in ensembles in Jamaica and Surinam to accompany singing and dancing. In Trinidad and Tobago it accompanies Parang singers. In Puerto Rico and Venezuela, the cuatro is an ensemble instrument for secular and religious music, is played at parties and traditional gatherings. Modern cuatros come a variety of sizes and shapes, number of strings. Cuatros can either have single-strings, like a guitar, or double- or triple-coursed strings like a mandolin, vary in size from a large mandolin or small guitar, to the size of a full-size guitar. Depending on their particular stringing, cuatros are part of the guitar or mandolin subfamilies of the lute family.
The cuatro of Venezuela has four single nylon strings, tuned A3 D4 F♯4 B3. It is similar in shape and tuning to the ukulele, but their character and playing technique are vastly different, it is tuned in a similar fashion to the ukulele's traditional D tuning, but the B is an octave lower. The same fingering can be used to shape the chords, but it produces a different inversion of each chord. There are variations on this instrument, having 6 strings. Other Venezuelan cuatro variants include: cinco cuatro; the Puerto Rican cuatro is shaped more like a viola than a guitar, is the most familiar of the three instruments of the Puerto Rican orquesta jíbara. The Puerto Rican cuatro has ten strings in five courses, tuned in fourths from low to high, with B and E in octaves and A, D, G in unisons: B3+B2 E4+E3 A3+A3 D4+D4 G4+G4. Several sizes of the instrument exist, including a cuatro soprano, cuatro alto, cuatro tradicional, cuatro bajo: All have 10 strings and are tuned in fourths. There is a cuatro lírico, about the size of the tenor, but has a deep jellybean-shaped body.
The Cuban cuatro, is similar to a Cuban tres, but with 4 courses of doubled strings, instead of the usual 3 courses. It is tuned G4+G3 C4+C4 E4+E4 A4+A4. Banjo Cavaco – a Brazilian instrument similar to a cuarto. Cavaquinho – the Portuguese instrument from which the cavaco was derived. Stringed instrument tunings "Instrumentos Musicales de Venezuela: Cuatro". Diccionario Multimedia de Historia de Venezuela. Fundación Polar. Fredy Reyna. Alfa Beta Cuatro. Monte Avila Editores. Alejandro Bruzual. Fredy Reyna – Ensayo biográfico. Alter Libris. Tobe A. Richards; the Venezuelan Cuatro Chord Bible: A D F# B Standard Tuning 1,728 Chords. Cabot Books. ISBN 978-1-906207-00-7. Tobe A. Richards; the Puerto Rican Cuatro Chord Bible: B E A D G Standard Tuning 1,728 Chords. Cabot Books. ISBN 978-1-906207-06-9. "News and Videos about Venezuelan Cuatro". "Material and HD Videos for learning to play Venezuelan Cuatro". Tu Cuatro. "The Puerto Rican Cuatro Project". The Puerto Rican Cuatro Project
Susan Kay Quatro is an American rock singer-songwriter, multi-instrumentalist and actress. She was the first female bass player. In the 1970s, Quatro scored a string of hit singles that found greater success in Europe and Australia than in her homeland, she reached no. 1 in the UK and other European countries and Australia with her singles "Can the Can" and "Devil Gate Drive". Following a recurring role as bass player Leather Tuscadero on the popular American sitcom Happy Days, her duet "Stumblin' In" with Smokie's lead singer Chris Norman reached No. 4 in the US. Quatro released her eponymous debut album in 1973. Since she has released fifteen studio albums, ten compilation albums, one live album, her other solo hits include "48 Crash", "Daytona Demon", "The Wild One", "Your Mama Won't like Me". Between 1973 and 1980, Quatro was awarded six Bravo Ottos. In 2010, she was voted into the Michigan Roll Legends online Hall of Fame. Quatro continues to perform live, worldwide, her most recent studio album was released in 2019 and she continues to present new radio programmes.
Quatro was raised in Detroit. Her paternal grandfather was an Italian immigrant to the US, his family name of "Quattrocchi" was shortened by the immigration authorities to Quatro. Quatro's family were living in Detroit, she has three sisters, a brother, one older half sister. Her parents fostered several other children, her father, was a semi-professional musician and worked at General Motors. Her mother, was Hungarian. In this environment, Quatro grew to be "extrovert but solitary", according to Philip Norman of The Sunday Times, she only became close to her mother after leaving the US for Britain, her sister Arlene is the mother of actress Sherilyn Fenn. Her sister Patti joined one of the earliest all-female rock bands to gain national attention. Quatro has a brother, Michael Quatro, a musician, she was influenced at the age of six by seeing Elvis Presley perform on television. She has said that she had no direct female role models in music but was inspired by Billie Holiday and liked the dress sense of Mary Weiss of the Shangri-Las "because she wore tight trousers and a waistcoat on top – she looked hot".
Quatro received formal training in playing classical percussion. She taught herself how to play the guitar, her father gave her a 1957 Fender Precision bass guitar in 1964, which she still possessed in 2007. In 1976, Len Tuckey married Suzi Quatro, they had two children together and divorced in 1992. Quatro played drums or percussion from an early age as part of her father's jazz band, the Art Quatro Trio. Sources vary regarding whether her playing in the band began at the age of seven or eight, whether the instrument she played was a drum kit or percussion. Subsequently, she appeared on local television as a go-go dancer in a pop music series. In 1964, after seeing a television performance by the Beatles, Quatro's older sister, had formed an all-female garage rock band called the Pleasure Seekers with two friends. Quatro assumed the stage name of Suzi Soul. Suzi would play bass in the band; the band later featured another sister, Arlene. Many of their performances were in cabaret, where attention was focused more on their physical looks than their actual music.
They sometimes had to wear miniskirts and hair wigs, which Quatro considered to be necessary evils in the pursuit of success. However, they would become well-known fixtures in the burgeoning and exploding Detroit music community; the Pleasure Seekers recorded three singles and released two of these: "Never Thought You'd Leave Me" / "What a Way to Die" and "Light of Love" / "Good Kind of Hurt". The second of these was released by Mercury Records, with whom they had a contract before breaking away due to differences of opinion regarding their future direction, they changed their name to Cradle in late 1969, not long after another Quatro sister, had joined the band and Arlene had left following the birth of her child. Quatro moved to England in 1971, after being spotted by the record producer Mickie Most, who had by that time founded his own label, Rak Records. Most had been persuaded to see Cradle by Michael, the brother of the Quatro sisters who had assumed a managerial role for the band. In common with many in the record industry at the time, Most was seeking a female rock singer who could fill the void that the death of Janis Joplin had created.
According to the Encyclopedia of Popular Music, his attention to Quatro was drawn by "her comeliness and skills as bass guitarist and chief show-off in Cradle." She had been attracting attention from Elektra Records and subsequently explained that "According to the Elektra president, I could become the new Janis Joplin. Mickie Most offered to take me to England and make me the first Suzi Quatro – I didn't want to be the new anybody." Most had no interest in the other band members and he had no idea at that time of how he might market Quatro. She spent a year living in a hotel while developing her skills and maturing. Most said that the outcome was a reflection of her own personality. Quatro's first single, "Rolling Stone", was successful only in Portugal, where it reached No. 1 on the charts. This was a solo effort, although aided by people such as Duncan Browne, Peter Frampton and Alan White. Subsequently, with the approval of Most, she auditioned for a band to accompany her, it was after this record that Most introduced her to the songwriting and producti