Quebec general election, 1998
The Quebec general election of 1998 was held on November 30,1998, to elect members of the National Assembly of the Province of Quebec, Canada. The incumbent Parti Québécois, led by Lucien Bouchard, won re-election, defeating the Quebec Liberal Party, led by Jean Charest. After the narrow defeat of the PQs proposal for independence for Quebec in an economic union with the rest of Canada in the 1995 Quebec referendum. Bouchard left federal politics, where he was leader of the Bloc Québécois in the Canadian House of Commons, to lead the Parti Québécois, Jean Charest had also left federal politics, where he had been leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. Charest was initially seen as a bad fit for the Quebec Liberal Party, in terms of the number of seats won by each of the two parties, the result was almost identical to the previous 1994 general election. However, this time the Liberals won a larger percentage of the popular vote. Mario Dumont, leader of the Action démocratique du Québec, repeated his success in winning his own seat, however, his party also repeated its failure to elect any other member apart from its leader. The overall results were, Note, * Party did not nominate candidates in the previous election, List of Quebec political parties List of Quebec premiers Politics of Quebec Timeline of Quebec history 36th National Assembly of Quebec CBC TV video clip Results by party Results for all ridings
Parizeau was born in Montreal, Quebec, the son of Germaine and Gérard Parizeau, from a family of wealth and privilege. Gérard Parizeau built one of Quebec’s great fortunes and one of the province’s largest financial firms from a brokerage he established in the 1930s, Jacques great-grandfather was a founder of the Montreal Chambre de Commerce and his grandfather was a doctor of renown and a Chevalier of the Legion d’honneur. As a teenager, Parizeau had radical views and distributed leaflets for Communist Fred Roses election campaigns, while sympathetic to the Labor-Progressive Party he never joined. His parents supported bilingualism and sent him to English summer camp and he attended Collège Stanislas, a Roman Catholic private school. He went on to graduate with a PhD from the London School of Economics in London, England, as well as degrees at HEC Montréal, Paris Institute of Political Studies and Faculté de droit de Paris. Because of a commitment to return to instruct at HEC, he left England. He served an internship with the Bank of Canada in Ottawa, Parizeaus predilection for three-piece, Savile Row suits, and proper manner of speaking French and English, earned him the nickname Monsieur. A believer in economic interventionism, he was one of the most important advisors to the government during the 1960s. He joked that the Quiet Revolution was essentially carried out by three or four ministers, two dozen civil servants and 50 chansonniers. Parizeau gradually became a committed sovereigntist, and officially joined the Parti Québécois on September 19,1969, in 1970, he became the president of the PQ’s executive council until 1973. He ran for office in the Montreal districts of Ahuntsic in 1970 and Crémazie in 1973, but lost in both. After the PQ was elected to office in the 1976 provincial election, which saw Parizeau elected in the district of LAssomption, Parizeau played an important role in the 1980 Quebec referendum campaign in favour of the governments proposals for sovereignty-association. As Minister of Finance in Quebec, he was responsible for a number of innovative economic proposals, including the Quebec Stock Savings Plan, as of November 2014, the latters net assets were $10.5 billion. Married to Polish immigrant Alice Poznanska, Jacques Parizeau was criticized for supporting the Charter of the French Language and this law limits access to English-language public schools to children whose parents didnt receive their education in English in Canada, and was generally opposed by the English-speaking minority. In 1984, he had an out with Lévesque. Lévesque had moved away from pursuing sovereignty to accept a negotiation with the Federal Government, Parizeau opposed this shift, resigned from Cabinet along with many other members, and temporarily retired from politics. Lévesque was taken by surprise with all these retirements and retired soon after and he was replaced by Pierre-Marc Johnson. In 1987, Johnson also left the PQ leadership after losing the 1985 election, Parizeau, still a widely liked figure, was elected to replace him as party leader on March 19,1988
Daniel Johnson Jr.
Daniel Johnson Jr. GOQ is a former Quebec politician. He was a member of the Liberal Party of Quebec and was the 25th Premier of the Province of Quebec, Johnson was born in Montreal, Quebec. His father, Daniel Johnson Sr. had been the Premier of Quebec from 1966 to his death in 1968 as the leader of the Union Nationale and his brother is Pierre-Marc Johnson, Parti Québécois leader from 1985-1987 and Premier of Quebec from October 3 to December 12,1985. Johnson received his Bachelor of Laws degree from the Université de Montréal in 1966. He also received LL. M. and Ph. D. degrees from the University College London in 1968 and 1971 respectively, Johnson immediately began his career in the business world and worked for Power Corporation of Canada from 1973 to 1981. He served as the Vice-President of Power Corp. from 1978 to 1981 and he was first elected to the National Assembly of Quebec in the riding of Vaudreuil-Soulanges in the 1981 Quebec general election. He ran for the 1983 Quebec Liberal Party leadership convention but finished third behind Pierre Paradis and he was re-elected in the 1985 election, which brought the Liberals to power. He became Minister of industry and Commerce in the Quebec government, in January 1994, he became leader of the Quebec Liberal Party and Premier of Quebec following the resignation of Liberal leader Robert Bourassa. He then lost the 1994 provincial election to Jacques Parizeau of the Parti Québécois, during the 1995 Quebec referendum, he headed the No federalist campaign, in opposition to the PQs proposals for Quebec sovereignty. With the sovereignty campaign leading in polls, Prime Minister Jean Chretien, the No side narrowly won the referendum. Johnson served as Liberal party leader and leader of the Opposition until 1998 when he was succeeded by Jean Charest, since 1998, Daniel Johnson has acted as Senior Counsel with the law firm McCarthy Tétrault LLP. He is also a director of exp Global Inc, the Great-West Life Assurance Company, The Investors Group, Ecopia Biosciences inc. and is Chairman of the Board of Victhom Human Bionics in Quebec City. On April 15,2008, Johnson was appointed to Bank of Canadas board of directors, Johnson lost the 1994 provincial election
Mario Dumont is a television personality and former politician in Quebec, Canada. He was a Member of the National Assembly of Quebec, after the 2007 Quebec election, Dumont obtained the post of Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly. He left that network in 2012 to join the all-news channel LCN, Dumont and his wife, Marie-Claude Barrette, have three children, Angela, Charles, and Juliette. Dumont obtained a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from Concordia University in 1993, Dumont bought his first membership card in the Liberal Party of Quebec at age 15. He stated to his friends that in the future he would be Quebecs premier. Dumont called himself and Michel Bissonnet, who preceded Dumont as leader of the Liberal youth wing and this was the group that led the Liberal sovereigntist faction while Liberal premier Robert Bourassa remained unopposed. Dumont organized the Liberals for the No side, in the 1992 referendum on the Charlottetown Accord, Dumont and Liberal party insider Jean Allaire played a central role in the creation and development of the Action démocratique du Québec in 1994. He succeeded Allaire as leader after the latter resigned for health reasons, Dumont was elected as an ADQ member of the National Assembly for Rivière du Loup in the 1994,1998,2003,2007 and 2008 elections. In subsequent years, however he changed positions on the issue, arguing that the sovereignty question had been decided, in the years that followed, the constitutional position of the ADQ changed to favour Quebec autonomism, supporting increased powers and responsibilities for Quebec while remaining within Canada. Dumont was personally popular, and for most of his career was far more popular than the ADQ as a whole. In fact, for years, the ADQ tried to capitialize on Dumonts personal popularity by using the official name Action démocratique du Québec-Équipe Mario Dumont. However, this didnt translate to support for his party, it never won much support in Montreal or the Outaouais, in the 2007 Quebec election, the ADQ won 41 seats with 31% of the popular vote, and formed the Official Opposition in the National Assembly. Prior to the dissolution of the National Assembly, the ADQ had held five seats. Despite becoming the Official Opposition, the ADQ was almost nonexistent in several of the major cities. It won almost no seats in Montreal, Gatineau, Saguenay, Longueuil, Laval, however, after the election, the popular support for the party decreased gradually. A late-April 2008 Crop-La Presse poll showed the party in position with 17%. On October 23,2008, two ADQ MNAs, André Riedl and Pierre Michel Auger, crossed the floor to the governing Liberal Party, Quebec premier Jean Charest subsequently called a snap election for December 8,2008. A Léger Marketing poll conducted between Friday, November 14 and Monday, November 17, showed the Liberals with 44% support, the PQ with 33%, the ADQ won a meagre seven seats in the election
Quebec Liberal Party
The Quebec Liberal Party QLP is a federalist provincial political party in Quebec, Canada. It has been independent of the federal Liberal Party of Canada since 1955, while the party has been described as centre-right in the context of Canadian politics, the party believes in a strong role for government in the economy and supports socially liberal policies. Also the party has had a prominent social-democratic faction within it that was prominent in the party during the Quiet Revolution. The Quebec Liberals have always associated with the colour red. The most notable figure of this period was Louis-Joseph Papineau, the Liberals were in opposition to the ruling Conservatives for most of the first 20 years after Canadian Confederation, except for 18 months of Liberal minority government in 1878-1879. However, the changed in 1885 when the federal Conservative government executed Louis Riel. This decision was unpopular in Quebec, honoré Mercier rode this wave of discontent to power in 1887, but was brought down by a scandal in 1891. He was later cleared of all charges, the Conservatives returned to power until 1897. The Liberals won the 1897 election, and held power without interruption for the next 39 years and this mirrored the situation in Ottawa, where the arrival of Wilfrid Laurier in the 1896 federal election marked the beginning of Liberal Party of Canada dominance at the federal level. Notable long-serving Premiers of Quebec in this era were Lomer Gouin, by 1935, however, the Conservatives had an ambitious new leader, Maurice Duplessis. Duplessis merged his party with dissident ex-Liberals who had formed the Action libérale nationale, Duplessis led the new party, the Union Nationale, to power in the 1936 election. The Liberals returned to power in the 1939 election, but lost it again in the 1944 election and they remained in opposition to the Union Nationale until one year after Duplessiss death in 1959. In 1955, the PLQ severed its affiliation with the Liberal Party of Canada, under Jean Lesage, the party won an historic election in 1960, ending sixteen years of rule by the national-conservative Union Nationale. This marked the beginning of the Quiet Revolution, which dramatically changed Québec society, under Lesage, the Liberals developed a Quebec nationalist wing. In October 1967, former cabinet minister René Lévesques proposed that the party endorse his plan for sovereignty association, relations soured between the Quebec Liberal Party and the federal Liberal Party under Lesage, and worsened further under Robert Bourassa who had a poor relationship with Pierre Trudeau. Reelected in 1973, his government was embarrassed by several scandals. Bourassa resigned from the leadership after the loss of the 1976 election to René Lévesques Parti Québécois. Bourassa was succeeded as Liberal leader by Claude Ryan, the director of the respected Montréal newspaper