Monarchy of Canada
The monarchy of Canada is at the core of both Canada's federal structure and Westminster-style of parliamentary and constitutional democracy. The monarchy is the foundation of the executive and judicial branches within both federal and provincial jurisdictions; the sovereign is the personification of the Canadian state and is Queen of Canada as a matter of constitutional law. The current Canadian monarch and head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 6 February 1952. Elizabeth's eldest son, Prince Charles, is heir apparent. Although the person of the sovereign is shared with 15 other independent countries within the Commonwealth of Nations, each country's monarchy is separate and distinct; as a result, the current monarch is titled Queen of Canada and, in this capacity, her consort, other members of the Canadian Royal Family undertake public and private functions domestically and abroad as representatives of Canada. However, the Queen is the only member of the Royal Family with any constitutional role.
While some powers are exercisable only by the sovereign, most of the monarch's operational and ceremonial duties are exercised by his or her representative, the Governor General of Canada. In Canada's provinces, the monarch in right of each is represented by a lieutenant governor; as territories fall under the federal jurisdiction, they each have a commissioner, rather than a lieutenant governor, who represents the federal Crown-in-Council directly. As all executive authority is vested in the sovereign, their assent is required to allow for bills to become law and for letters patent and orders in council to have legal effect. While the power for these acts stems from the Canadian people through the constitutional conventions of democracy, executive authority remains vested in the Crown and is only entrusted by the sovereign to their government on behalf of the people, underlining the Crown's role in safeguarding the rights and democratic system of government of Canadians, reinforcing the fact that "governments are the servants of the people and not the reverse".
Thus, within a constitutional monarchy the sovereign's direct participation in any of these areas of governance is limited, with the sovereign exercising executive authority only on the advice of the executive committee of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, with the sovereign's legislative and judicial responsibilities carried out through parliamentarians as well as judges and justices of the peace. The Crown today functions as a guarantor of continuous and stable governance and a nonpartisan safeguard against abuse of power, the sovereign acting as a custodian of the Crown's democratic powers and a representation of the "power of the people above government and political parties". Canada is one of the oldest continuing monarchies in the world. Established in the 16th century, monarchy in Canada has evolved through a continuous succession of French and British sovereigns into the independent Canadian sovereigns of today, whose institution is sometimes colloquially referred to as the Maple Crown.
The person, the Canadian sovereign is shared with 15 other monarchies in the 52-member Commonwealth of Nations, with the monarch residing predominantly in the oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom, viceroys acting as the sovereign's representatives in Canada. The emergence of this arrangement paralleled the fruition of Canadian nationalism following the end of the First World War and culminated in the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931. Since the pan-national Crown has had both a shared and a separate character and the sovereign's role as monarch of Canada has been distinct to his or her position as monarch of any other realm, including the United Kingdom. Only Canadian federal ministers of the Crown may advise the sovereign on all matters of the Canadian state, of which the sovereign, when not in Canada, is kept abreast by weekly communications with the federal viceroy; the monarchy thus ceased to be an British institution and in Canada became a Canadian, or "domesticated", though it is still denoted as "British" in both legal and common language, for reasons historical, of convenience.
This division is illustrated in a number of ways: The sovereign, for example, holds a unique Canadian title and, when she and other members of the Royal Family are acting in public as representatives of Canada, they use, where possible, Canadian symbols, including the country's national flag, unique royal symbols, armed forces uniforms, the like, as well as Canadian Forces aircraft or other Canadian-owned vehicles for travel. Once in Canadian airspace, or arrived at a Canadian event taking place abroad, the Canadian Secretary to the Queen, officers of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, other Canadian officials will take over from whichever of their other realms' counterparts were escorting the Queen or other member of the Royal Family; the sovereign only draws from Canadian funds for support in the performance of her duties when in Canada or acting as Queen of Canada abroad. As in the other Commonwealth realms, the current heir apparent to the throne is Prince Charles, with the next four in the line of succession
Governor General of Canada
The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch Queen Elizabeth II. The person of the sovereign is shared both with the 15 other Commonwealth realms and the 10 provinces of Canada, but resides predominantly in her oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom; the Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of her constitutional and ceremonial duties. The commission is for an unfixed period of time—known as serving at Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the normal convention. Beginning in 1959, it has been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone officeholders—although many recent governors general have been bilingual. Once in office, the governor general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time; the office began in the 16th and 17th centuries with the Crown-appointed governors of the French colony of Canada followed by the British governors of Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Subsequently, the office is, along with the Crown, the oldest continuous institution in Canada. The present incarnation of the office emerged with Canadian Confederation and the passing of the British North America Act, 1867, which defines the role of the governor general as "carrying on the Government of Canada on behalf and in the Name of the Queen, by whatever Title he is designated". Although the post still represented the government of the United Kingdom, the office was Canadianized until, with the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and the establishment of a separate and uniquely Canadian monarchy, the governor general become the direct personal representative of the independently and uniquely Canadian sovereign, the monarch in his Canadian council. Throughout this process of increasing Canadian independence, the role of governor general took on additional responsibilities. For example, in 1904, the Militia Act granted permission for the governor general to use the title of Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian militia, in the name of the sovereign and actual Commander-in-Chief, in 1927 the first official international visit by a governor general was made.
In 1947, King George VI issued letters patent allowing the viceroy to carry out all of the monarch's powers on his or her behalf. As a result, the day-to-day duties of the monarch are carried out by the governor general, although, as a matter of law, the governor general is not in the same constitutional position as the sovereign. In accordance with the Constitution Act, 1982, any constitutional amendment that affects the Crown, including the office of the Governor General, requires the unanimous consent of each provincial legislature as well as the federal parliament; the current governor general is Julie Payette, who has served since 2 October 2017. The Government of Canada spells the title governor general without a hyphen; the Canadian media still use the governor-general spelling. As governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized. Moreover, both terms are capitalized; the position of governor general is mandated by both the Constitution Act, 1867 and the letters patent issued in 1947 by King George VI.
As such, on the recommendation of his or her Canadian prime minister, the Canadian monarch appoints the governor general by commission issued under the royal sign-manual and Great Seal of Canada. That individual is, from until being sworn-in, referred to as the governor general-designate. Besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a governor general-designate. Though there may therefore be variations to the following, the appointee will travel to Ottawa, there receiving an official welcome and taking up residence at 7 Rideau Gate, will begin preparations for their upcoming role, meeting with various high level officials to ensure a smooth transition between governors general; the sovereign will hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct both the governor general-designate and his or her spouse into the Order of Canada as Companions, as well as appointing the former as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Merit of the Police Forces.
The incumbent will serve for at least five years, though this is only a developed convention, the governor general still technically acts at Her Majesty's pleasure. The prime minister may therefore recommend to the Queen that the viceroy remain in her service for a longer period of time, sometimes upwards of more than seven years. A governor general may resign, two have died in office. In such a circumstance, or if the governor general leaves the country for longer than one month, the Chief Justice of Canada serves as Administrator of the Government and exercises all powers of the governor general. In a speech on the subject of confederation, made in 1866 to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada, John A. Macdonald said of the planned governor: "We place no restriction on Her Majesty's prerogative in the selection of her representative... The sovereign has unrestricted freedom of choice... We leave that to Her Majes
Greenwood Raceway was a horse racing facility in Toronto. Inaugurated in 1874 as Woodbine Race Course at the foot of Woodbine Avenue and Lake Ontario, it was owned and operated by two gentlemen named Raymond Pardee and William J Howell. Within a few years financial problems resulted in the property reverting to Joseph Duggan, the original land owner and retired innkeeper. In the early 1880s Duggan founded the Ontario Jockey Club; the facility hosted seasonal harness racing for Standardbred horses and flat racing events for Thoroughbreds. Harness racing dates were transferred from Thorncliffe Park Raceway to Old Woodbine to fill the gap between the spring and fall thoroughbred meets, the track was known as Greenwood Raceway during the harness meet; the track was at the junction of Kingston Road and Queen Street East, with only a narrow strip of land between it and Lake Ontario. Thoroughbred racing continued at Old Woodbine on a shortened six-furlong track. Harness races were at first conducted on the Thoroughbred track, but serious problems with mud led to the construction of a five-furlong stone dust harness track inside the Thoroughbred track.
This track homestretches. In the early 1950s, the Ontario Jockey Club, led by directors E. P. Taylor, George C. Hendrie and J. E. Frowde Seagram, undertook an acquisition and consolidation program for southern Ontario racing. By 1956, the OJC operated just three facilities consisting of the Fort Erie Racetrack in Fort Erie and two facilities in Toronto. A new facility for Thoroughbred horse races was constructed in Etobicoke, given the name Woodbine Racetrack; the Old Woodbine facility was renovated and renamed Greenwood Raceway in 1963. It held both harness racing and Thoroughbred racing meets until its closure at the end of 1993. Steeplechase races were held at Woodbine/Greenwood for a few years. A horse by the name of Last Mark, owned by James G. Fair of Cainsville, Ontario won the "Plate" in 1948, setting a new Plate record and only being equalled once, before the track was decommissioned. R. J. Speers' horse, Lord Fairmond came 2nd in that Plate race. Fair had 2 horses in that Plate which never ran in the Plate Trials but worked out between the 2 divisions of the "Trials".
Their times were faster than the times of either of the trial divisions. Greenwood Raceway was the site of the Canadian Pacing Derby, the North America Cup, the Fan Hanover Stakes, the Maple Leaf Trot, the Canadian Trotting Classic. In 1994, the Thoroughbred and harness operations were moved to Woodbine; the stadium was demolished and replaced by residential and commercial development, including a betting parlour. Half of the property became Woodbine Park. To commemorate the history of the site, two of the new residential roadways were given names that reflected horse racing themes: Northern Dancer Blvd. and Winners Circle—a street which, runs in a straight line. Joseph Duggan Road was named after the historical landowner and Sarah Ashbridge Avenue commemorated another pioneer resident of the area. In 2016, it was announced that Live Nation Entertainment had purchased the other half of the property, known as the Greenwood Off Track Wagering or Champions Greenwood, with the intent of repurposing the site into a medium-sized entertainment venue with a capacity of 2,700 attendees.
Media related to Woodbine Race Track at Wikimedia Commons History of the Ontario Jockey Club at Woodbine Entertainment Group May 2003 article at Standardbred Canada titled The Demise of Greenwood, A Decade Later
Sir Kazimierz Stanisław Gzowski, was an engineer best known for his work on a wide variety of Canadian railways as well as work on the Welland Canal. He served as acting Lieutenant Governor of Ontario from 1896 to 1897. Gzowski was born in Saint Petersburg to a noble Polish father, Count Stanisław Gzowski, serving as a Captain in the Russian Imperial Guard. During the Polish November Uprising he served as combat engineer with the rank of podporuchik in the Polish army under command of Józef Dwernicki against the Russians. After their defeat he escaped to Austria and as an unwanted political prisoner was deported by the Austrians to the USA, his family emigrated. He knew no English, but was admitted into practice, his father was an engineer, as this became his primary interest, Kazimierz became involved in railway construction in the United States. He was hired as an engineer to help in the construction of the New York and Erie Railway. In 1841 he moved to the Canada to work on the Welland Canal, helped finish the building of Yonge Street and other projects, for the Department of Public Works in southern Ontario.
He settled in London. In 1849 Gzowski was hired as a railway contractor by the St. Atlantic Railroad; the new president of this reorganized company, Alexander Tilloch Galt, other directors were dissatisfied with the work of the Montreal contractors. Accepting Galt's offer to be Chief Engineer, in charge of construction, Gzowski moved his family to Sherbrooke; the purpose of the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railway, along with its American partner, the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railway, was to provide a route for the traffic of the St. Lawrence River and Ottawa River at the port of Montreal, to the ice-free Atlantic port of Portland, Maine. By 1850, promoters of this project learned of plans by Boston interests to build a railway from Lake Champlain, to Ogdensburg, opposite Prescott, on the route of the projected Bytown & Prescott Railway. In 1850, along with Luther Hamilton Holton, David Lewis Macpherson and other directors of the St. Lawrence and Atlantic, formed a committee which took steps to secure a charter for the building of a railway between Montreal and Kingston.
Several possible routes were considered. At a public meeting held in Montreal, the committee delegated Gzowski to make a detailed survey of two routes. One ran through the Ottawa River valley and the other was about 15 miles inland from the St. Lawrence River. In 1851 the Montreal and Kingston Railway Committee commissioned another well-known Canadian engineer and future associate of Gzowski, Walter Shanly, to make another survey of the Montreal-Kingston route, he decided in favour of the line paralleling the shore of the St. Lawrence River and running through Cornwall and Prescott; this was the route adopted by the Grand Trunk Railway between Montreal and Toronto. The idea of a railway through the Province of Canada had been on the minds of Canadians for some time; the government proposed to build a line from Montreal to Sarnia. For that part of the route east of Montreal, Premier Francis Hincks turned the first sod on the Quebec Richmond Railway, on January 7, 1852; the government intended to close the gap between Richmond and Montreal by using the St Lawrence and Atlantic Railway.
Galt and his associates from Montreal obtained a charter for their Montreal and Kingston Railway, on August 30, 1851. Francis Hincks turned the plans for the railway scheme over to private interests in 1852, awarding contracts for the Kingston to Toronto section and Montreal to Kingston railway to the British contracting firm Peto, Brassey Jackson and Betts, a move that led to the formation of the Grand Trunk Railway. While Galt had intended to secure the funds to build the Montreal and Kingston Railway, he did not have the resources to compete with Peto, Brassey Jackson and Betts. Galt and his partners saw great possibilities in the construction of a railway west of Toronto. In 1852 through some skillful financial manipulation they managed to get control of most of the stock in the Toronto and Guelph Railway, chartered in 1851. Gzowski & Co. were contractors of the line between Guelph and Sarnia as well as other sections of the GTR in Ontario and Michigan. In 1856 Gzowski & Co. was granted the right to cut timber on the Moon River in Muskoka as a source of materials for railway construction.
In 1858 Gzowski was granted timber licences on the Whitefish River and on the South River in Northeastern Ontario. Some of these licence records show Gzowski and Macpherson were in partnership with another Muskoka lumberman, Walter Moberly; as president of the Toronto Turf Club, in 1859 Gzowski was a prime factor in the creation of the Queen's Plate, the first organized thoroughbred horse race in North America. Gzowski was instrumental in organizing the Canadian Society of Civil Engineers, where he served as its first president from 1889 until 1891, founded Canada's first rifle association, he was the first Commissioner of the Niagara Parks Commission. He was appointed an honorary aide-de-camp to the Queen in 1879 and was knighted by Queen Victoria in 1890, and, as a personal friend of Sir John A. Macdonald, was linked to the Conservative Party acting as an interim Lieutenant Governor before Oliver Mowat took office in 1897, he died in 1898 in Toronto. Casimir Gzowski Park, on Toronto's waterfront, commemorates him and includes a monument with some information about his career.
On 5 March 1963, the Canadian post office issued a commemorative stamp featuring Sir Casimir Stanislaus Gzowski on the 150th anniversary of his birth. Casimir Gzowski was the great-great-grandfather of CBC radio personality Peter Gzowski. "Casimir Gzowski". Dictionary of Canadia
Dance Smartly was a Champion Thoroughbred racemare who went undefeated in 1991 while winning the Canadian Triple Crown and becoming the first horse bred in Canada to win a Breeders' Cup race. She was inducted into both the American Racing Halls of Fame. Bred in Ontario by Ernie Samuel's Sam-Son Farm, Dance Smartly was a bay mare with a distinctive white star on her forehead that earned her the nickname Daisy, she was by one of Northern Dancer's most influential sire sons. Her dam was the Canadian Hall of Fame mare Smart by Smarten, she was trained by Jim Day. As a two-year-old, Dance Smartly won three of five races, including the Natalma Stakes, finished third in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies, she won the Sovereign Award for Canadian champion two-year-old filly. At age three, she developed into one of the top Thoroughbreds in North America, going undefeated in the 1991 racing season. In her first two starts of the year, she was ridden by Brian Swatuk to easy victories in the Star Shoot and Selene Stakes.
In the remainder of her three-year-old campaign, she was ridden by American Hall of Fame jockey Pat Day. Her victory in the Canadian Oaks, Canada's most important race for three-year-old fillies, was so dominant that her owner decided to race her next against the colts. Dance Smartly became the second filly to capture the Canadian Triple Crown by winning the Queen's Plate, the Prince of Wales Stakes, the Breeders' Stakes by a combined eighteen lengths, she next won the Molson Export Million, earning her first graded stakes victory as her previous races had been restricted to Canadian-bred horses. Preparing for the Breeders' Cup Distaff at Churchill Downs, Dance Smartly started favouring her front hoof and missed several weeks of training. Despite coming into the race with only one workout in six weeks, she won defeating champion older mare Queena and Versailles Treaty. Track announcer Tom Durkin called her "undefeated this year, the undisputed queen of racing on this continent." For her 1991 performances, Dance Smartly was voted the Eclipse Award as North America's best three-year-old filly plus two Sovereign Awards as Canada's best three-year-old filly and the Horse of the Year.
Despite being hampered by an injury to the suspensory ligament of her right foreleg, Dance Smartly raced four more times at age four, winning once against colts in the Canadian Maturity Stakes. She finished second by a nose in the King Edward Cup Handicap and third in the Grade I Beverly D, she retired as the number one money-winning filly in the world, having won on both turf and dirt, at distances of up to 1 1⁄2 miles. As a broodmare at Sam-Son Farm, Dance Smartly produced a number of top horses, including the back-to-back Queen's Plate winners Scatter the Gold and Dancethruthedawn, both by Mr. Prospector, she was named the 2001 Canadian Broodmare of the Year. Dance Smartly was euthanized in August 2007 after suffering an irreparable injury related to an arthritic stifle in her paddock at Sam-Son Farm, she was 19 years old and not in foal at the time."Dance Smartly was a once in a lifetime horse," said Tammy Samuel-Balaz, the daughter of Dance Smartly's owner. "She gave us incredible thrills as both a racehorse and a broodmare.
While we were fortunate enough to have bred and owned her, she was Canada's horse." Dance Smartly was inducted into the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame in 1995 and into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame at Saratoga Springs, New York in 2003. In 1996, the Dance Smartly Stakes was created in her honour. Dance Smartly was by Danzig, the leading sire in North America from 1991 to 1993, her dam was Classy'n Smart, who won the Canadian Oaks and was named the Canadian champion three-year-old in 1984. Classy'n Smart produced several other stakes winners including Smart Strike, a grade I winner and two-time leading sire in North America. Dance Smartly's second dam No Class was the foundation mare of Sam-Son Farms, producing six stakes winners and four champions including Sky Classic. No Class, Classy'n Smart and Dance Smartly were each named Canadian Broodmare of the Year. Dance Smartly's pedigree and racing stats Dance Smartly at the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame Dance Smartly at the United States' National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame August 20, 2007 obituary for Dance Smartly at Thoroughbred Times ESPN Dance Smartly, Champion Filly, Dead at 19
Woodbine Racetrack is a casino and horse racing track in Toronto, Canada. It is the only horse racing track in North America which stages, or is capable of staging and standardbred horse racing programs on the same day, it is owned by Woodbine Entertainment Group. The track was opened in 1956, it has been extensively remodelled since 1993, since 1994 has three racecourses. The current Woodbine carries the name used by a racetrack which operated in east Toronto, at Queen Street East and Kingston Road, from 1874 through 1993. On June 12, 1956 the name was transferred to the new racetrack which would be known as New Woodbine Racetrack until 1963 when the "New" was dropped from the name; the old track was converted to a combined thoroughbred and standardbred track known thereafter as Old Woodbine or, for most of the rest of its history, as Greenwood Raceway and Greenwood Race Track. The two thoroughbred and two standardbred meets conducted at Greenwood were transferred to the new Woodbine in 1994, until exclusively devoted to thoroughbred racing.
On July 4, 2010 Queen Elizabeth II visited the Racetrack as part of her state visit to Canada, viewing the 151st running of The Queen's Plate Stakes, as well as taking part in the presentation of trophies. The track was the opening venue for the 1976 Summer Paralympics; the Breeders' Cup was held at Woodbine in 1996. The Arlington Million was held at Woodbine in 1988; the Woodbine facility is home to the Canadian Horse Racing Hall of Fame. In 2018, the track began using a GPS-based timing system; the outermost E. P. Taylor turf course for thoroughbreds, completed in 1994, is 1.5 miles long with a chute allowing races of 1.125 miles to be run around one turn. It is irregularly shaped, the clubhouse turn departing from the traditional North American oval, the backstretch is from 2.5 feet to 3 feet higher than the homestretch. The Taylor turf course and the main dirt course at Belmont Park on New York's Long Island are the only mile-and-a-half layouts in North American thoroughbred racing. In 2016, Woodbine will contest up to 40 turf races running clockwise in what are being billed as "EuroTurf" races.
Inside the Taylor course is the 1 mile synthetic course for Thoroughbreds. As of 2016, the surface is Tapeta. Two chutes facilitate races at 1.25 miles. The innermost oval was a 7/8-mile grass oval until the E. P. Taylor turf course opened in 1994, it was converted to a crushed limestone dirt course and was used for harness racing until April 2018. The oval is being converted back to a second turf course for the 2019 thoroughbred racing season. Portions of the current E. P. Taylor turf course formed part of a long turf chute that crossed over the dirt course to the inner turf oval at the top of the stretch; this was used for several major races, including Secretariat's final race in the 1973 Canadian International, until the entire E. P. Taylor course was completed in 1994. Casino Woodbine contains over 200 electronic gambling tables, over 3,500 slot machines. Table games include poker, blackjack and baccarat. Woodbine has been a regular host for the Breeders Crown. Since the event changed to a one-night format in 2010, the facility has hosted three times—2011, 2012, 2015.
Woodbine was the host of the C$1,500,000 North America Cup for three-year old pacing colts and geldings from 1994–2006. That race along with the Elegant Image Stakes for three-year old filly trotters and the Good Times Stakes for three-year old colt and gelding trotters, have been moved to Woodbine's sister track, Woodbine Mohawk Park. Starting in 2018, all standardbred racing has been moved to Woodbine Mohawk, as the 7/8 standardbred track is being converted into a 2nd turf course; the record for most wins by a jockey on a single raceday at Woodbine is seven, set by Richard Grubb on May 16, 1967, twice equaled by the legendary Canadian jockey Sandy Hawley, first on May 22, 1972 and again on October 10, 1974. Major Stakes races for Thoroughbreds run annually at Woodbine include the: Queen's Plate, a stakes for three-year-old Canadian-bred thoroughbreds, first leg of the Canadian Triple Crown; because the race is restricted to Canadian-bred horses, it is not eligible for grading, despite being one of Canada's most prestigious races Northern Dancer Turf Stakes, a turf mile-and-one-half Grade 1 stakes run in early fall as the final prep for the Canadian International or Breeders' Cup Turf Breeders' Stakes, a stakes for three-year-old Canadian-bred thoroughbreds, third leg of the Canadian Triple Crown Woodbine Mile, a grade I thoroughbred turf stakes Canadian International, a grade 1 thoroughbred turf stakes E. P. Taylor Stakes, a grade 1 Thoroughbred turf race for fillies and mares Official website Casino Woodbine Woodbine Racetrack at the NTRA Clara Thomas Archives and Special Collections, York University – Archival photographs of Woodbine Racetrack from the Toronto Telegram fonds
Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation
Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation, known for corporate branding purposes as OLG since 2006, is a Crown corporation owned by the Government of Ontario, Canada. It is responsible for the province's lotteries and Aboriginal casinos, commercial casinos, slot machines at horse-racing tracks, it was created in April 2000 when the Ontario Lottery Corporation was merged with the Ontario Casino Corporation, established in 1994. OLG employs over 8000 individuals throughout Ontario. OLG's prize centre is located in Toronto, while the corporation's primary headquarters is located in Sault Ste. Marie. Whereas OLG is responsible for, operates a variety of gaming services, the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario regulates casino gaming. OLG reports through its board of directors to the Minister of Finance. From 2003 to 2007 it was under the Ministry of Public Infrastructure Renewal; the OLG operates a self-exclusion program for people with gambling addictions, although this program has been controversial.
The Ontario problem gambling hotline is 1.888.230.3505 The Ontario Lottery Corporation was created in February 1975 under the Ontario Lottery Corporation Act, 1975. Wintario was the first lottery game offered by the fledgling OLC on April 3, 1975 and the first drawing took place on May 15, 1975; the product was discontinued in late 1996 after awarding over CAD$1.1 billion in winnings. OLG has chosen to modernize as over the past 30 years, demographics have changed, as have people’s shopping patterns. Global gaming options are more accessible — online. At the same time, U. S. visitors have declined. All of these shifts have put the industry and its contribution to the province at risk in the long term. Modernization will enable OLG to provide additional revenues to the Province to help fund the operation of hospitals and other provincial priorities; as a result of modernization, OLG will: Become more customer-focused Expand the regulated private sector delivery of lottery and gaming Renew its role in the conduct and management of lottery and gaming.
Modernization will help to trigger private sector investment. The capital costs of expanding, improving or maintaining gaming facilities will no longer be carried by taxpayers. Ontario residents and visitors will have access to more innovative and fun games. In addition, the existing lottery distribution network will be expanded to include multi-lane sales at large retailers, accommodating a broader customer base; as part of modernization efforts OLG has introduced iGaming. IGaming is the first provincially government-regulated internet gambling site. OLG has launched PlayOLG.ca as well as a mobile app PlayOLG. These are new secure online gambling programs that features fun and exciting games, along with a comprehensive Responsible Gambling program. PlayOLG.ca does offer increased player protections, secure transactions and data privacy, will require players to register to play. PlayOLG.ca offers Ontario citizens over the age of 18, a full range of online gaming options, including: Online lottery tickets for national games such as LOTTO MAX, LOTTO 6/49 and ENCORE Slots Table games Single player poker Instant Gaming BlackjackFuture state product releases will include: Online bingo Sports wagering Online poker Other skills-based gamesOLG has established this website in an attempt to protect consumers from offshore internet gaming sites.
Offshore gaming sites do not verify the age of the participant, have no player protection or secure transactions. OLG takes a strong stand against underage gambling and the PlayOLG.ca registration process will include age verification that will help prevent minors from registering an account. OLG has five business divisions: OLG operates nine draw-style lottery games through retailers across the province. Lotto 6/49 Lotto Max Ontario 49 Lottario Pick 2 Pick 3 Pick 4 Daily Keno Poker Lotto Mega Dice Lotto Wheel Of Fortune Lotto NHL Lotto Pro-Line Pro-Picks Point-SpreadLotto 6/49 and Lotto Max are operated across Canada by the Interprovincial Lottery Corporation; the corporation offers instant scratch games under the brand Instant Games, sports games under the brands Pro-Line, Point-Spread and Pro-Picks. OLG used to offer a subscription-based lottery service called LOTTO ADVANCE for Lotto 6/49; this service is now discontinued since September 7, 2013. OLG owns and manages ten casinos, some of which have private operators: Elements Casino Brantford* Casino Niagara - operated by Falls Management Group LP of Toronto Casino Rama - co-operated with Penn National Gaming of Wyomissing, Pennsylvania OLG Casino Sault Ste.
Marie* Caesars Windsor - operated by Caesars Entertainment Corporation of Las Vegas, Nevada Great Blue Heron Casino* Niagara Fallsview Casino Resort - operated by Falls Management Group LP of Toronto OLG Casino Point Edward* OLG Casino Thousand Islands* OLG Casino Thunder Bay* OLG operates slot machine facilities at 14 racetracks across Ontario. They are located at: Ajax Downs Clinton Raceway Dresden Raceway Flamboro Downs Georgian Downs Grand River Raceway Hanover Raceway Kawartha Downs Mohawk Racetrack Rideau Carleton Raceway Sudbury Downs Western Fair Raceway Woodbine Racetrack Woodstock RacewaySlots at racetracks generated $300 million annually for