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Queen's Privy Council for Canada

The Queen's Privy Council for Canada, sometimes called Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada or the Privy Council, is the full group of personal consultants to the monarch of Canada on state and constitutional affairs. Responsible government, requires the sovereign or her viceroy, the Governor General of Canada, to always follow only that advice tendered by the Cabinet: a committee within the Privy Council composed of elected Members of Parliament; those summoned to the QPC are appointed for life by the Governor General as directed by the Prime Minister of Canada, meaning that the group is composed predominantly of former cabinet ministers, with some others having been inducted as an honorary gesture. Those in the council are accorded the use of an honorific style and post-nominal letters, as well as various signifiers of precedence; the government of Canada, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is defined by the Canadian constitution as the sovereign acting on the advice of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada.

The group of people is described as "a Council to aid and advise in the Government of Canada, to be styled the Queen's Privy Council for Canada", though, by convention, the task of giving the sovereign and governor general advice on how to exercise the Royal Prerogative via Orders in Council rests with by the Cabinet—a committee of the Privy Council made up of other ministers of the Crown who are drawn from, responsible to, the House of Commons in the parliament. This body is distinct but entwined within the QPC, as the President of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada customarily serves as one of its members and cabinet ministers receive assistance in the performance of their duties from the Privy Council Office, headed by the Clerk of the Privy Council. While the Cabinet deals with the regular, day-to-day functions of the Crown-in-Council, occasions of wider national importance—such as the proclamation of a new Canadian sovereign following a demise of the Crown or conferring on royal marriages—will be attended to by more senior officials in the QPC, such as the prime minister, the Chief Justice of Canada, other senior statesmen.

The quorum for Privy Council meetings is four. The Constitution Act, 1867, outlines that persons are to be summoned and appointed for life to the Queen's Privy Council by the governor general, though convention dictates that this be done on the advice of the sitting prime minister; as its function is to provide the vehicle for advising the Crown, the members of the QPC are predominantly all living current and former ministers of the Crown. In addition, the chief justices of Canada and former governors general are appointed. From time to time, the leader of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition and heads of other opposition parties will be appointed to the QPC, either as an honour or to facilitate the distribution of sensitive information under the Security of Information Act, it is required by law that those on the Security Intelligence Review Committee be made privy councillors, if they are not already. To date, only Prime Minister Paul Martin advised that Parliamentary Secretaries be admitted to the QPC.

Appointees to the Queen's Privy Council must recite the requisite oath: I, do solemnly and sincerely swear that I shall be a true and faithful servant to Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth the Second, as a member of Her Majesty's Privy Council for Canada. I will in all things to be treated and resolved in Privy Council and declare my mind and my opinion. I shall keep secret all matters committed and revealed to me in this capacity, or that shall be secretly treated of in Council. In all things I shall do as a faithful and true servant ought to do for Her Majesty. Provincial premiers are not appointed to the QPC, but have been made members on special occasions, such as the centennial of Confederation in 1967 and the patriation of the constitution of Canada in 1982. On Canada Day in 1992, which marked the 125th anniversary of Canadian Confederation, Governor General Ramon Hnatyshyn appointed eighteen prominent Canadians to the Privy Council, including former Premier of Ontario David Peterson, retired hockey star Maurice Richard, businessman Conrad Black.

The use of Privy Council appointments as purely an honour was not employed again until 6 February 2006, when Harper advised the Governor General to appoint former Member of Parliament John Reynolds along with the new Cabinet. Harper, on 15 October 2007 advised Governor General Michaëlle Jean to appoint Jim Abbott. On occasion, non-Canadians have been appointed to the QPC; the first non-Canadian sworn of the council was Billy Hughes, Prime Minister of Australia, inducted on 18 February 1916 at the request of Robert Borden—to honour a visiting head of government, but so that Hughes could attend Cabinet meetings on wartime policy. Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was inducted during a visit to Canada on 29 December 1941. Privy councillors are entitled to the style The Honourable or, for the prime minister, chief justice, or certain other

Football in Azerbaijan

Football is the most popular sport in Azerbaijan. Azeri football is organized by the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan, or AFFA, which runs the national, professional football league, the AFFA Supreme League, the Azerbaijani national football team; the national team takes part in all competitions organised by FIFA and UEFA at both senior and youth levels. Neftchi Baku used to be one of the leading teams in the former top league in the Soviet Union, sometimes playing in European club competitions, their most famous player arguably was Anatoly Banishevski, a member of the Soviet team, that reached the semi-finals in the 1966 FIFA World Cup. Another Azerbaijani footballing legend is part of football history: Tofiq Bahramov was the linesman who played a crucial role in the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final between England and West Germany. In the early twentieth century, football began to become popular in Azerbaijan, part of the Russian Empire. Within a short period of time many football teams were established in the capital Baku.

In 1905, the first football teams were created in Azerbaijan. These teams represented the major oil companies of Baku. Among these teams were the "Circle of Football Players of Surakhany", "Stela", "Friends of Sport", "Sportsman", "Congress", "Unitas", "Belaya", "Senturion", "Progress", etc.. The city championships were held by an agreement between the captains in the absence of cup competitions, in a spontaneous manner. In 1911, the first official championship was held in Baku and resulted in the victory of the "British Club" team. In 1912, Azerbaijani football players had their first "international match" and they won in Tbilisi, Georgia against the local "Sokol" team with 4:2. During 1912-1913, matches between Azerbaijani and Georgian football teams were organized, first in Tbilisi and in Baku. In 1914 the Football Union was founded in Azerbaijan; the Football Union undertook the organization of other competitions. The oldest records of football teams in Soviet Azerbaijan goes back to 1926-1927, when Trans-Caucasian Championship was organized in Tbilisi.

Three South Caucasian countries participated: Azerbaijan and Georgia. The Azerbaijan national football team held its first friendly matches against Georgia and Armenia in 1927 for the Trans-Caucasian Championship in Georgia. During the Soviet era the team did not play any international matches. In 1926 Tehran XI traveled across the border to Baku, this was the first away football match for an Iranian team. In 1929 it was time for a return visit, so a team from Baku was invited to play in Tehran in late November; the 1960s is considered the Golden Age for Azerbaijani football as it produced great players like Anatoliy Banishevskiy, Alakbar Mammadov and the football referee Tofik Bakhramov, most famous for being the linesman who helped to award a goal for England in the 1966 World Cup Final between England and West Germany. The main stadia in Azerbaijan were built during the Soviet era, most notably the largest and most important of which are the Tofig Bahramov Stadium in Baku, Ganja City Stadium in Ganja, Mehdi Huseynzade Stadium in Sumqayit, Lankaran City Stadium in Lankaran, among others.

After independence, many of these stadia were renovated and modernized or are undergoing renovation and modernization. Most football clubs were founded during the Soviet era, the most prominent of which are, Neftchi Baku PFC, FC Baku, Kapaz PFC, Sumgayit PFC, FK Khazar Lankaran, FK Shamkir, among others; the Azerbaijan national football team is the national football team of Azerbaijan and is controlled by the Association of Football Federations of Azerbaijan. After the split of the Soviet Union, the team played its first international match against Georgia on September 17, 1992. A women's team, an under-21 team, an under-19 team, an under-17 team compete; the Azerbaijan national football team has taken part in qualification for each major tournament since Euro 96, but so far has never qualified for the finals tournament of any World Cup or European Championships. Gurban Gurbanov is Azerbaijan's all-time leading goalscorer in international matches with 66 caps and 14 goals. Azerbaijani football league system Azerbaijan national football team Azerbaijan women's national football team Azerbaijan women's national under-17 football team Azerbaijan national under-21 football team Azerbaijan national under-19 football team List of football clubs in Azerbaijan

Unearthly Stranger

Unearthly Stranger is a 1964 British science fiction film directed by John Krish and starring John Neville. It was released in the UK by Independent Artists Limited; the film was written by Rex Carlton based on an idea by Jeffrey Stone. Its US release was in April 1964. Dr. Mark Davidson, the narrator, is in fear for his life, his predecessor died under mysterious circumstances just after making a major breakthrough. The cause of death is being withheld by Secret Service agent Major Clarke; the scientists are working on a project involving spaceflight by the power of mental concentration. Dr. Mark Davidson has Julie, in whom Maj. Clarke takes an interest. Julie has a number of unusual characteristics, such as sleeping with her eyes open, never blinking and having no pulse, which makes her husband suspect she is an alien, she frightens children and can handle hot objects with her bare hands. After frightening a whole schoolyard of children, though, it emerges she can cry, though the tears burn her cheeks.

Maj. Clarke finds she never existed before her life with the doctor; as a precaution, Dr. Mark Davidson is relieved of his lab duties. With nothing else to do he works on the problem his precessor had figured out, he is able to recover the lost formula. For security reasons, Maj. Clarke confiscates the notes but is struck dead in the same mysterious way. Julie confesses that she is an alien sent to kill her husband and that she must leave because she has failed, as she has fallen in love with him. Despite his pleas, she vanishes, he rushes into his office and makes the tape which narrates the film, warning that aliens want to prevent the breakthrough. He is interrupted by his secretary, who announces she is an alien and she is there to finish the assignment. A scuffle ensues and she is pushed out of a window but only an empty dress lands on the pavement; the scientists rush downstairs and are surrounded by a crowd of grim-visaged women, all of whom seem to be aliens. John Neville as Dr. Mark Davidson Philip Stone as Prof.

John Lancaster Gabriella Licudi as Julie Davidson Patrick Newell as Maj. Clarke Jean Marsh as Miss Ballard Warren Mitchell as Prof. Geoffrey D. Munro Unearthly Stranger was selected by the film historians Steve Chibnall and Brian McFarlane as one of the 15 most meritorious British B films made between World War II and 1970. "Although Unearthly Stranger appears to draw attention to the performance of femininity, it is male society, the real object of scrutiny," they say, describing it as "a effective fable" and praising its "unsettling atmosphere of dislocation and tension which disturbs our taken-for-granted assumptions about the worlds of office and home". Unearthly Stranger on IMDb Unearthly Stranger at British Horror Films Unearthly Stranger at BFI Screenonline

24 January 2011 Iraq bombings

The 24 January 2011 Iraq bombings were a series of four explosions, two in Baghdad and two in Karbala, which killed at least 27 people and wounded at least 78 more. Two blasts, caused by roadside bombs, occurred in the Iraqi capital Baghdad, the first of which killed two people including an Iraqi brigadier general; the second explosion caused at least eight injuries. In Karbala, where Shia pilgrims were marking Arba'een, two car bombs detonated a few hours apart; the first bomb targeted a bus terminal to the east of Karbala and killed seven people, injuring more than double that, while the second hit south of the city and claimed 18 lives. The attacks came the week after the January 2011 Iraq suicide attacks, which killed at least 133 people including 56 in Karbala; the attacks were located near the blasts that occurred on 20 January, have been blamed on the delay in naming Iraq's new defence and interior ministers. Several theories arose as a result of the attacks, including that the attacks could be the work of Saddam Hussein's former Ba'ath Party members, or that they were an attempt to reduce confidence in the security arrangements for an Arab League summit in March.

January 2011 Iraq suicide attacks

Madeline (book)

Madeline is a 1939 book written and illustrated by Ludwig Bemelmans, the first in the book series of eleven books, which inspired the Madeline media franchise. It is considered one of the major classics of children's literature through the age range of 3 to 8 years old. Madeline was named a Caldecott Honor Book for 1940 and a subsequent book in the Madeline series, Madeline's Rescue, earned a Caldecott Medal in 1954; this book was a New York Times Outstanding Book of the Year and an ALA Notable Children's Book. The story is set in Catholic boarding school in France; the opening rhyming sentences were repeated at the start of the subsequent books in the series: Madeline is the smallest of the girls. She is seven years old, the only redhead, she is the bravest and most daring of the girls, flaunting at "the tiger in the zoo" and giving Miss Clavel a headache as she goes around the city doing all sorts of antics. One night, Miss Clavel wakes up, she sees Madeline crying. Doctor Cohn takes Madeline to the hospital because she has a ruptured appendix.

Hours Madeline finds herself recuperating. She is greeted by her classmates and Miss Clavel, who gives her flowers and a doll house from her Papa. In return, Madeline shows them her scar. Madeline's classmates and Miss Clavel go home, but Miss Clavel wakes up again to find the other little girls wailing, demanding to "have their appendix out too". Miss Clavel calls on them to go to sleep. In 1952, this story was adapted into a 6-minute animation by United Productions of America; the film was nominated for the 1952 Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film. In 2013 it became available for viewing and download at the Internet Archive. Madeline film at the Internet Archive

Velleia rosea

Velleia rosea is a member of the Goodeniaceae family, native to Western Australia and flowers from April to October. V. rosea is an annual herb, with flat leaves 35–70 millimetres long and 7–15 millimetres wide, having toothed or lobed margins. Its bracteoles are hairy, with simple hairs; the flowers have pedicels which are 5 -- 22 millimetres smooth. The calyx is lobed of length 5 -- 7 millimetres; the corolla 10 -- 19 millimetres long, with no auricles or spurs. It is sparsely hairy on the smooth on the inside; the anthers are free and the ovary is superior, containing more than two ovules. It grows in loamy soils, it occurs in the IBRA regions of Yalgoo, Great Victoria Desert, Carnarvon, Nullarbor, Geraldton Sandplains and Avon Wheatbelt. Occurrence data for Velleia rosea from The Australasian Virtual Herbarium Flickr images of Velleia rosea