Hugo Reid, born in Scotland, was an early resident of Los Angeles County who became a naturalized citizen of California and who married a local Gabrieleño woman. Reid wrote a series of newspaper articles, or "letters," that described the culture and contemporary circumstances of the local Tongva people, criticizing their treatment by Franciscan missionaries who administered the Spanish missions in California. Born to Charles Reid and Essex Milliken, at Cardross, Scotland, on 18 April 1811, Reid established a trading house in Hermosillo, Mexico in the late-1820s with a business partner, William Keith, first visited Los Angeles a part of Mexican Alta California, in 1832, he adopted her children, María and Felipe. Reid and his wife were granted the 13,319-acre Rancho Santa Anita following secularization of the Mission San Gabriel ranch lands, built an adobe house there in 1840; the grant was confirmed by Alta California Governor Pio Pico in 1845. A restored adobe, known as the "Hugo Reid Adobe", was in fact built on a different nearby site by a owner.
Both Reid's original site and the current adobe are located at the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden, part of the former estate of Lucky Baldwin, in what is now the town of Arcadia. Reid was nicknamed the Scotch Paisano during his days as a Scottish settler in Mexican Southern California. Reid wrote a series of 22 letters which were published in the Los Angeles Star in 1852, which provide an important ethnographic picture of the little–known Gabrieleño people, they were republished in book form several times. The first publication in book form was by Arthur M. Ellis in 1926, in an edition of only 200 copies, so in 1939 they were again reprinted by Susanna Bryant Dakin. Reid died in Los Angeles on December 12, 1852, his funeral was held at the old Our Lady Queen of Angels Church, located on Main Street in Los Angeles, he was buried in the adjacent cemetery. His body was moved to the Campo Santo on North Broadway, his remains were disinterred and moved to the new Calvary Cemetery in East Los Angeles.
Dakin, Susanna Bryant. 1939. A Scotch Paisano: Hugo Reid's Life in California, 1832-1852, Derived from His Correspondence. University of California Press, Berkeley. Ellis, Arthur M. 1926. Hugo Reid's Account of the Indians of Los Angeles County. Printed, Los Angeles. Reid, Hugo. 1968. The Indians of Los Angeles County: Hugo Reid's Letters of 1852. Edited and annotated by Robert F. Heizer. Southwest Museum Papers No. 21. Los Angeles. Mission San Gabriel Arcángel Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden
La Cañada Flintridge, California
La Cañada Flintridge is a city in Los Angeles County, with a population of 20,246 in 2010. It is located in the Crescenta Valley and far western end of the San Gabriel Valley, to the northwest of Pasadena, it is the home of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. During the Spanish and Mexican eras, the area was known as Rancho La Cañada. Before the city's incorporation in 1976, it consisted of two distinct communities, La Cañada and Flintridge. La Cañada comes from the Spanish word cañada, meaning gorge, or ravine. Flintridge comprises the southern part of the city, covering the northern flank of the San Rafael Hills, but more including most areas south of Foothill Blvd; the eastern part north of Foothill Blvd. was originally considered Flintridge and is still home to the Flintridge Riding Club and Flintridge Preparatory School. Reference to the entire city is shortened to just "La Cañada" or to just "Flintridge"; the full city name does not have a hyphen in it, to illustrate unity between the two communities that became one.
In a 2015 issue of Forbes, La Cañada Flintridge ranked as the 121st most expensive U. S. city. La Cañada Flintridge is located at 34.207721°N 118.206979°W / 34.207721. The city is situated in far western end of the San Gabriel Valley, it is nestled between the San Gabriel Mountains and Angeles National Forest on the north, in the San Rafael Hills on the south. Most of the city drains southeastward toward Pasadena to Arroyo Seco, but the western part of the city drains southward toward Glendale via Verdugo Canyon. Both drainages join the Los Angeles River north of downtown Los Angeles, it is built of the Angeles Crest, the San Rafeles, the canyon in the middle La Cañada Flintridge varies in elevation from about 970 feet just below Devil's Gate Dam in the Arroyo Seco to about 2400 feet at the highest neighborhood, along the mountain front east of Pickens Canyon, at the upper end of Ocean View Blvd. The city limits extend into the San Gabriel Mountains and reach 3440 feet along Mount Lukens Road, which follows the crest line well above the developed city.
In August 2009, the city came under threat by the Station Fire. The city is home to Descanso Gardens and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory; the climate of La Cañada Flintridge is typical of a Southern California inland valley, with mild winters and hot summers. Spring has hazy days, in contrast to the more persistently clear weather of fall. On average, the warmest month is August with high temperatures in the low to mid 90s and lows in the low 70s. December and January are the coolest months with typical highs in the low 70s and lows in the upper-40s. Rainfall occurs during winter, averaging about 22 inches annually. Rainfall is rare in summer; the moderating influence of the ocean is limited due to the city's location inland from the intervening Santa Monica Mountains, the Verdugo Mountains and the San Rafael Hills. Summers are hotter and winters cooler than in coastal parts of metropolitan Los Angeles if winds are calm or blowing offshore. Occasional strong offshore winds, known as the Santa Ana winds, can bring hot air in summer and fall as air from the desert plateaus crosses the mountains and descends, thus warming further by adiabatic heating.
Summer and early fall temperatures are cooler if the prevailing wind is persistently onshore. During a winter storm, the upper elevations of the city may see trace amounts of snow; the small ski resorts Mountain High, Mount Baldy, Mount Waterman are located about 30 miles to the northeast. The 2010 United States Census reported that La Cañada Flintridge had a population of 20,246; the population density was 2,341.8 people per square mile. The racial makeup of La Cañada Flintridge was 13,959 White, 109 African American, 24 Native American, 5,214 Asian, 5 Pacific Islander, 245 from other races, 690 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1,267 persons; the Census reported that 20,219 people lived in households, 21 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 6 were institutionalized. There were 6,849 households, out of which 2,873 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,029 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 525 had a female householder with no husband present, 214 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 103 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 36 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 924 households were made up of individuals and 559 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95. There were 5,768 families; the population was spread out with 5,315 people under the age of 18, 1,363 people aged 18 to 24, 3,157 people aged 25 to 44, 7,224 people aged 45 to 64, 3,187 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.9 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. There were 7,089 housing units at an average density of 820.0 per square mile, of which 6,120 were owner-occupied, 729 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%. 18,052 people lived in owner-occupie
West Covina, California
West Covina is a city in Los Angeles County, located 19 miles east of Downtown Los Angeles in the eastern San Gabriel Valley and is part of Greater Los Angeles. The population for the city was 106,098 at the 2010 census. West Covina was incorporated as an independent city in 1923 to prevent the city of Covina from building a sewage farm in the area. Benjamin Franklin Maxson, Jr. was the first mayor. Walnut groves and orange groves continued to flourish; the population in 1930 was 769 and blossomed to 1,549 in 1940. As a result of remarkable expansion during the post World War II building boom, West Covina became one of the fastest-growing U. S. cities between 1950 and 1960, with the population increasing 1,000 per cent from less than 5,000 to more than 50,000 citizens. The decades between 1960 and 2000 demonstrated steady growth, which slowed by the time of the 2010 census; the City of West Covina began the second half of the 20th century with new developments and projects brought on by big business.
The City Hall and police facility were built in 1969 as the first phase of an example of a Joint Powers Authority in the County of Los Angeles. The Civic Center Joint Powers Authority, consisting of the County of Los Angeles and the City of West Covina completed a three-level parking structure in the Civic Center complex; the Civic Center complex includes the Los Angeles County Regional Library and the Citrus Municipal Court building and the city offices. The first Redevelopment Agency project included a regional shopping center, the West Covina Fashion Plaza, with three major department stores and 150 shops in an air-conditioned, enclosed mall, it included the revitalization of the older sections of the shopping center. The Fashion Plaza has provided the citizens of the San Gabriel Valley with convenient access to all shopping needs. In 1991 the mall was renovated adding a food court and additional shops, as well as the redecorating of the entire mall; the mall was renamed "The Plaza at West Covina".
The Plaza opened a new 100,000 sq ft. wing in October 1993 featuring 50 new stores including a new Robinson's-May and interior renovation throughout The Plaza. The Redevelopment Agency's efforts have resulted in several major office buildings in the city, such as "The Lakes", in addition to two new community shopping centers, freestanding retail developments, residential projects, the Auto Plaza; the 2010 United States Census reported that West Covina had a population of 106,098. The population density was 6,594.3 people per square mile. The racial makeup of West Covina was 42.8% White, 4.5% Black, 1.0% Native American, 25.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 21.3% from other races, 4.4% from two or more races. Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin were 53.2%. The Census reported that 105,424 people lived in households, 351 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 323 were institutionalized. There were 31,596 households, out of which 13,670 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 17,650 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,402 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,308 had a male householder with no wife present.
There were 1,664 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 202 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,795 households were made up of individuals and 2,164 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.34. There were 25,360 families; the population was spread out with 26,075 people under the age of 18, 11,326 people aged 18 to 24, 28,860 people aged 25 to 44, 26,974 people aged 45 to 64, 12,863 people who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males. There were 32,705 housing units at an average density of 2,032.7 per square mile, of which 20,703 were owner-occupied, 10,893 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.1%. 70,474 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,950 people lived in rental housing units. During 2009–2013, West Covina had a median household income of $67,088, with 10% of the population living below the federal poverty line.
In 2017, there were more than 10,000 Filipino Americans living in West Covina. West Covina is broken up into five districts; the San Gabriel Valley region has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate, with summer temperatures averaging above 73 °F. A project, completed is the West Covina Sportsplex Project, it is made up of four components, which include the commercial development, Big League Dreams Sports Park, an 18-hole championship Public Golf Course, a commercial office development. The 43-acre site commercial development has over 300,000 square feet of new high quality commercial retail space; the commercial area includes a Target, Home Depot, Verizon Wireless, Fresh & Easy, Petsmart as well as various other specialty shops and restaurants. Big League Dreams Sports Park features batting cages, a multi-use pavilion that can be used as a soccer field, ice hockey rink, can be rented out as a hall, it has 6 high quality ball fields that replicate sporting landmarks like Yankee Stadium, Tiger Stadium, Fenway Park, Wrigley Field, Dodger Stadium and Angel Stadium of Anaheim.
National Register of Historic Places
The National Register of Historic Places is the United States federal government's official list of districts, buildings and objects deemed worthy of preservation for their historical significance. A property listed in the National Register, or located within a National Register Historic District, may qualify for tax incentives derived from the total value of expenses incurred preserving the property; the passage of the National Historic Preservation Act in 1966 established the National Register and the process for adding properties to it. Of the more than one million properties on the National Register, 80,000 are listed individually; the remainder are contributing resources within historic districts. For most of its history the National Register has been administered by the National Park Service, an agency within the United States Department of the Interior, its goals are to help property owners and interest groups, such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation, coordinate and protect historic sites in the United States.
While National Register listings are symbolic, their recognition of significance provides some financial incentive to owners of listed properties. Protection of the property is not guaranteed. During the nomination process, the property is evaluated in terms of the four criteria for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places; the application of those criteria has been the subject of criticism by academics of history and preservation, as well as the public and politicians. Historic sites outside the country proper, but associated with the United States are listed. Properties can be nominated in a variety of forms, including individual properties, historic districts, multiple property submissions; the Register categorizes general listings into one of five types of properties: district, structure, building, or object. National Register Historic Districts are defined geographical areas consisting of contributing and non-contributing properties; some properties are added automatically to the National Register when they become administered by the National Park Service.
These include National Historic Landmarks, National Historic Sites, National Historical Parks, National Military Parks, National Memorials, some National Monuments. On October 15, 1966, the Historic Preservation Act created the National Register of Historic Places and the corresponding State Historic Preservation Offices; the National Register consisted of the National Historic Landmarks designated before the Register's creation, as well as any other historic sites in the National Park system. Approval of the act, amended in 1980 and 1992, represented the first time the United States had a broad-based historic preservation policy; the 1966 act required those agencies to work in conjunction with the SHPO and an independent federal agency, the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, to confront adverse effects of federal activities on historic preservation. To administer the newly created National Register of Historic Places, the National Park Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, with director George B.
Hartzog Jr. established an administrative division named the Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation. Hartzog charged OAHP with creating the National Register program mandated by the 1966 law. Ernest Connally was the Office's first director. Within OAHP new divisions were created to deal with the National Register; the division administered several existing programs, including the Historic Sites Survey and the Historic American Buildings Survey, as well as the new National Register and Historic Preservation Fund. The first official Keeper of the Register was an architectural historian. During the Register's earliest years in the late 1960s and early 1970s, organization was lax and SHPOs were small and underfunded. However, funds were still being supplied for the Historic Preservation Fund to provide matching grants-in-aid to listed property owners, first for house museums and institutional buildings, but for commercial structures as well. A few years in 1979, the NPS history programs affiliated with both the U.
S. National Parks system and the National Register were categorized formally into two "Assistant Directorates." Established were the Assistant Directorate for Archeology and Historic Preservation and the Assistant Directorate for Park Historic Preservation. From 1978 until 1981, the main agency for the National Register was the Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service of the United States Department of the Interior. In February 1983, the two assistant directorates were merged to promote efficiency and recognize the interdependency of their programs. Jerry L. Rogers was selected to direct this newly merged associate directorate, he was described as a skilled administrator, sensitive to the need for the NPS to work with SHPOs, local governments. Although not described in detail in the 1966 act, SHPOs became integral to the process of listing properties on the National Register; the 1980 amendments of the 1966 law further defined the responsibilities of SHPOs concerning the National Register.
Several 1992 amendments of the NHPA added a category to the National Register, known as Traditional Cultural Properties: those properties associated with Native American or Hawaiian groups
La Puente, California
La Puente is a city in Los Angeles County, United States. The city had a population of 39,816 at the 2010 census and is 20 miles east of downtown Los Angeles; the original inhabitants of the area now occupied by the city of La Puente were the Kizh. They lived in a village called Awingna, which linguists translate as "abiding place." The Awingna chief Matheo was baptized at Mission San Gabriel in 1774. In 1769, the Spanish Portolá expedition became the first Europeans to see inland portions of Alta California. On July 30, the party camped on the east side of the San Gabriel River, in today's unincorporated area of Bassett. Father Juan Crespi wrote in his diary that, the next day, they had to build a bridge to cross the miry San Gabriel River. With the establishment of Mission San Gabriel, the area encompassing Awingna and what is now the city of La Puente became part of Rancho La Puente, established as a mission outpost and ranch; the rancho was visited by the Jedediah Smith party in November 1826, the first Americans to travel overland to California.
Following secularization of the missions in the 1830s, former mission ranchos passed into private ownership. In 1842, John Rowland and William Workman were granted the 48,000-acre Rancho La Puente. In 1884, the area was named Puente; the area was known for its walnut groves during the 1930s. The city was home to the world's largest walnut packing plant. Today, the city is urbanized, but the area still has some historical landmarks from its founding days nearby, for instance, the Workman and Temple Family Homestead Museum in neighboring City of Industry. Redevelopment of the business districts in La Puente have been ongoing. However, the local government has been unsuccessful in its attempts to attract big-box retailers and restaurant chains. La Puente retains many aging 1950s-era strip malls. La Puente is located at 34°1′57″N 117°57′19″W; the city, flat, covers about 3.5 square miles of land in the San Gabriel Valley. The 2010 United States Census reported that La Puente had a population of 39,816.
The population density was 11,443.2 people per square mile. La Puente is 49.4% White, 1.4% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 8.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33,896 persons; the Census reported that 39,773 people lived in households, 43 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 0 were institutionalized. There were 9,451 households, out of which 5,186 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 5,367 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,824 had a female householder with no husband present, 930 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 584 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 65 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 989 households were made up of individuals and 472 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.21. There were 8,121 families; the population was spread out with 11,423 people under the age of 18, 4,640 people aged 18 to 24, 11,468 people aged 25 to 44, 8,619 people aged 45 to 64, 3,666 people who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 31.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.8 males. There were 9,761 housing units at an average density of 2,805.3 per square mile, of which 5,693 were owner-occupied, 3,758 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.0%. 24,961 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,812 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 United States Census, La Puente had a median household income of $53,794, with 14.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line. As of the census of 2000, there are 41,063 people, 9,461 households, 8,183 families residing in the city; the population density is 4,542.8/km². There are 9,660 housing units at an average density of 1,068.7/km². The racial makeup of the city is 39.11% White, 1.96% African American, 1.28% Native American, 7.16% Asian, 0.17% Pacific Islander, 45.14% from other races, 5.19% from two or more races. 83.10 % of the population are Latino of any race.
There are 9,461 households out of which 50.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% are married couples living together, 17.9% have a female householder with no husband present, 13.5% are non-families. 10.1% of all households are made up of individuals and 4.4% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 4.34 and the average family size is 4.48. In the city, the population is spread out with 33.8% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 15.9% from 45 to 64, 7.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 28 years. For every 100 females, there are 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 98.8 males. The median income for a household in the city is $41,222, the median income for a family is $41,079. Males have a median income of $26,381 versus $22,018 for females; the per capita income for the city is $11,336. 18.9% of the population and 16.3% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in
The Stick style was a late-19th-century American architectural style, transitional between the Carpenter Gothic style of the mid-19th century, the Queen Anne style that it had evolved into by the 1890s. It is named after its use of linear "stickwork" on the outside walls to mimic an exposed half-timbered frame; the style sought to bring a translation of the balloon framing that had risen in popularity during the middle of the century, by alluding to it through plain trim boards, soffits and other decorative features. Stick-style architecture is recognizable by the plain layout accented with trusses on the gables or decorative shingles; the stickwork decoration is not structurally significant, being just narrow planks or thin projections applied over the wall's clapboards. The planks intersect at right angles, sometimes diagonally as well, resembling the half-timbering of medieval – Tudor – buildings; the style was used in houses, train stations, life-saving stations, other buildings from the era.
The Stick style did have several characteristics in common with the Queen Anne style: interpenetrating roof planes with bold panelled brick chimneys, the wrap-around porch, spindle detailing, the "panelled" sectioning of blank wall, radiating spindle details at the gable peaks. Stylized and decorative versions of the Stick style are referred to as Eastlake. Stick-Eastlake is a style term that uses details from the Eastlake Movement, started by Charles Eastlake, of decorative arts on Stick-style buildings, it is sometimes referred to as Victorian Stick, a variation of Eastlake styles. Stick-Eastlake enjoyed modest popularity in the late 19th century, but there are few surviving examples of the style when compared to other more popular styles of Victorian architecture. Chatham Train Station in Chatham, Massachusetts Delaware and Hudson Railroad Passenger Station in Altamont, New York John N. A. Griswold House in Newport, Rhode Island Hinds House in Santa Cruz, California Orfordville Depot in Orfordville, Wisconsin Emlen Physick Estate in Cape May, New Jersey John Reichert Farmhouse in Mequon, Wisconsin Swampscott Railroad Depot in Swampscott, Massachusetts Herman C.
Timm House in New Holstein, Wisconsin Robert Dollar Mansion in San Rafael, California Hereford Inlet lighthouse in North Wildwood, New Jersey Point Fermin Lighthouse in San Pedro, CA Ladd Carriage House in Portland, OR Stick-Eastlake architecture Category:Stick-Eastlake architecture in the United States Category:Stick-Eastlake architecture Queen Anne style architecture Category:Queen Anne architecture in the United States Category:Queen Anne architecture Category: Victorian architecture in the United States Category: Victorian architectural styles Foster, Gerald L. American houses: a field guide to the architecture of the home, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2004. Cf. p. 387 and various
Fantasy Island is an American television series that aired on the ABC network from 1977 to 1984. It starred Ricardo Montalbán as the mysterious Mr. Roarke, who grants the fantasies of visitors to the island for a price; the series was created by Gene Levitt. A revival of the series aired on the same network 14 years during the 1998–1999 season. Before it became a television series, Fantasy Island was introduced to viewers in 1977 and 1978 through two made-for-television films. Airing from 1978 to 1984, the original series starred Ricardo Montalbán as Mr. Roarke, the enigmatic overseer of a mysterious island somewhere in the Pacific Ocean, where people from all walks of life could come and live out their fantasies, albeit for a price. Roarke was known for his white suit and cultured demeanor, was accompanied by an energetic sidekick, Tattoo. Tattoo would run up the main bell tower to ring the bell and shout "Ze plane! Ze plane!" to announce the arrival of a new set of guests at the beginning of each episode.
This line, shown at the beginning of the series' credits, became an unlikely catchphrase because of Villechaize's spirited delivery and French accent. In seasons, he would arrive in his personal go-kart, sized for him, recklessly drive to join Roarke for the visitor reception while the staff scrambled to get out of his way. From 1981 to 1982, Wendy Schaal joined the cast as a beautiful brown-eyed blonde assistant named Julie; the producers dismissed Villechaize from the series before the 1983–1984 season, which ended up being its last, Tattoo was replaced by a more sedate butler type named Lawrence, who pressed an electronic button to ring the bell rather than climb the tower himself. A Grumman Widgeon aircraft was used for the series. Just prior to the guests debarking from the plane, Mr. Roarke would address his assembling employees with the phrase "Smiles, everyone! Smiles!". As each visitor exited the plane, Roarke would describe to Tattoo the nature of their fantasy with a cryptic comment suggesting the person's fantasy will not turn out as they expected.
Roarke would welcome his guests by lifting his glass and saying: "My dear guests, I am Mr. Roarke, your host. Welcome to Fantasy Island." This toast was followed with a warm smile but sometimes his eyes would show concern or worry for a guest's safety. Little is known about the man known only as Mr. Roarke. Many people close to him, including past lovers, have referred to him only as "Roarke", he is the sole proprietor of Fantasy Island. Roarke's actual age is a complete mystery. In the pilot film, he comments how the guests who come to his island are "so mortal" and there are hints throughout the series that suggest Roarke may be immortal. In "Elizabeth", a woman from Roarke's past appears, but it is revealed that she died over 300 years ago. Other episodes suggests that he was friends with Helen of Cleopatra; however old he is, Roarke has come to know many seemingly-immortal beings over his time on Earth, including ghosts, a genie, the mermaid Princess Nyah, the goddess Aphrodite, Uriel the Angel of Death.
In "The Devil and Mandy Breem" and "The Devil and Mr. Roarke", Roarke faces the Devil who has come to the island to challenge him for either a guest's immortal soul or his, it is mentioned this is not the first time they have confronted each other and Mr. Roarke has always been the winner. In the second story, the Devil was one of the island's guests, claiming he was only there to relax and had no interest in Roarke's soul at the time. However, this turned out to be yet another ruse. Roarke had a strong moral code, he tried to teach his guests important life lessons through the medium of their fantasies in a manner that exposes the errors of their ways, on occasions when the island hosted terminally ill guests he would allow them to live out one last wish. Roarke's fantasies were not without peril, but the greatest danger came from the guests themselves. In some cases, people were killed due to their own aggression or arrogance; when necessary, Roarke would directly intervene when the fantasy became dangerous to the guest: For instance in one episode when Tattoo was given his own fantasy as a birthday gift, which ended up with him being chased by hostile natives in canoes, Mr. Roarke appeared in a motorboat, snared Tattoo's canoe with a grappling hook and towed it away at high speed to help him escape.
Another instance was in "The Victim" where a female guest seeking to fall in love with her dream man ends up as one of his sex slaves. When she and her fellow slaves managed to get free, they are saved by Mr. Roarke and Tattoo who have arrived with the police who arrest the two men responsible. Another instance was in the 1980 episode "With Affection, Jack the Ripper" when a female guest intent on researching Jack the Ripper's crimes was sent back in time to that of 1888 London and would have become one of the Ripper's victims had not Mr. Roarke physically intervened. With only a few exceptions, Roarke always made it quite clear that he was powerless to stop a fantasy once it had begun and that guests must play them out to their conclusion. In seasons, there were supernatural overtones. Roarke seemed to have his own supernatural powers of some sort, although it was never explained how this came to be. In the episodes "Reprisal" and "The Power" he temporarily gave th