Paronella Park is a heritage-listed tourist attraction located at Mena Creek, Australia, 120 kilometres south of Cairns. Paronella Park was built in the 1930s by a Spanish immigrant. Paronella arrived in nearby Innisfail, Australia in 1913, having sailed from his homeland, Catalonia, in northern Spain to plan a life for himself and his fiancée Matilda, he applied for Commonwealth naturalization in 1921, identifying his place of origin as La Vall in the province of Girona. In fact his full name was José Pedro Enrique Paronella, he was born on 26 February 1887, in La Vall de Santa Creu, a hamlet in the province of Gerona, north-eastern Catalonia. Paronella worked hard for 11 years, creating his wealth by buying and selling cane farms. While travelling through the beautiful countryside he discovered a virgin forest alongside spectacular Mena Creek Falls - the perfect location for his dream. Upon returning to Spain, Paronella discovered. Determined to sail back with a bride, José proposed to Matilda's younger sister.
One year the newlyweds were ship-bound for Australia and by 1929 had purchased the land of José's dreams. He first built the grand 47-step staircase to shift building materials between the lower and upper level. Here, the couple had their cottage hand built of stone, moved in on Christmas Eve. Inspired by childhood memories of Catalan castles and his workers set to work designing an entertainment area, their fingerprints in the cement foundations remain as testament to their extraordinary effort. A movie theatre transformed on weekends into a huge ballroom with live bands who entertained while a massive ball of mirrors spun from the ceiling to reflect a dazzle of pink and blue lights. More than 7000 trees were planted around the Paronellas' home and castle, including an avenue of Kauris that tower now like cathedral spires in a sacred forest. North Queensland's first hydro electric plant was built in 1933 to power the 13 acres park, the castle grounds were ready to welcome the public in 1935.
The Paronellas invited everyone to movies on Saturday nights, built tennis courts from crushed termite mounds, a pavilion with turret-topped balconies, refreshment rooms and changing cubicles for swimmers. A museum featured a collection of coins, dolls and interesting keepsakes. Unexpectedly, the tale of Paronella Park took swift and dangerous turns starting in 1946 when a mass of logs from a clearing upstream swept away a railway bridge and descended on the park, destroying the refreshment rooms. Undaunted, the Paronellas replanted gardens, repaired what they could, re-opened for business 6 months later. Paronella died in 1948, leaving Margarita, daughter Teresa, son Joe. Teresa married Pino Joe married Val Ribes. In 1967 Margarita died leaving Val as custodians of José's dream. After Joe's death in 1972, Val and their two sons Joe and Kerry, continued until the park was sold in 1977. In 1979 a fire swept through the castle, leaving only the walls and the turret as a reminder of what had been.
In 1986, Cyclone Winifred tested the park's endurance once again. The park changed owners several times. Mark and Judy Evans, the park's current owners rediscovered the lost park and envisaged reviving Paronella's dream with his appreciation for beauty and warm hospitality. With the help of the Paronella family, Paronella's story was written. Paths were uncovered, buildings repaired, trees identified, a museum created in the original home built by Paronella for his family. Cyclone Larry in 2006 added another chapter of endurance to the story, the dream continued once again. Paronella Park is heritage listed. Efforts today focus on maintaining the property while staying true to its historic and ecological values. A number of ongoing restoration and preservation projects will see the Paronella Park story live on for many years to come. On 24 July 2010, a theater production, The Impossible Dream was launched at Shangri-La Hotel, The Marina, Cairns; the Impossible Dream is based on the true story of his bride Margarita.
In 1933, Paronella installed a hydro-electric plant, the first in Queensland, on the waterfall in the park. He used it to supply power for the park's lighting, pumps and cinema; the town of Mena Creek used some of the electricity. The plant was decommissioned. In 2009 the park completed a restoration of the plant, now runs off hydro-electric power; some of the excess electricity is fed back into the local grid. Today, visitors are taken on a range of guided tours. Paronella's story is told and the highlights of the park shown through the day and into the night; the Dream Continues tour - a 45-minute guided walk, departing every half-hour from 9:30 a.m. until 4:30 p.m. highlighting features of the park and telling the story of José Paronella’s ideas for the site. The Darkness Falls tour - a one-hour night tour of the site at 6:20 p.m. with an additional tour at 8:30 p.m. during peak season. Self-guided Botanical Walk - a self-guided tour, with the aid of a 16-page booklet containing details of the park's flora, with various tree species identified throughout the park.
In 2004, Paronella Park was named Queensland's premier significant attraction by the Queensland Tourism. It was a joint winner in the "Emerging Business" category of the Reconciliation Awards for Business, awarded by the Queensland Government. Paronella Park, in the middle of the Canecutter Way, was voted the Number One "Must Do" in the RACQ 150 M
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Australian Heritage Council
The Australian Heritage Council is the principal adviser to the Australian Government on heritage matters. It was established on 19 February 2004; the Council replaced the Australian Heritage Commission as the Australian Government's independent expert advisory body on heritage matters when the new Commonwealth heritage system was introduced in 2004 under amendments to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The Council assesses nominations for the Australian National Heritage List and the Commonwealth Heritage List; the Minister may ask the Council for advice on action that he may take in relation to the List of Overseas Places of Historic Significance to Australia. The Council plays a key role in assessment and policy formulation and support of major heritage programs, its main responsibilities are to: assess places for the National Heritage List and the Commonwealth Heritage List nominate places for inclusion in the National Heritage List or Commonwealth Heritage List promote the identification, assessment and monitoring of heritage advise the Minister on various heritage matters including the preparation and amendment of heritage strategies and management plans for Commonwealth areas and agencies Protection of Australia’s Commemorative Places and Monuments Report - 2018 National Heritage Places map - 2017 Australia's National Heritage List - the story so far - 2017 ‘The Waters of Australian Deserts’ Cultural Heritage Study - 2017 A thematic heritage study on Australia’s benevolent and other care institutions - Thematic Study and Companion Guide - 2016 Rock Art Thematic Study - 2016 AHC Submission on the Great Barrier Reef Strategic Assessment - 2014 Identifying Commonwealth Heritage Values and Establishing a Heritage Register - 2010 Guidelines for the assessment of places for the National Heritage List - 2009 Standard Commonwealth Heritage Listing process - 2007 Standard National Heritage Listing process - 2007 Australian Heritage Database Historic Shipwrecks Act 1976 Official website Australian Heritage Council Act 2003
Commonwealth Heritage List
The Commonwealth Heritage List is a heritage register which lists places under the control of the Australian government on land or in waters directly owned by the Crown. Such places must have importance in relation to the natural and historic heritage of Australia; the List was established under the Federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. Places protected under the Act include federally owned telegraph stations, defence sites, migration centres, customs houses, national institutions such as Parliament and High Court buildings, memorials and marine areas. In 2004, a new heritage management system was introduced by the Australian Government to protect Australia’s heritage places. Key elements are amendments to the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, which include explicit requirements for cultural heritage protection, the creation of an Australian National Heritage List and a Commonwealth Heritage List and the establishment of the Australian Heritage Council under the Australian Heritage Council Act 2003.
The Register of the National Estate was lost its statutory power. The National Heritage List is to include a small number of places of outstanding heritage significance to Australia; as of 28 September 2017, the Commonwealth Heritage List comprised 398 heritage places as follows: Cultural heritage Natural heritage Commonwealth Heritage Official site
Charters Towers Courthouse
Charters Towers Courthouse is a heritage-listed courthouse at 28 Hodgkinson Street, Charters Towers, Charters Towers Region, Australia. It was built in 1886 by Charles Miller, it is known as Charters Towers Courthouse. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992; the Charters Towers Courthouse was designed in 1885 by the Queensland Colonial Architect, John James Clark, as one of a series of substantial courthouses in major regional centres. It was completed in 1887 and extended by the addition of a wing in 1890. Discovered in late 1871, Charters Towers became the richest of the North Queensland mining fields; the field was proclaimed a municipality in 1877 and had become a prosperous settlement by 1882 when the Great Northern Railway line connected Charters Towers to the coast. Charters Towers gold was in deep reefs and the equipment needed to extract and process it was financed by substantial southern and overseas investment; the town became a major regional centre providing employment for a considerable number of people.
The 1880s was a period of expansion in Queensland as the economy enjoyed a boom and people poured into the colony. This necessitated an increase in police numbers and court facilities. In fact and judiciary facilities were constructed at such a pace in this period that it became difficult to obtain suitably qualified contractors. Charters Towers was amongst a number of regional centres where substantial new courthouses were erected in response to the increase in its importance and population and in keeping with the handsome new buildings rapidly replacing the modest structures of the early township; the new courthouse was designed by noted architect J. J. Clark, at the time Colonial Architect. John James Clark was trained in Liverpool, England, he won a number of architectural competitions. Clark designed some major public buildings in Melbourne, including the Treasury moved to Sydney in 1881 and in 1883 became Queensland Colonial Architect. Although he left the position in 1885, he was responsible for some important public buildings during this time, including courthouses at Mackay and Warwick.
They and the Charters Towers courthouse were designed in the classical revival style thought appropriate for public buildings intended to convey a sense of stability and dignity a courthouse which represented the power of the law. The Charters Towers courthouse was constructed by contractor Charles Miller at a cost of £4650 and opened on 9 February 1887; the local newspaper, The Northern Miner, indulged in some critical remarks about the appearance of the building, describing it as "unpretentious", but admitted that it was commodious and well ventilated. In general style and layout it resembled that of the courthouse at Mackay, built about the same time. Apart from the court, rooms were provided for the judge, police magistrate, Clerk of Petty Sessions, jury and gold warden, plus a number of other offices. So, by 1890 the building had become inadequate, reflecting the rapid growth of the city. Local building contractor, Benjamin Toll, was employed to construct a large brick extension with verandahs on three sides alongside the court and connected to it.
The courthouse has changed little since and has served the Charters Towers and district community in this capacity for over a hundred years, with the 1890s wing now providing office space for the Department of Mines and Energy and the Department of Natural Resources. The courthouse consists of 2 brick buildings connected at the rear, they are situated on a large government reserve at the corner of Hodgkinson and Church Streets, Charters Towers, along with the former School of Mines. The original courthouse is a classical revival building of rendered brick with a corrugated iron roof and is set well back facing Hodgkinson Street; the core of the building is the court room which rises to 2 storeys and is approached through a lower portico with a Tuscan order arcade of 3 bays separated by square pilasters rising through 2 stories to the triangular pediment, which has a circular louvred vent in its centre. This entrance is flanked by single storey attached pavilions with pyramid roofs; these have pairs of sash windows shaded by a sun hood on cast iron brackets.
The rear of the building has similar pavilion style wings linked by a verandah, a verandah links the front and rear pavilions on the western side. The eastern verandah area is now used for disabled parking; the rear pavilion on the eastern side now houses a tea room. It retains a corner fireplace. Other rooms to the rear include a strong room; the court room is still in use for this purpose and has plastered walls and a rather austere coffered ceiling. There is a public gallery at the northern end, it fittings. The 1890s extension building only joins it towards the rear, it is constructed of brick with a gambrel roof clad in corrugated iron and is rectangular in form. For much of its length it is free standing, having a ground floor verandah and awning which encircles the front and sides; this is supported on posts with decorative brackets. The building is symmetrical and has its own central entrance consisting of double doors flanked by windows and approached from across the verandah by low steps.
It houses the offices of the Department of Justice and Attorney General and other government department tenancies. Charters Towers Courthouse was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having sa
New South Wales State Heritage Register
The New South Wales State Heritage Register known as NSW State Heritage Register, is a heritage list of places in the state of New South Wales, that are protected by New South Wales legislation covered by the Heritage Act, 1977 and its 2010 amendments. The register is administered by the NSW Office of Environment and Heritage, a division of the Government of New South Wales Department of Planning and Environment; the register was created in 1999 and includes items protected by heritage schedules that relate to the State, to regional and to local environmental plans. As a result, the register contains over 20,000 statutory-listed items in either public or private ownership of historical and architectural value. Of those items listed 1,785 items are listed as significant items for the whole of New South Wales; the items include buildings, monuments, Aboriginal places, bridges, archaeological sites, relics, streets, industrial structures and conservation precincts. An item will first attract local listing regional or State listing.
If the item is of significance to the nation, the State will advocate for listing on the Australian National Heritage List or the Commonwealth Heritage List. If the item is of global significance, the Australian Government will advocate for the item to be listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List; the Heritage Council of New South Wales, a statutory body appointed by the NSW Government and comprising members of the community, the government, the conservation profession and representatives of organisations such as the National Trust of Australia, makes decisions about the care and protection of heritage places and items that have been identified as being significant to the people of NSW. The Council provides advice on heritage matters to the Minister for Heritage, presently Gabrielle Upton MP; the Council recommends to the Minister places and objects for listing on the State Heritage Register. The work of the Council and the State Heritage Register is covered by the Heritage Act, 1977 and its 2010 amendments.
Under section 170 of the Act, government agencies in New South Wales are required to compile a register of heritage assets and look after their assets on behalf of the community. Other legislation preserves Aboriginal heritage. Items nominated for listing on the register are assessed against the State Heritage Register criteria to determine the level of significance. To be assessed for listing on the State Heritage Register an item will, in the opinion of the Heritage Council of NSW, meet one or more of the following criteria: a) an item is important in the course, or pattern, of NSW’s cultural or natural history. An item is not to be excluded from the Register on the ground that items with similar characteristics have been listed on the Register. Australian Heritage Database Media related to New South Wales State Heritage Register at Wikimedia Commons Search the Heritage Register
State Register of Heritage Places
The State Register of Heritage Places is the heritage register of historic sites in Western Australia deemed significant at the state level by the Heritage Council of Western Australia. Places listed on the register include buildings, gardens, memorials and archaeological sites; the Heritage Council use criteria established in September 1991 to determine the cultural heritage significance of each place, as follows: Aesthetic value Historic value Scientific value Social value Rarity Representativeness Condition Integrity Authenticity List of Australian heritage lists List of heritage buildings in Perth, Western Australia