Queensland Performing Arts Centre
The Queensland Performing Arts Centre is part of the Queensland Cultural Centre and is located on the corner of Melbourne Street and Grey Street in Brisbane's South Bank precinct. QPAC was designed by local architect Robin Gibson in the mid-1970s, after State Cabinet formally recognised in 1972 the need for a new Queensland Art Gallery and a new major performing arts centre, in addition to a new location for the Queensland Museum and State Library, it was opened by the Duke of Kent in 1985. Although opened as the “Queensland Performing Arts Complex”, after years of resisting the popular mis-naming of the building, it was changed to the “Queensland Performing Arts Centre” and all signage was altered to match. Opening with only 3 Theatres, "The Lyric Theatre", "The Concert Hall" and "The Cremorne Theatre", the Centre was designed with expansion in mind. In 1998 the "Playhouse" was opened. A fifth and final Theatre was announced in late May 2018 with a budget of $125 million. Completion is aimed for 2022.
Tenders are being sought for its design. In 2017, QPAC hosted more than 1.3 million visitors to more than 1,200 performances, given the city population of Brisbane at 2.4 million, with the South East Queensland area's population sitting at 3.5 million and the entire State of Queensland at 5 million. Each year QPAC hosts around 1,000 performances across outdoor spaces; the centre's versatile venues accommodate a wide variety of performance including dance, theatre, opera and contemporary and classical music concerts featuring leading Queensland and international actors, musicians and companies. In addition, QPAC co-produces and invests in some of Australia's most innovative and successful shows and free outdoor programs. In recent years, QPAC has presented some of the world's leading artists and companies in the QPAC International Series including The Royal Ballet in 2017, Bolshoi Ballet in 2013, Hamburg Ballet, Hamburg State Opera and Hamburg Philharmonic in 2012 and American Ballet Theatre in 2014.
QPAC produces the Out of the Box festival for children 8 years and under, Clancestry, a festival celebrating the arts and cultural practices of the world's first nations peoples. QPAC is the performance home for Queensland's leading performing arts companies – Queensland Ballet, Queensland Theatre Company, Opera Queensland, Queensland Youth Orchestras and Queensland Symphony Orchestra. In addition, QPAC hosts many of Australia's leading performing arts companies including The Australian Ballet, Sydney Dance Company, Australian Chamber Orchestra and Bangarra Dance Theatre; the Lyric Theatre is a proscenium theatre and is the largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of 2,000. It is Brisbane's main venue for musicals and ballets; the Concert Hall is the second largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of 1,600. It is Brisbane's main venue for orchestral performances although it is used for comedy performances, graduation ceremonies, awards presentations and rock concerts; the venue features a 6,566 pipe Klaisorgan, built in 1986.
Due to the overwhelming demand placed on the entire venue for traditional theatrical performances, in 2014 a creative solution was achieved by the addition of a removable proscenium arch and stage mechanisms for the Concert Hall increasing the type of performances possible in this Theatre. The Playhouse is a proscenium theatre and is the third largest venue in QPAC, with a seating capacity of 850; the venue was constructed in 1997 and its premiere production was The Marriage of Figaro, with Geoffrey Rush in the title role of Figaro, in September 1998. The Cremorne Theatre is the fourth largest venue in QPAC with a capacity of 200 to 300 depending on its configuration, it is a reconfigurable performance space with six configurations. Its name has been taken from an earlier venue in the Cremorne Theatre. Located at the entrance to the Cremorne Theatre is the Tony Gould Gallery; the exhibits are organised by the QPAC Museum. Groups with programs at QPAC include: Opera Queensland Queensland Symphony Orchestra Queensland Ballet Queensland Theatre Company Queensland Youth Symphony Orchestra Queensland Pops Orchestra The Australian Ballet Australian Chamber Orchestra Australian Brandenburg Orchestra Oscar Theatre Company Northern Rivers Symphony Orchestra The QPAC Choir QPAC official website QPAC panorama photos QPAC photos and sound QPAC information QPAC Museum Lyric Theatre at QPAC – performances at the theatre Cremorne Theatre at QPAC – performances at the theatre Playhouse at QPAC – performances at the theatre Cultural Centre Busway Station map – includes showing position of QPAC
Australia the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area; the neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea and East Timor to the north. The population of 25 million is urbanised and concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, its largest city is Sydney; the country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane and Adelaide. Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, it is documented. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day; the population grew in subsequent decades, by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established.
On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories. Being the oldest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres. A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites. Australia is a developed country, with the world's 14th-largest economy.
It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks in quality of life, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism; the name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times. When Europeans first began visiting and mapping Australia in the 17th century, the name Terra Australis was applied to the new territories.
Until the early 19th century, Australia was best known as "New Holland", a name first applied by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman in 1644 and subsequently anglicised. Terra Australis still saw occasional usage, such as in scientific texts; the name Australia was popularised by the explorer Matthew Flinders, who said it was "more agreeable to the ear, an assimilation to the names of the other great portions of the earth". The first time that Australia appears to have been used was in April 1817, when Governor Lachlan Macquarie acknowledged the receipt of Flinders' charts of Australia from Lord Bathurst. In December 1817, Macquarie recommended to the Colonial Office. In 1824, the Admiralty agreed that the continent should be known by that name; the first official published use of the new name came with the publication in 1830 of The Australia Directory by the Hydrographic Office. Colloquial names for Australia include "Oz" and "the Land Down Under". Other epithets include "the Great Southern Land", "the Lucky Country", "the Sunburnt Country", "the Wide Brown Land".
The latter two both derive from Dorothea Mackellar's 1908 poem "My Country". Human habitation of the Australian continent is estimated to have begun around 65,000 to 70,000 years ago, with the migration of people by land bridges and short sea-crossings from what is now Southeast Asia; these first inhabitants were the ancestors of modern Indigenous Australians. Aboriginal Australian culture is one of the oldest continual civilisations on earth. At the time of first European contact, most Indigenous Australians were hunter-gatherers with complex economies and societies. Recent archaeological finds suggest. Indigenous Australians have an oral culture with spiritual values based on reverence for the land and a belief in the Dreamtime; the Torres Strait Islanders, ethnically Melanesian, obtained their livelihood from seasonal horticulture and the resources of their reefs and seas. The northern coasts and waters of Australia were visited s
Old Museum Building, Brisbane
The Old Museum Building is a heritage-listed former exhibition building, former museum and now performance venue in Bowen Hills, Queensland, Australia. The Old Museum was called the Exhibition Building and Concert Hall, it was built in 1891 for the Queensland National Agricultural and Industrial Association after Brisbane's first exhibition building, which had occupied the land, was destroyed by fire on 13 June 1888. At the time of the fire the building was being used as a skating rink; the land had been used by the Queensland Acclimatisation Society from 1863-1875. The new exhibition building was designed by the architect George Henry Male Addison; the style of the building may best be described as progressive eclecticism. It is entered in the Queensland Heritage Register; the Queensland Government took over control of the building and grounds when the National Association was forced into liquidation by the economic depression in 1897. In 1899, the Exhibition Hall became home to the Queensland Museum, with the museum remaining in the building until the museum's relocation to the Queensland Cultural Centre in 1986.
During the Queensland Museum's 86 years in the building, other parts of the building were used as a Concert Hall and an Art Gallery. Because of the Queensland Museum's long occupancy of the building, the building is now known as the Old Museum; the Old Museum building is home to the Queensland Youth Orchestras, who use the building as a rehearsal and office space. The building is home for the Brisbane Symphony Orchestra, Brisbane Philharmonic Orchestra, Queensland Youth Choir, Queensland Wind and Brass, Brisbane River City Clippers Barbershop Chorus, Queensland Rhythmic Gymnastics Organisation, Queensland Police Pipes and Drums and the Zen Zen Zo Physical Theatre Company; the play Troilus and Cressida by William Shakespeare, was presented in the Old Museum building in 1989. Members of the cast included Jane Menelaus and Russell Dykstra; the Old Museum building was used as one of the sites for the 1980s Australian series of Mission: Impossible. The building was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.
In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, the Old Museum Building was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as a "structure and engineering feat". The Exhibition Grounds and Buildings - includes information about the Old Museum building the Old Museum Building "Troilus and Cressida" at the Old Museum Building Brisbane Symphany Orchestra
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland; the state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres. As of 15 May 2018, Queensland has a population of 5,000,000, concentrated along the coast and in the state's South East; the capital and largest city in the state is Australia's third-largest city. Referred to as the "Sunshine State", Queensland is home to 10 of Australia's 30 largest cities and is the nation's third-largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled by its warm tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Torres Strait Islanders.
The first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain; the colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney. Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842; the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. Queensland Day is celebrated annually statewide on 6 June. Queensland was one of the six colonies which became the founding states of Australia with federation on 1 January 1901; the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement.
The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. The state has witnessed frontier warfare between European settlers and Indigenous inhabitants, as well as the exploitation of cheap Kanaka labour sourced from the South Pacific through a form of forced recruitment known at the time as "blackbirding"; the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a separate colony from New South Wales. A rare record of early settler life in north Queensland can be seen in a set of ten photographic glass plates taken in the 1860s by Richard Daintree, in the collection of the National Museum of Australia; the Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, became divided into over 90 different language groups.
During the last ice age Queensland's landscape became more arid and desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the world's first seed-grinding technology. Warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the state's tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa, on the western shore of Cape York; this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, it marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland,'New South Wales'; the Aboriginal population declined after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century. In 1823, John Oxley, a British explorer, sailed north from what is now Sydney to scout possible penal colony sites in Gladstone and Moreton Bay.
At Moreton Bay, he found the Brisbane River. He established a settlement at what is now Redcliffe; the settlement known as Edenglassie, was transferred to the current location of the Brisbane city centre. Edmund Lockyer discovered outcrops of coal along the banks of the upper Brisbane River in 1825. In 1839 transportation of convicts was ceased, culminating in the closure of the Brisbane penal settlement. In 1842 free settlement was permitted. In 1847, the Port of Maryborough was opened as a wool port; the first free immigrant ship to arrive in Moreton Bay was the Artemisia, in 1848. In 1857, Queensland's first lighthouse was built at Cape Moreton. A war, sometimes called a "war of extermination", erupted between Aborigines and settlers in colonial Queensland; the Frontier War was notable for being the most bloody in Australia due to Queensland's larger pre-contact indigenous population when compared to the other Australian colonies. About 1,500 European settlers and their alli
Bowen Hills, Queensland
Bowen Hills is an inner suburb of Brisbane, Australia, located 3 km northeast of the Brisbane CBD. It was named after a Governor of Sir George Ferguson Bowen. At the 2016 Australian Census the suburb recorded a population of 3,266. Before white settlement Bowen Hills was occupied by the indigenous Chepara people including the Brisbane and southern Jagera people; the higher parts were named Barrambin meaning windy place. It was one of the main campsites for the region, part of the Spring Hill, City area, where on occasions 700 to 1000 people were camped, including Brisbane locals, groups from Ipswich, the Tweed Valley, Rosewood, Stradbroke, North Pine and beyond; the area now occupied by the grounds of the Brisbane Exhibition Ground and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital was named Walan, meaning Bream. The area of the present main Ekka oval was a "great fighting ground for the blacks". Barrambin was an important location for "kippa-ring" or initiation ceremony. Tribes from the coast would travel here to have their "kippa's" initiated.
Early European settlement named the area beside Gilchrist Avenue York's Hollow. The Queensland Acclimatisation Society occupied Bowen Park in 1862, the area known as the RNA Exhibition Grounds and home to the Brisbane Ekka. In 1866 Bowen Hills was defined as a postal district. Settlement increased in the 1870s. A post office was opened in 1878; the train station was opened in 1882. In 1886, William Perry, a local businessman, built Miegunyah House; the gracious Victorian era home remains intact today as a museum hosting historical talks and themed exhibitions. In the mid-twentieth century Bowen Hills was well known as the location of the Cloudland dance hall. Cloudland's domed structure on top of a hill was a prominent landmark on Brisbane's northside. Cloudland was controversially demolished in 1982 to make way for an apartment development. In the 1960s Queensland Newspapers built its headquarters at Campbell Street Bowen Hills having operated out of Adelaide Street. In the 2010s a number of new residential apartment complexes were constructed in the area, with a range of retail outlets built to cater to Brisbane's growing population.
Bowen Hills has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: O'Connell Terrace: Bowen Park 23 Boyd Street: Cintra House 29 Cintra Road: Our Lady of Victories Catholic Church 35 Jordan Terrace: Miegunyah 480 Gregory Terrace: Old Museum Building 574 Gregory Terrace: Brisbane Exhibition Ground In the 2016 census, Bowen Hills recorded a population of 3,226 people, 45.6% women and 54.4% men. The median age of the Bowen Hills population was 30 years of age, 8 years below the Australian median. 49.0% of people were born in Australia. The next most common country of birth was New Zealand at 3.9%. 59.5% of people spoke only English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 4.8% and Spanish 3.2%. The most common response for religion was No Religion at 38.3%. The Twelfth Night Theatre, with live theatre, is in Bowen Hills. Many well-known actors have appeared in plays at the Twelfth Night Theatre, including Derek Fowlds, John Inman, Jon English and Drew Forsythe; the Old Museum, in Gregory Terrace, Bowen Hills, was the former location of the Queensland Museum until the museum's move to the Queensland Cultural Centre during the 1980s.
The building is now home to the Queensland Youth Orchestras and provides rehearsal and performance space for many other community music and arts groups. A major feature on the Brisbane calendar of events, the Royal Queensland Show, is held each year at the Brisbane Exhibition Grounds at Bowen Hills. Bowen Park is a small public pleasure garden with a long history dating back to 1863. Perry Park Stadium is a sports ground used for soccer. By Train, Bowen Hills Station is one of Queensland's busiest railway stations with all Queensland Rail City network services on all lines, including express trains, stopping there. Bowen Hills is home to stabling depot. By Road, The TransApex infrastructure plans for Brisbane has several interconnections in Bowen Hills; the Clem Jones Tunnel, Airport Link Tunnel and Inner City Bypass all have an entry/exit point in Bowen Hills and connect with each other at a spaghetti intersection. Virgin Australia Holdings; as of 2008 1,000 employees work at Virgin Village, which opened on 17 October 2008.
In addition Sunstate Airlines, which operates under the QantasLink banner, has its head office in Bowen Hills. The headquarters of Brisbane's two newspapers, The Courier-Mail and The Sunday Mail, are located on Campbell Street, Bowen Hills; the national headquarters of the Virgin Australia Holdings group of companies are located on Edmondstone Road. There are a growing number of retail outlets trading from and catering to residents in the developing urban renewal area. Lisa and Jessica Origliasso, from The Veronicas, live in Bowen Hills. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Bowen Hills and Mayne Bowen Hills - Information about the suburb of Bowen Hills