Queensland colonial election, 1871
Due to problems of distance and communications, it was not possible to hold the elections on a single day.
Due to problems of distance and communications, it was not possible to hold the elections on a single day.
1. Queensland – Queensland is the second-largest and third-most-populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west, to the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. Queensland has a population of 4,750,500, concentrated along the coast, the state is the worlds sixth largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 km2. The capital and largest city in the state is Brisbane, Australias third largest city, often referred to as the Sunshine State, Queensland is home to 10 of Australias 30 largest cities and is the nations third largest economy. Tourism in the state, fuelled largely by its tropical climate, is a major industry. Queensland was first inhabited by Aboriginal Australians and Torres Strait Islanders, the first European to land in Queensland was Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon in 1606, who explored the west coast of the Cape York Peninsula near present-day Weipa. In 1770, Lieutenant James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for the Kingdom of Great Britain. The colony of New South Wales was founded in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip at Sydney, New South Wales at that time included all of what is now Queensland, Queensland was explored in subsequent decades until the establishment of a penal colony at Brisbane in 1824 by John Oxley. Penal transportation ceased in 1839 and free settlement was allowed from 1842, the state was named in honour of Queen Victoria, who on 6 June 1859 signed Letters Patent separating the colony from New South Wales. The 6th of June is now celebrated statewide as Queensland Day. Queensland achieved statehood with the Federation of Australia on 1 January 1901, the history of Queensland spans thousands of years, encompassing both a lengthy indigenous presence, as well as the eventful times of post-European settlement. The north-eastern Australian region was explored by Dutch, Spanish and French navigators before being encountered by Lieutenant James Cook in 1770, the Australian Labor Party has its origin as a formal organisation in Queensland and the town of Barcaldine is the symbolic birthplace of the party. June 2009 marked the 150th anniversary of its creation as a colony from New South Wales. The Aboriginal occupation of Queensland is thought to predate 50,000 BC, likely via boat or land bridge across Torres Strait, during the last ice age Queenslands landscape became more arid and largely desolate, making food and other supplies scarce. This led to the worlds first seed-grinding technology, warming again made the land hospitable, which brought high rainfall along the eastern coast, stimulating the growth of the states tropical rainforests. In February 1606, Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed near the site of what is now Weipa and this was the first recorded landing of a European in Australia, and it also marked the first reported contact between European and Aboriginal Australian people. The region was explored by French and Spanish explorers prior to the arrival of Lieutenant James Cook in 1770. Cook claimed the east coast under instruction from King George III of the United Kingdom on 22 August 1770 at Possession Island, naming Eastern Australia, including Queensland, the Aboriginal population declined significantly after a smallpox epidemic during the late 18th century
2. Queensland state election, 2017 – The next Queensland state election is scheduled to be held on or before 2018 to elect all 93 members to the unicameral Legislative Assembly of Queensland. During the parliamentary term, both Labor-turned-independent MPs Billy Gordon and Rob Pyne indicated their ongoing support, however, fixed four-year terms will not take effect until after this election. At the 2015 election, Labor won 44 seats, the most of all parties, the Liberal National Party, despite winning a record majority of 78 at the previous election, won 42 seats. Katters Australian Party won two seats, and the independent member for Nicklin, Wellington, retained his seat
3. Queensland state election, 2012 – The 2012 Queensland state election was held on 24 March 2012 to elect all 89 members of the Legislative Assembly, a unicameral parliament. The Labor Party, led by Premier Anna Bligh, was defeated by the opposition Liberal National Party and it is only the sixth time that Queenslanders have ousted a sitting government since 1915. The ALP was attempting to win a ninth consecutive election victory, Katters Australian Party contested its first election. Before the election, it held two seats whose members had been elected as LNP candidates, Labor suffered one of the worst defeats of a state government since Federation, and the worst defeat of a sitting government in Queensland history. From 51 seats in 2009, it was reduced to seven seats. The LNP won a majority for the first time in its history and it was the first outright non-Labor majority since the Queensland Nationals won their last victory in 1986. Katters Australian Party won two seats, though leader Aidan McLindon lost his own seat, the remaining two seats were taken by independents. Newman took office two days after the election, the estimated two-party preferred result was 37. 2% for Labor and 62. 8% for the LNP, a swing of 13. 7% from Labors result of 2009. The LNP had been favourites to win the election. By the time the writs were dropped, they had led opinion polling for over a year, the LNP swept Labor from power in a massive landslide, taking 78 seats to Labors seven on a two-party-preferred swing of 13.7 points away from Labor. The 44-seat loss is double the 22-seat loss suffered by the Nationals in the 1989 election, the 13. 7-percent swing is one of the largest against a sitting state government in Australia since World War II. In the process, the LNP won many seats considered Labor heartland and it broke Labors longstanding grip on Brisbane, taking all but three of the citys 40 seats, some on swings of 10 points or more. By comparison, Labor went into the election holding all but six seats in the capital, in every election since the one vote one value reforms of the Goss government, Labor had won at least 30 seats in Brisbane. The LNP also won every seat on the Gold Coast while strengthening its hold on its traditional heartlands in provincial and rural Queensland, ten members of Blighs cabinet were defeated. Newman won Ashgrove handily, defeating Labors Kate Jones on a 13-point swing, ABC News called the election for the LNP at 6,48 pm Queensland time, less than an hour after counting began. Bligh conceded defeat at 8,25 pm, and Newman publicly claimed victory 20 minutes later, the day after the election, Bligh announced she was resigning as Queensland Labor leader. She also announced she was resigning from parliament on 30 March and retiring from politics, although Newmans victory was beyond doubt, counting was still under way in some seats. Bligh handed in her later on the afternoon of 25 March
4. Queensland state election, 1907 – Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 18 May 1907 to elect the 72 members of the states Legislative Assembly. The election was the first held since Premier William Kidston, formerly of the Labour Party, had founded a new movement with his own supporters as well as the Parliamentary Conservatives. The end result of the election was an improvement in Kidstons position, the main opposition group was Robert Philps Conservatives. Seat changes indicated are those caused by the election, at the election, Labour had 34 seats, Ministerial 21, Conservative 15. 1220,189 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, but 4 seats were uncontested—one Labor seat representing 1,352 enrolled voters,2 In 11 electorates, voters had two votes each, so the total number of votes exceeds the total number of voters. This election was held using the contingent vote and this election was the first held since women in Queensland gained the right to vote. Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1904–1907 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1907–1908 First Kidston Ministry
5. Queensland state election, 1920 – Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 9 October 1920 to elect the 72 members of the states Legislative Assembly. The Labor government was seeking its third term in office since the 1915 election and it was Premier Ted Theodores first election. During the previous term, a new party, the Queensland Country Party, had emerged from the Nationalist bloc, a Labor member, Alfred James, switched to the party, and the Maranoa by-election in 1919 saw them gain a seat at the expense of Labor. An additional party, the Northern Country Party, also formed during this time to represent the interests of North Queensland farmers and canegrowers, in order to avoid three-cornered contests with Labor, the three parties agreed upon a division of seats between themselves. 1462,218 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1918–1920 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1920–1923 Candidates of the Queensland state election,1920 Theodore Ministry
6. Queensland state election, 1926 – Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 8 May 1926 to elect the 72 members of the states Legislative Assembly. The Labor government was seeking its fifth continuous term in office since the 1915 election, william McCormack was contesting his first election as Premier. During the previous term, the Country and United parties had merged into the Country,1484,212 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, but 5 Labor seats and one CPNP seat were filled without opposition. Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1923–1926 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1926–1929 Candidates of the Queensland state election,1926 Theodore Ministry
7. Queensland state election, 1944 – Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 15 April 1944 to elect the 62 members of the states Legislative Assembly. The election was the first that Labor had contested under Premier Frank Cooper, from this election, the voting method was changed from contingency voting to First past the post voting. Queensland retained this method for state elections until Preferential Voting was restored by the Country/Liberal Coalition at the 1963 state election, the election resulted in Labor receiving a fifth term in office, albeit with a reduced majority. Some ructions had developed between some sections of the Labor Party and the partys AWU-dominated executive, resulting in tiny splinter movements which were, however, tom Aikens won the seat of Mundingburra at the election. Frank Barnes, a colourful identity who supported social credit theories popular since the Great Depression and declared himself opposed to the Labor government, retained his seat of Bundaberg. The two independent conservatives elected in 1941 were both out of parliament by the election — Arthur Bruce Pie had resigned to contest the 1943 federal election, whilst William Deacon had died. One of the former United Australia Party members, Louis Luckins, did not join the QPP originally, fred Paterson was elected in Bowen, the only member of the Communist Party of Australia to be elected to an Australian parliament. The election saw an away from Labor based on the 1941 election. In net terms, Labor lost four seats, although it still had a working majority. 1655,984 electors were enrolled to vote at the election,2 At the election, Frank Barnes and his brother Lou Barnes, both incumbents but the latter having gained the seat at a 1942 by-election, retained their seats. They contested later elections under the banner Frank Barnes Labor, Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1941–1944 Members of the Queensland Legislative Assembly, 1944–1947 Candidates of the Queensland state election,1944 Cooper Ministry
8. Queensland state election, 2009 – The Queensland state election was held to elect members to the unicameral Parliament of Queensland on 21 March 2009. Bligh thus became the first female Premier of any Australian State elected in her own right, ¶ Ronan Lee was elected as a member of the Labor Party in 2006, but he defected to the Greens in 2008. One of the gains by the Liberal Nationals was the defeat of the Minister for Sustainability, Climate Change, the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Education, Training and the Arts, Bonny Barry, was also defeated. The previous state election was held on 9 September 2006 to elect the 89 members of the Legislative Assembly, in Queensland, for the government to serve a full-term, an election will be held approximately three years following the previous election. It was the first election contested by the LNP following its creation with the merger of the National and Liberal parties. At the previous election, Labor won 59 seats, the Nationals won 17 seats, the Liberals won eight seats, One Nation won one seat, a redistribution saw Labor notionally pick up three seats. Therefore, the LNP notionally needed to pick up 22 seats rather than 20 seats to form a majority government, former Premier Peter Beattie resigned in September 2007, which triggered the October 2007 Brisbane Central by-election. † Contested 2006 elections as Liberal Party and National Party seats, both the Australian Labor Party and the Greens contested all 89 seats. This was the first Queensland state election in which the Greens contested every seat, the LNP contested every seat except Gladstone, which they avoided for strategic reasons. A total of 397 candidates contested the election—the largest number of candidates to contest a Queensland election since 1998, newspoll polling was conducted via random telephone number selection in city and country areas. Sampling sizes usually consist of around 1000 electors, with the margin of error at around ±3 percent
9. Legislative Assembly of Queensland – The Legislative Assembly of Queensland is the sole chamber of the unicameral Parliament of Queensland. Elections are held once every three years. Voting is by the preferential voting form of the alternative vote system. The Assembly has 89 members, who have used the letters MP after their names since 2000, there is approximately the same population in each electorate, however, that has not always been the case. The Assembly first sat in May 1860 and produced Australias first Hansard in April 1864, initially, the Legislative Assembly was the lower house of a typical Westminster-style bicameral parliament. The upper house was the Legislative Council, its members appointed for life by the government of the day, the first sitting, in May 1860, was held in the old converted convict barracks in Queen Street. It consisted of 26 members from 16 electorates, nearly half of whom were pastoralists or squatters, early sessions dealt with issues of land, labour, railways, public works, immigration, education and gold discoveries. In April 1864, Australias first Hansard was produced and it was the second Hansard to be made in the Commonwealth, after Nova Scotia in 1855. That year also saw member numbers increased to 32, and by 1868—as more redistributions occurred—the number grew to 42, members were not paid until 1886, effectively excluding the working class from state politics. The Assembly was elected under the first-past-the-post system 1860 to 1892, from then until 1942 an unusual form of preferential voting called the contingent vote was used. This was done by a government to prevent the Labor Party from gaining seats. In 1942 the plurality system was reintroduced until it was replaced in 1962 by the full form of the Alternative Vote. This was done by the Labor Party, which saw a decline in votes in the 1940s, in 1992, this was changed to the optional preferential system currently used. After 1912, electorates elected only a member to the Assembly. In 1922, the Legislative Council was abolished, with the help of known as the suicide squad. This left Queensland with a unicameral parliament—currently the only Australian state with this arrangement and it has been called a form of gerrymander, however it is more accurately referred to as an electoral malapportionment. The Queensland gerrymander, first introduced by the Australian Labor Party government of Ned Hanlon in 1949 used a series of electoral zones based on their distance from Brisbane, initially Queensland was divided into three zones—the metropolitan zone, the provincial cities zone and the rural zone. While the number of electors in each seat in a zone was roughly equal, thus an electorate in the remote zone might have as few as 5,000 electors, while a seat in the metropolitan zone might have as many as 25,000