Queensland state election, 1904

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Queensland state election, 1904

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1907 →

All 72 seats in the Legislative Assembly of Queensland
37 Assembly seats were needed for a majority

  First party Second party Third party
  Sir Arthur Morgan.jpg StateLibQld 1 105792 George Kerr.jpg StateLibQld 1 131567 Portrait of Sir Arthur Rutledge, 1883.jpg
Leader Arthur Morgan George Kerr Sir Arthur Rutledge
Party Ministerial Labour Opposition
Leader's seat Warwick Barcoo Contested and lost Nundah
Last election 15 seats 23 seats 31 seats
Seats won 20 seats 35 seats 16 seats
Seat change Increase5 Increase12 Decrease15

Premier before election

Arthur Morgan
Liberal

Elected Premier

Arthur Morgan
Liberal

Elections were held in the Australian state of Queensland on 27 August 1904 to elect the members of the state's Legislative Assembly. The Ministerial Party maintained government with the continued support of the Labour Party.

Key dates[edit]

The elections were held on 27 August 1904.[1]

Background[edit]

Resignation of the Philp government[edit]

Robert Philp had been Premier since December 1899, and had been re-elected at the 1902 election. On 9 September 1903, the government put a bill for taxation proposals to the assembly, which was passed by a narrow margin of only two votes (33–31). With several Ministerialists voting against the proposals, Philp moved to adjourn the assembly.[2] The following day, Philp announced he could no longer govern with self-respect, and had tendered his resignation to the Governor, Sir Herbert Chermside.[3] Labour leader William Browne was sent for, and endeavoured to form a ministry, but on 15 September informed the Governor that he had been unable to do so. On Browne's recommendation, the assembly's Speaker, Arthur Morgan, was sent for and commissioned to form a government.[4]

Resignation of the Morgan government[edit]

On 7 June 1904, opposition member James Cribb rose as the last speaker in the address-in-reply to the Governor's speech, and raised an amendment which was a motion of no confidence in the Morgan ministry.[5] Debate over the amendment continued for two weeks, with the vote taking place on 22 June. The amendment was not passed by one vote: 36 against, 35 for.[6] Subsequently, Morgan tendered the resignation of himself and his ministry, recommending a dissolution of parliament.[7] The Governor refused and sent for Robert Philp, who declined to resume the premiership, and announced that a caucus meeting of his party would elect a new leader.[8] On 28 June, the Opposition caucus elected Sir Arthur Rutledge as its leader, and he was commissioned by the Governor to form government.[9] On 7 July, Rutledge told the house he had returned the commission to the Governor, as he had been unable to form a ministry. Morgan and his ministers, who had remained in their positions until the appointment of their successors, again requested a dissolution which was granted.[10]

Sir Arthur Rutledge[edit]

The Ministerialist sitting member in Nundah, Thomas Bridges, faced a formidable opponent in the person of Sir Arthur Rutledge. Rutledge had been a Wesleyan minister in New England and solicitor in Brisbane, before entering the Queensland parliament, where he rose to the office of Attorney-General and accepted a knighthood in 1903. As part of his strategy to become Premier, Rutledge decided not to re-contest his Maranoa electorate in favour of an electorate closer to Brisbane, and chose the semi-rural seat of Nundah which, he assumed, would be easily won by a man of his political experience, especially as it was already held by a fellow Ministerialist. Many large business houses backed Rutledge, as did the editor of the Brisbane Courier (Rutledge's son-in-law Charles Brundson Fletcher was the editor of the Brisbane Courier until 1903).[11] His public meetings were packed with prominent religious and political leaders, in contrast to a low-key campaign run by Bridges based on his community service and commitment to keep the cost of railway tickets low. Contrary to every prediction, Bridges won the election by 253 votes. This humiliating loss ended Rutledge's political career, and he accepted an appointment as district judge.[12][13]

Results[edit]

Queensland state election, 27 August 1904[14]
Legislative Assembly
<< 19021907 >>

Enrolled voters 81,266[1]
Votes cast 68,556 Turnout 84.36% +5.48%
Informal votes 445 Informal
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labour 28,961 36.05% –3.28% 34 + 9
  Ministerial 24,096 29.99% –18.14% 21 – 19
  Opposition 23,294 28.99% +22.13% 15 + 10
  Independent 3,990 4.97% +1.21% 2 + 1
Total 80,341     72  
1 103,943 electors were enrolled to vote at the election, but 18 of the 72 seats were uncontested, with 22,677 electors enrolled in those seats.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Queensland General Election Dates 1860-1929" (PDF). Queensland Parliament. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "PHILP DEFEATED". The Worker. 12, (37). New South Wales, Australia. 12 September 1903. p. 4. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  3. ^ "PHILP GOVERNMENT RESIGNS". The Australasian. LXXV, (1954). Victoria, Australia. 12 September 1903. p. 38. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ "THE POLITICAL SITUATION". The Queenslander. Queensland, Australia. 19 September 1903. p. 40. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ "THE MORGAN GOVERNMENT". Warwick Examiner And Times. 38, (4843). Queensland, Australia. 11 June 1904. p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  6. ^ "QUEENSLAND PARLIAMENT". Geelong Advertiser (17,860). Victoria, Australia. 24 June 1904. p. 1. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "QUEENSLAND POLITICS". Newcastle Morning Herald And Miners' Advocate (9221). New South Wales, Australia. 28 June 1904. p. 5. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  8. ^ "MORGAN MINISTRY RESIGNS". The Capricornian. 30, (27). Queensland, Australia. 2 July 1904. p. 24. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  9. ^ "Resignation of the Morgan Ministry". The St. George Standard And Balonne Advertiser. XXVII, (27). Queensland, Australia. 1 July 1904. p. 2. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  10. ^ "QUEENSLAND POLITICS". The Argus (Melbourne) (18,092). Victoria, Australia. 9 July 1904. p. 15. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ "Courier Mail Brisbane Newspaper History". Brisbane History. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  12. ^ Outridge, Margaret (Ed.); Outridge, Margaret, 1918-; Nundah Historic Cemetery Preservation Association (1989), 150 years : Nundah families, 1838–1988, Nundah Historic Cemetery Preservation Association, ISBN 978-0-7316-6048-3 
  13. ^ "OFFICIAL DECLARATION AT NUNDAH". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 31 August 1904. p. 5. Retrieved 23 April 2015. 
  14. ^ "Summary of 1904 Election". University of Western Australia. Retrieved 3 March 2017.