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In pregnancy terms, quickening is the moment in pregnancy when the pregnant woman starts to feel or perceive fetal movements in the uterus. The first natural sensation of quickening may feel like a light tapping, or the fluttering of a butterfly; these sensations become stronger and more regular as the pregnancy progresses. Sometimes, the first movements are mis-attributed to hunger pangs. A woman's uterine muscles, rather than her abdominal muscles, are first to sense fetal motion. Therefore, a woman's body weight does not have a substantial effect on when movements are perceived. Women who have given birth have more relaxed uterine muscles that are more sensitive to fetal motion, for them fetal motion can sometimes be felt as early as 14 weeks. Quickening occurs at about the middle of a pregnancy. A woman pregnant for the first time feels fetal movements at about 18–20 weeks, whereas a woman who has given birth at least once will feel movements around 15–17 weeks; the word "quick" meant "alive".

Quickening has sometimes been considered to be the beginning of the possession of "individual life" by the fetus. British legal scholar William Blackstone explained the subject of quickening in the eighteenth century, relative to feticide and abortion: Life... begins in contemplation of law as soon as an infant is able to stir in the mother's womb. For if a woman is quick with child, by a potion, or otherwise, killeth it in her womb, but at present it is not looked upon in quite so atrocious a light, though it remains a heinous misdemeanor. Quickening was only one of several standards that were used to determine when the right to life attaches to a fetus. According to the "ancient law" mentioned by Blackstone, another standard was formation of the fetus, which occurs weeks before quickening. Henry de Bracton explained the ancient law, about five hundred years before Blackstone: If one strikes a pregnant woman or gives her poison in order to procure an abortion, if the fetus is formed or quickened if it is quickened, he commits homicide.

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, a woman convicted of a capital crime could claim a delay in her execution if she were pregnant. In Ireland on 16 March 1831 Baron Pennefather in Limerick stated that pregnancy was not alone sufficient for a delay but there had to be quickening. Abortion in the United States#History First Fetal Movement: Quickening, American Pregnancy Association. Fetal movement: Feeling your baby kick,

Zhang Wen (badminton)

Zhang Wen is a Chinese badminton player. In 2014, he won the Grand Prix Gold title at the Bitburger Open tournament in the men's doubles event partnered with Wang Yilu, he and Wang won the men's doubles title at the China International Challenge tournament back to back from 2014–2016. Mixed Doubles Men's doubles The BWF Grand Prix has two level such as Grand Prix Gold, it is a series of badminton tournaments, sanctioned by Badminton World Federation since 2007. Men's Doubles BWF Grand Prix Gold tournament BWF Grand Prix tournament Men's Doubles Mixed Doubles BWF International Challenge tournament BWF International Series tournament Zhang Wen at


Moñái is the third son of Tau and Kerana and one of the seven legendary monsters of Guaraní mythology. This creature has an enormous serpent-like body with two straight, colorful horns over his head, which serve as antennae, his dominions are the open fields. He can climb trees with ease and slide down to hunt the birds on whom he feeds and dominates with the hypnotic power of his antennas; because of this he is called "the lord of the air". Moñái is fond of hiding the products of his misdeeds in a cave, his continuous robbing and raiding in the villages provoked great discord among the people as they all accuse each other for the robberies and mysterious "disappearances" of their belongings. The townspeople joined to put an end to those of his brothers; the beautiful Porâsý offered herself to carry out this mission. She convinced Moñái that she had fallen in love with him and that before they celebrated their wedding she wanted to meet his brothers. Moñái left her in the care of Teju Jagua and left to search for the rest of his brothers: Mbói Tu'i, Yasy Yateré, Kurupí, Luisón, Ao Ao.

When he brought them all they began the wedding rituals. The brothers exchanged the drinks and became drunk, it was in this moment that Porâsý attempted to escape from the cave, closed off by a huge stone. Moñái threw her back into the cave. Porâsý screamed to alarm the people. Knowing that she was lost she ordered the people to burn the cave with her inside. While this killed Porasy herself, it successfully destroyed Tau and Kerana's cursed descendants, including Moñai himself. In return for the sacrifice of Porâsý, the gods lifted her soul and changed it into a small but intense point of light. Since the gods destined the spirit of Porasy to light up the aurora. Narciso R. Coleman: Ñande Ypy Kuéra, 1929

Hans Bethe Prize

The Hans A. Bethe Prize, is presented annually by the American Physical Society; the prize honors outstanding work in theory, experiment or observation in the areas of astrophysics, nuclear physics, nuclear astrophysics, or related fields. The prize consists of a certificate citing the contributions made by the recipient. Hans Bethe prize is endowed by contributions from the Division of Astrophysics, the Division of Nuclear Physics and friends of the Nobel laureate Hans A. Bethe to honor him for his outstanding and numerous accomplishments in both astrophysics and nuclear physics; the prize has been awarded annually since 1998. 2019 - Ken'ichi Nomoto: "For lasting contributions to our understanding of the nuclear astrophysics of the universe, including stellar evolution, the synthesis of new elements, the theory of core-collapse and thermonuclear supernovae, gamma-ray bursts." 2018 – Keith Olive: "For outstanding contributions across a broad spectrum of fields including nuclear physics, particle physics and observational astrophysics, cosmology Big Bang nucleosynthesis and the properties of dark matter."

2017 – Stuart L. Shapiro: "For seminal and sustained contributions to understanding physical processes in compact object astrophysics, advancing numerical relativity." 2016 – Vassiliki Kalogera: "For key contributions to the study of the electromagnetic and gravitational wave radiation from binary compact objects, including the now-verified prediction that neutron star mergers produce short gamma-ray bursts that will be found in all galaxy types." 2015 – James M. Lattimer: "For outstanding theoretical work connecting observations of supernovae and neutron stars with neutrino emission and the equation of state of matter beyond nuclear density." 2014 – Karl Ludwig Kratz: "For his ground breaking and visionary work towards developing a cohesive picture of the r-process by employing novel experimental techniques to study the decay of nuclei far from stability, working with observations of astronomers, models of astrophysicists and nuclear theorists, the geochemical analyses of meteorites." 2013 – George M. Fuller: "For outstanding contributions to nuclear astrophysics his seminal work on weak interaction rates for stellar evolution and collapse and his pioneering research on neutrino flavor-mixing in supernovae."

2012 – Silvia Torres-Peimbert: "For outstanding work on the primordial helium abundance as well as abundances of other elements and their implications for cosmology and for the chemical evolution of galaxies and stars. This work is fundamental as a critical test for cosmological theories and the baryonic content of the Universe." 2011 – Christopher J. Pethick: "For fundamental contributions to the understanding of nuclear matter at high densities, the structure of neutron stars, their cooling, the related neutrino processes and astrophysical phenomena." 2010 – Claus Rolfs: "For seminal contributions to the experimental determination of nuclear cross-sections in stars, including the first direct measurement of the key 3He fusion reaction at solar conditions" 2009 – William David Arnett: "For his outstanding and fundamental work on how nuclear reactions shape multi-dimensional and out-of-equilibrium evolution of stars and supernova explosions and their yields of new isotopes." 2008 – Friedrich K. Thielemann: "For his many outstanding theoretical contributions to the understanding of nucleosynthesis, stellar evolution and stellar explosions through applications to individual objects and to cosmic chemical evolution."

2007 – James R. Wilson: "For his work in nuclear astrophysics and numerical work on supernovae core collapse, neutrino transport, shock propagation, his codes reenergized supernovae shocks, launched numerical relativity and magnetically driven jets." 2006 – Alastair G. W. Cameron: "For his pioneering work in developing the fundamental concepts of nuclear astrophysics; these basic ideas, laid out 50 years ago, are still the basis of current research in this field." 2005 – Stan Woosley: "For his significant and wide ranging contributions in the areas of stellar evolution, element synthesis, the theory of core collapse and type Ia supernovae, the interpretation of gamma-ray bursts - most notably, the collapsar model of gamma-ray bursts." 2004 – Wick Haxton: ""For his noteworthy contributions and scientific leadership in the field of neutrino astrophysics, in particular for his success in merging nuclear theory with experiments and observations in nuclear physics and astrophysics." 2003 – Michael C. F. Wiescher: "For his contributions to the experimental foundation of nuclear astrophysics the delineation of the processes involved in explosive hydrogen burning in novae and x-ray bursters.

2002 – Gordon Baym: "For his superb synthesis of fundamental concepts which have provided an understanding of matter at extreme conditions, ranging from crusts and interiors of neutron stars to matter at ultrahigh temperature." 2001 – Gerald E. Brown: "For his insightful analyses of the effects of various nuclear constituents on nucleon interactions and nucleon structure, his contributions to new viewpoints on supernovae, neutron stars, black hole formation." 2000 – Igal Talmi: "For pioneering work on the shell model of the nucleus that laid the foundation of much of what we know about nuclear structure." 1999 – Edwin Ernest Salpeter: "For wide-ranging contributions to nuclear and atomic physics and astrophysics, including the triple-alpha reaction, electron screening of nuclear reactions, charged-current emission of neutrinos, the form of the stellar initial mass function." 1998 – John Norris Bahcall: "For his fundamental work on all theoretical as

John Gray

John Gray may refer to: John Gray, American politician, member of the North Carolina General Assembly of 1777 John C. Gray, United States representative from Virginia John Gray, English economic pamphleteer, utopian socialist, exponent of Ricardian economics John Gray, member of the New Zealand Parliament John Hamilton Gray, Canadian politician, Premier of Prince Edward Island John Hamilton Gray, Canadian politician, Premier of New Brunswick Sir John Gray, Irish Member of Parliament for Kilkenny, 1865–1875 John Gray, American politician, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly John Gray, Canadian politician, member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario John Gray, Australian senator John S. Gray, American politician, Lieutenant Governor of Idaho John Gray, Australian politician, member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly John Gray, American politician, North Dakota State Treasurer John Austin Gray, Australian politician, member of the Victorian Legislative Assembly John R. Gray, American politician, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly Sir John Gray, British diplomat John Gray, former mayor of Oshawa, Canada John Gray, British barrister and legal writer John Chipman Gray, American law professor and legal scholar John Clinton Gray, American judge in New York John Joe Gray, fugitive from the law in Trinidad, United States John Gray, U.

S. soldier, said to be the longest surviving veteran of the war John Gray, Medal of Honor recipient in the American Civil War Sir John Gray, British admiral John P. Gray, United States Navy officer and Navy Cross recipient John Gray, Scottish engineer and philanthropist for whom the Gray's School of Art is named John Miller Gray, Scottish art critic and curator John Gray, English poet and Catholic priest John Gray, Scottish author of books on history and mythology John Gray, British philosopher John Gray, American author best known for his book Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus John Gray, Canadian journalist and biographer John Gray, American museum director John Gray, minister of the Episcopal Church of Scotland John Gray, Roman Catholic vicar apostolic for Western Scotland John Gray, Archdeacon of Hong Kong John R. Gray, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland in 1977 John Gray, New Zealand Anglican bishop John Gray, Scottish mathematician and Rector of Aberdeen University John Edward Gray, British zoologist John Franklin Gray, American educator and physician, first practitioner of homeopathy in the United States John Gray, locomotive superintendent of the London Brighton and South Coast Railway, 1845–1847 John P. Gray, American psychiatrist John McFarlane Gray, Scottish engineer John H. Gray, American economist Sir John Gray, British physiologist John Gray, president of the Bank of Montreal John Gray, British founder of Gray and Davison pipe organ builders in 1841 John S. Gray, Scottish-born American candymaker and first president of Ford Motor Company John Gray, British banker John Gray, Australian rules footballer for Melbourne University FC and medical doctor John Gray, American Olympic runner John Gray, Filipino Olympic boxer Johnny Gray, American baseball pitcher John Gray, English cricketer, rugby union and rugby league footballer John Gray, Canadian ice hockey player Johnny Gray, American runner John MacLachlan Gray, Canadian playwright and performer John Gray, American writer and director John J. Gray, American television writer and producer John Gray, television news anchor on WXXA-TV in Albany, New York MV John Hamilton Gray, Canadian icebreaking railway and passenger ferry USS John P. Gray, United States Navy high-speed transport John Gray, British captain of the SS Great Britain John Gray, owner of Greyfriars Bobby John E. Gray, American educational administrator and businessman, president of Lamar University Jon Gray, American baseball player John de Gray, Bishop of Norwich John Grey Jonathan Gray Jack Gray

Albert Järvinen

Pekka "Albert" Johannes Järvinen was a Finnish guitarist. He is best known as the guitarist of the Finnish rock band Hurriganes, he got his stage-name Albert from one of blues guitarist Albert King. Pekka "Albert" Järvinen was born in the municipality of Iitti in south-east Finland, where he at the age of eight started playing the acoustic guitar, he studied classical guitar under the leadership of Ivan Putilin. Järvinen received his first electric guitar, a Gretsch, in 1965. From there he went on to play in numerous bands, including the blues band Harp and the rock band Poison; when Järvinen, in May 1972, replaced Ile Kallio as the lead guitarist of Hurriganes, he was a seasoned musician. He had been a key member of the band Kalevala. In 1975 Järvinen left the Hurriganes to play with the Finnish musician Rock-Jerry, doing a comeback. Rumor had it that Remu Aaltonen had showed Järvinen the door as a result of a drinking problem, interfering with his stage performance; the same year Järvinen would challenge Hurriganes' leadership position by establishing a blues rock band called the Royals.

Playing e.g. Cream covers as well as their own material, Royals had a more intellectual image. Järvinen would however have to admit. Royals would never form a serious challenge to Hurriganes; as this band split in 1979, Järvinen planned to continue his career in England. Elvis Costello among numerous others wanted him as a lead guitarist; this British connection was fueled by Nick Lowe, who had visited Finland to record Järvinens guitar solos. Järvinen however returned to Finland to play with Dave Lindholm before rejoining Hurriganes in 1979; this engagement would last two years. In 1981 Järvinen was sacked due to heavy drinking. Together with Sleepy Sleepers former drummer Harri Lemola Järvinen formed a new band The Quips which stayed together only for a year. In 1984 Järvinen published a maxi-single Countdown under the name of Albert Järvinen Band; the single was produced and sung by Lemmy Kilmister from the British band Motörhead. In the middle of the 1980s Järvinen kept a low profile perfecting his skills.

At the latter half of the decade, he played with various artist and recorded a solo album Braindamage – Or Still Alive together with Albert King and William Clarke. Järvinen died during a concert trip in London, UK, in the Spring of 1991, aged 40; the official cause of death was myocardial infarction. Järvinen is buried in Honkanummi cemetery in Vantaa. Ride On Braindamage – Or Still Alive Guitar Mirror Tower Aspects of Albert Järvinen Patchy Moss – 30 Big Ones Let It Roll: Rocks & Rarities Rock and Roll All Night Long Roadrunner Sixteen Golden Greats Hurrigane by the Hurriganes Jailbird 10/80 Videos of Albert Järvinen Band in YLE Elävä arkisto