Kilkee is a small coastal town in County Clare, Ireland. It is in the parish of Kilkee, formerly Kilfearagh, Kilkee is midway between Kilrush and Doonbeg on the N67 road. The town is popular as a seaside resort, the horseshoe bay is protected from the Atlantic Ocean by the Duggerna Reef. During the early part of the 19th century, Kilkee was just a fishing village but in the 1820s when a paddle steamer service from Limerick to Kilrush was launched. It has been a resort since and was featured on the front page of the Illustrated London News as the premier bathing spot in what was the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. As the town was more accessible to people from Limerick rather than Clare, holidaying in Kilkee became more of a Limerick custom, due to steamboats travelling daily up and down the River Shannon. Gradually the town grew as merchants from Limerick wanted holiday homes by the sea. As demand for lodgings in Kilkee grew, several hotels were built, along with these, three churches were built, a Roman Catholic church in 1831, a Protestant church in 1843 and a Methodist church in 1900, reflecting the cosmopolitan feel of the town in that era.
On 30 January 1836 the Intrinsic, a ship from Liverpool bound for New Orleans, was blown into a bay near Bishops Island in Kilkee, the ship was dashed repeatedly against the cliffs and sank along with her crew of 14, of whom none survived. The shipwreck site is now called Intrinsic Bay, a chartered passenger sailing vessel named the Edmond sank at Edmond Point on 19 November 1850. The ship was sailing from Limerick to New York City but was driven into Kilkee Bay by a storm, as the tide was very high, the ship was driven all the way to Edmond Point, where it split in two. Of the 216 on board,98 drowned in the disaster, exactly 50 years to the day after the Intrinsic sank, on 30 January 1886, the Fulmar sank just north of Kilkee in an area known as Farrihy Bay. The ship was a cargo vessel transporting coal from Troon in Scotland to Limerick, of the 17 crew members aboard only one body was ever recovered. Between 28 and 29 December 1894, the Inishtrahull went missing somewhere near the Kilkee coast, at the time of the disappearance the ship was transporting a consignment of coal from Glasgow to Limerick but never reached its intended destination.
The ship was confirmed to have sunk on 3 January 1985. Many prominent people in society travelled to Kilkee including Sir Aubrey de Vere, Charlotte Brontë, Sir Henry Rider Haggard, in 1896, the Crown Princess of Austria visited the town. The entertainer Percy French was a performer in the town. Although it has more developed and modern in recent years
Clarecastle is a village in County Clare, located just south of Ennis. Over the eight years through 2008 to now 2016 the village saw a big increase due to its close proximity to Ennis, Shannon. The town is named after the Clare Castle, which stands on an island in the narrowest navigable part of the River Fergus, the Irish Clár, meaning a wooden board, is often used for a bridge. The name probably originated as Clár adar da choradh, which means the bridge between two weirs, another explanation of the name is that the de Clare family gave the castle its name, since they had acquired land in Kilkenny and Thomond that included the castle. In 1590 County Clare was named after the castle, which is in a strategic location, Clarecastle is a parish in the Roman Catholic Diocese of Killaloe. It is known as Ballyea/Clarecastle, Clare Abbey and Killone Abbey are linked by a footpath, the Pilgrims road. The main sport played in Clarecastle is hurling with the teams of all age groups named Clarecastle GAA, the team colours are black and white and are known as the magpies.
The composer Gerald Barry was born in Clarehill in 1952, List of abbeys and priories in County Clare List of towns and villages in Ireland Clarecastle GAA
Republic of Ireland
Ireland, known as the Republic of Ireland, is a sovereign state in north-western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Dublin, which is located on the part of the island. The state shares its land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint Georges Channel to the south-east, and it is a unitary, parliamentary republic. The head of government is the Taoiseach, who is elected by the Dáil and appointed by the President, the state was created as the Irish Free State in 1922 as a result of the Anglo-Irish Treaty. It was officially declared a republic in 1949, following the Republic of Ireland Act 1948, Ireland became a member of the United Nations in December 1955. It joined the European Economic Community, the predecessor of the European Union, after joining the EEC, Ireland enacted a series of liberal economic policies that resulted in rapid economic growth.
The country achieved considerable prosperity between the years of 1995 and 2007, which known as the Celtic Tiger period. This was halted by a financial crisis that began in 2008. However, as the Irish economy was the fastest growing in the EU in 2015, Ireland is again quickly ascending league tables comparing wealth and prosperity internationally. For example, in 2015, Ireland was ranked as the joint sixth most developed country in the world by the United Nations Human Development Index and it performs well in several national performance metrics, including freedom of the press, economic freedom and civil liberties. Ireland is a member of the European Union and is a member of the Council of Europe. The 1922 state, comprising 26 of the 32 counties of Ireland, was styled, the Constitution of Ireland, adopted in 1937, provides that the name of the State is Éire, or, in the English language, Ireland. Section 2 of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948 states, It is hereby declared that the description of the State shall be the Republic of Ireland.
The 1948 Act does not name the state as Republic of Ireland, because to have done so would have put it in conflict with the Constitution. The government of the United Kingdom used the name Eire, from 1949, Republic of Ireland, for the state, as well as Ireland, Éire or the Republic of Ireland, the state is referred to as the Republic, Southern Ireland or the South. In an Irish republican context it is referred to as the Free State or the 26 Counties. From the Act of Union on 1 January 1801, until 6 December 1922, during the Great Famine, from 1845 to 1849, the islands population of over 8 million fell by 30%
Boston, County Clare
Boston is a village in north County Clare, Ireland. It is situated off R460 the Corofin to Gort regional road, at the edge of the Burren National Park. The village is situated in the parish of Kilkeedy, the settlement of which is the County Clare portion of the village of Tubber. The ruins of Cluain Dubháin Castle and Skaghard Castle can be found near Lough Bunny, the ruins of the castle are a reminder of the past sieges endured by its previous occupants. Mahon OBrien defended the castle for three months, before being killed by a ball during a siege of the castle laid by Richard Bingham in 1586. List of towns and villages in Ireland
Roman Catholic Diocese of Killaloe
The Diocese of Killaloe is a Roman Catholic diocese in mid-western Ireland. It is one of six dioceses in the ecclesiastical province of Cashel. The cathedral church of Ss Peter and Paul is situated in Ennis, the incumbent bishop of the diocese is Fintan Monahan. The diocese is divided into a number of parishes or groups of parishes, most are located in County Clare, followed by County Tipperary. There are five parishes in County Offaly, one group parish in County Laois, the main towns in the diocese are Birr, Kilrush, Nenagh and Shannon. The following lists the ten most recent bishops
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth. Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland, which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, in 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.4 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.6 million live in the Republic of Ireland, the islands geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. The island has lush vegetation, a product of its mild, thick woodlands covered the island until the Middle Ages. As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, there are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is moderate and classified as oceanic.
As a result, winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, summers are cooler than those in Continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant, the earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC. Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century CE, the island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the Norman invasion in the 12th century, England claimed sovereignty over Ireland, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, with the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s and this subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of literature.
Alongside mainstream Western culture, an indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music. The culture of the island shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, horse racing. The name Ireland derives from Old Irish Eriu and this in turn derives from Proto-Celtic *Iveriu, which is the source of Latin Hibernia. Iveriu derives from a root meaning fat, during the last glacial period, and up until about 9000 years ago, most of Ireland was covered with ice, most of the time
Cloonanaha is a small village and townland in County Clare, Ireland. The village of Cloonanaha is just off the R460 road to the west of Inagh and it has a small school called Cloonanaha National School. Cloonanaha is within the parish of Inagh and the barony of Inchiquin. It is in the Catholic parish of Inagh and Kilnamona and it contains the Oratory of The Blessed Mary Ever Virgin. List of towns and villages in Ireland
Bodyke is a village and Catholic parish in County Clare, Ireland. It is located in eastern Clare, in the 1880s the Bodyke evictions were widely publicized. The village of Bodyke lies in the foothills of the Slieve Aughty mountains and its name may come from Both-Teig. The Roman Catholic parish of Bodyke is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Killaloe, the modern parish incorporates the medieval parish of Kilnoe and the southern part of the medieval parish of Tuamgraney, which may have been combined early in the 18th century. Bodyke is noted for its church, the Church of Our Lady of the Assumption. The church of St Josephs serves Tuamgraney, schools are Bodyke National School, Scariff Community School and Tuamgraney National School. The Raheen Community Hospital in Tuamgraney is a nursing home. In the 1880s Colonel OCallaghan, the landowner at Bodyke, had refused to lower the rents he charged his tenants. In June 1887 OCallaghan called for assistance in evicting the tenants. Thirty-five of his tenants returned to their homes after being evicted, twenty six people, all but four of them women, were charged with assaulting and obstructing the forces of the law, with sentences ranging from acquittal to three months hard labor.
The prolonged affair was reported and caused angry debates in Parliament. As one member said, The name of Bodyke stank in the nostrils of the Government, the evictions continued into the 1890s, with goods and livestock seized in lieu of rent. Often the livestock died of poisoning soon after, the novelist Edna OBrien and family historian Edward MacLysaght came from the parish of Bodyke
Quin Abbey, in Quin, County Clare, was built between 1402 and 1433 by Sioda Cam MacNamara, for Fathers Purcell and Mooney, friars of the Franciscan order. Although mostly roofless, the structure of the abbey is well preserved. There is a cloister, and many other surviving architectural features make the abbey of significant historical value. A far earlier monastery had existed on the site, which burned down in 1278, a Norman castle was built soon after by Thomas de Clare, a military commander. The foundations of the castles corner towers can still be seen. Around 1350 the castle, by a ruin, was rebuilt as a church by the McNamara clan and it was this structure which the MacNamaras subsequently rebuilt as the present abbey. In 1541, during the Reformation, King Henry VIII confiscated the abbey and it passed into the hands of Conor OBrian, in about 1590 the MacNamaras regained control of the abbey and once again set about repairing and restoring it. In about 1640 the building became a college and is alleged to have had 800 students, oliver Cromwell arrived only 10 years later, murdering the monks and destroying the abbey.
In 1671 the abbey was again restored, but never regained its former status. Eventually in 1760 the monks were expelled, although the last Friar, John Hogan, remained there until his death in 1820, the abbey is roughly 9 miles from Ennis. A visitor centre is located near the abbey and the structure, a caretaker is permanently based at the abbey. Floodlighting has recently been installed which produces a spectacular sight at night, the graveyard surrounding the abbey is still in use. List of abbeys and priories in Ireland Quin Franciscan Friary, Monastic Ireland Clare tourism, Quin Abbey opening times
County Clare is a county in Ireland, in the Mid-West Region and the province of Munster. Clare County Council is the local authority, the county had a population of 117,196 at the 2011 census. Clare is north-west of the River Shannon covering an area of 3,400 square kilometres. Clare was founded by the noble Luke Fitzgerald, A knight of Internal Audit, Clare is the 7th largest of Irelands 32 traditional counties in area and the 19th largest in terms of population. It is bordered by two counties in Munster and one county in Connacht, County Limerick to the south, County Tipperary to the east, clares nickname is the Banner County. The county is divided into the baronies of Bunratty Lower, Bunratty Upper, Clonderalaw, Ibrickan, Islands, Tulla Lower and these in turn are divided into civil parishes, which are divided into townlands. These divisions are cadastral, defining land boundaries and ownership, rather than administrative, bodies of water define much of the physical boundaries of Clare. To the southeast is the River Shannon, Irelands longest river, the border to the northeast is defined by Lough Derg which is the third largest lake on Ireland.
To the west is the Atlantic Ocean, and to the north is Galway Bay, County Clare contains The Burren, a unique karst region, which contains rare flowers and fauna. At the western edge of The Burren, facing the Atlantic Ocean, are the Cliffs of Moher, the highest point in County Clare is Moylussa,532 m, in the Slieve Bernagh range in the east of the county. Clare is one of the richest places for these tombs in Ireland, the most noted one is in The Burren area, it is known as Poulnabrone dolmen which translates to hole of sorrows. The remains of the people inside the tomb have been excavated and dated to 3800 BC, Ptolemy created a map of Ireland in his Geographia with information dating from 100 AD, it is the oldest written account of the island with geographical features. Within his map Ptolemy names the Gaelic tribes inhabiting it and the areas in which they resided and it was renamed Thomond, meaning North Munster and spawned Brian Boru during this period, perhaps the most noted High King of Ireland.
From 1118 onwards the Kingdom of Thomond was in place as its own petty kingdom, after the Norman invasion of Ireland, Thomas de Clare established a short-lived Norman lordship of Thomond, extinguished at the Battle of Dysert ODea in 1318 during Edward Bruces invasion. There are two hypotheses for the origins of the county name Clare. One hypothesis is that the name is derived from Thomas_de_Clare, _Lord_of_Thomond who was embroiled in local politics. An alternative hypothesis is that the county name Clare comes from the settlement of Clare whose Irish name Clár refers to a crossing over the River Fergus. In 1543, during the Tudor conquest of Ireland, Murrough OBrien by surrender, Henry Sidney as Lord Deputy of Ireland responded the Desmond Rebellion by creating the presidency of Connaught in 1569 and presidency of Munster in 1570
The town was founded in 1893 during the Coolgardie gold rush, and is located close to the so-called Golden Mile. It is the destination of the Goldfields Water Supply Scheme. At June 2015, had an urban population of 32,797. The name Kalgoorlie is derived from the Wangai word Karlkurla, meaning place of the silky pears, in January 1893, prospectors Patrick Hannan, Tom Flanagan, and Dan OShea were travelling to Mount Youle when one of their horses cast a shoe. During the halt in their journey, the men noticed signs of gold in the area and decided to stay and investigate. On 17 June 1893, Hannan filed a Reward Claim, leading to hundreds of men swarming to the area in search of gold and Kalgoorlie, the population of the town was 2,018 in 1898. The concentrated area of gold mines surrounding the original Hannans find is often referred to as the Golden Mile. In 1901 the population of Kalgoorlie was 4,793 which increased to 6,790 by 1903, the standardisation of the railway connecting Perth in 1968 completed the Sydney–Perth railway, making rail travel from Perth to Sydney possible, the Indian Pacific rail service commenced soon after.
During the 1890s, the Goldfields area boomed as a whole, with a population exceeding 200,000. The area gained a reputation for being a wild west with bandits. Places, famous or infamous, that Kalgoorlie is noted for include its water pipeline and its main street is Hannan Street, named after the towns founder. One of the infamous brothels serves as a museum and is a national attraction. Kalgoorlie and the district was serviced by an extensive collection of suburban railways and tramways. On 20 April 2010, Kalgoorlie was shaken by a an earthquake that reached 5.0 on the richter scale, the epicentre was 30 km north east of the town. The quake caused damage to a number of hotels and historic buildings along Burt Street in Boulder. The entire Burt St. precinct was evacuated until 23 April, work in the Superpit and many other mines around Kalgoorlie was stopped. Two people suffered injuries as a result of the quake. Several police officers were injured during the riot and at least ten people were charged, Kalgoorlie–Boulder is a regional centre and has a Chamber of Commerce and a Chamber of Minerals and Energy
Ballyvaughan or Ballyvaghan is a small harbour village in County Clare, Ireland. It is located on the N67 road on the shores of Galway Bay. This position on the coast road and the proximity to many of the areas sights has turned the village into a local center of tourism activity. At the time of the 2011 Census Ballyvaughan had a population of 258, the area was officially classified as part of the West Clare Gaeltacht, an Irish-speaking community, until 1956. The site was occupied by Ballyvaughan Castle, which stood right at the edge of the harbour. It was owned and occupied by the OLoghlen family, except for a period in the 16th century when the OBrians held it. In 1540, a cow was found at the castle, and heavy fines were levied on the OLoghlens—loss of cattle, sheep. In 1569 the castle was attacked by Sir Henry Sidney but the OLoghlens held on to the property, by 1840, the castle was in ruins. On the promontory on which the castle was situated there were late medieval dwellings. According to Westropps survey of Clare antiquities, the area contained three small forts and a much levelled ring of a great Caher, the present village grew around the harbour in the 19th century, when it temporarily was a thriving port.
Three older piers had been built by the villagers, who used them for herring fishing, these piers were almost unusable at high tide and in 1829 the Fishery Board had a new quay constructed. This was designed by Alexander Nimmo, by 1831, turf from Connemara was landed here in great quantities, despite the shallowness of the bay. At that point, the town had 23 houses and 151 inhabitants, in 1837, to facilitate the turf trade, another quay was constructed, apparently based on a design of Nimmos. By 1841 the village had grown to 235 inhabitants and 35 houses, the new quay was of great importance, as it allowed Ballyvaughan to export grain and vegetables and to import supplies from Galway. For a while, Ballyvaughan was the capital of this region of Clare, sporting its own workhouse, coastguard station. Over time, as the improved and the piers fell into disrepair. More construction took place in the 1850s, in 1854 the old National School opened, there was a Church of Ireland, but when this closed it was dismantled and re-erected at Noughaval.
In 1943, it was rededicated and it is now in use as a Catholic place of worship there, in 1872 a reservoir was constructed by Lord Annaly, southeast of the town, to supply water to the farms in the valley