Quriwayrachina, La Convención

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Quriwayrachina
Location Peru, Cusco Region, La Convención Province
Region Andes
Coordinates 13°20′30″S 72°53′19″W / 13.34167°S 72.88861°W / -13.34167; -72.88861Coordinates: 13°20′30″S 72°53′19″W / 13.34167°S 72.88861°W / -13.34167; -72.88861
History
Cultures Inca

A previously unknown Inca settlement, Quriwayrachina or Quri Wayrachina (Quechua quri gold, wayrachina a special oven for smelting metal, "oven for smelting gold"),[1][2] was found in the Willkapampa mountain range in the Cusco Region of Peru in 2001.[3] The site lies in the Santa Teresa District of the La Convención Province, north of the archaeological site of Choquequirao and west of the mountains Kiswar and Quriwayrachina (Corihuayrachina),[4] on a mountain named Victoria.[3] Close to nearby ancient Inca mines, the surrounding hills are covered with the littered stones from more than 200 structures in this Inca outpost.

Discovery[edit]

The British photographer and researcher Peter Frost discovered in 1999 a walking trail of the village; in June 2001 he led a group of archaeologists to the area. They found an area of 6 square kilometres of agricultural terraces, grain storage, cemeteries, grave towers, more than 100 circular buildings, the stump of a pyramid and an 8 km long canal, which was used for irrigation. The religious and administrative center was an open plaza, under which a tomb was located.

When the researchers arrived in Quriwayrachina, the city had been looted already. Skeletons were found in the graves but with no grave goods, the pottery and stone tools found were identified with two different time periods. Estimates place the origin of the outpost in the early 13th century, then abandoned, later to be resettled.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Diccionario Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary)
  2. ^ Ricardo N. Alonso, Diccionario minero: glosario de voces utilizadas por los mineros de Iberoamérica, p. 122, see: Huairachina
  3. ^ a b "Corihuayrachina or Victoria’s Secret Revealed, A Report of the 2001 National Geographic Society Vilcabamba Expedition". Adventure Specialists. Gary R Ziegler. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  4. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe - UGEL map of the La Convención Province (Cusco Region) showing the mountain Victoria (unnamed) north of the stream Victoria and west of the mountain Quriwayrachina (Corihuayrachina)