Róża Berger

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Róża Berger
Kraków 1752.jpg
Burial location of Róża Berger,
New Jewish Cemetery, Kraków
Born 20 June 1889
Kraków, partitioned Poland
Died 11 August 1945

Róża Berger born Reizel Leser (20 June 1889 – 11 August 1945)[1] was the only victim of the 1945 Kraków pogrom.[2] She was born in Kraków and married Józef (Josef) Berger on 17 September 1911 in Kraków under the Austrian partition. During World War II she escaped imprisonment in the Kraków Ghetto; however, she was rounded up in August 1944 with her daughter and granddaughter and deported to Auschwitz concentration camp (prisoner number 89186).[3] After the liberation of Auschwitz by the Red Army she returned to Kraków,[4][5] where she was shot by security forces and killed while standing behind closed doors at her home during the anti-Jewish disturbance of 11 August 1945.[2][6] She was buried in the New Jewish Cemetery at 55 Miodowa street in Kraków.[7]


  1. ^ Archiwum Narodowe w Krakowie (The State Archive in Kraków): "Jewish Civil Registry of Kraków", Archive 29 Fond 1472, 1889, birth (Akt urodzin) #531.[non-primary source needed]
  2. ^ a b Anna Cichopek (2003), "The Cracow pogrom of August 1945" in Contested Memories: Poles and Jews During the Holocaust and Its Aftermath ed. by Joshua D. Zimmerman, Rutgers University Press.
  3. ^ "A survivor of a German Prison Camp Arrives Here". New York, NY: New York Herald Tribune. 17 January 1947. p. 12. [non-primary source needed]
  4. ^ Jewish Agency For Palestine Search Bureau For Missing Relatives, ed. (1945). "15. Second List Of Jews Surviving In Poland (Compiled In Krakow)". Pinkas HaNitzolim I Register of Jewish Survivors I. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 128.  [non-primary source needed]
  5. ^ Jewish Agency For Palestine Search Bureau For Missing Relatives, ed. (1945). Pinkas HaNitzolim II Register of Jewish Survivors II. Jerusalem: Hamadpis Liphshitz Press. p. 17. 
  6. ^ Tomasz Konopka, "Śmierc na ulicach Krakowa w latach 1945-1947 w materiale archiwalnym krakowskiego Zakladu Medycyny Sadowej" - "Pamięć i Sprawiedliwość", IPN, 2005, nr 2, p. 148. (in Polish)
  7. ^ New Jewish Cemetery Burial Register, Krakow: Burial Register as indexed at Jewish Records Indexing - Poland", Surname: BERGER, Given Name: Reizel, Date: 11-Aug-1945, Section: 12, Row: 5, Grave: 14, Page: 210, Sort: 1