Lord Derby Cup
The Lord Derby Cup known as French Rugby à XIII Cup, is the premier knockout competition for the sport of rugby league football in France. It is open to all French rugby league clubs, it was first contested in 1934, the same season as the French Rugby League Championship got under way. The first winner of the cup was US Lyon-Villeurbanne on 5 May 1935 in Toulouse; the Lord Derby Trophy was donated by Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby in May 1935 to the winner of the game between Castleford, English Challenge Cup champions, US Lyon-Villeurbanne, defending French Cup champions. Edward George Villiers Stanley was the honorary president of the Rugby Football League, a politician and had previously served as the British ambassador in Paris; the game took place on 12 May 1935 in Paris. Some months after, to symbolize the English-French rugby league Entente Cordiale, US Lyon-Villeurbanne handed over the trophy to the Ligue Française de Rugby à XIII, it was named the new emblem of the French Rugby League Cup.
At the following Cup final on 19 April 1936, Côte Basque were awarded the Lord Derby Trophy and it has been competed for since. Semi-final 28 April 1940 in Bordeaux: Côte Basque 14–5 XIII Catalan. 12 May 1940 in Toulouse: semi-final Pau XIII v AS Carcassonne: game not played because 10 May 1940 the invasion of Belgium and the Netherlands by Germany. 19 May 1940 in …: no final Côte Basque v Pau XIII or AS Carcassonne, i.e.: season 1939–1940: Lord Derby Cup "Not awarded due to the war". The final between AS Carcassonne and XIII Catalan was cancelled because of the fight at the championship final the previous week. Le Rugby à le plus français du monde by Louis Bonnery, The Forbidden Game by Mike Rylance. Rugby league in France France national rugby league team France women's national rugby league team French Rugby League Championship Elite One Championship Elite Two Championship National Division 1 National Division 2 Coupe Falcou Paul Dejean Cup French rugby league system Official website Infostreize
XIII Limouxin known as Limoux Grizzlies, are a semi-professional rugby league club from the town of Limoux in the Aude area in southern France. They play in the Elite One Championship; the club was formed in 1951. They have won both Lord Derby Cup on two occasions; the Stade de l'Aiguille is their home stadium. On 22 October 1951 after a disagreement with the French rugby union the club switched codes and under the name Sporting Club Limoux XIII they entered the amateur Federal League. In the 1955 -- 56 season they were runners-up in the league. In 1962 the club entered the National League and after reaching the cup semi-final in 1967 they lifted the championship title in 1968 in Toulouse against AS Carcassonne, 13–12, after extra time in front of 15,000 fans; the team that day was: Andrieu, Bonnafous, Bellinguier, Costeseque, Dumas, Lecinena, Dolly, Roldos and Vergeysnt. Datta and Guiraud would go on and play against the Australia national rugby league team in the 1968 Rugby League World Cup in what was in effect the final.
The win didn't bring in a spell of silverware, as the club wouldn't reach another final until 1984. Runners-up in successive cup finals in 1984 and 85 proved to be a false dawn as they were relegated at the end of the decade. Runner-up in the Elite Two Championship in 1992 brought them back to the top flight from where they have since remained. Two cup wins in 1996 and 2008 the first under captain Frederic Teixido were the only triumphs that brought them plenty of heartache. 1997, 2001, 2005 saw them beaten finalists in the cup and as holders in 2009 they were once again beaten finalists against AS Carcassonne. In 2009 despite finishing top of the league table they lost the final against Lezignan Sangliers. In 2010 they were runners-up in the cup, losing to Lezignan again. 2011 and once again having topped the league they were beaten by Lezignan in the final. After a couple of seasons of mid-table mediocrity, apart from a cup semi-final appearance in 2012, 2016 brought the club back to playing finals.
Another defeat in the cup final against Saint-Esteve XIII Catalan 16–33 brought more woes but in the championship final they claimed their second title, the first for 48 years, by beating AS Carcassonne, 26–24. The following season they retained their title after beating Lezignan Sangliers in the final 24-22; the club have competed in the Rugby League Challenge Cup. The club runs successful youth teams; the club plays in predominantly black with red trims. The Grizzlies moniker was introduced during the 1990s; the club play at the Stade de l'Aiguille, a multi-sports arena. The name translates as'Stage of the Needle', it has a 5,000 capacity. Squad for 2018-19 Season.
Villegailhenc-Aragon XIII are a semi-professional rugby league team based in Villegailhenc, Aude in Languedoc-Rousillon in southern France. They play in the second tier competition the Elite Two Championship, their home stadium is the Stade Jerome Rieux. Being an amateur club they competed in the French rugby league amateur competition the Federal Championship. In 1987 they reached their first'Federal Championship' final, now called National Division 2, but lost out to Le Barcares 9-16. In 1993 they once again reached the final but lost again this time to Le Lauquet-Palaja 15-18. By the first decade of the millennium they were still playing in the National Division 2 but that changed when in season 2011/12 they once again reached the final but this time they won beating Le Soler 11-6 and thus clinching promotion; the next two seasons brought success in the Paul Dejean Cup in season 2014/15 they won through to the National Division 1 play-off final and despite losing to US Ferrals XIII they were promoted to the 2nd tier for the first time, they struggled at the higher level and finished the season bottom with no wins, but they escaped relegation when the top two tier leagues were increased.
They became top flight club AS Carcassonne's official feeder team. 2018-19 Squad.
League 1 (rugby league)
League 1, is a semi-professional rugby league competition based in the United Kingdom. The competition features clubs from Wales, included clubs from Canada and France, it is the Rugby Football League's third-tier competition, below the Championship, with which it has promotion and relegation. The league was inaugurated in 2003 when the Northern Ford Premiership was divided into two separate leagues named National League One and National League Two. In 2009, the league names were changed to the Championship and Championship 1 with the latter adopting its current name of League 1 in 2015. Third-division rugby league competitions in the United Kingdom have existed periodically since 1991; the current incarnation was created in 2003 when the second-division competition below Super League, the Northern Ford Premiership, was split into National Leagues One and Two. Teams that finished in the top ten league positions of the Northern Ford Premiership at the end of the 2002 season formed National League One, while the remaining eight formed National League Two where they were joined by two additional clubs, London Skolars from the Rugby League Conference and York City Knights, who replaced the defunct York Wasps and joined National League Two for the inaugural season in 2003.
At the end of the 2005 Super League season, an extra team was relegated to National League One in order to accommodate French side Catalans Dragons' entry to the competition. In turn, an additional team was relegated from National League One to League Two, while Blackpool Panthers were elected to National League Two for the 2005 season to replace the defunct Chorley Lynx, leaving 11 teams in League Two. In order to up the numbers, the Welsh team Celtic Crusaders were admitted to the competition in 2005, first playing in the 2006 season and increasing the division to twelve teams. In 2009 Super League was expanded to 14 teams, with two additional teams being promoted from National League One. In turn, two additional teams were promoted from National League Two to National League One at the end of the 2008 season, reducing the number of teams in National League Two to 10. National Leagues One and Two were rebranded as Championship and Championship 1 with the change being implemented in time for the 2009 season.
South Wales Scorpions were admitted to Championship 1 for the 2010 season, increasing the number of teams in the league to 11. Blackpool Panthers left the league in 2011, once again reducing the number of teams to 10. In 2013, three new teams were admitted to the league. To facilitate this expansion, in 2012 four teams were promoted to the Championship from Championship 1 and no teams were relegated from the Championship, meaning that the 2013 Championship 1 season was contested by 9 teams. In 2014 expansion and restructure took place with 5 teams relegated from the Championship and Coventry Bears added to expand the league to 14 teams, renamed League 1. A new playoff structure was introduced with two teams being promoted to the Championship. In 2015 the League 1 Cup was introduced as an additional competition for League 1 clubs. In 2016 Toulouse Olympique joined the league, bringing the total number of teams to 15. Toronto Wolfpack joined the league in 2017, bringing the total number of teams to 16.
In 2016, the Super 8s format, used in the Super League and Championship was introduced to League 1. Under the amended structure, the 16 League 1 clubs play a regular season of 15 rounds, playing each other once either home or away. Following the conclusion of their regular league seasons, the 16 clubs compete in a playoff series where they split into 2 divisions of 8 based upon league position: The top eight League 1 clubs compete in the League 1 Super 8s, they play each other once to determine the champion and the four clubs that will compete in the playoffs for the second promotion place. The remaining clubs compete for the League 1 Shield; this format remained in use for the 2017 season but on 26 October 2017, it was confirmed that Oxford Rugby League and Gloucestershire All Golds will not compete for the 2018 season, in favour of creating a merged club in Bristol for 2019. This reduces the number of clubs to 14 and for 2018 the Super 8 format has been discarded and instead the teams will play a 26 game season.
The club top of the table after 26 games will automatically be promoted to the Championship and those finishing second to fifth will play off for the other promotion spot. The format was modified for 2019 following an RFL extraordinary general meeting in September 2018; the number of clubs in the division will be reduced to 12 and the top six teams will compete for two promotion places to the Championship. However on 23 October 2018, Hemel Stags announced that the club was withdrawing from the league for 2019 reducing the number of teams to 11; the team finishing top of the 11-team league after the 20-game regular season will automatically be promoted a series of six further matches will decide the second promotion spot. *capacity for Rugby League games may differ from official stadium capacity. Teams play each other once home and away in a round robin system. At the end of the season the team finishing first is promoted to the Championship. There is no relegation from League 1. Teams finishing between 2nd and 6th compete in a playoff to decide the second promotion spot.
In the play-offs first round there are two.
A bull is an intact adult male of the species Bos taurus. More muscular and aggressive than the female of the species, the cow, the bull has long been an important symbol in many cultures, plays a significant role in both beef ranching and dairy farming, in a variety of other cultural activities; the female counterpart to a bull is a cow, while a male of the species, castrated is a steer, ox or bullock, although in North America this last term refers to a young bull, in Australia to a draught animal. Usage of these terms varies with area and dialect. Colloquially, people unfamiliar with cattle may refer to both castrated and intact animals as "bulls". A wild, unmarked bull is known as a micky in Australia. Improper or late castration on a bull results in it becoming a coarse steer known as a stag in Australia and New Zealand. In some countries an incompletely castrated male is known as a rig or ridgling; the word "bull" denotes the males of other bovines, including bison and water buffalo as well as many other species of large animals including elephants, seals & walruses, camels, elk, moose and antelopes.
Bulls are much more muscular than cows, with thicker bones, larger feet, a muscular neck, a large, bony head with protective ridges over the eyes. These features assist bulls in fighting for domination over a herd, giving the winner superior access to cows for reproduction; the hair is shorter on the body, but on the neck and head there is a "mane" of curlier, wooly hair. Bulls are about the same height as cows or a little taller, but because of the additional muscle and bone mass they weigh far more. Most of the time, a bull has a hump on his shoulders; when a bull is full-grown, he can weigh as much as 2,000 pounds. In horned cattle the horns of bulls tend to be thicker and somewhat shorter than those of cows, in many breeds they curve outwards in a flat arc rather than upwards in a lyre shape, it is not true, as is believed, bulls have horns and cows do not: the presence of horns depends on the breed, or in horned breeds on whether the horns have been disbudded. Cattle that do not have horns are referred to as polled, or muleys.
Castrated male cattle are physically similar to females in build and horn shape, although if allowed to reach maturity they may be taller than either bulls or cows, with muscled shoulders. Bulls become fertile at about seven months of age, their fertility is related to the size of their testicles, one simple test of fertility is to measure the circumference of the scrotum: a young bull is to be fertile once this reaches 28 centimetres. Bulls have a fibro-elastic penis. Given the small amount of erectile tissue, there is little enlargement after erection; the penis is quite rigid when non-erect, becomes more rigid during erection. Protrusion is not affected much by erection, but more by relaxation of the retractor penis muscle and straightening of the sigmoid flexure. Bulls are affected by a condition known as "corkscrew penis"; the penis of a mature bull is about 3–4 cm in diameter, 80–100 cm in length. The bull's glans penis has a elongated shape. A common misconception repeated in depictions of bull behavior is that the color red angers bulls, inciting them to charge.
In fact, like most mammals, cattle are red-green color blind. In bullfighting, it is the movement of the matador's cape, not the color, which provokes a reaction in the bull. Other than the few bulls needed for breeding, the vast majority of male cattle are castrated and slaughtered for meat before the age of three years, except where they are needed as work oxen for haulage. Most of these beef animals are castrated as calves to reduce aggressive behavior and prevent unwanted mating, although some are reared as uncastrated bull beef. A bull is ready for slaughter one or two months sooner than a castrated male or a female, produces proportionately more, leaner muscle. Frame score is a useful way of describing the skeletal size of other cattle. Frame scores can be used as an aid to predict mature cattle sizes and aid in the selection of beef bulls. Frame scores are calculated from hip age. In sales catalogues, this measurement is reported in addition to weight and other performance data such as estimated breed value.
Adult bulls may weigh between 1,000 kilograms. Most are capable of aggressive behavior and require careful handling to ensure safety of humans and other animals; those of dairy breeds may be more prone to aggression, while beef breeds are somewhat less aggressive, though beef breeds such as the Spanish Fighting Bull and related animals are noted for aggressive tendencies, which are further encouraged by selective breeding. It is estimated that 42% of all livestock-related fatalities in Canada are a result of bull attacks, fewer than one in twenty victims of a bull attack survives. Dairy breed bulls are dangerous and unpredictable. Being trampled, jammed against a wall or gored by a bull was one of the most frequent causes of death in the dairy industry before 1940. With regard to such risks, one popular farming magazine has suggested, "Handle with a staff and take no
Football Club de Lézignan are a semi-professional rugby league football club based in Lézignan-Corbières in the départment of Aude in the south of France. They play in the Elite One Championship, they have won six Lord Derby Cups. The club was founded in 1903. In 1939 the club switched codes and began playing rugby league, which had gained success with the formation of the French championship in 1934. In the 2007-08 season the club, led by their French international player-coach James Wynne, won the French Championship for the first time in 30 years and reached the fourth round of the Challenge Cup, they play in the Elite One Championship at the Stade du Moulin and are coached by Aurelien Cologni In 1893 Joseph Anglade a university professor practised a game called football with students on a ground they called'Belle Isle'. The game was a mixture of football and rugby similar to what is now'Australian Football' On the back of this a student called Lucien Mountain in 1903 founded the original rugby club'Football Club Lezignanais'.
In 1919 after 14 years playing in the hospital grounds the club moved their own ground to the Stade du Moulin called the Stadium of the Mill. In 1921 the club competed in the French Rugby Union Championship for the first time and in 1929 they reached the final but were beaten by US Quillan. Disheartened by rugby in France at this time the club was dissolved in 1931 after they had been threatened with a ban from entering the competition due to financial payments. On 2 August 1939 the new'Lezignan' club joined Rugby league and participated in the 1939/40 season this would be the last one before war broke out. During the war the Vichy Government banned the sport and made players play union, after the war the club resumed playing Rugby League; the revival of the club began in 1954 with the appointment of Edouard Ponsinet as captain-coach and of the arrival of new president Me Fau. They won their first junior title in 1960 the club won their first major trophy winning the Lord Derby Cup under Andre Carere.
The following season the Sangliers lifted the French Rugby League Championship for the first time beating Roanne XIII in the final. In 1963 they won their second title, with the juniors doing better as they completed a league and cup double. Two more cup wins followed for the first team in 1966 and 1970. During the 70s the club under Michel Maique produced a host of excellent young and local players culminating in a 1978 title win over XIII Catalan in which 12 of the starting lie up were from their own youth team. There were near misses as they were runners up three times in the cup 1971, 74 and 78 and in the league in 76, it was during this era that one of their best players emerged in Pierre Lacaze nicknamed'The Butterfly'. There followed a long barren spell in terms of success, 30 years, until they won the league title in 2008. There followed a spell of dominance from the club in which they won 4 straight titles and two cup wins resulting in two consecutive double campaigns in 2010 and 2011.
In 2015 they won the Lord Derby Cup for a sixth time beating St Esteve XIII Catalan in the final. Season 2016/17 brought delight in finishing top of the table but disappointment in losing both the league play-off final against Limoux Grizzlies and the Lord Derby Cup final against AS Carcassonne.'Lezignan play in white green and pink of various design. The badge depicts a windmill, still present at the site; the earliest reference to rugby being played in Lezignan came in 1893 when students played at a place called'Belle Isle' on the'Route de Cruscades. Between 1905 and 1919 rugby was played in the grounds of the hospital at the front of the building named as'Jardins de Blasco' it had one wooden stand, stripped away during the war. In 1919 Lezignan president Gustave Gayraud acquired land from the County of Kerouartz to use as a rugby ground. On the land was a vineyard, two mills, one water the other wind, a small stream, the windmill is now just ruins but the watermill still stands; the first match played at the Stade du Moulin was in October 1919 v Stade Toulousain, the supporters themselves built the first dressing rooms.
Over the years work has been done to the ground with a major overhaul done in 2000 following devastating floods the year before. The current capacity is 6,000. On 3 July 2001 the ground hosted its first full international when Scotland national rugby league team won against France national rugby league team 42-20 Squad for 2018-19 season Lilian Albert - Centre Julien Bartusiak - Prop Maxime Benausse - Five-eighth Theo Bonneriez - Centre Emir-Walid Bouregba - Second-row Florian Bousquet - Hooker Charles Bouzinac - Hooker Damien Cardace - Fullback Alexandre Costes - Second-row Jamal Fakir - Prop Valentin Ferret - Wing Dorian Gouzy - Wing Bernard Gregorius - Centre Mohamed Jamil - Prop Amine Miloudi - Fullback Anthony Ors - Loose forward Benjamin Sarda - Wing Cyril Stacul - Wing Yoan Tisseyre - Second-row Benjamin Tort - Wing Mathieu Tovena - Hooker Mickael Tribillac - Loose forward Blake Leary - Loose forward Elite One Championship 1960/61, 1962/63, 1977/78, 2007/08, 2008/09, 2009/10, 2010/11Lord Derby Cup 1960, 1966, 1970, 2010, 2011, 2015 Official site
France the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, it is bordered by Belgium and Germany to the northeast and Italy to the east, Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic and Indian oceans; the country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Toulouse, Bordeaux and Nice. During the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by a Celtic people. Rome annexed the area in 51 BC, holding it until the arrival of Germanic Franks in 476, who formed the Kingdom of Francia.
The Treaty of Verdun of 843 partitioned Francia into Middle Francia and West Francia. West Francia which became the Kingdom of France in 987 emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages following its victory in the Hundred Years' War. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a global colonial empire was established, which by the 20th century would become the second largest in the world; the 16th century was dominated by religious civil wars between Protestants. France became Europe's dominant cultural and military power in the 17th century under Louis XIV. In the late 18th century, the French Revolution overthrew the absolute monarchy, established one of modern history's earliest republics, saw the drafting of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which expresses the nation's ideals to this day. In the 19th century, Napoleon established the First French Empire, his subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a tumultuous succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870.
France was a major participant in World War I, from which it emerged victorious, was one of the Allies in World War II, but came under occupation by the Axis powers in 1940. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War; the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, remains today. Algeria and nearly all the other colonies became independent in the 1960s and retained close economic and military connections with France. France has long been a global centre of art and philosophy, it hosts the world's fourth-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites and is the leading tourist destination, receiving around 83 million foreign visitors annually. France is a developed country with the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP, tenth-largest by purchasing power parity. In terms of aggregate household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, human development.
France is considered a great power in global affairs, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a leading member state of the European Union and the Eurozone, a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, La Francophonie. Applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name "France" comes from the Latin "Francia", or "country of the Franks". Modern France is still named today "Francia" in Italian and Spanish, "Frankreich" in German and "Frankrijk" in Dutch, all of which have more or less the same historical meaning. There are various theories as to the origin of the name Frank. Following the precedents of Edward Gibbon and Jacob Grimm, the name of the Franks has been linked with the word frank in English, it has been suggested that the meaning of "free" was adopted because, after the conquest of Gaul, only Franks were free of taxation.
Another theory is that it is derived from the Proto-Germanic word frankon, which translates as javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks was known as a francisca. However, it has been determined that these weapons were named because of their use by the Franks, not the other way around; the oldest traces of human life in what is now France date from 1.8 million years ago. Over the ensuing millennia, Humans were confronted by a harsh and variable climate, marked by several glacial eras. Early hominids led a nomadic hunter-gatherer life. France has a large number of decorated caves from the upper Palaeolithic era, including one of the most famous and best preserved, Lascaux. At the end of the last glacial period, the climate became milder. After strong demographic and agricultural development between the 4th and 3rd millennia, metallurgy appeared at the end of the 3rd millennium working gold and bronze, iron. France has numerous megalithic sites from the Neolithic period, including the exceptiona