Club Deportivo Arquitectura
Club Deportivo Arquitectura is a Spanish rugby union club. Established in 1931, the team competes at División de Honor B, the second division of Spanish rugby. Arquitectura is the most successful club with a total of 17 titles won to date. In 1931, fifteen students of the Superior Technical School of Architecture of Madrid decided to form the first rugby union team of the School. Captained by Santiago Soler the club won its first University championship that same season; the squad would win the title in 1935 and 1936. After a hiatus due to the Civil War, Arquitectura won a series of titles in the University championship, winning 13 titles; the club crowned Spanish champion in 1957, 1958 and 1959 when the National University Games were established. In the 1960s, new sections were added to the University program, such as volleyball. At a request of the Spanish Rugby Federation, the club was constituted under the name "Club Deportivo Arquitectura de Madrid". Arquitectura won its first División de Honor championship in 1974.
Arquitectura promoted to the first division, División de Honor, in 1971. In 1974 the squad toured on France and the United Kingdom, playing a series of friendly games against Stade Français, London Welsh and London Scottish. Two years Arquitectura made another tour, achieving wins v. Camberley, London Scottish and London Welsh. During successive years in the decade, Arquitectura played French Aviron Bayonnais and Argentine CUBA, Newman and Buenos Aires CRC, among other teams; the 1970s and 1980s were successful decades for the club, during those years Arquitectura won 6 Copa del Rey and 7 División de Honor championships, all of them between 1974 and 1988. In 1984 the club was awarded the "Trofeo Villa de Madrid" as the most notable sports club of the city. In the 1990s Arquitectura won two Copa Ibérica trophies and two División de Honor titles, becoming the most winning rugby team of Spain with 17 championships to date. División de Honor: 1974, 1975, 1977, 1981, 1982, 1986, 1988, 1990, 1995 Copa del Rey: 1976, 1980, 1981, 1984, 1986, 1988 Copa Ibérica: 1991, 1996 Rugby union in Spain Superior Technical School of Architecture of Madrid Official site Superior Technical School of Architecture of Madrid
Valencia València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre. Its urban area extends beyond the administrative city limits with a population of around 1.6 million people. Valencia is Spain's third largest metropolitan area, with a population ranging from 1.7 to 2.5 million depending on how the metropolitan area is defined. The Port of Valencia is the 5th busiest container port in Europe and the busiest container port on the Mediterranean Sea; the city is ranked at Beta-global city in World Cities Research Network. Valencia is integrated into an industrial area on the Costa del Azahar. Valencia was founded as a Roman colony by the consul Decimus Junius Brutus Callaicus in 138 BC, called Valentia Edetanorum. In 714 Moroccan and Arab Moors occupied the city, introducing their language and customs. Valencia was the capital of the Taifa of Valencia.
In 1238 the Christian king James I of Aragon conquered the city and divided the land among the nobles who helped him conquer it, as witnessed in the Llibre del Repartiment. He created a new law for the city, the Furs of Valencia, which were extended to the rest of the Kingdom of Valencia. In the 18th century Philip V of Spain abolished the privileges as punishment to the kingdom of Valencia for aligning with the Habsburg side in the War of the Spanish Succession. Valencia was the capital of Spain when Joseph Bonaparte moved the Court there in the summer of 1812, it served as capital between 1936 and 1937, during the Second Spanish Republic. The city is situated on the banks of the Turia, on the east coast of the Iberian Peninsula, fronting the Gulf of Valencia on the Mediterranean Sea, its historic centre is one of the largest in Spain, with 169 ha. Due to its long history, this is a city with numerous popular celebrations and traditions, such as the Fallas, which were declared as Fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain in 1965 and Intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO in November 2016.
From 1991 to 2015, Rita Barberá Nolla was the mayor of the city, yet in 2015, Joan Ribó from Coalició Compromís, became mayor. The original Latin name of the city was Valentia, meaning "strength", or "valour", the city being named according to the Roman practice of recognising the valour of former Roman soldiers after a war; the Roman historian Livy explains that the founding of Valentia in the 2nd century BC was due to the settling of the Roman soldiers who fought against an Iberian rebel, Viriatus. During the rule of the Muslim kingdoms in Spain, it had the nickname Medina at-Tarab according to one transliteration, or Medina at-Turab according to another, since it was located on the banks of the River Turia, it is not clear if the term Balansiyya was reserved for the entire Taifa of Valencia or designated the city. By gradual sound changes, Valentia has in Castilian and València in Valencian. In Valencian, the grave accent ⟨è⟩ /ɛ/ contrasts with the acute accent ⟨é⟩ /e/—but the word València is an exception to this rule.
It is spelled according to Catalan etymology. Valencia stands on the banks of the Turia River, located on the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula and the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, fronting the Gulf of Valencia. At its founding by the Romans, it stood on a river island in 6.4 kilometres from the sea. The Albufera, a freshwater lagoon and estuary about 11 km south of the city, is one of the largest lakes in Spain; the City Council bought the lake from the Crown of Spain for 1,072,980 pesetas in 1911, today it forms the main portion of the Parc Natural de l'Albufera, with a surface area of 21,120 hectares. In 1976, because of its cultural and ecological value, the Generalitat Valenciana declared it a natural park. Valencia has a subtropical Mediterranean climate with short mild winters and long and dry summers, its average annual temperature is 18.4 °C. In the coldest month, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 14 to 21 °C, the minimum temperature at night ranges from 5 to 11 °C.
In the warmest month – August, the maximum temperature during the day ranges from 28–34 °C, about 22 to 23 °C at night. Similar temperatures to those experienced in the northern part of Europe in summer last about 8 months, from April to November. March is transitional, the temperature exceeds 20 °C, with an average temperature of 19.3 °C during the day and 10.0 °C at night. December and February are the coldest months, with average temperatures around 17 °C during the day and 8 °C at night. Valencia has one of the mildest winters in Europe, owing to its southern location on the Mediterranean Sea and the Foehn phenomenon; the January average is comparable to temperatures expected for May and September in the major cities of northern Europe. Sunshine duration hours are 2,696 per year, from 15
Ciencias Sevilla CR
Ciencias Club de Rugby is a Spanish rugby team based in Seville, Spain. Spanish championship Champions: 1992 and 1994 Spanish King's cup Champions: 1994, 1995 and 1996 Runners-up: 1997 Copa Ibérica Champions: 1995 Runners-up: 1993 27 seasons in División de Honor 5 seasons in División de Honor B Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality. Javier de Juan Corey Smith Kurt Morath Oscar Durán Leonardo de Oliveira Juan Francisco Galindo Sebastián Hattori José María Bohórquez Leandro Fernández Jesús Recuerda Rafael Camacho Alejandro Ortega Carlos Arenas Jeremías Palumbo Manuel Mazo Jorge Prieto Andrea Bresolin Former player from Petrarca Padova in italien Super10 Official site
Valladolid Rugby Asociación Club is a Spanish rugby union club. The club was established in 1986 and competes in the División de Honor de Rugby competition, the highest level of Spanish club rugby; the club are based in Valladolid in central Spain. VRAC play in white colours; the team have in the past won both the Copa del Rey de Rugby. They play at Estadio Pepe Rojo. División de Honor: 8 Champions: 1998–99, 2000–01, 2011–12, 2012–13, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2016–17, 2017–18 Copa del Rey: 5 Champions: 1997–98, 2009–10, 2013–14, 2014–15, 2017–18 Runners-up: 2012–13 Supercopa de España: 7 Champions: 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017 Copa Ibérica de Rugby: 3 Champions: 2014, 2017,2018 Valladolid RAC's first foray into Europe was in the 2001–02 European Challenge Cup. Playing in a pool with London Irish, Dax and L'Aquila, they lost all six games; the 2003/4 season saw a change in format in the European Challenge Cup. Teams played in a knockout format, over two legs, in each round. First round losing teams played in a new, third tier, Shield competition.
Having lost home and away to England's Newcastle Falcons in Round 1 of the 2003–04 European Challenge Cup, they dropped into the European Shield. Here their performance against Italy's Overmach Parma was better, but they again lost home and away; the 2004/5 season was a close repeat of 2003/4: heavy losses home and away to Italy's Viadana in the Challenge Cup was followed by heavier defeats at the hands of England's Leeds in the Shield. As the winners of the 2011–12 División de Honor de Rugby and the championship playoff, Valladolid RAC qualified to play in the 2012–13 European Challenge Cup but turned down the opportunity due to economic factors. Gernika RT represented Spain; as the winners of the 2013/14 División de Honor championship, VRAC qualified to play the Iberian Rugby Cup against CDUL of Lisbon, winning the game and the title. In 2015/16 season, Valladolid RAC as the champion of the 2014/15 División de Honor championship, represented Spain at the Qualifying Competition of the European Rugby Challenge Cup.
In this competition VRAC won two games, against Royal Kituro Rugby Club and Mogliano Rugby but lost against Grupo Desportivo Direito and Timișoara Saracens. Note: Flags indicate national union as has been defined under WR eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-WR nationality. Víctor Acevedo Fernando de la Calle Aníbal Fernando Bonan Benjamín Pardo Nacho Müller Glen Rolls Gareth Griffiths Sargent Adam Newton Gareth Griffiths Mike Davis Glen Lewis Rolls 25 seasons in División de Honor Rugby union in Spain VRAC Official website Spanish Rugby website
Aparejadores Rugby Club is a Spanish rugby team based in Burgos. The club was founded in 2006 after the merge of Burgos Rugby Club and Aparejadores Rugby Club, the team of the Technical Architecture School of the University of Burgos. In January 2014, the club promoted for the first time to División de Honor B de Rugby. 4 seasons in División de Honor B Official website
Rugby union known in most of the world as rugby, is a contact team sport which originated in England in the first half of the 19th century. One of the two codes of rugby football, it is based on running with the ball in hand. In its most common form, a game is between two teams of 15 players using an oval-shaped ball on a rectangular field with H-shaped goalposts at each end. Rugby union is a popular sport around the world, played by male and female players of all ages. In 2014, there were more than 6 million people playing worldwide, of whom 2.36 million were registered players. World Rugby called the International Rugby Football Board and the International Rugby Board, has been the governing body for rugby union since 1886, has 101 countries as full members and 18 associate members. In 1845, the first football laws were written by Rugby School pupils. An amateur sport, in 1995 restrictions on payments to players were removed, making the game professional at the highest level for the first time.
Rugby union spread from the Home Nations of Great Britain and Ireland and was absorbed by many of the countries associated with the British Empire. Early exponents of the sport included New Zealand, South Africa and France. Countries that have adopted rugby union as their de facto national sport include Fiji, Madagascar, New Zealand and Tonga. International matches have taken place since 1871 when the first game took place between Scotland and England at Raeburn Place in Edinburgh; the Rugby World Cup, first held in 1987, takes place every four years. The Six Nations Championship in Europe and The Rugby Championship in the Southern Hemisphere are other major international competitions, held annually. National club or provincial competitions include the Premiership in England, the Top 14 in France, the Mitre 10 Cup in New Zealand, the National Rugby Championship in Australia, the Currie Cup in South Africa. Other transnational club competitions include the Pro14 in Europe and South Africa, the European Rugby Champions Cup in Europe, Super Rugby, in the Southern Hemisphere and Japan.
The origin of rugby football is reputed to be an incident during a game of English school football at Rugby School in 1823, when William Webb Ellis is said to have picked up the ball and run with it. Although the evidence for the story is doubtful, it was immortalised at the school with a plaque unveiled in 1895. Despite the doubtful evidence, the Rugby World Cup trophy is named after Webb Ellis. Rugby football stems from the form of game played at Rugby School, which former pupils introduced to their university. Old Rugbeian Albert Pell, a student at Cambridge, is credited with having formed the first "football" team. During this early period different schools used different rules, with former pupils from Rugby and Eton attempting to carry their preferred rules through to their universities. A significant event in the early development of rugby football was the production of the first written laws of the game at Rugby School in 1845, followed by the Cambridge Rules drawn up in 1848. Other important events include the Blackheath Club's decision to leave the Football Association in 1863 and the formation of the Rugby Football Union in 1871.
The code was known as "rugby football". Despite the sport's full name of rugby union, it is known as rugby throughout most of the world; the first rugby football international was played on 27 March 1871 between Scotland and England in Edinburgh. Scotland won the game 1-0. By 1881 both Ireland and Wales had representative teams, in 1883 the first international competition, the Home Nations Championship had begun. 1883 is the year of the first rugby sevens tournament, the Melrose Sevens, still held annually. Two important overseas tours took place in 1888: a British Isles team visited Australia and New Zealand—although a private venture, it laid the foundations for future British and Irish Lions tours. During the early history of rugby union, a time before commercial air travel, teams from different continents met; the first two notable tours both took place in 1888—the British Isles team touring New Zealand and Australia, followed by the New Zealand team touring Europe. Traditionally the most prestigious tours were the Southern Hemisphere countries of Australia, New Zealand and South Africa making a tour of a Northern Hemisphere, the return tours made by a joint British and Irish team.
Tours would last for months, due to the number of games undertaken. Touring international sides would play Test matches against international opponents, including national and county sides in the case of Northern Hemisphere rugby, or provincial/state sides in the case of Southern Hemisphere rugby. Between 1905 and 1908, all three major Southern Hemisphere rugby countries sent their first touring teams to the Northern Hemisphere: New Zealand in 1905, followed by South Africa in 1906 and Australia in 1908. All three teams brought new styles of play, fitness levels and tactics, were far more successful than critics had expected; the New Zealand 1905 touri
Bera Bera RT
Bera Bera Rugby Taldea is a Spanish rugby union club. The club was established in 1983 and competes in the División de Honor B de Rugby competition, the second-level of Spanish club rugby; the club are based in Donostia-San Sebastian. Bera Bera play in orange. Copa del Rey: 1 Champions: 2003–04 Supercopa de España: 0 Runners-up: 2004 12 seasons in División de Honor Pedro J Dávila Iker Lopategi David Hernández Oskar Astarloa Igor Mirones Gorka Bueno Pablo Feijoo Javier Arbelaiz plays the Challenge Cup with Olympus Madrid James Foster signs from Tasman Daniel Larrechea sings from Aviron Bayonnais, former player from Sale Sharks, international France A. Tama Makamaka international All-Blacks U20 Bruno Hiriart signs from US Dax Official website Spanish Rugby website