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RTÉ Radio 1

RTÉ Radio 1 is the principal radio channel of Irish public-service broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann and is the direct descendant of Dublin radio station 2RN, which began broadcasting on a regular basis on 1 January 1926. The station is a rare modern example of a mixed radio channel, offering a wide spectrum of programming, speech-based but includes a fair amount of music; the total budget for the station in 2010 was €18.4 million. It is the most-listened-to radio station in Ireland; the Department of Posts and Telegraphs opened 2RN, the first Irish radio station, on 1 January 1926. Station 6CK, a Cork relay of 2RN, joined the Dublin station in 1927, a high-power transmitter at Athlone in County Westmeath opened in 1932. From the latter date the three stations became known as Radio Athlone being renamed Radio Éireann in 1937. Like most small European national stations at that time, Radio Éireann attempted to satisfy all tastes on a single channel, it broadcast a mixed schedule of light entertainment and heavier fare, Irish language programming, talks.

Radio Éireann carried sponsored programmes produced by Leonard Plugge's International Broadcasting Company, which tended to be more popular than programming made directly by Radio Éireann itself. Run as part of the civil service until 1960, the Broadcasting Authority Act 1960 transferred the station to a statutory corporation called Radio Éireann, in preparation for the launch of its sister television station; the name of the corporation was changed to Radio Telefís Éireann in 1966. As a consequence, the station was renamed RTÉ Radio; the station began FM transmission in 1966. In 1971 the station began the phased move from the GPO on O'Connell Street in Dublin city centre, to a new purpose-built Radio Centre at Donnybrook. When, in 1979, RTÉ established a new rock and pop station under the name of RTÉ Radio 2, the original RTÉ Radio channel was renamed once again and became RTÉ Radio 1. In 1973, The Gay Byrne Hour began, becoming The Gay Byrne Show in 1979; this anchored the station's daily morning schedule until 1998.

On 3 November 1984, current affairs programmes Morning Today at Five began broadcasting. The former is now the flagship programme of RTÉ News and Current Affairs on radio while the latter has evolved into the current Drivetime programme via Five Seven Live. RTÉ Radio 1 is available in Ireland on 88-90 MHz FM and 252 kHz longwave; the LW version of Radio 1, which can be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe, is the only RTÉ Radio service available in parts of Northern Ireland since the closure of Medium Wave. DAB broadcasts of the station began in the east of the country on 1 January 2006. RTÉ DAB is available on the Saorview platform. Listeners to WRN's English Service for Europe and English Service for North America can hear a selection of RTÉ Radio 1 programmes. RTÉ Radio 1 has been carried on shortwave in DRM during specific events, including the All Ireland finals. RTÉ carried out DRM tests on its Long Wave frequency 252 kHz; the station's tuning signal since 1936 has been the air O'Donnell Abú, although since the advent of 24-hour broadcasting in 1997, the tune has been played only as a prelude to the start of the day's live broadcasting at 5.30 on weekday mornings.

The station broadcasts weekdays from 5:30am - 3am and weekends from 6am - 2am. Overnights Radio 1 relays the output of the digital'classic hits' channel RTÉ Gold; the LW version of Radio 1 which commenced in 2004, which can be received across the United Kingdom and parts of Western Europe – and is transmitted on the 252 kHz frequency used by the Atlantic 252 radio station – differs in certain respects from that broadcast on FM at the weekend, with significant additional sports coverage and religious programming. The LW service was due to be withdrawn on Monday 27 October 2014 on cost grounds. However, RTÉ subsequently announced that it had postponed the closure until 19 January 2015 "in order to ensure that listeners in the UK, have sufficient time to understand and avail themselves of alternatives"; as a result of further public pressure from elderly Irish listeners in Britain, the GAA, emigrant groups, listeners in Northern Ireland who wouldn't all have access to RTÉ on FM or DAB, it was announced in December 2014 that the 252 frequency would be kept going until 2017 at least, in March 2017 that transmission on longwave would continue until June 2019.

RTÉ operates 252 Longwave at a markedly lower power level than its ITU licensed 500 kilowatts: in the daytime it radiates at 150 kW and at night 60 kW. This reduction in power means that interference from the French-language station Alger Chaîne 3 – broadcasting on the same frequency from Tipaza with a daytime power of 1500 kW and 750 kW at night – is considerable, affects reception of RTÉ Radio 1 on longwave on the south coast of Ireland after dark; the medium-wave transmitters of RTÉ Radio 1 were shut down at 15.00 on 24 March 2008. The main transmitter was broadcast on 567 kHz. A lower–powered relay in Cork at 729 kHz was in service. Before 1975, the 612 kHz service originated from Athlone on 490meters AM transmissions continue on Long Wave 252 kHz from Summerhill, Co. Meath, it is aimed to serve Irish people living in Britain and uses the old Atlantic 252 transmitter. In 2007 a new telefunken tram 300kw transmitter was installed, capable of DRM broadcasts which can transmit up to 7 services in near fm quality but consumer receivers are not

1923–24 Yorkshire Cup

The 1923–24 Yorkshire Cup was the sixteenth occasion on which the Yorkshire Cup competition had been held. This year, for the fourth consecutive year, produced. Hull F. C. won the trophy by beating Huddersfield by the score of 10-4 in the final. The match was played at Headingley, now in West Yorkshire; the attendance was 23,300 and receipts were £1,728. The Rugby Football League's Yorkshire Cup competition was a knock-out competition between rugby league clubs from the county of Yorkshire; the actual area was at times increased to encompass other teams from outside the county such as Newcastle, Mansfield and London (in the form of Acton & Willesden. The Rugby League season always ran from around August-time through to around May-time and this competition always took place early in the season, in the Autumn, with the final taking place in December; this season there were again two junior/amateur clubs taking part, Elland Wanderers again, Castleford. The number of entries remained at last year's "full house" total of sixteen again obviating the necessity of having byes.

Involved 8 matches and 16 Clubs Involved 4 matches and 8 Clubs Involved 2 matches and 4 Clubs Scoring - Try = three points - Goal = two points - Drop goal = two points 1 * Castleford were at that time a junior club. They joined the league for season 1926–27 2 * Elland Wanderers were a Junior/amateur club from Elland 3 * Headingley, Leeds, is the home ground of Leeds RLFC with a capacity of 21,000; the record attendance was 40,175 for a league match between Leeds and Bradford Northern on 21 May 1947. 1923–24 Northern Rugby Football League season Rugby league county cups Saints Heritage Society 1896–97 Northern Rugby Football Union season at Hull&Proud Fixtures & Results 1896/1897 Widnes Vikings - One team, one passion Season In Review - 1896-97 The Northern Union at

County of Gladstone

The County of Gladstone is one of the 37 counties of Victoria which are part of the cadastral divisions of Australia, used for land titles. It is located between Bet Bet Creek in the east; the county was proclaimed in 1870. Parishes include: Archdale, Victoria Barp, Victoria Barrakee, Victoria Bealiba Berrimal, Victoria Bet Bet, Victoria Borung, Victoria Brenanah, Victoria Buckrabanyule, Victoria Charlton East, Victoria Coonooer East, Victoria Dunolly, Victoria Glenalbyn, Victoria Glenloth, Victoria Glenmona, Victoria Gowar, Victoria Inglewood, Victoria Kangderaar, Victoria Kingower, Victoria Kinypanial, Victoria Kooreh, Victoria Kooroc, Victoria Korong, Victoria Kurraca, Victoria Kurting, Victoria Moliagul, Victoria Mysia, Victoria Narrewillock, Victoria Natteyallock, Victoria Painswick, Victoria Powlett, Victoria Rathscar, Victoria Salisbury West, Victoria Tarnagulla, Victoria Tchuterr, Victoria Terrappee, Victoria Waanyarra, Victoria Wareek, Victoria Wedderburne, Victoria Wehla, Victoria Woosang, Victoria Wychitella, Victoria Yalong, Victoria Yalong South, Victoria Yeungroon, Victoria Vicnames, place name details Research aids, Victoria 1910 Map of the counties of Gunbower, Bendigo, John Sands, 1886, National Library of Australia

Raphael Kalinowski

Raphael of St. Joseph Kalinowski was a Polish Discalced Carmelite friar inside the Russian partition of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, in the city of Vilnius, he was a teacher, prisoner of war, royal tutor, priest, who founded many Carmelite monasteries around Poland after their suppression by the Russians. Kalinowski was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1991, the first man to be so recognized in the Order of Discalced Carmelites since John of the Cross, he was born Józef Kalinowski to a noble "szlachta" family in the city of Vilnius. At the time he was born, the area was known as a Russian partition, though it had been part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he was the second son of Andrew Kalinowski, an assistant superintendent professor of mathematics at the local Institute for Nobles. His mother, Josephine Połońska, died a few months after he was born, leaving him and his older brother Victor without a mother, his father married Josephine's sister, Sophie Połońska, had three more children: Charles and Gabriel.

After Sophie died in 1845, Andrew married again, this time to the 17-year-old Sophie Puttkamer, daughter of Maryla Wereszczak, who became mother to all of Andrew's existing children and had four more of her own: Mary, Alexander and George. From the age of 8, Kalinowski attended the Institute for Nobles at Vilna, graduated with honors in 1850, he next attended the School of Agriculture near Orsha. The Russians limited opportunities for further education, so in 1853 he enlisted in the Imperial Russian Army and entered the Nicholayev Engineering Academy; the Army promoted him to Second Lieutenant in 1856. In 1857 he worked as an associate professor of mathematics, from 1858-1860, he worked as an engineer who helped design the Odessa-Kiev-Kursk railway. In 1862 the Imperial Russian Army promoted him to Captain and stationed him in Brest, but he still sympathized with the Poles, he resigned from the Imperial Russian Army in 1863 to serve as minister of war for the January Uprising, a Polish insurrection, in the Vilnius region.

He determined never to sentence anyone to death. When the Poles rose against the Russians in 1863, Raphael was soon taken prisoner. Few survived the forced march to slave labour in Siberia, but Raphael was sustained by his faith and became a spiritual leader to the prisoners, he was released ten years later. On 24 March 1864, Russian authorities arrested Kalinowski and in June condemned him to death by firing squad, his family intervened, the Russians, fearing that their Polish subjects would revere him as a political martyr, commuted the sentence to 10 years in katorga, the Siberian labor camp system. They forced him to trek overland to the salt mines of Usolye-Sibirskoye near Irkutsk, Siberia, a journey that took nine months. Three years after arriving in Usolye, Kalinowski moved to Irkutsk. In 1871/1872 he did meteorological research for the Siberian subdivision of the Russian Geographical Society, he participated in research expedition of Benedykt Dybowski to Kultuk, on the shore of Lake Baikal.

Authorities exiled him from Lithuania. Kalinowski returned to Warsaw in 1874, where he became a tutor to 16-year-old Prince August Czartoryski; the prince was diagnosed with tuberculosis in 1876, Kalinowski accompanied him to various health destinations in France, Switzerland and Poland. Kalinowski was a major influence on the young man, who became a priest and was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 2004. Kalinowski decided to travel to the city of Brest where he began a Sunday school at the fortress in Brest-Litovsk where he was a captain, he became aware of the state persecution of the church, of his native Poles. In 1877 Kalinowski was admitted to the Carmelite priory in Linz, where he was given the religious name of Brother Raphael of St. Joseph, O. C. D; the name "of St. Joseph" had nothing to do with his birthname—it was common for many Carmelites to list their name as "of St. Joseph", after the "Convent of St. Joseph" founded by Teresa of Avila, co-founder of the Discalced Carmelite Order.

Kalinowski was ordained as a priest at Czerna in 1882 by Bishop Albin Dunajewski, in 1883 he became prior of the monastery at Czerna. Kalinowski founded multiple Catholic organizations around Poland and Ukraine, most prominent of, a monastery in Wadowice, where he was prior, he founded a monasteries of Discalced Carmelite nuns in Przemyśl in 1884, Lvov in 1888. From 1892-1907 Kalinowski worked to document the life and work of Mother Theresa Marchocka, a 17th-century Discalced Carmelite nun, to assist with her beatification. Kalinowski died in Wadowice of tuberculosis in 1907. Fourteen years Karol Wojtyła known as Pope John Paul II, was born in the same town. Kalinowski was a noted spiritual director of both Russian Orthodox faithful. Kalinowski's remains were kept in the monastery cemetery, but this caused difficulties because of the large number of pilgrims who came visiting. So many of them took handfuls of dirt from the grave that the nuns had to keep replacing the earth and plants at the cemetery.

His body was moved to a tomb, but the pilgrims went there instead scratching with their hands at the plaster, just to have some relic to keep with them. His remains we

Ross Porter (Canadian broadcaster)

Ross Porter is a former Canadian broadcast executive and music writer. Porter was a producer and host for CBC Radio 2, where he was associated with programs including Night Lines and After Hours, from 2004 to 2018 he was president and CEO of the Toronto non-profit jazz radio station CJRT-FM. Porter was a pop culture reporter for CBC Television's CBC Newsworld's On the Arts, he was named vice-president of the jazz television channel CoolTV in 2003. Porter published a consumer guide to jazz recordings, The Essential Jazz Recordings: 101 CDs, in 2006, he is a two-time winner for Broadcaster of the Year at Canada's National Jazz Awards, in 2002 and 2004. In 2009, the Jazz Journalists Association nominated Porter for the Willis Conover-Marian McPartland Award for Broadcasting. In June 2014, Porter was made a member of the Order of Canada for his contributions to broadcasting and developing Canadian talent over a forty-year career. In 2018, Porter's radio show Music to Listen to Jazz By on JAZZ. FM91 was the station's highest rated.

In 2019, after a group of employees, past employees, contractors made unproven allegations of sexual misconduct against Ross Porter, Porter stepped down as President and CEO of JAZZ. FM and the board of directors was overthrown. While donors expressed strong support of the station, some were "angry" Porter was still employed at JAZZ. FM.. JAZZ. FM91 Website

Diane Patrick (Texas politician)

Diane Porter Patrick is an American politician who served four two-year terms as a member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 94, based in Arlington. First elected in 2006, Patrick was unseated in the Republican primary election on March 4, 2014, by Tony Tinderholt, who earned 7,489 votes to her 6,018. Patrick attended Longview High School in Texas. In 1966, she received a Bachelor of Arts in professional education from Baylor University in Waco, Texas, she earned a Master of Arts in 1969 and Doctor of Philosophy in 1999, both from the University of North Texas in Denton, Texas. Patrick taught in the Richardson and Birdville independent school districts from 1967 to 1971 and 1986 to 1989 respectively, she is a former professor at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth and at the University of Texas at Arlington. Patrick and her husband, Ned Howard Patrick, a dentist, have two children, Craig Madison Patrick and Claire Patrick Casteel, she is a member of the Junior League, Rotary International, the Arlington Republican Club, Reagan Legacy Republican Women.

From 1981 to 1992, Patrick was a trustee and board president of the Arlington Independent School District. In 1992, she was elected to a single four-year term to the Texas State Board of Education. In the 1992 Republican primary, Patrick defeated Forrest Edward Watson for the party nomination to the District 11 seat, she polled 36,736 ballots to his 25,258 votes. Patrick defeated the Libertarian Jerilyn Kay "Jeri" Barthel of Arlington, 341,029 votes to 67,502, she did not seek reelection to the state board in 1996 and was succeeded by fellow Republican Richard Neill. In the 2006 Republican primary for the District 94 seat in the Texas House of Representatives, Patrick challenged the incumbent Representative Kent Grusendorf. Throughout the campaign, Patrick criticized Grusendorf's support for school vouchers. Patrick prevailed, 45,973 to Grusendorf's 4,308. Patrick handily won the general election in the majority Republican district with 21,800 votes against the Democrat David Pillow of Arlington, who polled 11,147 votes.

A Libertarian, Leslie Herman, held the remaining 1,363 votes. In 2007, the Dallas Morning News featured her as the best of the freshman class of legislators. In 2008 Speaker Tom Craddick of Midland appointed Patrick and futures trader Salem Abraham, the president of the Canadian Independent School District in Canadian in Hemphill County, to the Public School Accountability Task Force, a group established to oversee a new educational accountability system for public education. Abraham served on the legislative committee for the Texas Association of School Boards. In the 2012 House primary, Patrick defeated Trina Desiree Lanza of Colleyville, 7,310 votes to 2,472, she won the general election over yet another Libertarian. In 2013, in her last regular legislative session, Patrick served on the House Appropriations, Higher Education, Rules and Resolutions Committee, she sat on the Joint Committee of Oversight of Higher Education Governance, Excellence & Transparency. Patrick supported the ban on abortion after twenty weeks of gestation in 2013.

She backed companion legislation to increase medical and licensing requirements of abortion providers. These issues brought forth an unsuccessful filibuster in the Texas State Senate by Wendy R. Davis of Fort Worth. Texas Right of Life rated Patrick 67 percent favorable in 2013 and 60 percent in 2011. Patrick co-sponsored the bill to prohibit texting while driving, she backed the successful bill to extend the franchise tax exemption to certain businesses. She voted to require testing for narcotics of those receiving unemployment compensation, she voted for the "equal pay for women" measure, which passed the House, 78-61. She backed the redistricting bills for the state House, the Texas Senate, the United States House of Representatives. Patrick voted to establish term limits for certain state officials. Patrick voted to establish a taxpayer-funded breakfast program for public schools, which passed the House, 73-58, she supported legislation to provide marshals for school security as a separate law-enforcement entity.

Patrick supported the measure to forbid the state from engaging in the enforcement of federal regulations of firearms. She voted to allow college and university officials to carry concealed weapons in the name of campus security, she supported legislation to reduce the time required to obtain a concealed-carry permit. Patrick's time in the Texas house ended after losing the 2014 Republican primary to Tony Tinderholt, who in turn, won the seat in the state legislature. In 2016, Patrick was appointed to fill a vacancy on the Tarrant County College Board of Trustees, she was elected to a full term the following spring