The Royal Concertgebouw is a concert hall in Amsterdam, Netherlands. The Dutch term "concertgebouw" translates into English as "concert building"; because of its regarded acoustics, the Concertgebouw is considered one of the finest concert halls in the world, along with places such as Boston's Symphony Hall and the Musikverein in Vienna. On 11 April 2013, on occasion of the building's 125th anniversary, Queen Beatrix bestowed the royal title "Koninklijk" upon the building, as she did to the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra; the architect of the building was Adolf Leonard van Gendt, inspired by the Gewandhaus in Leipzig, built two years earlier. Construction began in 1883 in a pasture, outside the city, in Nieuwer-Amstel, a municipality that in 1964 became Amstelveen. A total of 2,186 wooden piles, twelve to thirteen metres long, were emplaced in the soil; the Concertgebouw was completed in late 1886, however due to the difficulties with the municipality of Nieuwer-Amstel – filling in a small canal, paving the access roads and installing street lights – the grand opening of the building was delayed.
The hall opened on 11 April 1888 with an inaugural concert, in which an orchestra of 120 musicians and a chorus of 500 singers participated, performing works of Wagner, Handel and Beethoven. The resident orchestra of the Concertgebouw is the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, which gave its first concert in the hall on 3 November 1888, as the Concertgebouw Orchestra. For many decades the Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra and the Radio Filharmonisch Orkest have been regular performers in the Concertgebouw; the Main Hall seats 1,974, is 44 metres long, 28 metres wide, 17 metres high. Its reverberation time is 2.8 seconds without audience, 2.2 seconds with, making it ideal for the late Romantic repertoire such as Mahler. Although this characteristic makes it unsuited for amplified music, groups such as Led Zeppelin, Pink Floyd and The Who did perform there in the 1960s, it hosts not only orchestral and operatic performances, but jazz and world music. A smaller, oval-shaped venue, the Recital Hall, is located behind the Main Hall.
The Recital Hall is 15 metres wide. Its more intimate space is well-suited for Lieder; the Recital Hall has 437 seats. When the Concertgebouw was built, acoustics were something of a black art; as in shipbuilding, designers drew upon what had worked in the past without understanding the underlying science. When the building was completed, the acoustics were not perfect, a lot of effort went into fine-tuning the aural ambience. During restorations, particular care has been taken not to alter the materials used for interior decoration with this in mind. In 1983, the Concertgebouw was found to be sinking into the damp Amsterdam earth, with several inch-wide cracks appearing in the walls, so the hall embarked on extensive fundraising for renovations, its difficult emergency restoration started in 1985, during which the 2,186 rotting wooden pilings were replaced with concrete pillars. Pi de Bruijn, Dutch architect designed a modern annex for a new entrance and a basement to replace cramped dressing and rehearsal space.
Today, some nine hundred concerts and other events per year take place in the Concertgebouw, for a public of over 700,000, making it one of the most-visited concert halls in the world. As of February 2014, the managing director of the Concertgebouw is Simon Reinink and the artistic director is Anneke Hogenstijn; the organ was built in 1890 by the organ builder Michael Maarschalkerweerd from Utrecht, was renovated in the years 1990 to 1993 by the organ builder Flentrop. It pedal. Couplers: II/I, III/I, III/II, I/P, II/P, III/P In the Main Hall, the surnames of the following 46 composers are displayed on the balcony ledges and on the walls: The Concertgebouw is mentioned, along with Madison Square Garden, the Hollywood Bowl, the Rainbow Theatre, in the song "Rock Show" from the 1975 Wings album Venus and Mars. Kris de Bruyne, a Belgian singer, mentions the Concertgebouw in his song "Amsterdam". Erroll Garner recorded the live Album The Amsterdam Concert in the venue in November 1964. History of Amsterdam List of concert halls List of tourist attractions in Amsterdam Media related to Concertgebouw, Amsterdam at Wikimedia Commons Official website Archive of the Concertgebouw at the Amsterdam City Archives "History of the building".
Official website of the Concertgebouw
Television licensing in the Republic of Ireland
In Ireland, a television licence is required for any address at which there is a television set. Since 2016, the annual licence fee is €160. Revenue is collected by the Irish postal service; the bulk of the fee is used to fund the state broadcaster. The licence must be paid for any premises that has any equipment that can decode TV signals those that are not RTÉ's; the licence is free to anyone over the age of 70, some over 66, some Social Welfare recipients, the blind. The fee for the licences of such beneficiaries is paid for by the state; the current governing legislation is the Broadcasting Act 2009, in particular Part 9 "Television Licence" and Chapter 5 "Allocation of Public Funding to RTÉ and TG4". Devices which stream television via internet do not need licenses, nor do small portable devices such as mobile phones; the 2011–16 government planned to replace the television licence with a Public Service Broadcasting Charge on all primary residences and certain businesses. A public consultation document on the plan was published in August 2013.
Asked in December 2014 about the delay in switching from the licence to the new charge, Minister of State Joe McHugh said the government would "be taking more time to work out a complex system". Implementation of the broadcasting charge was postponed in 2015 but returned to the political agenda in 2017. An Post is responsible for collection of the licence fee and commencement of prosecution proceedings in cases of non-payment. Licences can be purchased and renewed at post offices, or by using a credit card or debit card via a call centre or via the internet. An Post receives commission to cover the cost of its collection service. In 2004, An Post had signalled its intention to withdraw from the business, but was still the agent in 2017. In 2012, 10.25 % of licensees paid by 11.5 % using savings stamps. The Broadcasting Bill 2017 proposes to allow public tender for additional collection agents, who would not have prosecution powers. A 2017 Oireachtas committee report recommends transferred responsibility for collection to the Revenue Commissioners.
An Post uses this to inspect suspected cases of non-payment. Television dealers are required to supply details of people renting televisions. There is no obligation on satellite providers to supply details of subscribers. Communications minister Pat Rabbitte announced a planned government bill to the same effect in July 2014. In April 2015, the proposal was to allow An Post to access cable and satellite subscriber databases, in tandem with cost-cutting at RTÉ. Inspectors, who are An Post employees, visit the premises to verify if TV receiving equipment is present. If speedy payment of the licence is not made following an inspection, court proceedings are commenced by An Post. In 2002, the rate of licence-fee evasion was estimated at 12%. In the Dublin region in that year 21% of detected evaders were summonsed for prosecution. Only 4% of fined evaders followed up three months had purchased a licence. In 2012, there were 11,500 prosecutions, up 10% over 2011. Of those convicted, 242 were sent to most for a few hours, six overnight.
This compared with 49 jailed in 2008. In 2010, the Secretary General of the Department of Communications and Natural Resources told the Oireachtas Public Accounts Committee that the evasion rate was estimated at 12%, the renewed contract with An Post would include provision for a 1 percentage point annual decrease in this. In September 2016 the evasion rate was estimated at 13.75%, representing €40m annual lost revenue. TV licence fees make up 50% of the income of RTÉ; the bulk of the rest comes from RTÉ broadcasting commercials on its TV stations. RTÉ sells programming to other broadcasting; some RTÉ services, such as RTÉ 2fm, RTÉ Aertel, rte.ie, the transmission network operate on an commercial basis. The licence fee does not go to RTÉ. Expenses first deducted include the cost of collection. 7% of the balance is used for the BAI's "Sound and Vision Scheme", which provides a fund for programme production and restoration of archive material, open to applications from any quarter. TG4 does not obtain licence fee revenue directly, but does so indirectly as RTÉ is required to provide it with one hour's programming per day, as well as other technical support.
RTÉ's accounts express the cost of this as a percentage of its licence fee income, amounting to 5.3% in 2006. The remainder of TG4's funding is commercial income; the 2009 McCarthy Report, commissioned in response to a growing economic crisis, recommended that €10m of TG4's funding should in future come from licence fee revenue. This reduction is included in the government budget introduced in December 2010. A 2017 Oireachtas committee report recommended that any increase in revenue from reduction in fee evasion should be allocated to TG4 and independent broadcasters providing public-service programming; the RTÉ Authority was replaced by the Broadcasting Authority of Ireland which regulates both private and public broadcasters. It is not directly funded from the licence fee; the licence has been criticised both in principle and as regards its implementation. It is oppo
West Cork Chamber Music Festival
The West Cork Chamber Music Festival is a music festival, established in 1995, that takes place in the town of Bantry, Ireland in July. Performers at the festival have included the RTÉ Vanbrugh Quartet, Barry Douglas, Ruby Hughes, Nicola Benedetti, Tanja Becker-Bender and Natalie Clein and works have included some by contemporary composers, such as Thomas Larcher and Mathias Hinke; the performances take place at venues around the town, including Bantry House and St Brendan's Church. The central performance venue is Bantry House, where the drawing room, with a capacity of 50 seats, is used for some concerts. Alongside the performances the festival includes violin and bow making, master classes and a composition competition whose past winners include Harry Whalley, Sebastian Adams and Solfa Carlisle; the festival runs a composition competition for young composers born or resident of Ireland under the age of 35
RTÉ Radio is a division of the Irish national broadcasting organisation Raidió Teilifís Éireann. RTÉ Radio broadcasts five digital channels nationwide; the first voice broadcast of 2RN, the original radio callsign for what would become RTÉ Radio 1, took place on 14 November 1925 when Seamus Clandillon, the station director, announced on air: "Seo Raidió 2RN, Baile Átha Cliath ag tástáil", Irish for "This is Radio 2RN, Dublin testing". Regular Irish radio-broadcasting began on 1 January 1926. However, people in most of Ireland could not receive 2RN's signal at the time; when faced with numerous complaints from Cork regarding the writers' inability to tune in to the signal, Clandillon remarked in The Irish Radio Review, a magazine dedicated to the service, that they did not know how to operate their sets. A second station, 6CK, was established in Cork in 1927. A high power station was established in Athlone, in 1932, to coincide with the staging of the Eucharistic Congress. 2RN, 6CK and Athlone became known as "Radio Athlone" or, in Irish, "Raidió Áth Luain" and were receivable across the entire country.
Radio Athlone was renamed "Radio Éireann" in 1938. Radio Éireann tried to satisfy all tastes on a single channel. However, this resulted in a rather conservative programming policy, it was tolerated by most Irish listeners, trounced by the BBC and Radio Luxembourg. This did not change until Radio Éireann became free of direct government control in the 1960s. In June 1969, work had begun on the new Radio Centre at Donnybrook. Construction of the building was finished in April 1971 and after a period of fitting-out and transition, live broadcasts began on 24 September 1973. By May 1974 the move from the GPO in O'Connell Street, was complete. Now, RTÉ has a nationwide communications network with an increasing emphasis on regional news-gathering and input. Broadcasting on Radio 1 provides comprehensive coverage of news, current affairs, music and variety features, education and sport in English but some Irish. RTÉ 2fm is a popular music and chat channel which commenced broadcasting as RTÉ Radio 2 on 31 May 1979, Brendan Balfe being the first voice to be heard on the station at midday, when he introduced the first presenter, Larry Gogan.
RTÉ lyric fm serves the interests of classical music and the arts, coming on air in May 1999, replacing FM3 Classical Music, which had catered for the same target audience and time-shared with RTÉ Raidió na Gaeltachta, an Irish language service, which first began broadcasting on Easter Sunday, 2 April 1972. RTÉ operated RTÉ Radio Cork, a local radio service in Cork, but this closed down in the early 2000s. Listen to recording from 1994 of the Cork station 1925 - Test Broadcasts of 2RN 1926 - Station 2RN commences broadcasting, launched by future president Dr Douglas Hyde 1927 - Station 6CK is established in Cork 1932 - The Athlone transmitter broadcasts a high power 60KW signal 1938 - Radio Athlone becomes Radio Éireann 1948 - Radio Éireann broadcasts on shortwave from Athlone 1953 - Athlone is upgraded to 100 KW 1966 - Radio Éireann becomes RTÉ Radio. Most of the channels were an extension of the main Radio 1 and 2fm stations, focusing on particular genres. On 30 November 2008 the trial was brought to an end with the commercial multiplex being suspended pending regulatory guidance, while RTÉ changed the line up of its stations.
The day after the end of the trial, two of the stations were turned off, with six being launched, namely RTÉ 2XM, RTÉ Chill/RTÉ Junior, RTÉ Choice, RTÉ Gold, RTÉ Pulse. The two stations that wer
Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City, United States, located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east side of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street, two blocks south of Central Park. Designed by architect William Burnet Tuthill and built by philanthropist Andrew Carnegie in 1891, it is one of the most prestigious venues in the world for both classical music and popular music. Carnegie Hall has its own artistic programming and marketing departments, presents about 250 performances each season, it is rented out to performing groups. The hall has not had a resident company since 1962, when the New York Philharmonic moved to Lincoln Center's Philharmonic Hall. Carnegie Hall has 3,671 seats, divided among its three auditoriums. Carnegie Hall contains three separate performance spaces; the Isaac Stern Auditorium seats 2,804 on five levels and was named after violinist Isaac Stern in 1997 to recognize his efforts to save the hall from demolition in the 1960s.
The hall is enormously high, visitors to the top balcony must climb 137 steps. All but the top level can be reached by elevator; the main hall was home to the performances of the New York Philharmonic from 1892 until 1962. Known as the most prestigious concert stage in the U. S. all of the leading classical music and, more popular music performers since 1891 have performed there. After years of heavy wear and tear, the hall was extensively renovated in 1986; the Ronald O. Perelman Stage is 42 feet deep; the five levels of seating in the Stern Auditorium begin with the Parquet level, which has twenty-five full rows of thirty-eight seats and four partial rows at stage level, for a total of 1,021 seats. The First Tier and Second Tier consist of sixty-five boxes. Second from the top is the Dress Circle, seating 444 in six rows. At the top, the balcony seats 837. Although seats with obstructed views exist throughout the auditorium, only the Dress Circle level has structural columns. Zankel Hall, which seats 599, is named after Arthur Zankel.
Called Recital Hall, this was the first auditorium to open to the public in April 1891. Following renovations made in 1896, it was renamed Carnegie Lyceum, it was leased to the American Academy of Dramatic Arts in 1898, converted into a cinema, which opened as the Carnegie Hall Cinema in May 1961 with the film White Nights by Luchino Visconti and was reclaimed for use as an auditorium in 1997. The reconstructed Zankel Hall is flexible in design and can be reconfigured in several different arrangements to suit the needs of the performers, it opened in September 2003. The 599 seats in Zankel Hall are arranged in two levels; the Parterre level seats a total of 463 and the Mezzanine level seats 136. Each level has a number of seats which are situated along the side walls, perpendicular to the stage; these seats are designated as boxes. The boxes on the Parterre level are raised above the level of the stage. Zankel Hall is accessible and its stage is 44 feet wide and 25 feet deep—the stage occupies one fifth of the performance space.
The Joan and Sanford I. Weill Recital Hall seats 268 and is named after Sanford I. Weill, a former chairman of the board, his wife Joan; this auditorium, in use since the hall opened in 1891, was called Chamber Music Hall. The Weill Recital Hall is the smallest of the three performance spaces, with a total of 268 seats; the Orchestra level contains fourteen rows of fourteen seats, a total of 196, the Balcony level contains 72 seats in five rows. The building contains the Carnegie Hall Archives, established in 1986, the Rose Museum, which opened in 1991; until 2009 studios above the Hall contained working spaces for artists in the performing and graphic arts including music, dance, as well as architects, literary agents and painters. The spaces were unusual in being purpose-designed for artistic work, with high ceilings and large windows for natural light. In 2007 the Carnegie Hall Corporation announced plans to evict the 33 remaining studio residents, some of whom had been in the building since the 1950s, including celebrity portrait photographer Editta Sherman and fashion photographer Bill Cunningham.
The organization's research showed that Andrew Carnegie had always considered the spaces as a source of income to support the hall and its activities. The space has been re-purposed for corporate offices. Carnegie Hall is one of the last large buildings in New York built of masonry, without a steel frame; the exterior is rendered in narrow Roman bricks of a mellow ochre hue, with details in terracotta and brownstone. The foyer avoids typical 19th century Baroque theatrical style with the Florentine Renaissance manner of Filippo Brunelleschi's Pazzi Chapel: white plaster and gray stone form a harmonious system of round-headed arched openings and Corinthian pilasters that support an unbroken cornice, with round-headed lunettes above it, under a vaulted ceiling; the famous white and gold auditorium interio
South Bank is an entertainment and commercial district in central London, next to the River Thames opposite the City of Westminster. It forms a narrow strip of riverside land within the London Borough of Lambeth and the London Borough of Southwark; as such, South Bank may be regarded as somewhat akin to the riverside part of an area known as Lambeth Marsh and North Lambeth. While South Bank is not formally defined, it is understood to bounded by Westminster Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge, to be centred half a mile south-east of Charing Cross; the name South Bank was first used in 1951 during the Festival of Britain. The area's long list of attractions includes the County Hall complex, the Sea Life London Aquarium, the London Dungeon, Jubilee Gardens and the London Eye, the Southbank Centre, Royal Festival Hall, National Theatre, BFI Southbank. In addition to their official and business functions, both the County Hall and the Shell Centre have major residential components. Due to it being waterlogged in winter, the area was slower to develop than the "North Bank" of the Thames.
Throughout its history, it has twice functioned as an entertainment district, interspersed by around a hundred years of wharfs, domestic industry and manufacturing being its dominant use. Restoration began in 1917 with the construction of County Hall at Lambeth replacing the Lion Brewery, its Coade stone symbol was retained and placed on a pedestal at Westminster Bridge and is known as the South Bank Lion. The pedestrianised embankment is The Queen's Walk, part of the Albert Embankment built not only for public drainage but to raise the whole tract of land to prevent flooding. In 1951 the Festival of Britain redefined the area as a place for arts and entertainment, it now forms a significant tourist district in central London, stretching from Blackfriars Bridge in the east to Westminster Bridge in the west. A series of central London bridges connect the area to the northern bank of the Thames Golden Jubilee and Waterloo Bridge. During the Middle Ages this area developed as a place of entertainment outside the formal regulation of the City of London on the north bank.
By the 18th century the more genteel entertainment of the pleasure gardens had developed. The shallow bank and mud flats were ideal locations for industry and docks and went on to develop as an industrial location in a patchwork of private ownership. There was a shift in use when the London County Council required a new County Hall, built between 1917 and 1922 on the south bank near North Lambeth's Lower Marsh; the construction of County Hall returned the first section of river frontage to public use. This was extended eastwards in 1951 when the Festival of Britain caused a considerable area to be redeveloped, it was renamed'South Bank' as part of promoting the Festival. The legacy of the festival was mixed, with buildings and exhibits demolished to make way for Jubilee Gardens, whilst the Royal Festival Hall and The Queen's Walk were retained as part of the Southbank Centre. During the years following the festival the arts and entertainment complex grew with additional facilities, including the Queen Elizabeth Hall, other arts venues opened along the river such as the Royal National Theatre.
The South Bank stretches two square miles along the southern bank of the River Thames. The western section is in the Bishops ward of the London Borough of Lambeth, the eastern section is in the London Borough of Southwark where it joins Bankside. There is a significant amount of public open space along the riverside. Between the London Studios and the Oxo Tower lies Bernie Spain Gardens, named after Bernadette Spain, a local community activist, part of the Coin Street Action Group; the South Bank is a significant arts and entertainment district. The Southbank Centre comprises the Royal Festival Hall, the Queen Elizabeth Hall and The Hayward Gallery; the Royal National Theatre, the London IMAX super cinema and BFI Southbank adjoin to the east, but are not part of the centre. County Hall is non-administrative and has been converted into The London Marriott Hotel County Hall, Sea Life London Aquarium and the London Dungeon; the OXO Tower Wharf is towards the eastern end of South Bank, houses Gallery@Oxo and boutiques, the OXO Tower Restaurant run by Harvey Nichols.
Gabriel's Wharf is a redeveloped wharf on the South Bank, located at London. It has been converted into a shopping area. Nearby places include Bernie Spain Gardens; the London Studios, the main home of ITV faces the Thames and Rambert Dance Company have their new studios on Upper Ground. The Old Vic and Young Vic theatres are nearby; the Florence Nightingale Museum to nursing and the Crimean War adjoins the'district'. Part of the Southbank Centre under the Queen Elizabeth Hall is known as the undercroft, has been used by the skateboarding community since the early 1970s. An architectural dead-spot, it has become a landmark of British skateboarding culture; the size of the under-croft has been reduced in recent years and was supposed to be returned to original size. This now seems unlikely and the future of the whole space is unsure at present with campaigns for its future survival being fought by the Long Live Southbank campaign. Part of the Southbank Centre has been turned into shops looking out over the river.
The South Bank was the main scene of the 1952 comedy film The Happy Family, set around the Festival of Britain. Part of the success of the area as a visitor attraction is attributed to the high levels of public transport access. Several major
Euronews is a European pay television news network, headquartered in Lyon, France. The network began broadcasting on 1 January 1993, aimed to cover world news from a pan-European perspective, it is jointly owned by several European and North African state broadcasting organisations, since 2015 majority owned by Media Globe Networks led by Egyptian billionaire Naguib Sawiris, chairman of the supervisory board. In 1992, following the Persian Gulf War, during which CNN's position as the preeminent source of 24-hour news programming was cemented, the European Broadcasting Union decided to establish Euronews to present information from a European perspective; the channel's first broadcast was on 1 January 1993 from Lyon. An additional broadcast studio was set up in London in 1996, it was founded by a group of ten European public broadcasters: CyBC, Cyprus France Télévisions, France RAI, Italy RTBF, Belgium RTP, Portugal RTVE, Spain TMC, Monaco YLE, Finland ERTU, EgyptIn 1997, the British news broadcaster ITN purchased a 49 percent share of Euronews for £5.1 million from Alcatel-Alsthom.
ITN supplies the content of the channel along with the remaining shareholders, which are represented by the SOCEMIE consortium. Euronews SA is the operating company that holds the broadcasting licence, it is co-owned by the ten founders and: VGTRK, Russia TRT, Turkey ČT, Czech Republic PBS, Malta SNRT, Morocco RTVSLO, Slovenia RTÉ, Ireland UA:PBC, Ukraine SRG-SSR, Switzerland TVR, Romania SVT/MTG, Sweden ERTT, Tunisia ENTV, AlgeriaThe broadcast switched from analogue to digital transmission in 1999. In the same year, the Portuguese audio track was added; the Russian audio track appeared in 2001. In 2003, ITN sold its stake in Euronews as part of its drive to streamline operations and focus on news-gathering rather than channel management. On 6 February 2006, Ukrainian public broadcaster Natsionalna Telekompanya Ukraïny purchased a one percent interest in SOCEMIE. On 27 May 2008, Spanish public broadcaster RTVE decided to leave Euronews to promote its international channel TVE Internacional, it cited legal requirements to maintain low debt levels through careful spending as a factor influencing its decision to leave.
In February 2009, the Turkish public broadcaster TRT became a shareholder in the channel, joined its supervisory board. TRT purchased 15.70% of the channel's shares and became the fourth main partner after France Télévisions, RAI, VGTRK. In February 2015, the channel's executive board approved a bid by Media Globe Networks, owned by Egyptian telecom magnate Naguib Sawiris, to acquire a 53% controlling stake in the media outlet; the deal raised questions over Euronews's future editorial independence. In 2 October 2012, Euronews launched Euronews Radio; the service was designed for viewers for whom "watching news is not an option" by providing a direct simulcast to the TV channel, with "No Comment" segment being replaced by music. The music of the bulletin openings are transmitted on Euronews Radio. Weather reports are read by a female announcer. On 20 April 2016, the French subsidiary of Euronews launched an African version of their news service called Africanews in French and English. In November 2016, the channel's executive board was in talks with NBCUniversal, parent company of NBC News, for a "strategic partnership".
NBCU would acquire 15 to 30% ownership of the Euronews network, would contribute to Euronews content, facilitate NBC News' expanded operations in Europe. After successful negotiations with the European Commission, who feared that the partnership would result on an Americanization of Euronews, the NBCUniversal News Group purchased a 25% stake in Euronews in February 2017 for $30 million. NBC News president Deborah Turness was appointed to head up international operations, incumbent Euronews CEO Michael Peters, which has led it since 2004, became CEO of the new partnership. Both report directly to NBC News chairman Andy Lack; the resulting partnership became known as Euronews NBC. Although Sawiris and NBC News have the largest stakes in Euronews, editorial control by SOCEMIE members has been assured, with the broadcasters having seven slots in the editorial board, as opposed to Sawiris' company and NBC News, which only has one, thereby reducing rumours of an Americanization of Euronews' values.
Editorial control is handled by Euronews' teams, with NBC only focusing on planning and coordinating tasks. After the formation of the partnership, video reports from NBC News' properties began to appear on the TV channel and reports from NBCNews.com began to be distributed on its digital platforms. On 9 May 2017, Euronews split its service into 12 language-specific editions, of which nine have a linear TV channel with its own language voiceover, but now including contents, on-air graphics and its lower-third news ticker in the language; the glocal strategy allows the language editorial teams to personalise the content and presentation of their channel, not only by sharing own-produced content with other languages, but by producing content, relevant to local audiences, allowing local reporters and presenters to appear on camera in all its language editions. The splitting process finished on 24 May 2017. Alongside the major language split, satellite distribution for the German, Spanish and Turkish channels was discontinued, now being only available via fibre-optic IP uplink.
However, the discontinuation of the German-language channel from satellite distribution generated outcry from many German satellite TV owners, resulting on the restoration