List of ethnic riots

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This is a list of ethnic riots, sectarian riots, and race riots, by country.

Africa[edit]

Angola[edit]

Congo[edit]

Côte d’Ivoire[edit]

Egypt[edit]

Lesotho[edit]

Libya[edit]

Mauritania[edit]

Rhodesia[edit]

  • Kananga (1925) - Kananga Riot of 1925

South Africa[edit]

  • Durban (1949) - Anti-Indian riots, an inter-racial conflict between Zulus and Indians in Durban.[6]
  • Durban (1985) - Anti-Indian riots[7]
  • Port Elizabeth, South Africa (2007) - Anti-Somali riot[8]

Tanzania[edit]

  • Zanzibar (1964) - The Zanzibar Revolution of January 12, 1964 put an end to the local Arab dynasty. Thousands of Arabs were massacred in riots, and thousands more were detained or fled the island[9][10]

Zambia[edit]

America[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

United States[edit]

Nativist Period 1700s–1860[edit]

  • 1824: Providence, Rhode Island Hard Scrabble Riots
  • 1829: Cincinnati riots of 1829 Rioting against African Americans results in over a thousand leaving for Canada.
  • 1829: Charlestown Anti-Catholic Riots
  • 1831: Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1834: Massachusetts Convent Burning
  • 1834: Philadelphia pro-slavery riots[12]
  • 1834: New York City pro-slavery riots
  • 1835: Boston pro-slavery riots
  • 1835: Five Points Riot
  • 1835: Snow Riot Washington, D.C.[13][14]
  • 1836: Cincinnati riots of 1836 - Several anti-abolitionist riots
  • 1841: Cincinnati, Ohio White Irish-descendant and Irish immigrant dock workers rioted against Black dock workers. When the Black dock workers banded together to defend their community from the approaching Whites, the White rioters retreated and then commandeered a 6-pound cannon and shot it through the streets of Cincinnati.
  • 1844: Philadelphia Nativist Riots (May 6–8, July 5–8)
  • 1851: Hoboken Anti-German Riot
  • 1855: Louisville Anti-German Riots

Civil War Period 1861–1865[edit]

Reconstruction Period: 1865–1877[edit]

Jim Crow Period: 1878–1914[edit]

War and inter-war period: 1914–1945[edit]

Postwar era: 1946–1954[edit]

Civil Rights and Black Power Movement's Period: 1955–1977[edit]

1978 to today[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Burma[edit]

China[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

Israel[edit]

  • Acre, Israel (2008) - Sectarian violence erupted on 8 October 2008 turning into 5 days of violence after an Arab Israeli citizen drove through a predominantly Jewish neighbourhood during Yom Kippur.[38][39][40]
  • Tel Aviv (2012) - Race riots by Jewish Israelis against black African immigrants took place in May 2012 after the rape of an elderly woman, and an under age Israeli girl by South Sudanese men in front of her boyfriend.[41][42][43][44]
  • Tel Aviv (2015) - After an Ethiopian-born IDF officer was beaten by an Israeli police officer and police volunteer, protests in Tel Aviv against racism and police brutality turned violent, with injuries among protesters and police.[45]

Malaysia[edit]

Pakistan[edit]

Palestine (British Mandate)[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Europe[edit]

Azerbaijan[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Denmark[edit]

  • St. Croix riot (1873) - St. Croix Agricultural labor rioted against landlords and labor laws.
  • Jewish skirmishes (1820–22) - Various Danish and German cities and towns.

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

Italy[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

  • Utrecht (2007) - Utrecht Riots[59]
  • Amsterdam (2007) - Moroccan-Dutch youth sectarian violence[60]
  • The Hague (2015) - Immigrants riot after Caribbean man dies resisting arrest[61]

Poland[edit]

  • Przytyk pogrom (1936) - anti-Jewish riots in Przytyk, on March 9, 1936
  • Kraków pogrom (1945) - anti-Jewish riots that occurred on August 11, 1945, in the city of Kraków
  • Kielce pogrom (1946) - an outbreak of violence against the Jewish community of Kielce, Poland on July 4, 1946
  • Mława pogrom (1991) - a series of violent incidents in June 1991, when a crowd attacked Roma residents of the Polish town of Mława
  • During the New Year's Eve (31.12.2016) a Polish man was stabbed to death by a Tunisian man during the brawl with said Tunisian, two Algerians and a Moroccan who all have worked at the local Kebab restaurants in the city of Ełk. Following[62] this event violent anti-foreigner,[63][64] anti-immigrant, anti-Arab[65][66] and anti-Muslim[67][68] riots erupted in the city. Protesters clashed with the police, and also with the military police who has to intervene due to escalation of the conflict,[69][70] and the kebab restaurant near which the murder took place has been demolished. Following riots several foreigner-owned kebab shops in other cities were vandalized and the number of attacks on darkskinned foreigners in Poland increased.[71][72][73][74] There had been an attempt to set fire to the apartment of the Algerian suspect[75] and the property of the girlfriend of the Tunisian suspect had been devastated;[76] in aftermatch of the riots polish police began countrywide patrols, supervision and monitoring of restaurants, shops and catering services, especially kebab serving ones, run by foreigners for fear of revenge attacks and possible retaliatory lynching of foreigners.[77]

Russia[edit]

Soviet Union[edit]

Spain[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Australia[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

  • Wellington (1943) - Battle of Manners Street was a conflict involving American servicemen versus New Zealand servicemen and civilians outside the Allied Services Club in Manners Street.

Solomon Islands[edit]

Tonga[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  13. ^ August 'Snow-Storm' Brought Devastation To D.C.. NPR. July 5, 2012.
  14. ^ Snow-Storm in August: Washington City, Francis Scott Key, and the Forgotten Race Riot of 1835. 2012 book by Jefferson Morley.
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  16. ^ No deaths were reported, but all Chinese and most other Asians were expelled from Seattle and Tacoma. Schwantes, Carlos A. "Protest in a Promised Land: Unemployment, Disinheritance, and the Origin of Labor Militancy in the Pacific Northwest, 1885-1886." Western Historical Quarterly. 13:4 (October 1982).
  17. ^ Thirty African Americans died. Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979.
  18. ^ a b c Carter, Darnell (1993). "The 1904, 1906, and 1921 Race Riots in Springfield, Ohio and the Hoodlum Theory". Etd.ohiolink.edu. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  19. ^ Ten African Americans and two Caucasians died. Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979.
  20. ^ Two African Americans and four Caucasians died. Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979; Roberta Senechal, "Springfield Race Riot of 1908," Illinois History Teacher, Summer/Fall 1996.
  21. ^ According to federal, state and local government investigators, only 39 African Americans died. But civilian investigations shortly after the riot indicate that between 100 and 200 African Americans died, the riot was notable for its brutality, including scalping, gouging out of eyes, and children acting as murderers. Elliott M. Rudwick, Race Riot at East St. Louis, Southern Illinois University Press, 1964.
  22. ^ Twenty-three African Americans and 15 Caucasians died. Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979.
  23. ^ Officially, only 39 African Americans died. But more recent estimates are that between 150 and 200 African Americans and 50 Caucasians died, and some sources put the number of black dead at 300. James S. Hirsch, Riot and Remembrance: America's Worst Race Riot and Its Legacy, Mariner Books, 2003. ISBN 0-618-34076-9; Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979.
  24. ^ Officially, six African Americans and two Caucasians died. However, there is disagreement about the number of dead, and some estimates place the number of black dead between 40 and 150. Michael D'Orso, Like Judgment Day: The Ruin and Redemption of a Town Called Rosewood, Putnam Books, 1996. ISBN 1-57297-256-4.
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  27. ^ Twenty-five African Americans and nine Caucasians died. Robert A. Gibson, The Negro Holocaust: Lynching and Race Riots in the United States, 1880-1950, Yale University, 1979.
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  38. ^ Acre faces fourth night of riots, Al Jazeera English
  39. ^ Israeli City Divided by Sectarian Violence, New York Times, October 12, 2008
  40. ^ Police arrest Acre Yom Kippur driver, Jpost, October 12, 2008
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