Cat Bi International Airport
Cat Bi International Airport is an international airport located in Hai Phong, Vietnam. During the war Cat Bi Air Base was used by French Air Force, units based there included: Group de Chasse 2/22 Languedoc equipped with the F8F Bearcat Bomber Squadron 1/19 Gascogne equipped with the B-26 Invader Bomber Squadron 1/25 Tunisie equipped with the B-26The base was used by French Naval Aviation, units based there included: Flotille 28F equipped with the PB4Y-2 Privateer the air groups of the carriers Arromanches and Bois BelleauOn the night of 6/7 March 1954 the Viet Minh attacked the base destroying 1 B-26 and 6 Morane-Saulnier MS.500 Criquets. During the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, the base was used by the CIA-backed Civil Air Transport to fly cargo missions to the besieged French base. Cat Bi-based CAT aircraft flew a total of 682 missions to Điện Biên Phủ between 13 March and 6 May 1954. During the war the base was used by the Vietnam People's Air Force. On 9 January and 10 February 1968 United States jets attacked the base.
In early 1973 US C-130 aircraft flew into Cat Bi to deliver minesweeping equipment as part of Operation End Sweep. Vietnam has announced a new master plan to upgrade the airport with a 3,050-meter second runway, a new terminal, a new apron by 2015; the existing runway will be upgraded. After the expansion, the airport will be capable of serving up to 4–5 million passengers a year; the first phase of the project was completed in May 2016, enabling this airport a capacity of 2 million passengers per year. The new terminal and new runway were opened on 12 May 2016, the airport can serve the Boeing 767, Airbus A350 XWB and similar aircraft. List of airports in Vietnam Cat Bi International Airport became international airport from 00:01 of 11 May 2016. Ready for new international flight to Guangzhou,China at the end of Apr Airport information for VVCI at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006. French military images of Cat Bi supporting the Battle of Dien Bien Phu
Cam Ly Airport
Cam Ly Airport is a small abandoned airport outside of Da Lat in Lâm Đồng Province in the Central Highlands region of Vietnam. It is the former site of Vietnamese National Military Academy, it was used for military purposes and served small aircraft including sport airplanes and helicopters. List of airports in Vietnam
Vietnam Airlines is the flag carrier of Vietnam. The airline was founded in 1956 and established as a state-owned enterprise in April 1989. Vietnam Airlines is headquartered in Long Biên District, with hubs at Noi Bai International Airport and Tan Son Nhat International Airport; the airline flies to 64 destinations excluding codeshared services. From its inception until the early 1990s, Vietnam Airlines was a minor carrier within the aviation industry as it was hampered by a variety of factors including the socio-economic and political situation of the country. With the government's normalization of relations with the United States, the airline was able to expand, improve its products and services, modernize its ageing fleet. In 1996, the Vietnamese government brought together 20 service companies to form Vietnam Airlines Corporation, with the airline itself as the centrepiece. In 2010, the corporation was restructured into a limited liability company and renamed Vietnam Airlines Company Limited.
A seven-seat management board, members of which are appointed by the Vietnamese Prime Minister, oversees the company. As passenger transport constitutes its core activity, Vietnam Airlines plays a crucial role in the economic development of the country, it owns 100% of Vietnam Air Service Company – a regional airline in southern Vietnam, 70% of the low-cost carrier Jetstar Pacific Airlines, 49% of the Cambodian national airline Cambodia Angkor Air. In addition, the corporation earns revenue from airline catering and the maintenance and overhauling of aircraft through a number of its subsidiaries, including Vietnam Airlines Engineering Company and Vietnam Airlines Caterers; the company has diversified its investments in the aircraft-leasing and airport ground-servicing industries, is looking to manufacture aircraft components. It operates a cargo division, Vietnam Airlines Cargo. Vietnam Airlines became a member of SkyTeam in June 2010, making it the first Southeast Asian carrier to have joined that alliance.
Vietnam Airlines has its origins in January 1956, when it was established by the North Vietnamese government under the name Vietnam Civil Aviation following the nationalization of Gia Lam Airport. It was instituted. 666/TTg. The airline was created as part of the air force for civilian purposes with support from both the Soviet Union and China; this was due to an embargo that prohibited the airline from leasing and/or buying American technology or components. The airline's development and expansion was hampered by the Vietnam War. Following the war, its first international destination was Beijing, followed by Vientiane in 1976. During that year, the airline was known as General Department of Civil Aviation in Vietnam, began full operations. In 1978, another important destination of Vietnam Airlines was added, with flights offered to Bangkok; the late 1980s and early 1990s saw the expansion of the network to Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. In 1990, the company initiated discussions regarding the incorporation of Western-built aircraft into the fleet.
That year, the carrier had to cancel the acquisition of two Airbus A310s due to their use of US-manufactured engines. By July 1991, the airline struck a wet-lease agreement with Dutch lessor TransAvia; the aircraft involved was a Boeing 737-300. However, the aircraft was returned after the U. S. State Department pressured the Dutch lessor to remove the aircraft from Vietnam. Subsequently, Vietnam Airlines organized a similar but more complicated deal with TEA Basle, who spent the rest of 1991 negotiating a deal with US authorities. A solution stating that " must be positioned outside Vietnam, with no logo or lettering of Vietnam Airlines. On these conditions, it could operate on behalf of Vietnam Airlines". In December 1991, Cathay Pacific and Vietnam Airlines agreed on a 50–50 joint venture to operate between Hong Kong and Vietnam, as the airline's Tupolev Tu-134 fleet did not meet Kai Tak Airport's noise restrictions. In October 1992, the Boeing 737 was supplemented with an Airbus A310. However, a dispute with Bulgarian Jes Air over who should pay for the repairs after the aircraft sustained an engine failure led to its replacement with another A310 from GATX operated by Jes Air.
A similar dispute with United Technologies encouraged the airline to switch from Airbus to Boeing. Hence, a Boeing 767-200ER, leased from Ansett Worldwide Aviation Services, arrived in January 1993, a Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767-300ER, arrived the following year. In October 1993, the first Airbus A320-200 was incorporated over a two-year wet-lease contract with Air France. Vietnam Airlines by now had started discussions with Air France about a partnership, the French carrier agreed to lease its Airbuses to Vietnam Airlines, to provide customer support and pilot/crew training. By that time the route network had further expanded internationally, seeing the incorporation of destinations such as Paris, Seoul, Taipei and Melbourne. In 1993, the airline carried 1.06 million passengers. The airline became the flag carrier of Vietnam in 1993, after having completed a restructuring programme, started four years earlier. In that year, the airline split from the Civil Aviation Administration of Vietnam and
Vietnam Air Services Company
Vietnam Air Services Company is an airline in Vietnam headquartered in Tân Bình, Ho Chi Minh City. Operating scheduled flights from its base at Tan Son Nhat International Airport in the south of the country, VASCO is a owned subsidiary of Vietnam Airlines, it conducts charter flights, medical evacuations, SAR operations, oil platforms flights, other aviation services. VASCO was established by government directive in 1987, was a part of Vietnam Airlines, the national carrier, it began scheduled passenger flights independently of Vietnam Airlines in 2004, approval has been given for it to be privatized. It has been reported that Vietnam Airlines wishes to use VASCO as a basis for a low-cost carrier, established in conjunction with foreign partners. VASCO flies to nine destinations in Vietnam. Cà Mau Airport Cần Thơ International Airport Con Dao Airport Focus city Ho Chi Minh City – Tan Son Nhat International Airport Hub Ha Noi-Noi Bai Vinh International Airport Dien Bien Phu Airport Rach Gia Airport Phu Quoc International AirportFormer destinationsPhilippines – Subic Bay Vietnam – Chu Lai International Airport, Da Nang, Dong Tac Airport, Quy Nhon, Vũng Tàu The fleet consists of the following aircraft: It is believed that Vietnam Airlines, VASCO's parent company, wants to change the airline into a low-cost model, therefore changing VASCO's operational name to Viet Air.
It is believed that the airline would be serving domestic flights within Vietnam to destinations that are low-yielding as well as competing head on with Jetstar Pacific and VietJet Air. Vietnam Airlines would add more aircraft to VASCO's fleet. In April, 2016, Vietnam Airlines announced the establishment of the new VNĐ300 billion airline in the previous month, based on the restructuring of its subsidiary, VASCO, to a new brand: SkyViet. Indochina Airlines Jetstar Pacific Airlines Southern Service Flight Company Transport in Vietnam VietJet Air Official website Official website
According to the International Civil Aviation Organization, a runway is a "defined rectangular area on a land aerodrome prepared for the landing and takeoff of aircraft". Runways may be a natural surface. In January 1919, aviation pioneer Orville Wright underlined the need for "distinctly marked and prepared landing places, the preparing of the surface of reasonably flat ground an expensive undertaking there would be a continuous expense for the upkeep." Runways are named by a number between 01 and 36, the magnetic azimuth of the runway's heading in decadegrees. This heading differs from true north by the local magnetic declination. A runway numbered 09 points east, runway 18 is south, runway 27 points west and runway 36 points to the north; when taking off from or landing on runway 09, a plane is heading around 90°. A runway can be used in both directions, is named for each direction separately: e.g. "runway 15" in one direction is "runway 33" when used in the other. The two numbers differ by 18.
For clarity in radio communications, each digit in the runway name is pronounced individually: runway one-five, runway three-three, etc.. A leading zero, for example in "runway zero-six" or "runway zero-one-left", is included for all ICAO and some U. S. military airports. However, most U. S. civil aviation airports drop the leading zero. This includes some military airfields such as Cairns Army Airfield; this American anomaly may lead to inconsistencies in conversations between American pilots and controllers in other countries. It is common in a country such as Canada for a controller to clear an incoming American aircraft to, for example, runway 04, the pilot read back the clearance as runway 4. In flight simulation programs those of American origin might apply U. S. usage to airports around the world. For example, runway 05 at Halifax will appear on the program as the single digit 5 rather than 05. If there is more than one runway pointing in the same direction, each runway is identified by appending left and right to the number to identify its position — for example, runways one-five-left, one-five-center, one-five-right.
Runway zero-three-left becomes runway two-one-right. In some countries, regulations mandate that where parallel runways are too close to each other, only one may be used at a time under certain conditions. At large airports with four or more parallel runways some runway identifiers are shifted by 1 to avoid the ambiguity that would result with more than three parallel runways. For example, in Los Angeles, this system results in runways 6L, 6R, 7L, 7R though all four runways are parallel at 69°. At Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, there are five parallel runways, named 17L, 17C, 17R, 18L, 18R, all oriented at a heading of 175.4°. An airport with only three parallel runways may use different runway identifiers, such as when a third parallel runway was opened at Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport in 2000 to the south of existing 8R/26L — rather than confusingly becoming the "new" 8R/26L it was instead designated 7R/25L, with the former 8R/26L becoming 7L/25R and 8L/26R becoming 8/26.
Runway designations may change over time because Earth's magnetic lines drift on the surface and the magnetic direction changes. Depending on the airport location and how much drift occurs, it may be necessary to change the runway designation; as runways are designated with headings rounded to the nearest 10°, this affects some runways sooner than others. For example, if the magnetic heading of a runway is 233°, it is designated Runway 23. If the magnetic heading changes downwards by 5 degrees to 228°, the runway remains Runway 23. If on the other hand the original magnetic heading was 226°, the heading decreased by only 2 degrees to 224°, the runway becomes Runway 22; because magnetic drift itself is slow, runway designation changes are uncommon, not welcomed, as they require an accompanying change in aeronautical charts and descriptive documents. When runway designations do change at major airports, it is changed at night as taxiway signs need to be changed and the huge numbers at each end of the runway need to be repainted to the new runway designators.
In July 2009 for example, London Stansted Airport in the United Kingdom changed its runway designations from 05/23 to 04/22 during the night. For fixed-wing aircraft it is advantageous to perform takeoffs and landings into the wind to reduce takeoff or landing roll and reduce the ground speed needed to attain flying speed. Larger airports have several runways in different directions, so that one can be selected, most nearly aligned with the wind. Airports with one runway are constructed to be aligned with the prevailing wind. Compiling a wind rose is in fact one of the preliminary steps taken in constructing airport runways. Note that wind direction is given as the direction the wind is coming from: a plane taking off from runway 09 faces east, into an "east wind" blowing from 090°. Runway dimensions vary from as small as 245 m long and 8 m wide in s
Rạch Giá is a provincial city and the capital city of Kien Giang Province, Vietnam. It is located on the eastern coast of the Gulf of Thailand, 250 kilometres south-west of Ho Chi Minh City. East of city, it borders Tân Hiệp and Châu Thành town, the Gulf of Thailand is to the west and surrounds some parts of the city, south of the city is Châu Thành and An Biên town, northward it borders Hòn Đất and Tân Hiệp. Rạch Giá was upgraded from a town to a city by Government Decree No. 97/2005/NĐ-CP on July 26, 2005. The city has 12 administrative units: Vinh Thanh Van Ward Vinh Thanh Ward Vinh Lac Ward Vinh Loi Ward Vinh Quang Ward An Hoa Ward An Binh Ward Rach Soi Ward Vinh Thong Ward Vinh Hiep Ward Phi Thong CommuneRạch Giá is the first city where the Vietnamese government applied "lan bien" project to build out to the ocean to expand territory. "Lan bien" project expand the city to become one of the biggest new cities in the south-west of Vietnam. This project adds 2 more new wards in Rạch Giá. Beside that, several future construction projects such as industrial center Rach Vuot and urban city Vinh Hiep which will be started after finishing Lac Hong bridge project will expand Rạch Giá to the east.
Ceremony of Nguyễn Trung Trực is held annually in lunar August. National historical sites: Nguyen Trung Truc temple Tam Bao pagoda Vinh Hoa temple Huynh Man Dat grave Phat Lon pagoda Lang Cat pagoda Kien Giang museum Quan De pagodaOther historical sites: Sắc Tứ Tam Bảo Temple Tam Quan gate; this is the symbol of Rạch Giá City. Nguyen Hien Dieu temple Suong council Bac De temple Thien Hau temple Thien Hau Palace Rạch Giá has 2 main stations: Rach Soi station and Rach Gia station; those are main stations to transport passengers to other towns in provinces or other provinces in nation. Bus transportation system is developed pretty early, passengers can use bus from Rạch Giá to 4 other towns: Châu Thành, Giồng Riềng, Tân Hiệp, Hòn Đất. Rach Gia Airport is the biggest airport in Rạch Giá. Rạch Giá airport has Ho Chi Minh City with Vietnam Airlines. Rạch Giá has 2 big ship stations: Rạch Giá ship station or Phú Quốc ship station and Rach Meo station. High speed ship is economic choice for passengers to Phú Quốc island or Kiên Hải islands
Buon Ma Thuot Airport
Buon Ma Thuot Airport is a public airport in Vietnam. The airport has one functional runway. A second incomplete runway is not in use. Two aprons are located on the south side of the airport with buildings that appeared to be used for aircraft storage. A barracks-like camp is located to the north side of the airport; this airport handled 860,000 passenger in 2016. List of airports in Vietnam Buôn Ma Thuột at World Aero Data