Radical 17

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
← 16 Radical 17 (U+2F10) 18 →
(U+51F5) "receptacle"
Pinyin: qiǎn
Bopomofo: ㄑㄧㄢˇ
Wade–Giles: ch'ien3
Cantonese Yale: hom1
Jyutping: ham3
Pe̍h-ōe-jī: khám
Kana: うけばこ ukebako
Kanji: 凵繞 kannyou
受け箱 ukebako
Hangul: 입벌릴 ip beolril
Sino-Korean: 감 gam
Stroke order animation

Radical 17 is one of 23 of the 214 Kangxi radicals that are composed of 2 strokes.

It does not occur as a character on its own; in combination, it historically takes meanings such as "open mouth", "box", "frame", "hole" or "receptacle". In contemporary use, it is the base radical of the following characters:

  • "bad, inauspicious"
  • "go out, send out"
  • "box"

Also derived from the radical are the Simplified Chinese characters "to hit" and "to paint", without any historical connection to the radical.

"deep, dark" is derived from radical 46, "mountain" 山 rather than radical 17.

As for the similar radicals 22 and 13 , the name of radical 17 is purely descriptive of its shape, 下三框 "lower three-sided frame".

Characters with Radical 17[edit]

strokes character
without additional strokes
2 additional strokes
3 additional strokes 凷 凸 凹 出 击
4 additional strokes
6 additional strokes
7 additional strokes
10 additional strokes


  • Fazzioli, Edoardo (1987). Chinese calligraphy : from pictograph to ideogram : the history of 214 essential Chinese/Japanese characters. calligraphy by Rebecca Hon Ko. New York: Abbeville Press. ISBN 0-89659-774-1. 
  • Leyi Li: “Tracing the Roots of Chinese Characters: 500 Cases”. Beijing 1993, ISBN 978-7-5619-0204-2

External links[edit]

See also[edit]