Central Region (Ghana)
The Central Region is one of the ten administrative regions of Ghana. It is bordered by Ashanti and Eastern regions to the north, Western region to the west, Greater Accra region to the east, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea; the Central region is renowned for its many elite higher education institutions and an economy based on an abundance of industrial minerals and tourism. The Central region attains many tourist attractions such as castles and beaches stretched along the Central region's coastline; the Central Region is a hub of education, with some of the best schools in the country. The region's economy is dominated by services followed by fishing. Cape Coast Castle and Elmina Castle are prominent UNESCO World Heritage Sites and serve as a reminder of the slave trade; the Central Region is a major center for tourism within the peninsula of Ashantiland and it has some of the most beautiful beaches, national parks. U. S. President Barack Obama made his first international trip to the city of Cape Coast in 2009.
University of Cape Coast University of Education, Winneba KAAF University College Marysons College, Cape Coast Pan African Christian University College Ola Training College, Old Elmina Road, Cape Coast Presbyterian Women Training College Gladmond Vocational Institute, Abura/Asebu/Kwamank Methodist Voc Trg Centre, Abura/Asebu/Kwamank Archbishop Porter's Polytechnic, CAPE COAST Cape Coast Polytechnic, Ayifua Fosu College of Education, Assin Fosu. Komenda College of Education, Komenda; the Central Region is well known for its varied choices in cuisine. Etsew and Fantefante is the main dish enjoyed. Kenkey and Fufu are both eaten with a variety of sauces and soups. Seafood is eaten across the Central Region; the Central Region comprises 20 districts
Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time. It is referred to as temporal frequency, which emphasizes the contrast to spatial frequency and angular frequency; the period is the duration of time of one cycle in a repeating event, so the period is the reciprocal of the frequency. For example: if a newborn baby's heart beats at a frequency of 120 times a minute, its period—the time interval between beats—is half a second. Frequency is an important parameter used in science and engineering to specify the rate of oscillatory and vibratory phenomena, such as mechanical vibrations, audio signals, radio waves, light. For cyclical processes, such as rotation, oscillations, or waves, frequency is defined as a number of cycles per unit time. In physics and engineering disciplines, such as optics and radio, frequency is denoted by a Latin letter f or by the Greek letter ν or ν; the relation between the frequency and the period T of a repeating event or oscillation is given by f = 1 T.
The SI derived unit of frequency is the hertz, named after the German physicist Heinrich Hertz. One hertz means. If a TV has a refresh rate of 1 hertz the TV's screen will change its picture once a second. A previous name for this unit was cycles per second; the SI unit for period is the second. A traditional unit of measure used with rotating mechanical devices is revolutions per minute, abbreviated r/min or rpm. 60 rpm equals one hertz. As a matter of convenience and slower waves, such as ocean surface waves, tend to be described by wave period rather than frequency. Short and fast waves, like audio and radio, are described by their frequency instead of period; these used conversions are listed below: Angular frequency denoted by the Greek letter ω, is defined as the rate of change of angular displacement, θ, or the rate of change of the phase of a sinusoidal waveform, or as the rate of change of the argument to the sine function: y = sin = sin = sin d θ d t = ω = 2 π f Angular frequency is measured in radians per second but, for discrete-time signals, can be expressed as radians per sampling interval, a dimensionless quantity.
Angular frequency is larger than regular frequency by a factor of 2π. Spatial frequency is analogous to temporal frequency, but the time axis is replaced by one or more spatial displacement axes. E.g.: y = sin = sin d θ d x = k Wavenumber, k, is the spatial frequency analogue of angular temporal frequency and is measured in radians per meter. In the case of more than one spatial dimension, wavenumber is a vector quantity. For periodic waves in nondispersive media, frequency has an inverse relationship to the wavelength, λ. In dispersive media, the frequency f of a sinusoidal wave is equal to the phase velocity v of the wave divided by the wavelength λ of the wave: f = v λ. In the special case of electromagnetic waves moving through a vacuum v = c, where c is the speed of light in a vacuum, this expression becomes: f = c λ; when waves from a monochrome source travel from one medium to another, their frequency remains the same—only their wavelength and speed change. Measurement of frequency can done in the following ways, Calculating the frequency of a repeating event is accomplished by counting the number of times that event occurs within a specific time period dividing the count by the length of the time period.
For example, if 71 events occur within 15 seconds the frequency is: f = 71 15 s ≈ 4.73 Hz If the number of counts is not large, it is more accurate to measure the time interval for a predetermined number of occurrences, rather than the number of occurrences within a specified time. The latter method introduces a random error into the count of between zero and one count, so on average half a count; this is called gating error and causes an average error in the calculated frequency of Δ f = 1 2 T
Ghana the Republic of Ghana, is a country located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2, Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means "Warrior King" in the Soninke language; the first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century. Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti. Beginning in the 15th century, numerous European powers contested the area for trading rights, with the British establishing control of the coast by the late 19th century. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana's current borders were established by the 1900s as the British Gold Coast, it became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957. Ghana's population of 30 million spans a variety of ethnic and religious groups.
According to the 2010 census, 71.2% of the population was Christian, 17.6% was Muslim, 5.2% practised traditional faiths. Its diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests. Ghana is a unitary constitutional democracy led by a president, both head of state and head of the government. Ghana's growing economic prosperity and democratic political system have made it a regional power in West Africa, it is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States, Group of 24 and the Commonwealth of Nations. The etymology of the word Ghana means "warrior king" and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval Ghana Empire in West Africa, but the empire was further north than the modern country of Ghana, in the region of Guinea. Ghana was recognized as one of the great kingdoms in Bilad el-Sudan by the ninth century. Ghana was inhabited in the Middle Ages and the Age of Discovery by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms in the Southern and Central territories.
This included the Ashanti Empire, the Akwamu, the Bonoman, the Denkyira, the Mankessim Kingdom. Although the area of present-day Ghana in West Africa has experienced many population movements, the Akans were settled by the 5th century BC. By the early 11th century, the Akans were established in the Akan state called Bonoman, for which the Brong-Ahafo Region is named. From the 13th century, Akans emerged from what is believed to have been the Bonoman area, to create several Akan states of Ghana based on gold trading; these states included Bonoman, Denkyira, Mankessim Kingdom, Akwamu Eastern region. By the 19th century, the territory of the southern part of Ghana was included in the Kingdom of Ashanti, one of the most influential states in sub-saharan Africa prior to the onset of colonialism; the Kingdom of Ashanti government operated first as a loose network, as a centralised kingdom with an advanced specialised bureaucracy centred in the capital city of Kumasi. Prior to Akan contact with Europeans, the Akan people created an advanced economy based on principally gold and gold bar commodities traded with the states of Africa.
The earliest known kingdoms to emerge in modern Ghana were the Mole-Dagbani states. The Mole-Dagomba came on horseback from present-day Burkina Faso under Naa Gbewaa. With their advanced weapons and based on a central authority, they invaded and occupied the lands of the local people ruled by the Tendamba, established themselves as the rulers over the locals, made Gambaga their capital; the death of Naa Gbewaa caused civil war among his children, some of whom broke off and founded separate states including Dagbon, Mossi and Wala. Akan trade with European states began after contact with Portuguese in the 15th century. Early European contact by the Portuguese people, who came to the Gold Coast region in the 15th century to trade and established the Portuguese Gold Coast, focused on the extensive availability of gold; the Portuguese built a trading lodge at a coastal settlement called Anomansah which they renamed São Jorge da Mina. In 1481, King John II of Portugal commissioned Diogo d'Azambuja to build the Elmina Castle, completed in three years.
By 1598, the Dutch had joined the Portuguese in the gold trade, establishing the Dutch Gold Coast and building forts at Fort Komenda and Kormantsi. In 1617, the Dutch captured the Olnini Castle from the Portuguese, Axim in 1642. Other European traders had joined in gold trading by the mid-17th century, most notably the Swedes, establishing the Swedish Gold Coast, Denmark-Norway, establishing the Danish Gold Coast. Portuguese merchants, impressed with the gold resources in the area, named it Costa do Ouro or Gold Coast. Beginning in the 17th century — in addition to the gold trade — Portuguese, Dutch and French traders participated in the Atlantic slave trade in this area. More than thirty forts and castles were built by the Portuguese, Dano-Norwegians and German merchants. In 1874 Great Britain established control over some parts of the country, assigning these areas the status of British Gold Coast. Many military engagements occurred between the British colonial powers and the various Akan nation-states.
The Akan Kingdom of Ashanti defeated the British a few times i
Cape Coast is a city, fishing port, the capital of Cape Coast Metropolitan District and Central Region of south Ghana. Cape Coast is situated on its south to the Gulf of Guinea. Cape Coast had a settlement population of 169,894 people; the language of the people of Cape Coast is Fante. From the 16th century until Ghanaian independence, the city and fishing port changed hands between the British, the Portuguese, the Swedish, the Danish and the Dutch, it is home to 32 festivals. Cape Coast was founded by the people of Oguaa, it is one of the most historical cities in Ghana. Portuguese colonists built a trading fort in the area. In 1650, the Swedes built a lodge that would become the better known Cape Coast Castle, now a World Heritage Site. Most of the modern town expanded around it; the Dutch took it over in 1650 and expanded it in 1652. It was captured by the British in 1664. Trade was an important motivator in the creation of settlements on Cape Coast. Traders from various European countries built these trading lodges and castles along the coast of modern Ghana.
The acquisition of gold, slaves and the many other goods that composed the African leg of the Triangular Trade was detrimental to the inhabitants of Cape Coast. In 1874, the British dominated all European presence along the coast of modern-day Ghana using Cape Coast as their base of operations, Gold Coast. With the establishment of formal colonial administration, they relocated to Accra following opposition to the "window tax" in 1877. Accra became their state. Cape Coast Castle was where most of the slaves were held before their journey on the Middle Passage; the area is dominated by batholith rock and is undulating with steep slopes. There are valleys of various streams between the hills, with Kakum being the largest stream; the minor streams end in wetlands. In the northern part of the district, the landscape is suitable for the cultivation of various crops. TemperatureCape Coast is a humid area with mean monthly relative humidity varying between 85% and 99%; the sea breeze has a moderating effect on the local climate.
The crab is a statue of one stands in the city centre. Fort William, built in 1820, was an active lighthouse from 1835 to the 1970s, while Fort Victoria was built in 1702. Other attractions include a series of Asafo shrines, Cape Coast Centre for National Culture, the Oguaa Fetu Afahye festival, since 1992, the biennial Panafest theatre festival; the city is located 30 km south of Kakum National Park, one of the most diverse and best preserved national parks in West Africa. It is believed that Michelle Obama, US First Lady, considers Cape Coast as her ancestral home, on 11 July 2009, she took the rest of the first family to tour Cape Coast Castle as part of her husband's trip to Cape Coast. Cape Coast is the seat of the University of Cape Coast, Ghana's leading university in teaching and research. Cape Vars, as it is popularly called, lies on a hill overlooking the Atlantic Ocean, it has one of the best Polytechnics in Cape Coast Polytechnic. Other institutions of higher education in the city worthy of note are * Mfantsiman Institute of Technology and * Institute of Development and Technology Management.
The city boasts some of Ghana's finest secondary and technical schools: Wesley Girls' High School St. Augustine College Mfantsipim School Adisadel College Aggrey Memorial Senior High School Ghana National College Holy Child High School, Ghana Cape Coast Technical Institute Asuansi Technical Institute Academy of Christ the King Senior High School Cape Coast International Senior High School University Practice Senior High School St. Nicholas Seminary Senior High School Efutu Senior High Technical School Sammo Senior High School Commercial Service Institute Oguaa Senior High Technical School Rev. Dr. Philip Quaque: 1741–1816. King John Aggery Essien: 1809–1899. Chief James Robert Thompson: 1810-18-86. Hon. Francis Chapman Grant: 1823–1889. Hon. Robert Hutchison: 1828–1863. Jacob Wilson-Sey alias Kwaa Bonyin: 1832–1902. Hon. John Sarbah: 1834–1892. Hon. James Cheetham: 1834–1902. Herbert Taylor Ussher: 1836–1880. Joseph Peter Brown: 1843–1932. Prince James Hutton Brew: 1844–1915. Thomas Frederic Edward Jones: 1850–1927.
Henry Van Hein: 1858–1928. Rev. Mark Christian Hayford: 1863–1935. John Mensah-Sarbah: 1864–1910. J. E. Casely Hayford: 1866–1930. Hon. William Ward-Brew, OBE: 1878–1943. George Edward Moore: 1879–1950. Charles Emmanuel Graves: 1884–1929. John Coleman de-Graft Johnson: 1884–1956.