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Radio Télévision Suisse

The Radio télévision suisse is a Swiss public broadcasting organisation. Part of SRG SSR, RTS handles production and broadcasting of radio and television programming in French for Switzerland, it was created on 1 January 2010 by a merger of Radio suisse romande and Télévision suisse romande. The first evening programme to be broadcast in colour on Télévision suisse romande was broadcast in 1968. While keeping its headquarters in Geneva, Radio Télévision Suisse plans to move its Lausanne-based radio headquarters to a new building on the Lausanne campus in 2019–20. Radio Suisse Romande is the area of RTS in charge of production and broadcasting of radio programming in French for Switzerland: La 1ère — general programming Espace 2 — cultural and intellectual programming.

Abraham Barak Salem

Abraham Barak Salem was an Indian nationalist and Zionist, a lawyer and politician, one of the most prominent Cochin Jews of the twentieth century. A descendant of meshuchrarim, he was the first Cochin Jew to become an attorney, he practised in Ernakulam, where he used satyagraha to fight the discrimination among Jews against his people. An activist in the trade union and Indian national causes, he was attracted to Zionism. After visiting Palestine in the 1930s, he helped arrange the migration of most Cochin Jews to Israel by 1955, he stayed in Kochi for the remainder of his life. Salem was born in 1882 to a Jewish family in Cochin a princely state in British India and now part of the Indian state of Kerala, his family were regarded as meshuchrarim, a Hebrew word used, sometimes neutrally and sometimes with derogatory intent, to denote a manumitted slave or her descendants. The Paradesi Jews of Cochin had arrived there since the 16th-century following the expulsion of Jews from Spain, they discriminated against the meshuchrarim in their community who were relegated to a subordinate position in the Paradesi Synagogue in Cochin.

Given the cultural differences between them, the Paradesi Jews and the older communities of Malabari Jews maintained ethnic distinctions for centuries, which became associated with differences in skin colour. Brought up by his mother, Salem attended the Maharaja's College in Ernakulam, he moved to Chennai to earn his Bachelor of Arts degree, becoming the first university graduate among the meshuchrarim. Whilst in Chennai he earned his law degree, the first Jew from Cochin to do so, before returning to practise as a lawyer in the Cochin Chief Court in Ernakulam; the Malabari Jews had seven places of worship. The contemporary historian Edna Fernandes calls it "a bastion of white purity"; the White Jews practised endogamous marriage, which excluded both the meshuchrarim and Malabari Jews. The meshuchrarim had to sit in the back of the outside; the separation resembled Indian discrimination against lower castes, sometimes repeated in Christian churches in India. Salem fought against this discrimination by boycotting the synagogue for a time.

He used satyagraha as a means of combating discrimination within the community. This led some people to refer to him as the "Jewish Gandhi". By the mid-1930s, Mandelbaum reported that many of the old taboos had fallen, reflecting wider changes in Indian society as well. Salem served in the Legislative Council in the princely state of Cochin from 1925 to 1931 and again from 1939 to 1945. A supporter of the nascent trade union movement in Kerala and an active Indian nationalist, at the end of 1929 he attended the Lahore session of the Indian National Congress, it passed a resolution calling for complete independence from the Raj. After visiting Palestine in 1933, Salem was attracted to the Zionist cause. After Indian independence, he worked to promote aliyah to Israel among the Cochin Jews. In 1953, he visited Israel to negotiate on behalf of Indian Jews; this helped to diminish the divisions among the Cochin Jews. After emigration they were all considered foreigners to Israel, many struggled to assimilate.

Although most of Cochin's ancient Jewish community left for Israel by 1955, Salem lived in Cochin until his death in 1967. He was buried in the White Jewish cemetery in Jew Town in Cochin; the road adjacent to the White Jewish Cemetery in Kochi was named after Salem. James Chiriyankandath. "Nationalism and community: A. B. Salem, the politics of identity and the disappearance of Cochin Jewry", Journal of Global History, 3, pp 21–42, doi:10.1017/S1740022808002428 Edna Fernandes. The Last Jews of Kerala. Portobello Books, 2008. Katz, Nathan. Who are the Jews of India?. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press

Callington Community College

Callington Community College is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form with academy status, in Callington Cornwall. The school was established between 1911 and 1914 on Launceston Road as a council building, with parts of that building still in use; as a result of the 1944 Education Act this school became Callington Secondary Modern School. In 1971 the school merged with Callington Grammar School and Delaware Secondary Modern School to form Callington Comprehensive School on the Launceston Road site. By the 2000s the school had become Callington Community College, gaining Sports College status and Training School status in 2000, Music College status in 2004; the school converted to academy status in April 2011. Callington Community College offers GCSEs and vocational courses as programmes of study for pupils, while students in the sixth form have the option to study from a range of A-levels and further vocational courses. Callington Community College official website