A radio format or programming format describes the overall content broadcast on a radio station. In countries where radio spectrum use is regulated, formats may have a legal status where stations are licensed to transmit only specific formats. Radio formats are employed as a marketing tool, are subject to frequent change. Music radio, old time radio, all-news radio, sports radio, talk radio and weather radio describe the operation of different genres of radio format and each format can be sub-divided into many specialty formats. Formats evolve and each format can be sub-divided into many specialty formats; some of the following formats are available only regionally or through specialized venues such as satellite radio or Internet radio. Contemporary hit radio still informally known as top-40 / hot hits) Adult contemporary music Adult/variety hits - Broad variety of pop hits spanning multiple eras and formats. Classic hits – 1970s/1980s-centered pop music Hot adult contemporary Lite adult contemporary Modern adult contemporary Oldies – Late 1950s to early 1970s pop music Soft adult contemporary Active rock Adult album alternative Album rock / album-oriented rock Alternative rock Classic alternative Classic rock Lite rock Mainstream rock Modern rock Progressive rock Psychedelic rock Rock Soft rock Americana Bluegrass Country music:Classic country New country/Young country/Hot country Mainstream country Traditional country Texas/Red Dirt Classic hip-hop Quiet storm Rhythmic adult contemporary Rhythmic contemporary Rhythmic oldies Urban:Urban contemporary Urban adult contemporary – R&B, soul and sometimes gospel music, without hip hop and rap Urban oldies Soul music Dance Space music Carolina beach music Big band Blues Jazz Smooth jazz Traditional pop music Adult standards / nostalgia Beautiful music Easy Listening Middle of the road Folk music Hispanic rhythmic Ranchera Regional Mexican Rock en Español Romántica Spanish sub-formats:Tejano music Also see: Ranchera, Regional Mexican, Romántica, Tropical Tropical Urbano Caribbean Indian music Asian pop Korean pop Original Pilipino music Polka World music Christian music Christian rock Contemporary Christian Urban Gospel Classical Contemporary classical music Seasonal formats celebrate a particular holiday and thus, with the notable exception of Christmas music, stations going to a holiday-themed format only do so for a short time a day or a weekend.
Christmas music American patriotic music Halloween music Irish folk music Eclectic Freeform radio All-news radio Children's Christian radio College radio Comedy radio Educational Ethnic/International Freeform/Experimental Full-service Old time radio Paranormal radio shows Radio audiobooks Radio documentary Radio drama Radio soap operas Religious radio Sports News/Talk Conservative talk radio Progressive talk radio Public talk radio Hot talk/shock jocks Weather radio In some countries such as the UK, licences to broadcast on radio frequencies are regulated by the government, may take account of social and cultural factors including format type, local content, language, as well as the price available to pay for the spectrum use. This may be done to ensure a balance of available public content in each area, in particular to enable non-profit local community radio to exist alongside larger and richer national companies. On occasions format regulation may lead to difficult legal challenges when government accuses a station of changing its format, for example arguing in court over whether a particular song or group of songs is "pop" or "rock".
Radio broadcasting The Evolution of Format Radio - Canadian Communication Foundation Radio personality Television format Top 40
"Corporate Crush" is the nineteenth episode of the first season of the American television series 30 Rock. It was directed by Don Scardino; the episode aired on the National Broadcasting Company in the United States on April 12, 2007. Guest stars in this episode include Kevin Brown, Grizz Chapman, John Lutz, Emily Mortimer, Maulik Pancholy, Jason Sudeikis, Rip Torn and Akira Yamaguchi. In this episode, Liz Lemon, now in a happy relationship with Floyd DeBarber, becomes annoyed when Jack Donaghy becomes obsessed with Floyd. Jack begins a relationship with Phoebe, after being demoted. Meanwhile, Tracy Jordan pitches Jefferson, to General Electric CEO Don Geiss. "Corporate Crush" received positive reviews from television critics, with Robert Canning of IGN describing it as "solid". According to the Nielsen ratings system, the episode was watched by 5.1 million households during its original broadcast. Griffin Richardson, the episode's sound mixer, received a Creative Arts Emmy Award nomination in the category for Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Comedy or Drama Series and Animation.
Liz has become happy since dating Floyd, their relationship together is going strong. Don Geiss, the CEO of General Electric, speaks to Jack about his career, points out that Jack is the only executive at his level to be unmarried. Geiss takes away Jack's role as the head of the Microwave Oven division, which makes Jack become depressed. Liz decides that she wants Jack to meet Floyd at dinner, although Jack becomes obsessed with Floyd and becomes a third wheel in Liz and Floyd's relationship. Liz bothered by Jack's obsession, tells Jack to leave Floyd alone. Jack agrees, he tells Liz that he has begun a relationship with Phoebe, a Christie's auction house art dealer who has Avian Bone Syndrome and on their third meeting still greets Liz with "Hi, I'm Phoebe, I don't know if you remember me..." Jack asks Liz's approval in his relationship with Phoebe, when Liz grants it, he proposes to Phoebe. Meanwhile, Tracy tries to get Don Geiss to finance his film, based on Thomas Jefferson's life. However, Geiss is not interested in Tracy's $35 million project after Tracy uses NBC page Kenneth Parcell, Grizz Griswold and "Dot Com" Slattery to put together a trailer for the film.
After failing to convince Geiss, who would rather see him do a sequel to one of Tracy's previous films, Fat Bitch, Tracy decides that he will make Jefferson on his own. "Corporate Crush" was directed by Don Scardino. This was Riggi's third writing credit, having written the episodes "Blind Date" and "The Head and the Hair", was Scardino's fifth directed episode. "Corporate Crush" aired on NBC in the United States on April 12, 2007 as the nineteenth episode of the show's first season and overall of the series. Comedian actor Jason Sudeikis, who played Floyd DeBarber in this episode, has appeared in the main cast of Saturday Night Live, a weekly sketch comedy series which airs on NBC in the United States. Series creator, executive producer and lead actress Tina Fey was the head writer on SNL from 1999 until 2006; this episode was Sudeikis' fifth appearance on 30 Rock. This was actress Emily Mortimer's first appearance as the character Phoebe, she would guest star in the episodes "Cleveland" and "Hiatus", the latter being her final guest spot.
In regards to her appearance on the show, Mortimer told The Philadelphia Inquirer, "It was amazing doing telly. I'd never done a sitcom before and it was so fast. You're given dialogue as you're walking onto the set and it's kind of hairy. There are 10 people standing around watching the monitor and if they don't laugh – instead of having another chance to do it – someone writes another line." Actor Rip Torn made his second appearance as GE CEO Don Geiss in "Corporate Crush". Torn appeared in the February 15, 2007, episode "The C Word". In its original American broadcast, "Corporate Crush" was watched by an average of 5.1 million households, according to the Nielsen ratings system. This was a decrease from the previous episode, "Fireworks", watched by 5.4 million American viewers. "Corporate Crush" achieved a 2.6/7 in the key 18- to 49-year-old demographic. The 2.6 refers to 2.6% of all people of ages 18–49 years old in the United States, the 7 refers to 7% of all people of ages 18–49 years old watching television at the time of the broadcast in the United States.
Since airing, the episode has received positive reviews. IGN contributor Robert Canning wrote that "Corporate Crush" was a "solid episode", that 30 Rock seemed "to have hit its storytelling stride", he added that "as we near the season finale, we're happy to see that 30 Rock has begun their drive towards a big finish." Canning rated this episode an 8 out of 10. TV Guide's Matt Webb Mitovich opined that "though the'My guy friend is dating my boyfriend' gag has been done to death on TV sitcoms, 30 Rock is to be forgiven if only because the same episode gave us a preview of, no, not The Real Wedding Crashers, but Jefferson, starring... Tracy Jordan." Julia Ward of TV Squad awarded this episode with 5 out of 7, said that Jenna Maroney's absence was upside to the episode, explaining, "I like Jane Krakowski, but I can't say that I've missed her". Regarding Jack and Liz's relationship in the episode, Ward thought it was an "uneasy mutual respect thing", which she thought let "Alec Baldwin exercise his thespian prowe
Isotonic hyponatremia is a form of hyponatremia with mOsm measured between 280 and 295. It can be associated with isotonic infusion of glucose or mannitol. Certain conditions, such as extraordinarily high blood levels of lipid or protein, magnify the electrolyte exclusion effect; this interferes with the measurement of serum sodium concentration by certain methods, leading to an erroneously low measurement of sodium, or pseudohyponatremia. The methods affected are the indirect ion-selective electrode assays; this is distinct from a true dilutional hyponatremia that can be caused by an osmotic shift of water from cells to the bloodstream after large infusions of mannitol or intravenous immunoglobulin. It is associated with hyperlipidemia more than with elevated protein