Rafael Levaković

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Most Reverend
Rafael Levaković
Archbishop of Achrida
Church Catholic Church
Archdiocese Archdiocese of Achrida
In office 1647–1650
Successor Andrea Bogdani
Orders
Consecration 2 June 1647
by Pier Luigi Carafa
Personal details
Born 1597
Jastrebarsko, Croatia
Died 1650
Zadar
Nationality Bulgarian

Rafael Levaković, (also Raphael Levacovich) O.F.M. (c. 1597 – 1649) was Franciscan prelate who served as Archbishop of Achrida (1647–1650);[1][2][3] and Glagolitic writer who set foundations for Slavic liturgy based on the missionary concept of the Roman Catholic Church.[4] Levaković actively worked on religious conversion of the Orthodox Serbs in Croatia.[5]

Biography[edit]

Raphael Levacovich was born in Jastrebarsko, Croatia in 1597 (some sources say 1607) and ordained a priest in the Order of Friars Minor.[1]

Translation of the liturgical books[edit]

In 17th century Roman Catholic Church followed reformist example of the Protestantism and decided to publish liturgical books on language understandable for most South Slavs. This task was given to Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith that engaged Levaković. Based on explicit instructions given directly by the Pope, Levaković's activities were supported by Metodije Terlecki.[6] In 1628 Levaković published Nauk Krstjanski and in 1631 Misal. In 1640 Benedikt Vinković, a Catholic bishop of the Archdiocese of Zagreb, had intention to depose Maksim Predojević, Serb bishop of the Bishopric of Marča, and appoint Rafael Levaković instead.[7]

Episcopate[edit]

On 27 May 1647, he was appointed during the papacy of Pope Innocent X as Archbishop of Achrida in Ohrid.[8][1] On 2 June 1647, he was consecrated bishop by Pier Luigi Carafa, Cardinal-Priest of Santi Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, with Ranuccio Scotti Douglas, Bishop of Borgo San Donnino, and Alessandro Vittrici, Bishop Emeritus of Alatri, serving as co-consecrators.[1] He served as Archbishop of Achrida until his death in 1650.[1]

Bibliography[edit]

Works of Rafael Levaković include:

  • Nauk karstjanski kratak (Glagolitic), (Rome, 1628)
  • Azbukividnik (1629, 1693), (Glagolitic, Latin script and Cyrillic script)
  • Missal rimskij va ezik slovenskij (Rome, 1631)
  • Časoslov Rimski (1648)
  • De Illyrica lingua
  • Dialogus de antiquorum Illyricorum lingua
  • Historiola episcopatus ac dioecesis ecclesiae Zagrabiensis
  • De ecclesiae Zagrabiensis fundatione
  • De Spiritus Sancti processione
  • Ordo et series cleri Dioecesis Zagrabiensis 8. Martii 1574. in synodo
  • eleven letters to Zageb bishop Benedikt Vinković

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Archbishop Raphael Levacovich, O.F.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved September 25, 2016
  2. ^ "Archdiocese of Achrida (Ochrida)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 23, 2016
  3. ^ "Titular Metropolitan See of Acrida" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 14, 2016
  4. ^ Žutić 1997, p. 52.
  5. ^ umetnosti 1946, p. 132.
  6. ^ Nazor 2008, p. 127.
  7. ^ Kašić 1988, p. 144.
  8. ^ Draganović, Krunoslav (1975). Opći šematizam Katoličke crkve u Jugoslaviki. Biskupska konferencija. p. 409. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Archbishop of Achrida
1647–1650
Succeeded by
Andrea Bogdani

Sources[edit]