Hanley Ramírez is a Dominican professional baseball infielder and designated hitter for the Cleveland Indians of Major League Baseball. He played for the Boston Red Sox, Florida / Miami Marlins and Los Angeles Dodgers. Ramírez is a three-time MLB All-Star, received the 2006 National League Rookie of the Year Award. Ramírez established himself as an elite threat at the plate over his prime years, with a high career batting average and a high isolated power. However, he was rated a poor defensive shortstop, why when he returned to the Red Sox the team played him in left field for the first time in his career, with poorer results. For the 2016 season, he was switched to the first base position, a move that yielded good results both offensively and defensively, his hitting declined in 2017 and 2018, as he had the lowest batting average and the lowest OPS of his MLB career, he was released. Ramírez was born in Dominican Republic, to Toribio and Isabela Ramírez, his father was an auto mechanic. At an early age, Ramírez was an avid baseball fan and showed great potential to make it in the sport as a MLB prospect.
He was known as a basketball player. He attended Adventista High School in Samaná, was a great player attracting the attention of MLB scouts. Boston Red Sox scout Levy Ochoa recognized Ramírez's talent and signed him to the Red Sox in 2000. Ramírez signed with the Boston Red Sox as an international free agent in July 2000, at age 16, he played in the Dominican Summer League for the DSL Red Sox in 2001. In 2002, with the GCL Red Sox he hit.340 and was selected as a Gulf Coast League and Rookie League All-Star. He batted.371 in 22 games with the Class A Short Season Lowell Spinners that year. Ramírez spent 2003 with the Class A Augusta GreenJackets. In 2004, he split time across the GCL Red Sox, the Class A-Advanced Sarasota Red Sox, the Double-A Portland Sea Dogs. Ramírez was rated by Baseball America as the number ten prospect in baseball prior to the 2005 season, with the Sea Dogs that year he was selected as an Eastern League All-Star while hitting.271 in 122 games. Ramírez made his MLB debut on September 20, 2005, against the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, entering the game as a defensive replacement in the bottom of the seventh inning and striking out in his first at bat in the top of the eighth inning against Tim Corcoran.
Ramírez appeared in only one other game that season. After the 2005 season, the Red Sox traded Ramírez and Aníbal Sánchez, Jesús Delgado, Harvey García for Josh Beckett, Mike Lowell and Guillermo Mota. During spring training, Ramírez was impressive enough to earn the starting shortstop job over Robert Andino. On April 3, he recorded his first Major League hit in his first at bat of the season, a single to center field off of Houston Astros pitcher Roy Oswalt. On April 18, he led off the game with his first Major League home run off of Eric Milton of the Cincinnati Reds, he hit his second home run in the seventh inning of that game against reliever Mike Burns. Ramírez led all MLB rookies with 119 runs, 11 triples and 51 stolen bases, he hit the most in team history for a season and career. Ramírez's 46 doubles in the 2006 season is the all-time NL record for younger, he is the first NL rookie to post 50-plus stolen bases. He became the fifth big-league player since 1900 to hit 45-plus doubles and have 50-plus stolen bases, joining Ty Cobb, Tris Speaker and Lou Brock.
He finished the season as the NL Rookie of the Year Award named by the Baseball Writers' Association of America. During his sophomore season, Ramírez picked up; the ever-improving young star, who referred to Ryan Howard when asked about the sophomore jinx in baseball, was hitting.331 with 14 home runs and 35 RBIs to go along with 27 steals at the All-Star break. Despite his numbers, he did not make the All-Star roster. Marlins manager Fredi González experimented with Ramírez a bit in the number three slot in the lineup, batting him ahead of Mike Jacobs when injuries hit the Marlins position players. Gonzalez believed Ramírez could be a middle-of-the-lineup player despite his speed, because he hit for power. In a game versus the Cincinnati Reds on July 22, 2007 Ramírez overextended his shoulder when he tried to hit a pitch on the lower outside corner off right-hander Bronson Arroyo, he was helped off the field and was determined to have suffered a partial dislocation of his left shoulder. In 154 games Ramírez batted.332 with 81 RBIs, 125 runs and 51 steals.
He fell one home run shy of becoming only the third player in baseball history to hit 30 or more home runs and steal 50 or more bases in the same season. Ramírez led the National League in VORP. After the end of the season, Ramírez underwent arthroscopic surgery to repair his injured left shoulder. Entering the 2008 season, Ramírez was now looked at as the face of the franchise after the Marlins traded All-Stars Miguel Cabrera and Dontrelle Willis to the Detroit Tigers. Ramírez contributed well in the Marlins fast start, earning a spot as the starting shortstop for the National League All-Star team for the first time in his career, he was 2-for-3 with a run in the 2008 All-Star Game. In addition, Ramírez agreed to a six-year, $70 million extension, by far making it the richest contract in Marlins history. Ramírez was named NL Player of the Month in June, he had been batting.298 with six doubles, a triple and ten home runs. He led the NL in three categories: home runs, runs scored and total bases.
Ramírez hit his 30th home run of the season on September 13 and joined Preston Wilson in 2000 as the o
The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball team based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. The team competes in the Central division of the American League, is named after the Twin Cities area comprising Minneapolis and St. Paul; the franchise won the World Series in 1924 as the Washington Senators, in 1987 and 1991 as the Twins. The franchise moved from Washington, D. C. to Minnesota at the start of the 1961 season. The Twins played in Metropolitan Stadium from 1961 to 1981 and the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome from 1982 to 2009; the team played its inaugural game at Target Field on April 12, 2010. Through the 2017 season, the team has fielded 18 American League batting champions; the team has hosted five All-Star Games: 1937 and 1956 in Washington, D. C, 1965, 1985 and 2014 in Minneapolis-St. Paul; the team was founded in Washington, D. C. in 1901 as one of the eight original teams of the American League, named the Washington Senators or Washington Nationals. The team endured long bouts of mediocrity immortalized in the 1955 Broadway musical Damn Yankees.
The Washington Senators spent the first decade of their existence finishing near the bottom of the American League standings. Their fortunes began to improve with the arrival of 19-year-old pitcher, Walter Johnson, in 1907. Johnson blossomed in 1911 with 25 victories, although the Senators still finished the season in seventh place. In 1912, the Senators improved as their pitching staff led the league in team earned run average and in strikeouts. Johnson won 33 games while teammate Bob Groom added another 24 wins to help the Senators finish the season in second place. Manager Clark Griffith joined the team in 1912 and became the team's owner in 1920; the Senators continued to perform respectably in 1913 with Johnson posting a career-high 35 victories, as the team once again finished in second place. The Senators fell into another period of decline for the next decade; the team had a period of prolonged success in the 1920s and 1930s, led by Walter Johnson, as well as additional Hall-of-Famer Bucky Harris, Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Heinie Manush, Joe Cronin.
In particular, a rejuvenated Johnson rebounded in 1924 to win 23 games with the help of his catcher, Muddy Ruel, as the Senators won the American League pennant for the first time in the history of the franchise. The Senators faced John McGraw's favored New York Giants in the 1924 World Series; the two teams traded wins forth with three games of the first six being decided by one run. In the deciding 7th game, the Senators were trailing the Giants 3 to 1 in the 8th inning when Bucky Harris hit a routine ground ball to third which hit a pebble and took a bad hop over Giants third baseman Freddie Lindstrom. Two runners scored on the play. An aging Walter Johnson came in to pitch the ninth inning, held the Giants scoreless into extra innings. In the bottom of the twelfth inning with Ruel at bat, he hit a high, foul ball directly over home plate; the Giants' catcher, Hank Gowdy, dropped his protective mask to field the ball but, failing to toss the mask aside, stumbled over it and dropped the ball, thus giving Ruel another chance to bat.
On the next pitch, Ruel hit a double and proceeded to score the winning run when Earl McNeely hit a ground ball that took another bad hop over Lindstrom's head. This would mark the only World Series triumph for the franchise during their 60-year tenure in Washington; the following season they repeated as American League champions but lost the 1925 World Series to the Pittsburgh Pirates. After Walter Johnson's retirement in 1927, he was hired as manager of the Senators. After enduring a few losing seasons, the team returned to contention in 1930. In 1933, Senators owner Clark Griffith returned to the formula that worked for him nine years prior: 26-year-old shortstop Joe Cronin became player-manager; the Senators posted a 99–53 record and cruised to the pennant seven games ahead of the New York Yankees, but in the 1933 World Series the Giants exacted their revenge winning in five games. Following the loss, the Senators sank all the way to seventh place in 1934 and attendance began to fall. Despite the return of Harris as manager from 1935–42 and again from 1950–54, Washington was a losing ball club for the next 25 years contending for the pennant only during World War II.
Washington came to be known as "first in war, first in peace, last in the American League", with their hard luck being crucial to the plot of the musical and film Damn Yankees. Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers, Mickey Vernon, Eddie Yost were notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success. In 1954, the Senators signed future Hall of Fame member Harmon Killebrew. By 1959 he was the Senators’ regular third baseman and led the league with 42 home runs earning him a starting spot on the American League All-Star team. After Griffith's death in 1955, his nephew and adopted son Calvin took over the team presidency. Calvin sold Griffith Stadium to the city of Washington and leased it back leading to speculation that the team was planning to move as the Boston Braves, St. Louis Browns and Philadelphia Athletics had all done in the early 1950s. By 1957, after an early flirtation with San Francisco, Griffith began courting Minneapolis–St. Paul, a prolonged process that resulted in his rejecting the Twin Cities' first offer before agreeing to relocate.
The American League opposed the move at first, but in 1960 a deal was reached
2005 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2005 throughout the world. Chicago White Sox swept the Houston Astros to win the 2005 World Series. 2005 marked the inaugural season of the Washington Nationals, who relocated from Montreal and were known as the Expos. This is Washington, D. C.'s first time having a baseball team since the Washington Senators became the Texas Rangers following the 1971 season. Chris Burke ended the 2005 NLDS with a walk-off home run in the bottom of the 18th inning; the Astros went from 15-30 to the 2005 World Series. They went 22-7 in July. Regular season ChampionsWorld Series Champion – Chicago White Sox Postseason – October 4 to October 26Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed has home field advantage during League Championship Series. American League has home field advantage during World Series as a result of American League victory in 2005 All-Star Game. National League is seeded 1-3/2-4 as a result of NL regular season champion and NL wild card coming from the same division.
Postseason MVPs World Series MVP – Jermaine Dye ALCS MVP – Paul Konerko NLCS MVP – Roy Oswalt All-Star Game, July 12 at Comerica Park – American League, 7-5. Jerry Coleman wins the Ford C. Frick Award for broadcasters. Peter Gammons receives the J. G. Taylor Spink Award for sportswriters. Major League Baseball awardsNote: The Comeback Player of the Year Award was voted on for the first time by fans. Gold Glove Awards: AL: Kenny Rogers, Jason Varitek, Mark Teixeira, Orlando Hudson, Eric Chavez, Derek Jeter, Ichiro Suzuki, Torii Hunter, Vernon Wells NL: Greg Maddux, Mike Matheny, Derrek Lee, Luis Castillo, Mike Lowell, Omar Vizquel, Jim Edmonds, Andruw Jones, Bobby Abreu Player of the Month – April: Brian Roberts, Derrek Lee. Boggs receives 474 votes. Sandberg receives 393 votes, six more than the needed number. Relief pitchers Bruce Sutter and Rich "Goose" Gossage, outfielders Jim Rice and Andre Dawson, are the only other players to be named on at least half of the ballots cast. January 21 – Roger Clemens and the Houston Astros agree to an $18 million, one-year contract.
Clemens, a seven-time Cy Young Award winner, agrees to a deal that makes him the highest-paid pitcher for the fifth time, following deals with the Boston Red Sox in 1989 and 1991.
In baseball and softball, a relief pitcher or reliever is a pitcher who enters the game after the starting pitcher is removed due to injury, fatigue, ejection, or for other strategic reasons, such as inclement weather delays or pinch hitter substitutions. Relief pitchers are further divided informally into various roles, such as closers, setup men, middle relief pitchers, left/right-handed specialists, long relievers. Whereas starting pitchers rest several days before pitching in a game again due to the number of pitches thrown, relief pitchers are expected to be more flexible and pitch more games but with fewer innings pitched. A team's staff of relievers is referred to metonymically as a team's bullpen, which refers to the area where the relievers sit during games, where they warm-up prior to entering the game. In the early days of Major League Baseball, substituting a player was not allowed except for sickness or injury. An ineffective pitcher would switch positions with another player on the field.
The first relief appearance in the major leagues was in 1876 with Boston Red Caps outfielder Jack Manning switching positions with pitcher Joe Borden. In this early era, relief pitchers changing from a position role to the pitcher's box in this way were called "change" pitchers; this strategy of switching players between the mound and the outfield is still employed in modern baseball, sometimes in long extra inning games where a team is running out of players. In 1889, the first bullpen appearance occurred after rules were changed to allow a player substitution at any time. Early relief pitchers were starting pitchers pitching one or two innings in between starts. In 1903, during the second game of the inaugural World Series, Pittsburgh's Bucky Veil became the first relief pitcher in World Series history. Firpo Marberry is credited with being the first prominent reliever. From 1923 to 1935, he pitched in 551 games. Baseball historian Bill James wrote that Marberry was "a modern reliever—a hard throwing young kid who worked in relief and was used to nail down victories."
Another reliever, Johnny Murphy, became known as "Fireman" for his effectiveness when inserted into difficult situations in relief. Nonetheless, the full-time reliever, entrusted with important situations was more the exception than the rule at this point. A team's ace starting pitcher was used in between his starts to "close" games. Research would reveal that Lefty Grove would have been in his league's top three in saves in four different seasons, had that stat been invented at the time. After World War II, full-time relievers became more acceptable and standard; the relievers were pitchers that were not good enough to be starters. Relievers in the 1950s started to develop oddball pitches to distinguish them from starters. For example, Hoyt Wilhelm threw a knuckleball, Elroy Face threw a forkball. In 1969, the pitcher's mound was lowered and umpires were encouraged to call fewer strikes to give batters an advantage. Relief specialists were used to counter the increase in offense. Relievers became more respected in the 1970s, their pay increased due to free agency.
All teams began having a closer. The 1980s were the first time in MLB. In 1995, there were nearly four saves for every complete game, it is unclear whether the specialization and reliance on relief pitchers led to pitch counts and fewer complete games, or whether pitch counts led to greater use of relievers. As closers were reduced to one-inning specialists, setup men and middle relievers became more prominent. In past decades, the relief pitcher was an ex-starter who came into a game upon the injury, ineffectiveness, or fatigue of the starting pitcher; the bullpen was for old starters. Many of these pitchers would be able to flourish in this diminished role; those such as Dennis Eckersley, as with many others prolonged their tapering careers and sparked them to new life. The added rest to their arms as well as the lessened exposure of their abilities became an advantage many would learn to capitalize on; because these pitchers only faced some batters once a season, the opposing side would have greater difficulty preparing to face relief pitchers.
Being a relief pitcher has become more of a career, rather than a reduced position. Many of today's top prospects are considered for their relief pitching skills. In the quest for a managerial edge, managers as time goes on have carried more pitchers in the bullpen, used them in more specialized situations. Acknowledgment of the platoon edge has prompted managers to ensure that opposing lefty hitters face as many lefty pitchers as possible, that the same occur with respect to righty hitters and pitchers. Tony La Russa was well known for making frequent pitching changes on this basis; when Mike Marshall set the all-time record with 106 games pitched in 1974, he threw 208.1 innings. Although some relievers still do appear in a large number of games per season, the workload for each individual pitcher has been much reduced. Since 2008, Pedro Feliciano has three of the top four seasons in games pitched, with 92, 88 and 86. However, Feliciano only averaged 58 innings pitched during those seasons; the last pitcher to throw 100 or more innings in a season without starting a game was Scott Proctor in 2006.
Pitching staffs on MLB teams have grown from 9 or 10 to as many as 12 or 13 pitchers, due to the increased importance of relief pitching. The staff consists of five starting pitchers, with the remaining pitchers assigned as relievers. A team's re
José Manuel Guillén is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. Guillén played for ten MLB teams in his career. Guillén was signed by the Pittsburgh Pirates as an amateur free agent on August 19, 1993, he made his Major League debut on April 1, 1997. On July 23, 1999, Guillén was traded, along with Jeff Sparks, to the Tampa Bay Devil Rays for Joe Oliver and Humberto Cota. On November 27, 2001, after two injury-plagued seasons with the Devil Rays, the team released him. On December 18, 2001, Guillén signed with the Arizona Diamondbacks, he played in only 54 games for the Diamondbacks before being released on July 22, 2002. Guillén was signed by the Colorado Rockies on July 29, 2002, but was released just three days on August 1, before playing in any games. On August 20, 2002, Guillén signed with the Cincinnati Reds. On July 30, 2003, Guillén was traded by the Reds to the Oakland Athletics for Aaron Harang, Joe Valentine, Jeff Bruksch. While he was hitting home runs in 2003, he was not taking many walks.
He is one of only six players who have concluded a 30-homer season with more homers than walks, the others being Alfonso Soriano, Garret Anderson, Iván Rodríguez, Joe Crede, Ryan Braun After the 2003 season he became a free agent. On December 20, 2003, Guillén was signed by the Anaheim Angels. In 2004, he hit.294 with 27 home runs and 104 RBIs for the Angels, but he was suspended the last two weeks of the regular season and during the postseason for "inappropriate conduct" in publicly expressing his displeasure with Angels manager Mike Scioscia following Scioscia's removal of Guillén in favor of a pinch runner during a crucial game against the Oakland Athletics. On November 19, 2004 he was traded to the Washington Nationals for shortstop Maicer Izturis and outfielder Juan Rivera; the move sent Guillén to his sixth team in just five seasons. In 2005, Guillén began his season strongly. In April, he batted.303 with 14 RBIs. The Nationals were impressed and on April 29, they exercised his option for 2006.
On June 14, 2005, the Nationals began a three-game series against the Angels, who were still helmed by Mike Scioscia. This marked Guillén's first return to Anaheim since being traded. Going into the series, both Guillén and Scioscia kept a civil tone publicly, each indicating that the past was behind them and claiming that they held no hard feelings toward each other. However, the tensions below the surface were exposed when, during the second game of the series, Angels pitcher Brendan Donnelly was found with illegal substances on his glove. Donnelly was ejected from the game, Scioscia came out of the dugout and exchanged hostile words with Nationals manager Frank Robinson, who had instigated the search of Donnelly's glove; the confrontation led to both teams' benches being cleared as all of the players streamed out on to the field. As he was being restrained by fellow Nationals players, Guillén shouted angry words at the Angels, a number of whom made it clear that they felt their former teammate had been the one who told Robinson to have Donnelly's glove examined.
In the eighth inning of the same game, Guillén hit a two-run home run to tie the game, the Nationals went on to win. After the series' final game, Guillén blasted Scioscia and acknowledged that despite his earlier statements to the contrary, he was in fact still hurt over what had happened at the end of the 2004 season. Guillén remained as a crucial ball player for the Washington Nationals. In 2005, he hit.283 with 76 RBI for Washington. In 2006, he was involved in an incident with Pedro Martínez. Martinez hit him with a pitch twice, after the second time Guillén charged the mound, only to be held back by Paul Lo Duca and umpire Ted Barrett. Guillén appeared in only 69 games and hit only.216 with 9 homers and 40 RBI. On July 25, 2006, he was diagnosed with a tear of the ulnar collateral ligament in his right elbow, which would require ligament replacement surgery. Before the 2007 season Guillén signed with the Seattle Mariners, his swing, balanced and natural, moved him up in the Mariners' lineup to hit in the coveted third spot during May 2007.
Guillén helped the Mariners return to the playoff hunt in 2007 after not making the playoffs since 2001. In 2007 it was reported that in 2003 Guillén had had performance-enhancing drugs sent directly to him in the Oakland Coliseum. On December 4, 2007 Guillén signed a 3-year, $36 million contract with the Kansas City Royals, his signing moved Mark Teahen to left field, Billy Butler to first base. He was suspended for the first 15 days of the 2008 season on December 6, 2007 just hours after passing his physical exam, his 15-game suspension was rescinded on April 11, 2008. As a result of the agreement, all players implicated in the Mitchell Report were given amnesty. In a game on August 26, 2008 in Kansas City against the Texas Rangers, Guillén was involved in a confrontation with a fan in the stands just past the Royals dugout down the first base line, he made vulgar gestures and yelled profanity at the fan, heckling him for his lack of hustle. His coaches and teammates had to restrain him; the fan was removed from his seat.
On May 21, 2010 Guillén got his 1,500th career hit in Kauffman Stadium against the Colorado Rockies. On August 5, Guillén was designated for assignment. On August 13, 2010, Guillén was traded to the San Francisco Giants for cash and a player to be named which turned
Texas Rangers (baseball)
The Texas Rangers are an American professional baseball team based in Arlington, located in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. The Rangers franchise competes in Major League Baseball as a member of the American League West division. Since 1994, the Rangers have played in Globe Life Park in Arlington; the team's name is borrowed from the famous law enforcement agency of the same name. The franchise was established in 1961 as the Washington Senators, an expansion team awarded to Washington, D. C. after the city's first AL ballclub, the second Washington Senators, moved to Minnesota and became the Twins. After the 1971 season, the new Senators moved to Arlington, debuted as the Rangers the following spring; the Texas Rangers Baseball Club has made eight appearances in the MLB postseason, seven following division championships in 1996, 1998, 1999, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2016 and as a wild card team in 2012. In 2010, the Rangers advanced past the Division Series for the first time, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays.
Texas brought home their first American League pennant after beating the New York Yankees in six games. In the 2010 World Series, the franchise's first, the Rangers fell to the San Francisco Giants in five games, they repeated as American League champions the following year lost the 2011 World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals in seven games. In 2020, the Rangers will move from Globe Life Park to the new Globe Life Field; when the second Washington Senators moved to Minnesota in 1960 to become the Twins, Major League Baseball decided to expand a year earlier than planned to stave off the twin threats of competition from the proposed Continental League and loss of its exemption from the Sherman Antitrust Act. As part of the expansion, the American League added two new teams for the 1961 season–the Los Angeles Angels and a new Washington Senators team. However, the new Senators were considered an expansion team since the Twins retained the old Senators' records and history; the Senators and Angels began to fill their rosters with American League players in an expansion draft.
The team played the 1961 season at old Griffith Stadium before moving to the new District of Columbia Stadium under a 10-year lease. For most of their existence, the new Senators were the definition of futility, losing an average of 90 games a season; the team's struggles led to a twist on a joke about the old Senators: "Washington: first in war, first in peace and still last in the American League." Their only winning season was in 1969 when Hall of Famer Ted Williams managed the club to an 86–76 record, placing fourth in the AL East. Frank Howard, an outfielder/first baseman from 1965 to 1972 known for his towering home runs, was the team's most accomplished player, winning two home run titles. Ownership changed hands several times during the franchise's stay in Washington and was plagued by poor decision-making and planning. Following their brief success in 1969, owner Bob Short was forced to make many questionable trades to lower the debt he had incurred to pay for the team. By the end of the 1970 campaign, Short had issued an ultimatum: unless someone was willing to buy the Senators for $12 million, he would not renew the stadium lease and would move the team elsewhere.
Short was receptive to an offer brought up by Arlington, mayor Tom Vandergriff, trying to obtain a major league sports team to play in the Metroplex for over a decade. Years earlier, Charles O. Finley, the owner of the Kansas City Athletics, sought to relocate his baseball team to Dallas, but the idea was rebuffed and declined by the other AL team owners. Arlington's hole card was Turnpike Stadium, a 10,000-seat park, built in 1965 to house the Double-A Dallas-Fort Worth Spurs of the Texas League. However, it had been built to MLB specifications, only minor excavations would be necessary to expand the park to accommodate major league crowds. Vandergriff's offer of a multimillion-dollar down payment prompted Short to make the move to Arlington. On September 21, 1971, by a vote of 10 to 2, American League owners granted approval to move the franchise to Arlington for the 1972 season. Senators fans were livid. Enmity came to a head at the club's last game in Washington. Thousands of fans walked in without paying after the security guards left early, swelling the paid attendance of 14,460 to around 25,000, while fans unfurled a banner reading "SHORT STINKS".
With the Senators leading 7–5 and two outs in the top of the ninth inning, several hundred youths stormed the field, raiding it for souvenirs. One man ran off with it. With no security in sight and only three bases, umpire crew chief Jim Honochick forfeited the game to the New York Yankees; the nation's capital went with out Major League Baseball for 33 years until the relocation of the National League's Montreal Expos who became the Washington Nationals. Prior to the 1972 season, improvements were made to Turnpike Stadium, which reopened as Arlington Stadium, in preparation for the inaugural season of the Texas Rangers; the team played its first game on April 15, 1972, a 1–0 loss at the hands of the California Angels, their 1961 expansion cousins. The next day, the Rangers defeated 5 -- 1, for the club's first victory. In 1974, the Rangers experienced their first winning season after finishing last in both 1972 and 1973. Under the ownership of Brad Corbett, they finished second in the American League West with an 84–76 record, behind the eventual World Series champion Oakland Athletics.
The 1974 Rangers are still the only MLB team to finish above.500 after two consecutive 1
Freeport, New York
Freeport is a village in the town of Hempstead, Nassau County, New York, US, on the South Shore of Long Island. The population was 43,713 at the 2010 census. A settlement since the 1640s, it was once an oystering community and a resort popular with the New York City theater community, it is now a bedroom suburb but retains a modest commercial waterfront and some light industry. It is serviced by the Freeport station on the Long Island Rail Road. Freeport lies on the South Shore of Long Island, in the southwestern part of Nassau County, within the town of Hempstead. Freeport has its own municipal electric utility, police and water departments. Freeport has a station on the Long Island Rail Road; the south part of the village is penetrated by several canals that allow access to the Atlantic Ocean by means of passage through salt marshes. The oldest canal is the late 19th-century Woodcleft Canal. Freeport has extensive small-boat facilities and a resident fishing fleet, as well as charter and open water fishing boats.
Freeport is located at 40°39′14″N 73°35′13″W. The village is bisected by east-west New York State Route 27. Meadowbrook Parkway defines its eastern boundary. Baldwin lies to the west, Merrick to the east, Roosevelt to the north. Freeport is bounded to the south by salt bays. Freeport's government is made up of a mayor, who are elected to four-year terms. Freeport's first African American mayor, Andrew Hardwick, was elected in 2009; the other current Trustees are, Carmen Piñeyro, Ronald Ellerbe, William White. Freeport's current government is a bipartisan coalition of Republicans; as of the census of 2000, there were 43,783 people, 13,504 households, 9,911 families residing in the village. The population density was 9,531.3 people per square mile. There were 13,819 housing units at an average density of 3,008.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 42.9% White, 32.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 17.2% from other races, 5.4% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 33.5% of the population. There were 13,504 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.7% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.6% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.20 and the average family size was 3.65. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.4% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males. The median income for a household in the village in 1999 was $55,948, the median income for a family was $61,673. Males had a median income of $37,465 versus $31,869 for females; the per capita income for the village was $21,288.
About 8.0% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.5% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over. As of 2010, the population was 42,860; the demographics were as follows: Hispanic – 17,858 Black alone – 13,226 White alone – 10,113 Asian alone – 669 Two or more races – 174 Other race alone – 292 American Indian alone – 94 Freeport is served by the Freeport station on the Long Island Rail Road Babylon Branch. It is a hub for several Nassau Inter-County Express bus routes. N4: Freeport – Jamaica N19: Freeport – Sunrise Mall N40: Freeport – Mineola via North Main Street N41: Freeport – Mineola via Babylon Turnpike N43: Freeport – Roosevelt Field Mall N88: Freeport – Jones Beach Before people of European ancestry came to the area, the land was part of the territory of the Meroke Indians.<uref name=Bleyer>Bill Bleyer, Freeport: Action on the Nautical Mile, Newsday.com. Retrieved November 14, 2008. Archival copy at the Wayback Machine.</ref> Written records of the community go back to the 1640s.
The village now known as Freeport was part of an area called "the Great South Woods" during colonial times. In the mid-17th century, the area was renamed Raynor South, Raynortown, after a herdsman named Edward Raynor, who had moved to the area from Hempstead in 1659, cleared land, built a cabin. In 1853, residents voted to rename the village Freeport, adopting a variant of a nickname used by ship captains during colonial times because they were not charged customs duties to land their cargo. After the Civil War, Freeport became a center for commercial oystering; this trade began to decline as early as the beginning of the 20th century because of changing salinity and increased pollution in Great South Bay. Nonetheless as of the early 21st century Freeport and nearby Point Lookout have the largest concentration of commercial fishing activity anywhere near New York City. From 1868, Freeport was served by the Southside Railroad, a major boon to development; the most prominent figure in this boom was developer John J. Randall.
Randall, who opposed all of Freeport's being laid out in a grid, put up a Victori