Hercules (Marvel Comics)
Hercules is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Debuting in the Silver Age of Comic Books, the character is based on Heracles of Greek mythology and Roman mythology, although the name "Hercules" is associated with the version from Roman mythology; the character has starred in three self-titled limited series and been a perennial member of the superhero team the Avengers. In 2008, Hercules debuted in his own series titled The Incredible Hercules; the character was ranked 21st in IGN's list of "The Top 50 Avengers", has appeared in various forms of media including television series and video games. The character was adapted from mythology by writer-editor Stan artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby. Hercules debuted in Avengers #10 as a minion of Immortus, although his appearance was revealed in the limited series Avengers Forever #1 - 12 as being an impostor; the character's first formal appearance in the Marvel Universe became Journey into Mystery Annual #1, which established Hercules as being a rival of the thunder god Thor.
Hercules became a regular guest star in the title Thor, appearing in issue #126. The character guest-starred in Tales To Astonish #79, his deadlocked battle with the Hulk, as told by Lee and Bill Everett, has come to be regarded as a classic; the tale parallels Hercules and the Hulk's titanic strength, short temper, simple-mindedness, while contrasting their lot in life: Hercules being a beloved hero and pampered celebrity, while the Hulk is a hated and feared fugitive. The character was not yet an official member. In issue #45 of The Avengers, Hercules became a "full-fledged Avenger" by way of Goliath's announcement to the press during the first annual "Avengers Day". Hercules guest starred in Marvel Team-Up #28 and Marvel Premiere #26 before starring along with four other heroes in The Champions which ran for 17 issues. After this, Hercules made a guest appearance in Marvel Two-In-One #44. Hercules starred in two limited series by writer-artist Bob Layton, with both set in an alternate universe.
A 24th century version of Hercules starred in Hercules #1 - 4, popular enough to spawn a sequel, Hercules vol. 2, #1 - 4. The storylines dealt with Hercules's exile from Olympus, completion of a series of quests and opportunity to leave his past behind and create a new identity. Hercules remained a constant guest star in both Thor and the Avengers, playing a significant role in the "Avengers Under Siege" storyline in Avengers #270 - 277, involving supervillain team the Masters of Evil; the story lead directly into the "Assault on Olympus" storyline in Avengers #281 - 285, in which Hercules left the team. The character starred in the self-titled limited series Hercules vol. 3, #1 - 5, guest starred in the limited series Thor: Blood Oath #1 - 6, a retrospective story that depicts the second meeting between the Hercules and Thor. At the conclusion of the "World War Hulk" storyline, Hercules received a self-titled publication when Marvel changed the name of the third volume of the Incredible Hulk series to The Incredible Hercules, effective as of issue #113, written by Greg Pak and Fred Van Lente.
The series concluded with Incredible Hercules #141, was followed by the 2-issue mini-series Hercules: Fall of an Avenger. The mini-series is scheduled to lead into the relaunched new title, Prince of Power #1 written by Pak and Van Lente. Writers Greg Pak and Fred Van Lente started a brand new Hercules series, entitled Herc, featuring the hero without powers, but wielding mythical arms. Hercules first appears when pulled from the past by the villain Immortus to battle the Thunder God Thor; this story is not referenced in the character's next appearance, which depicts Hercules and Thor as meeting for the first time. The discrepancy is explained when it is revealed that the first "Hercules" encountered was an alien Space Phantom in disguise. Hercules guest-stars in an extended Thor storyline. Hercules unwittingly becomes the slave of fellow Olympian god Pluto when he signs a contract which he thinks is for a film, but states that he will now rule the Netherworld instead of Pluto. Hercules is rescued by Thor who battles and defeats Pluto's underworld minions.
Pluto opts to void the contract rather than accept the destruction of his realm. While under the contract, Hercules has a chance encounter with the Hulk, fighting the monster to a standstill. Hercules reappears as the thrall of the Asgardian villainess the Enchantress, using water from the spring of Eros and tries to use him to destroy the Avengers, but after being freed from the spell by one of Hawkeye's arrows using brimstone, being banished from Olympus for one year by Zeus for going to Earth without permission, aids the team for an extended period against foes such as the Mad Thinker; the character returns during a storyline set directly after the Kree-Skrull War in which the returning Avengers witness an amnesiac Hercules being abducted by two Titans. After dealing with a disruption in New York City caused by the Olympian Ares, the Avenge
American comic book
An American comic book is a thin periodical originating in the United States 32 pages, containing comics content. While the form originated in 1933, American comic books first gained popularity after the 1938 publication of Action Comics, which included the debut of the superhero Superman; this was followed by a superhero boom that lasted until the end of World War II. After the war, while superheroes were marginalized, the comic book industry expanded and genres such as horror, science fiction and romance became popular; the 1950s saw a gradual decline, due to a shift away from print media in the wake of television and the impact of the Comics Code Authority. The late 1950s and the 1960s saw a superhero revival and superheroes remain the dominant character archetype in the 21st century; some fans collect comic books. Some have sold for more than US $1 million. Comic shops cater to fans, selling comic books, plastic sleeves and cardboard backing to protect the comic books. An American comic book is known as a floppy comic.
It is thin and stapled, unlike traditional books. American comic books are one of the three major comic book schools globally, along with Japanese manga and the Franco-Belgian comic books; the typical size and page count of comics have varied over the decades trending toward smaller formats and fewer pages. In recent decades, standard comics have been about 6.625 inches × 10.25 inches, 32 pages long. While comics can be the work of a single creator, the labor of making them is divided between a number of specialists. There may be a separate writer and artist, or there may be separate artists for the characters and backgrounds. In superhero comic books, the art may be divided between: a writer, who creates the stories. A penciller, who lays out the artwork in pencil. An inker, who finishes the artwork in ink. A colorist, who adds color to the comics a letterer, who adds the captions and speech balloons; the process begins with the creator coming up with an idea or concept working it into a plot and story, finalizing the preliminary writing with a script.
After the art production, letters are placed on the page and an editor may have the final say before the comic is sent to the printer. The creative team, the writers and artists, may work with a comic book publisher for help with marketing and other logistics. A distributor like Diamond Comic Distributors, the largest in the U. S. helps to distribute the finished product to retailers. Another part of the process involved in successful comics is the interaction between the readers/fans and the creator. Fan art and letters to the editor were printed in the back of the book until the early 21st century when various Internet forms started to replace them. Comic specialty stores did help encourage several waves of independently-produced comics, beginning in the mid-1970s; some of the early example of these - referred to as "independent" or "alternative" comics - such as Big Apple Comix, continued somewhat in the tradition of underground comics, while others, such as Star Reach, resembled the output of mainstream publishers in format and genre but were published by smaller artist-owned ventures or by a single artist.
The "small press" scene continued to grow and diversify, with a number of small publishers in the 1990s changing the format and distribution of their books to more resemble non-comics publishing. The "minicomics" form, an informal version of self-publishing, arose in the 1980s and became popular among artists in the 1990s, despite reaching an more limited audience than the small presses; the development of the modern American comic book happened in stages. Publishers had collected comic strips in hardcover book form as early as 1842, with The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck, a collection of English-language newspaper inserts published in Europe as the 1837 book Histoire de M. Vieux Bois by Rodolphe Töpffer; the G. W. Dillingham Company published the first known proto-comic-book magazine in the U. S; the Yellow Kid in McFadden's Flats, in 1897. A hardcover book, it reprinted material—primarily the October 18, 1896 to January 10, 1897 sequence titled "McFadden's Row of Flats"—from cartoonist Richard F. Outcault's newspaper comic strip Hogan's Alley, starring the Yellow Kid.
The 196-page, square-bound, black-and-white publication, which includes introductory text by E. W. Townsend, measured 5×7 inches and sold for 50 cents; the neologism "comic book" appears on the back cover. Despite the publication of a series of related Hearst comics soon afterward, the first monthly proto-comic book, Embee Distributing Company's Comic Monthly, did not appear until 1922. Produced in an 8½-by-9-inch format, it reprinted black-and-white newspaper comic strips and lasted a year. In 1929, Dell Publishing published The Funnies, described by the Library of Congress as "a short-lived newspaper tabloid insert" and not to be confused with Dell's 1936 comic-book series of the same name. Historian Ron Goulart describes the 16-page, four-color periodical as "more a Sunday comic section without the rest of the newspaper than a true comic book, but it did offer all original material and was sold on newsstands". The Funnies ran for 36 issues, published Saturdays through October 16, 1930. In 1933, salesperson Maxwell Gaines, sales manager Harry I.
Wildenberg, owner George Janosik of the Waterbury, Connecticut company Eastern Color Printing—which printed, among other things, Sunday-paper comic-strip sections – produced Funnies on Parade as a way to keep their presses running. Like The Funnies, but only eight pages, this appeared as a newsprint magazine
The Avengers (comic book)
The Avengers is the name of several comic book titles featuring the team the Avengers and published by Marvel Comics, beginning with the original The Avengers comic book series which debuted in 1963. In 1960, DC Comics launched a comic book series featuring a team of superheroes called the Justice League. Impressed by that book's strong sales, Martin Goodman, the owner of Marvel Comics predecessor Timely Comics, asked Stan Lee to create a title featuring a similar team of superheroes for Marvel. Lee recounts in Origins of Marvel Comics: Martin mentioned that he had noticed one of the titles published by National Comics seemed to be selling better than most, it was a book called The Justice League of America and it was composed of a team of superheroes....'If the Justice League is selling,' spoke he,'why don't we put out a comic book that features a team of superheroes?' Much like the Justice League, the Avengers were an assemblage of pre-existing superhero characters created by Lee and Jack Kirby.
Kirby did the artwork for the first eight issues only, in addition to doing the layouts for issue #16. This initial series, published bi-monthly through issue #6 and monthly thereafter ran through issue #402, with spinoffs including several annuals, miniseries and a giant-size quarterly sister series that ran in the mid-1970s. Marvel filed for a trademark for "The Avengers" in 1967 and the United States Patent and Trademark Office issued the registration in 1970. Between 1996 and 2004, Marvel relaunched the primary Avengers title three times. In 1996, the "Heroes Reborn" line, in which Marvel contracted outside companies to produce four titles, included a new volume of The Avengers, it took place in an alternate universe, with a revamped history unrelated to mainstream Marvel continuity. The Avengers vol. 2 was written by Rob Liefeld and penciled by Jim Valentino, ran for 13 issues. The final issue, which featured a crossover with the other Heroes Reborn titles, returned the characters to the main Marvel Universe.
The Avengers vol. 3 relaunched and ran for 84 issues from February 1998 to August 2004. To coincide with what would have been the 500th issue of the original series, Marvel changed the numbering, The Avengers #500-503, the one-shot Avengers Finale became the "Avengers Disassembled" storyline and final issues. Avengers vol. 4 debuted in July 2010 and ran until January 2013. Vol. 5 was launched in February 2013. After Secret Wars, a new Avengers team debuted, dubbed the All-New, All-Different Avengers, starting with a Free Comic Book Day preview; the roster changed immediately after the first issue. Issue # 4 brought the title's first major milestone: the return of Captain America; the creative team of writer Roy Thomas and artist John Buscema introduced new characters such as Arkon in issue #75 and Red Wolf in #80. The team's adventures increased in scope as the team crossed into an alternate dimension and battled the Squadron Supreme, fought in the Kree-Skrull War, which guest-starred the Kree hero, Captain Marvel.
Novelist Harlan Ellison plotted two stories for the series. The first was published in issue #88 and the second in #101. Writer Steve Englehart introduced Mantis. During the summer of 1973, Englehart and artists Bob Brown and Sal Buscema produced "The Avengers-Defenders Clash" storyline which crossed over between the two team titles. George Pérez became the title's artist with issue #141 which saw the start of a seven-part story featuring the Squadron Supreme and the Serpent Crown. In 2010, Comics Bulletin ranked Englehart's run on The Avengers eighth on its list of the "Top 10 1970s Marvels". After Englehart departed and a seven-issue stint by Gerry Conway, Jim Shooter began as writer, generating several classic adventures, including "The Bride of Ultron", the "Nefaria Trilogy", "The Korvac Saga". Shooter introduced the character of Henry Peter Gyrich, the Avengers' liaison to the United States National Security Council; the true origins of Quicksilver and the Scarlet Witch were revealed in a three-part story that ran in issues #185-187.
The first major development was the breakdown of Henry Pym, which writer Roger Stern resolved this by having Pym outwit Egghead and defeated the latest incarnation of the Masters of Evil single-handedly, proved his innocence. Stern developed several major storylines, such as "Ultimate Vision". Rogue, who would become a member of the X-Men, was introduced in The Avengers Annual #10 by writer Chris Claremont and artist Michael Golden. Stern created the villain, who falsely claimed to be the granddaughter of Thanos. Following Stern's departure, Walt Simonson wrote the series but left due to editorial conflicts. John Byrne took over writing both West Coast Avengers and The Avengers and merged the two separate Avengers teams into one team with two bases. Byrne's contributions included a revamping of the Vision, the discovery that the children of the Scarlet Witch and the Vision were illusions; the Avengers titles in late 1989 were involved in the major crossover event "Acts of Vengeance". Bob Harras and Steve Epting took over the title in the summer of 1991 and introduced a stable lineup with ongoing story lines and character development.
Their primary antagonists in this run were the mysterious Proctor and his team of other-dimensional Avengers known as the Gatherers. This culminated in "Operation: Galac
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Night Thrasher (Dwayne Taylor)
Night Thrasher is a fictional character, a superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He first appeared in Thor #411, was created by Tom DeFalco and Ron Frenz. Night Thrasher is the founder and leader of the New Warriors, head of the Taylor Foundation. Although he possesses no superhuman powers, he has trained himself extensively in many martial arts, is adept at building technological devices. In X-Men vol. 2 #29 and X-Force vol. 1 #32, it is revealed that Night Thrasher has ties to the Hellfire Club, a mysterious group of aristocrats and adversaries of the X-Men. Night Thrasher had two legal guardians when he debuted in the New Warriors' origin issue: Andrew Chord and Tai. Chord has not been seen since mid-volume 1, Tai died in issue #25 after revealing her plans to use the New Warriors to gain immeasurable power, it is assumed that Night Thrasher has outgrown his need for a legal guardian. Dwayne Michael Taylor led a hard life; as a child in New York City, he saw his wealthy parents slain before his eyes.
This event drove him to hone himself into a human fighting machine in the pursuit of vengeance. Over time, this desire for revenge evolved into an obsessive desire to punish all wrongdoers, he was unable to remember the exact circumstances of his parents' deaths, was unable to remember the face of their killer. In life he discovered that the entire circumstances of his parents' death and his own rearing by his guardian Chord and an elderly Asian woman named Tai, had in fact all been orchestrated by Tai herself; the driven, conflicted young man lived a dual existence: during the day he ran the Taylor Foundation, at night he relentlessly trained himself to human perfection, studying with the best private tutors money could buy. He began patrolling the streets of New York City as a crime-fighter, to provide a test-bed for his skills. Silhouette and Midnight's Fire were operating as independent vigilantes in the streets of New York City when they met Dwayne, doing the same thing but as a solo operative, a short while before he became Night Thrasher.
The trio began an organized effort to lessen the influence of New York City street gangs. Silhouette and Midnight's Fire were the children of Andrew Chord, serving at the time as Dwayne's guardian, their partnership ended when Silhouette was shot and paralyzed from the legs down in a sting gone badly. Midnight's Fire blamed Dwayne and became a cop killer and a druglord in order to lure Dwayne into a physical confrontation he could not win; the paralyzed Silhouette reunited with Dwayne, distancing herself from her brother's evil actions. Dwayne created a suit of special body armor as a response to the threat of Midnight's Fire, determined to kill him, because he felt it was the most effective way to carry out his mission. Night Thrasher meticulously researched several young solo heroes and selected three as targets for recruitment, he based his group on the Fantastic Four, with him being the Reed Richards of the group: the leader and brains. Each additional member was slated to reflect roles of each of the FF.
The first of his recruits was Richard Rider, the retired and depowered Nova. Deducing he could reignite Rider's powers with a high-stress incident, Night Thrasher abducted Rider and dropped him off a building. Although Rider was understandably upset at Night Thrasher for risking his life, the fact that the incident allowed him to regain his powers, his greatest desire, made him feel obliged to join the team. After gathering his other two chosen teammates, mutants Firestar and Marvel Boy known as Justice, the four young superheroes became involved in an emergency; the former Herald of Galactus, had re-formed his body and was causing destruction in downtown NYC. Arriving at the scene, they found Speedball; the six young heroes neutralized him via the use of ersatz teamwork. In the aftermath, the Avengers stole the show, leaving some of the young heroes bitter, they agreed to form the New Warriors, after a label given them by a reporter. The New Warriors aided Thor in battle against Juggernaut. Night Thrasher's former partnership with Midnight's Fire and Silhouette was revealed, he defeated Midnight's Fire and was reunited with Silhouette.
Night Thrasher first clashed with the Bengal, fought the Punisher. With the New Warriors and the Fantastic Four, he again battled Terrax. With the New Warriors, he was captured by Gideon; the Warriors fought crime together successfully for a respectable amount of time, but Dwayne discovered some alarming truths about his life. Learning that his company was involved in shady practices led him to unravel lies that he had been fed since childhood. A bizarre mystical conspiracy was revealed involving the Folding Circle, Tai's true role was made clear. During this time, Dwayne became the legal guardian for Rage, a young boy in a man's super-powered body. Rage had lost his grandmother in a revenge scheme targeted at family. Night Thrasher confronted the crime-lord Tatsu'o in Japan, quit the New Warriors, he was forcibly inducted into the Folding Circle. During this time, Dwayne pretended to join the Folding Circle in order to infiltrate them, but he neglected to tell the Warriors this, his obsession with justice, still fueled by his parents' deaths, his anger issues led to him l
The Avengers are a fictional team of superheroes appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The team made its debut in The Avengers #1, created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby; the Avengers is Lee and Kirby's renovation of a previous superhero team, All-Winners Squad, who appeared in comic books series published by Marvel Comics' predecessor Timely Comics. Labeled "Earth's Mightiest Heroes", the Avengers consisted of Ant-Man, the Hulk, Iron Man and the Wasp. Ant-Man had become Giant-Man by issue #2; the original Captain America was discovered trapped in ice in issue #4, joined the group after they revived him. A rotating roster became a hallmark of the series, although one theme remained consistent: the Avengers fight "the foes no single superhero can withstand." The team, famous for its battle cry of "Avengers Assemble!", has featured humans, Inhumans, aliens, supernatural beings, former villains. The team has appeared in a wide variety of media outside of comic books, including a number of different animated television series and direct-to-video films.
The 2012 live-action feature film The Avengers, directed by Joss Whedon, set numerous records during its box office run, including one of the biggest opening debuts in North America, with a weekend gross of $207.4 million. A second Avengers film titled Avengers: Age of Ultron was released on May 1, 2015, followed by Avengers: Infinity War, which became the first superhero film to gross over $2 billion and was released on April 27, 2018. A fourth film, Avengers: Endgame, is scheduled for release on April 26, 2019; the team debuted in The Avengers #1. Much like the Justice League, the Avengers were an assemblage of pre-existing superhero characters created by Lee and Jack Kirby; this initial series, published bi-monthly through issue #6 and monthly thereafter ran through issue #402, with spinoffs including several annuals, miniseries and a giant-size quarterly sister series that ran in the mid-1970s. Other spinoff series include West Coast Avengers published as a four-issue miniseries in 1984, followed by a 102-issue series, retitled Avengers West Coast with #47.
Between 1996 and 2004, Marvel relaunched the primary Avengers title three times. In 1996, the "Heroes Reborn" line took place in an alternate universe, with a revamped history unrelated to mainstream Marvel continuity; the Avengers vol. 3 relaunched and ran for 84 issues from February 1998 to August 2004. To coincide with what would have been the 500th issue of the original series, Marvel changed the numbering, The Avengers #500–503, the one-shot Avengers Finale became the "Avengers Disassembled" storyline and final issues. In January 2005, a new version of the team appeared in the ongoing title The New Avengers, followed by The Mighty Avengers, Avengers: The Initiative, Dark Avengers. Avengers vol. 4 debuted in July 2010 and ran until January 2013. Vol. 5 was launched in February 2013. After Secret Wars, a new Avengers team debuted, dubbed the All-New, All-Different Avengers, starting with a Free Comic Book Day preview. Following Civil War II, the book was relaunched in 2016 as Avengers, while retaining the same writer and much of the cast from the All-New, All-Different run.
The series ran for 11 issues before reverting to the numbering of the original Avengers series with issue #672. Starting with issue #675, all four Avengers titles being published at the time were merged into a single weekly series dubbed Avengers: No Surrender, designed to close out this era of the team's history. Following the conclusion of No Surrender in 2018, the series will be relaunched again as Avengers; when the Asgardian god Loki seeks revenge against his brother Thor, his machinations unwittingly lead teenager Rick Jones to collect Ant-Man, the Wasp, Iron Man to help Thor and the Hulk, whom Loki used as a pawn. After the group vanquished Loki, Ant-Man stated that the five worked well together and suggested they form a team; the roster changed immediately. Captain America soon joined the team in issue #4, he was given "founding member" status in the Hulk's place; the Avengers went on to fight foes such as Baron Zemo, who formed the Masters of Evil, Kang the Conqueror, Wonder Man, Count Nefaria.
The next milestone came. Giant-Man, now calling himself Goliath, the Wasp rejoined. Hercules became part of the team, while the Black Knight, the Black Widow, abetted the Avengers but did not become members until years later. Spider-Man did not join the group; the Black Panther joined after rescuing the team from Klaw. The X-Men #45 featured a crossover with The Avengers #53; this was followed by the introduction of the android the Vision. Pym assumed the new identity of Yellowjacket in issue #59, married the Wasp the following month; the Avengers headquarters was in a New York City building called Avengers Mansion, courtesy of Tony Stark. The mansion was serviced by Edwin Jarvis, the Avengers' faithful butler, furnished with state of the art technology and defense systems, included the Avengers' primary mode of transport: the five-engine Quinjet. The
Paul Ryan (comics)
Paul Ryan was an American comic artist. Ryan worked extensively for DC Comics on a number of super-hero comic book titles, he is best known for his 1991 to 1996 run as penciler on Fantastic Four, which represents his longest association with an individual comic book series. From 2005 until his death in 2016, Ryan penciled and inked the daily newspaper comic strip The Phantom for King Features Syndicate. Paul Ryan was born in Somerville, Massachusetts in 1949, he attended St. Polycarp Grammar School in Somerville, graduated from St. Mary of the Annunciation High School in 1967, he graduated from the Massachusetts College of Art in 1971 with a Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in Graphic Design. After graduation Ryan enlisted in the United States National Guard and was assigned to Fort Dix, New Jersey for Basic Training and AIT in automotive mechanics, he attended Massachusetts Military Academy in Wakefield, Massachusetts for officer training. Ryan was a member of his National Guard pistol team, studied karate and fencing in his younger days, at one time took up archery and weight training.
As a young man, Ryan found a job in the Graphics Department of Metcalf & Eddy Engineering in Boston, where he worked for 11 years. According to a 2007 interview, "Ryan began his training as a child. He'd park himself in front of the television each night to watch George Reeves in the Adventures of Superman." Ryan began drawing one-page comic stories in grade school, inspired by his love of comics to create his own. He has said that as a youngster in the Silver Age, he was influenced by the work of Wayne Boring and Curt Swan on Superman. In 1961, Ryan became a big fan of the Fantastic Four of Stan Lee and Jack Kirby, having "bought the first issue at the tender age of 11." He has acknowledged that as a youth he studied the work of Hal Foster, Sy Barry, Dan Barry, Mac Raboy, adding "I'm pretty much influenced by anybody whose work I admire."In 1983, in response to a general "open audition" offer from Charlton Comics, Ryan was prompted to write and draw his first full-scale comics story, which he titled "BREED".
Charlton had instituted a program whereby they would publish the best of the work submitted by aspiring comic book artists in Charlton Bullseye. Payment would be in the form of 50 contributor copies of the printed piece; the artist would have published work to show Marvel Comics or DC Comics in the hopes of landing a job with the "Big Two." Charlton accepted Ryan's story, encouraging him that a career in comics was within reach, but the title was cancelled before "BREED" saw print. The remaining stories from Bullseye ended up in the hands of Bill Black of Americomics in Florida, Black published "BREED" in Starmasters #1; this brought Ryan to the attention of comic book stores in the Boston area. When Marvel artist Bob Layton moved to Boston and needed an assistant, the employees at these stores recommended Paul Ryan to Layton. Ryan worked for Layton for a year doing his backgrounds, through him met the editors and staff at Marvel. Layton is said to have played a vital role in Ryan's development.
Ryan said that his only formal training in comics came in that 1983-1984 span, working as Bob Layton’s assistant while preparing his penciling samples for Marvel. By this time Ryan, having taken a circuitous route toward a career in comic art, was in his middle 30s. Soon, Ryan was getting assignments of his own, starting with inking The Thing #27 and moving on to penciling Iron Man #202, Squadron Supreme, The Eternals, a Thor graphic novel. In 1986, writer Mark Gruenwald and Ryan co-created D. P. 7 for Marvel's New Universe imprint. The series featured a then-uncommonly realistic view of what consequences could arise from having paranormal abilities. D. P. 7 has been called "a clear forerunner - both in tone and content - of the television series Heroes."Ryan said that his favorite creative moment in comics was sitting down with Gruenwald and coming up with the look for D. P. 7: "At Mark’s direction we'cast' our characters based on real people. This is something; when given a description of a character by the writer I look through various magazines for just the right look."Rich Johnston of Bleeding Cool proclaimed D.
P. 7 "a wonderful comic book, everything just seemed to gel together on that series, on Quasar that followed it, I was hooked. Paul had a classically clean style."In 1987 Ryan drew The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #21 which featured the wedding of Spider-Man and Mary Jane Watson. Recalling years his reaction to being assigned the wedding issue, Ryan admitted, "I was terrified! Excited, but knowing the historic and financial significance of this story for Marvel Comics, I couldn’t help but be a little nervous. Considering that I had only been in the business a minute and a half I should never have been given that assignment. Jim Shooter took a chance with me, he asked. I accepted, he handed me the plot. I hope I didn’t disappoint him."Ryan penciled the first six issues of Quasar in 1989-90, worked on a significant run of The Avengers. Recalling Ryan's work on the latter title, writer Jason Versaggi said that Ryan's "draft work seemed to seamlessly transition from the end of John Buscema’s stints on those books in the ‘90s.”Other Marvel highlights included pencils for Avengers West Coast and Ravage 2099, a character he co-created with Stan Lee.
He penciled art for Byrne's scripts on Iron Man for about a year beginning in 1991, including an arc called "The Dragon Seed Saga" which featured the Mandarin