Rialto is a city in San Bernardino County, United States. The population was 99,171 with the 2010 Census. Rialto is home to four major regional distribution centers: Staples Inc. which serves stores across the entire West Coast of the United States, Toys "R" Us, Under Armour and Target in the northern region of the city, in the Las Colinas community. One of the United States' largest fireworks companies, Pyro Spectaculars, is headquartered in Rialto. Rialto known as "Bridge City" features a somewhat cooler version of a Mediterranean climate which may be characterized as a Mediterranean climate, known for wet, cool to chilly winters with hot, dry summers; the arid climate during the summer prevents tropospheric clouds from forming, meaning temperatures rise to what is considered Class Orange by NOAA. Rialto gets an average of 16 inches of rain, maybe hail most of this rainfall precipitates in winter. During winter, Rialto's northern-most neighborhood gets snow at times as a result of its elevation of about 3,000 feet above sea level.
However, most of the city is out of snowfall's path. The seasonal Santa Ana winds are felt strongly in not only Rialto but the greater San Bernardino area as warm and dry air is channeled through nearby Cajon Pass at times during the autumn months; this phenomenon markedly increases the wildfire danger in the foothill and mountain communities that the cycle of cold, wet winters and dry summers helps create. Rialto is located at 34°6′41″N 117°22′57″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.4 square miles. 22.4 square miles of it is land and 0.06% is water. As of the census of 2000, there are 91,873 people, 24,659 households, 20,516 families residing in the city; the population density is 1,622.0/km². There are 26,045 housing units at an average density of 459.8/km². The racial makeup of the city is 39.37% White, 22.27% African American, 1.05% Native American, 2.47% Asian, 0.43% Pacific Islander, 29.20% from other races, 5.21% from two or more races. 51.21% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 24,659 households out of which 52.8% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.6% are married couples living together, 18.6% have a female householder with no husband present, 16.8% are non-families. 13.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 5.4% have someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 3.69 and the average family size is 4.01. In the city, the population is spread out with 37.7% under the age of 18, 10.4% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, 6.4% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 26 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.7 males. The median income for a household in the city is $41,254, the median income for a family is $42,638. Males have a median income of $34,110 versus $26,640 for females; the per capita income for the city is $13,375. 17.4% of the population and 13.8% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 21.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
The 2010 United States Census reported that Rialto had a population of 99,171. The population density was 4,434.1 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Rialto was 43,592 White, 16,236 African American, 1,062 Native American, 2,258 Asian, 361 Pacific Islander, 30,993 from other races, 4,669 from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 67,038 persons; the Census reported that 98,724 people lived in households, 254 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, 193 were institutionalized. There were 25,202 households, out of which 14,384 had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,811 were opposite-sex married couples living together, 5,175 had a female householder with no husband present, 2,191 had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,780 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, 150 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 3,141 households were made up of individuals and 1,283 had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.92.
There were 21,177 families. The population was spread out with 32,604 people under the age of 18, 12,204 people aged 18 to 24, 26,802 people aged 25 to 44, 20,655 people aged 45 to 64, 6,906 people who were 65 years of age or older; the median age was 28.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.1 males. There were 27,203 housing units at an average density of 1,216.3 per square mile, of which 16,294 were owner-occupied, 8,908 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.1%. 64,148 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 34,576 people lived in rental housing units. According to the 2010 U. S. Census, Rialto had a median household income of $49,428, with 19.2% of the population living below the federal poverty line. Rialto's crime rate was above the national average every year from 1999 to 2007. From 2008 to 2016, the crime rate in Rialto was below the national average. In 2006, Rialto fielded 0.89 police officers per 1,000 residents, less than one-third the national average.
Rialto was the first city in
Rancho Cucamonga, California
Rancho Cucamonga is a city of about 177,000 residents located just south of the foothills of the San Gabriel Mountains and Angeles National Forest in San Bernardino County, United States. About 37 miles east of Downtown Los Angeles, Rancho Cucamonga is the 19th most populous city in southern California and the 27th state-wide; the city's seal, which centers on a cluster of grapes, alludes to the city's agricultural history including wine-making. The city's proximity to major transportation hubs and highways has attracted the business of several large corporations, including Coca-Cola, Frito-Lay, Big Lots, Mercury Insurance Group, Southern California Edison, Amphastar Pharmaceuticals; the city had a population of 165,269 according to the 2010 United States Census and the Census Bureau estimated the population to be 177,452 in 2017. The city experiences an average of 287 sunny days per year, compared to a national average of 205 days, its climate is classified as warm Mediterranean, or Csa, under the Köppen climate classification system.
The city's favorable location and host of public amenities have earned it numerous distinctions. Notably, Money Magazine ranked Rancho Cucamonga 42nd on its "Best Places to Live" list in 2006. In addition, Insider Magazine established one Rancho Cucamonga neighborhood as the 13th richest neighborhood in Southern California; the four public high schools earned the Silver distinction in a 2015 ranking of the nation's high schools by U. S. News & World Report. In 2017 the California Department of Education announced that all four high schools were being named California Gold Ribbon Schools. Rancho Cucamonga's first settlers were Native American. By 1200 AD, Kukamongan Native Americans had established a village settlement in the area around present-day Red Hill, near the city's western border. Kukamonga derives its name from a Native American word meaning "sandy place." Anthropologists have determined that this cluster of settlers belonged to the Tongva people or Kich people, at one time one of the largest concentrations of Native American peoples on the North American continent.
In the 18th century, following an expedition led by Gaspar de Portola, the land was incorporated into the Mission System established by Father Junipero Serra and his group of soldiers and Franciscan friars. After a half century of political jockeying in the region, the land came under the control of Juan Bautista Alvarado, governor of Mexico. On March 3, 1839, Alvarado granted 13,000 acres of land in the area called "Cucamonga" to Tubercio Tapia, a first-generation Spanish native of Los Angeles, successful merchant, notorious smuggler. Tapia went on to establish the first winery in California on his newly deeded land. Rancho Cucamonga was purchased by John Rains and his wife in 1858; the Rains family's home, Casa de Rancho Cucamonga, was completed in 1860 and now appears on the National Register of Historic Places. During the ensuing years the town grew. In 1887, irrigation tunnels were dug into Cucamonga Canyon by Chinese laborers and the Santa Fe Railroad was extended through the area. Among the town's economic mainstays was agriculture, including olives, citrus, most notably, vineyards.
In 1913, the Pacific Electric Railway was extended through Rancho Cucamonga in an effort to improve crop transportation. Several landmarks in existence today pay tribute to the city's multicultural founding. In particular, Our Lady of Mt. Carmel remains as a relic of the area's Mexican agriculture laborers while the Chinatown House stands as a reminder of the Chinese immigrants who labored in constructing the area's infrastructure. In 1977, the unincorporated communities of Alta Loma and Etiwanda voted to incorporate, forming the city of Rancho Cucamonga; the former community of Grapeland, first settled in 1869, lay between today's Victoria Groves Park and Central Park. There was a schoolhouse which doubled as a church. In 1890 an irrigation district was formed and $200,000 in bonds were sold to pay for improvements; the Sierra Vista reservoir was built in 1886-87 by J. L. Scofield as the focal point of a network of irrigation pipes; the system was unused, because the bond issue was declared illegal.
"Orchards and vineyards began to die," The Daily Report newspaper reported in a retrospective. "Residents moved out. The post office closed in 1905. Homes, buildings were destroyed or abandoned." The reservoir remained unused until 1956, when the Fontana Union Water Company filled it with 5 million gallons of water. The local school district was merged with the Etiwanda district in 1901. In 1957 the settlement was deserted, but there were still rabbit-proof stone walls marking boundaries of previous citrus orchards. Rancho Cucamonga is part of the Inland Empire and San Bernardino County, a region that lies inland from the Pacific coast and directly east of Los Angeles County. Rancho Cucamonga is located about 37 miles east of Los Angeles, bordered by Upland to its west, Ontario to its south, the San Gabriel Mountains to its north and I-15 and Fontana to its east; the city sits atop an alluvial plain and views of Cucamonga Peak, one of the tallest peaks of the San Gabriel Mountains, are available from all points throughout the city.
The city has a total area of 39.9 square miles, 99.95% of, land and 0.05% water. The city's climate is classified as hot-summer Mediterranean, or Csa, under the Köppen climate classification system. Yearly precipitation is 17.68 inches and the city experiences an average of 287 sunny days per year, compared to a national average of 205 days. The city's estimated 2017 population was 177,452, an estimated 39% increase since 2000; the 2010 United States Census reported
For the town in: Butte County. Bagdad is located along the historic U. S. Route 66, east of Barstow and Ludlow, west of Amboy and Needles; the town was founded in 1883 when the Atchison and Santa Fe Railway railway line between Barstow and Needles was built. At this time, Bagdad provided services to the Orange Blossom Mine several miles to the north, to the War Eagle Mine several miles to the south. In addition, a dirt track extended south past the War Eagle Mine into the Dale Mining District in the Pinto Mountains. Bagdad was long a thriving town along the National Old Trails Road and the famous Route 66, it was bypassed by the opening of Interstate 40 to the north in 1973, lost traveler's business and resident population. The remaining buildings were razed in 1991. Bagdad holds the record for the longest dry streak in United States history with 767 straight days without rain, from October 3, 1912 to November 8, 1914, it is to the south of the Granite Mountains and the Mojave National Preserve, north of the Bullion Mountains.
A small airfield known as the Bagdad Intermediate Field was built south of the town south of Route 66. It was operational in 1932, with abandonment between 1954-1958. A small, red concrete pad, the base of the airway beacon tower is all that remains; the town is known as the fictionalized setting of a novel and a motion picture called Bagdad Café. The movie was shot at the Sidewinder Cafe in nearby Newberry Springs, which has since been renamed the "Bagdad Café." In 1990, CBS ran a television series Bagdad Cafe, for one season. El Garces Hotel Kelso Depot and Employees Hotel Harvey House Railroad Depot U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bagdad Alan Hensher, Ghost Towns of the Mojave Desert: A Concise and Illustrated Guide, California Classics Books, Los Angeles ISBN 978-1-879395-07-7 Ghost Towns.com - Bagdad Webpage about Bagdad, CA with numerous photographs. Bagdad, California Brief history of Bagdad, CA
Fort Irwin National Training Center
Fort Irwin National Training Center is a major training area for the United States military and is a census-designated place located in the Mojave Desert in northern San Bernardino County, California. Fort Irwin is at an average elevation of 2,454 feet, it is located 37 miles northeast in the Calico Mountains. The National Training Center is part of the US Army Forces Command; the opposing force at the National Training Center is the 11th Armored Cavalry Regiment, the Blackhorse Cavalry, who are stationed at the base to provide an opposing force to units on a training rotation at Fort Irwin. In September 2017, a state-of-the-art hospital was opened that provides healthcare services to the Fort Irwin beneficiaries. Fort Irwin works within the R-2508 Special Use Airspace Complex; the 2010 United States census reported Fort Irwin's population was 8,845. The Fort Irwin area has a history dating back 15,000 years, when Native Americans of the Lake Mojave Period were believed to live in the area. Native American settlements and pioneer explorations in the area were first recorded when the Spanish missionary Padre Francisco Garces traveled the Mohave Trail with Mohave Indian guides in 1776.
During his travels, he noted several small bands of Indians, is believed to have been the first European to make contact with the Native Americans of the area. Jedediah Smith is thought to have been the first American to explore the area in 1826. A fur trapper, Smith was soon followed by other pioneers traveling the Old Spanish Trail between Santa Fe and Los Angeles; the trail crossed the area on the eastern edge of Fort Irwin, between Salt Spring and the Mojave River. The Old Spanish Trail passed through Silurian Valley west through the Avawatz Mountains at Red Pass and beyond the playa of Red Pass Lake, through a gap between the Soda and Tiefort Mountains to Bitter Spring in a wash in the next valley. Bitter Spring was the only reliable grazing place along the route. From Bitter Spring the trail led 18.75 miles southwest climbing Alvord Mountain to cross Impassable Pass to descend Spanish Canyon and cross the plains to the location of Fork of the Road on the north side of the Mojave River where it met the Mohave Trail.
In 1844, Captain John C. Fremont, accompanied by Kit Carson, was the first member of the US Army to visit the Fort Irwin area. Captain Fremont established a camp near Bitter Springs as he pioneered a route that served travelers on the Old Spanish Trail, the Mormon Road, linking Salt Lake City to California; this camp was to become an important water and grazing place for pioneers crossing the Mojave Desert during California's settlement and gold rush. The California Gold Rush brought unexpected trouble to the area; as California grew, more travelers and freighters used the Mormon Road to cross the territory between California and Utah and horse stealing became a problem. In 1847, the Army's Mormon Battalion patrolled the Fort Irwin area to control the raiding and horse stealing. By 1855 it became part of the route of the freight wagon road between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City. During the Bitter Spring Expedition in 1860 the Army constructed Camp Bitter Springs, a small stone fort overlooking Bitter Spring and patrolled the Fort Irwin area.
In the 1880s the area experienced an economic boom with the discovery of borax at Death Valley. From the late 19th century to the early 20th century, the area began to grow tremendously as mining operations of all types flourished. Soon railroads and businesses led to the establishment of the nearby town of Barstow; the years following the Indian Wars were quiet militarily. In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Mojave Anti-Aircraft Range, a military reservation of 1,000 square miles in the area of the present Fort Irwin. In 1942, the Mojave Anti-Aircraft Range was renamed Camp Irwin, in honor of Major General George LeRoy Irwin, commander of the 57th Field Artillery Brigade during World War I, it was subsumed into the Desert Training Center as one of its cantonment areas and some of its ranges. Two years Camp Irwin was deactivated and placed on surplus status. Camp Irwin reopened its gates in 1951 as the Armored Combat Training Area and served as a training center for combat units during the Korean War.
Regimental tank companies of the U. S. 43d Infantry Division from Camp Pickett, Virginia were the first to train at the new facility. The post was renamed Fort Irwin. During the Vietnam buildup, many units artillery and engineer and deployed from Fort Irwin. In January 1971, the post was deactivated again and placed in maintenance status under the control of Fort MacArthur, California; the California National Guard assumed full responsibility for the post in 1972. From 1972 to late 1980, Fort Irwin was used as a training area by the Army National Guard and U. S. Army Reserve. On 9 August 1979, the Department of the Army announced that Fort Irwin had been selected as the site for the National Training Center. With over 1,000 square miles for maneuver and ranges, an uncluttered electromagnetic spectrum, airspace restricted to military use, its isolation from densely populated areas, Fort Irwin was an ideal site for this facility; the National Training Center was activated 16 October 1980, Fort Irwin was transferred from the California Army National Guard back to the Regular Army and returned to active status on 1 July 1981.
Since its activation, the National Training Center has witnessed many firsts. The first units to train against the Opposing Force at the NTC were from among others the 3rd Battalion 67th Armor 2nd Armored Divis
Big Bear Lake, California
Big Bear Lake is a small city in San Bernardino County, located in the San Bernardino Mountains along the south shore of Big Bear Lake, surrounded by the San Bernardino National Forest. The city is located about 25 miles northeast of the city of San Bernardino, west of the unincorporated town of Big Bear City; the population was 5,019 at the 2010 census, down from 5,438 at the 2000 census. However, since it is a popular year-round resort destination, the actual number of people staying in or visiting the greater Big Bear Valley area surges to over 100,000 during many weekends of the year; the California Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment has issued a safety advisory for any fish caught in Big Bear Lake due to elevated levels of mercury and PCBs. Big Bear Lake was inhabited by the indigenous Serrano people for over 2,000 years before it was explored by Benjamin Wilson and his party. Once populated by only the natives and the grizzly bears, from which the area received its name, the population of the Big Bear Valley grew during the southern California gold rush from 1861 to 1912.
Grizzly bears were not found in the region after 1908. Today, there are black bears in the region since their introduction in 1933, they are sometimes sighted in residential areas. A trip to Big Bear Lake from San Bernardino took two days on horse-drawn coaches. Kirk Phillips was a local who saw the world's first bus line; this inspired him to create the world's second bus line from San Bernardino to Big Bear Valley using White trucks with several rows of seats. This made it possible for the villages to grow and for Big Bear Lake to become the first mountain recreation area in southern California. Many people traveled to enjoy recreation on the lake, another major draw was the natural hot spring. Emile Jesserun bought 40 acres of land that included the hot spring and built the first major resort in Big Bear, the Pan Hot Springs Hotel, in 1921; this resort was followed with others that strived to be the best by creating a country club atmosphere, complete with the amenities required to lure the Hollywood celebrities of the time including Cecil B.
DeMille, Shirley Temple, Ginger Rogers. It was a popular place for shooting on location, as they did for the filming of the 1920 version of Last of the Mohicans and a number of Bonanza episodes in the 1960s at Cedar Lake. 1924 saw Big Bear populated with a constant stream of vacationers. The Pan Hot Springs Hotel, like many of the other resorts and hotels in Big Bear, was extensively damaged by fire in 1933. Big Bear Lake was one of the filming locations for Daniel Boone, Gone with the Wind, Disney's Old Yeller, the 1969 musical film Paint Your Wagon, the 1983 movie War Games, the opening to NBC's children's program H. R. Pufnstuf and the ending scene in Better Off Dead. Winter activities are popular in Big Bear; the first ski jump in Big Bear was erected in 1929 and claimed a world ski jump record. More jumps were built in Big Bear Lake and the Viking Ski Club of Los Angeles began to use them for competition and events; the move to a winter resort town was solidified in 1952 when Tommy Tyndall opened a resort in Big Bear Lake, now known as Snow Summit.
In some winters the area gets little snow. In the summer of 1968, Caltech began construction of Big Bear Solar Observatory located on the north shore of Big Bear Lake. Due to extensive rain and snow, the lake rose several feet and BBSO was surrounded by water at the time construction was completed using makeshift barges in May 1970. BBSO, now operated by the New Jersey Institute of Technology, is still a major Big Bear Lake landmark connected to the north shore by a dirt and rock causeway. Since 1970, Big Bear Lake has held its annual Oktoberfest; the Big Bear Lake Oktoberfest sports the highest beer garden, by elevation, in the United States. Big Bear Lake was incorporated as a city on November 28, 1980. During the 1990s, the city became famous as a training spot for boxing champions. Oscar De La Hoya, Mike Tyson, Fernando Vargas, Gennady Golovkin, Shane Mosley are among the famous boxers who have trained at Big Bear. In February 2013, a major manhunt occurred in the Big Bear Lake area to find Christopher Dorner, who by that point had killed three people.
A standoff ended in nearby Angelus Oaks. Big Bear Lake is located at 34°14′29″N 116°54′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles. 6.3 square miles of it is land and 0.2 square miles of it is water. It is located 25 miles northeast of the city of San Bernardino, west of Big Bear City. According to the National Weather Service, the warmest month at Big Bear is July, with a daily average temperature of 64.7 °F. The coolest month is January, with a daily average temperature of 34.1 °F. There are higher. Freezing temperatures have occurred in every month and occur on an average of 186 days each year, on average from September 24 to June 4. With a period of record dating back to only 1960, the highest temperature recorded was 98 °F, recorded on June 30, 1994, while lowest was −15 °F on November 19, 1964. Due to the 6,790 to 7,200 ft elevation of the weather station, precipitation is greater than in the lowlands of San Bernardino County, averaging 21.15 in a year.
The maximum 24-hour precipitation was 9.43 in on December 6, 1966. Measurable precipitation occurs 44.9 days a year. Mountain thunderstorms produce heavy rainfall in midsummer
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U. S. the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento; the Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, the country's second most populous, after New York City. California has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, its largest county by area, San Bernardino County; the City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. California's $3.0 trillion economy is larger than that of any other state, larger than those of Texas and Florida combined, the largest sub-national economy in the world. If it were a country, California would be the 5th largest economy in the world, the 36th most populous as of 2017.
The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and third-largest urban economies, after the New York metropolitan area. The San Francisco Bay Area PSA had the nation's highest GDP per capita in 2017 among large PSAs, is home to three of the world's ten largest companies by market capitalization and four of the world's ten richest people. California is considered a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics, it is considered the origin of the American film industry, the hippie counterculture, fast food, the Internet, the personal computer, among others. The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are seen as global centers of the technology and entertainment industries, respectively. California has a diverse economy: 58% of the state's economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5% of the state's economy, California's agriculture industry has the highest output of any U.
S. state. California is bordered by Oregon to the north and Arizona to the east, the Mexican state of Baja California to the south; the state's diverse geography ranges from the Pacific Coast in the west to the Sierra Nevada mountain range in the east, from the redwood–Douglas fir forests in the northwest to the Mojave Desert in the southeast. The Central Valley, a major agricultural area, dominates the state's center. Although California is well-known for its warm Mediterranean climate, the large size of the state results in climates that vary from moist temperate rainforest in the north to arid desert in the interior, as well as snowy alpine in the mountains. Over time and wildfires have become more pervasive features. What is now California was first settled by various Native Californian tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries; the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its successful war for independence but was ceded to the United States in 1848 after the Mexican–American War.
The western portion of Alta California was organized and admitted as the 31st state on September 9, 1850. The California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom; the word California referred to the Baja California Peninsula of Mexico. The name derived from the mythical island California in the fictional story of Queen Calafia, as recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián by Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo; this work was the fifth in a popular Spanish chivalric romance series that began with Amadis de Gaula. Queen Calafia's kingdom was said to be a remote land rich in gold and pearls, inhabited by beautiful black women who wore gold armor and lived like Amazons, as well as griffins and other strange beasts. In the fictional paradise, the ruler Queen Calafia fought alongside Muslims and her name may have been chosen to echo the title of a Muslim leader, the Caliph. It's possible.
Know ye that at the right hand of the Indies there is an island called California close to that part of the Terrestrial Paradise, inhabited by black women without a single man among them, they lived in the manner of Amazons. They were robust of body with great virtue; the island itself is one of the wildest in the world on account of the craggy rocks. Shortened forms of the state's name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA. Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, California was one of the most culturally and linguistically diverse areas in pre-Columbian North America. Various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000; the Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their political organization with bands, villages, on the resource-rich coasts, large chiefdoms, such as the Chumash and Salinan.
Trade, intermarriage a
Chino is a city in San Bernardino County, United States at the western end of the Riverside-San Bernardino Area. Chino and its surroundings have long been a center of agriculture and dairy farming, providing milk products in Southern California and much of the southwestern United States. Chino's agricultural history dates back to the Spanish land grant forming Rancho Santa Ana del Chino; the area specialized in orchard, row crops and dairy. Chino is bounded by Chino Hills to the west, Pomona to the northwest, unincorporated San Bernardino County to the north, Ontario to the northeast, Eastvale to the Southeast, unincorporated Riverside County to the south, it is accessible via the Chino Valley and Pomona freeways. The population was 77,983 at the 2010 census. Downtown Chino is home to satellite branches of the San Bernardino County Library and Chaffey Community College, the Chino Community Theatre, the Chino Boxing Club and a weekly Farmer's Market. In 2008, the city of Chino was awarded the prestigious "100 Best Communities for Youth" award for the second time in three years.
Chino hosted shooting events for the 1984 Summer Olympics at the Prado Olympic Shooting Park in the Prado Regional Park. Two California state prisons for adults, as well as the Heman G. Stark Youth Correctional Facility, lie within the city limits; the land grant on which the town was founded was called Rancho Santa Ana del Chino. Santa Ana is Spanish for Saint Anne, but the exact meaning of "Chino" has been explained in different ways. One explanation is; the president of the Chino Valley Historical Society, drawing on US Civil War-era letters, designates the "curl" referenced in the toponym as that at the top of the grama grass that abounded in the valley. The Tongva had a settlement called Wapijangna in the Santa Ana River watershed; some residents of Wapijanga were baptized at Mission San Gabriel, established in 1771. The Spanish crown claimed the land until Mexican independence was finalized and possession fell to the Mexican government; some twenty years Mexican governor of Alta California Juan Bautista Alvarado granted Rancho Santa Ana del Chino to Antonio Maria Lugo of the prominent Lugo family.
Two years his successor, Governor Micheltorena, granted an additional three leagues to Lugo's son-in-law Isaac Williams, who took charge of the rancho. Williams kept large quantities of horses and cattle, which attracted the envy of raiding Native Americans as well as unscrupulous whites. One of the latter was James Beckwourth, who, in 1840, posed as an otter hunter and stayed at Rancho Chino to determine the location of the area's animals, which he reported to Walkara, the Ute mastermind of the raids. Early in the Mexican–American War, the Battle of Chino took place at Williams' rancho; the battle ended prior to the arrival of the Mormon Battalion, dispatched on behalf of the United States, who instead labored in the rancho's agricultural harvest and constructed a grist mill. During the California Gold Rush, the rancho was a popular stopover for travelers, in the mining fury, coal was discovered there. In 1850, California was admitted to the union, the process of separating held lands from the public domain began.
The Williams claim to the Chino Rancho was patented in 1869. Richard Gird was the next owner of the Rancho. Beginning in 1887, his land was laid out, it became the'Town of Chino,' and incorporated into a city in 1910. Sugar beets and alfalfa were raised there; the Chino Valley, located at the foot of an alluvial plain with fertile topsoil reaching depths of 4 feet, was an agricultural mecca from the 1890s up through the mid 20th century. Sugar beets were a significant part of the economy in the early 1900s, followed by sweet corn, walnuts and strawberries; the city's official logo/crest features an overflowing cornucopia. The dairy industry flourished from the 1950s through the 1980s, with dairy-friendly zoning in the southwest corner of San Bernardino County encouraging many ethnic Dutch families to locate there and become the cornerstone of the industry. Chino's large efficient dairies made it the largest milk-producing community in the nation's largest milk-producing state; because of its pastoral setting and rural flavor, Chino was a popular site for Hollywood crews to shoot "midwestern" settings.
1960's movies included Bus Riley's Back in Town starring Michael Parks. In the 1970s, Chino developed into a small suburban city, forming the western anchor of the Inland Empire region, now the city's development has taken on a more middle-class character. There are still many industrial areas as well as farm animals such as chickens. According to the 2004 FBI UCR, the city had about 3.6 violent crimes per 1,000 population, typical for an American suburb, its property crime below average. On July 11, 2017, in a special election, Chino voters voted against Measure H, which would have allowed 30 acres of rural land located near Ontario, to be used to build a total of 180 new homes by home builder D. R. Horton; the measure faced considerable opposition by residents of the city despite support from the Chino Chamber of Commerce and school district. According to the City's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: Chino is a part of the Chino Valley Unified School