Dubrovnik is a Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations in the Mediterranean Sea, a seaport and the centre of Dubrovnik-Neretva County, its total population is 42,615. In 1979, the city of Dubrovnik joined the UNESCO list of World Heritage sites; the prosperity of the city was based on maritime trade. In 1991, after the break-up of Yugoslavia, Dubrovnik was besieged by Serbian and Montenegrin soldiers of the Yugoslav People's Army for seven months and suffered significant damage from shelling. After repair and restoration works in the 1990s and early 2000s, Dubrovnik re-emerged as one of the top tourist destinations in the Mediterranean; the names Dubrovnik and Ragusa co-existed for several centuries. Ragusa, recorded in various forms since at least the 10th century, remained the official name of the Republic of Ragusa until 1808, of the city within the Kingdom of Dalmatia until 1918, while Dubrovnik, first recorded in the late 12th century, was in widespread use by the late 16th or early 17th century.
The name Dubrovnik of the Adriatic city is first recorded in the Charter of Ban Kulin. It is explained as "dubron", a Celtic name for water, akin to the toponyms Douvres and Tauber; the historical name Ragusa is recorded in the Greek form Ῥαούσιν in the 10th century. It was recorded in various forms in the medieval period, Lavusa, Raugia, Rachusa. Various attempts have been made to etymologize the name. Suggestions include derivation from Greek ῥάξ, ῥαγός "grape". A connection to the name of Sicilian Ragusa has been proposed. Putanec gives a review of etymological suggestion, favours an explanation of the name as pre-Greek, from a root cognate to Greek ῥαγή "fissure", with a suffix -ussa found in the Greek name of Brač, Elaphousa; the classical explanation of the name is due to Constantine VII's De Administrando Imperio. According to this account, Ragusa is the foundation of the refugees from Epidaurum, a Greek city situated some 15 km to the south of Ragusa, when that city was destroyed in the Slavic incursions of the 7th century.
The name is explained as a corruption of Lausa, the name of the rocky island on which the city was built. According to Constantine Porphyrogenitus's De Administrando Imperio, Ragusa was founded in the 7th century, named after a "rocky island" called Lausa, by refugees from Epidaurum, a Greek city situated some 15 km to the south, when that city was destroyed in the Slavic incursions. Excavations in 2007 revealed a Byzantine basilica from parts of the city walls; the size of the old basilica indicates that there was quite a large settlement at the time. There is evidence for the presence of a settlement in the pre-Christian era. Antun Ničetić, in his 1996 book Povijest dubrovačke luke, expounds the theory that Dubrovnik was established by Greek sailors, as a station halfway between the two Greek settlements of Budva and Korčula, 95 nautical miles apart from each other. After the fall of the Ostrogothic Kingdom, the town came under the protection of the Byzantine Empire. Dubrovnik in those medieval centuries had a Roman population.
In 12th and 13th centuries Dubrovnik became a oligarchic republic, benefited by becoming a commercial outpost for the rising and prosperous Serbian state, specially after the signing of a treaty with Stefan the First-Crowned. After the Crusades, Dubrovnik came under the sovereignty of Venice, which would give its institutions to the Dalmatian city. In 1240, Ragusa purchased the island of Lastovo from Stefan Uroš I king of Serbia who had rights over the island as ruler of parts of Hum. After a fire destroyed most of the city in the night of August 16, 1296, a new urban plan was developed. By the Peace Treaty of Zadar in 1358, Dubrovnik achieved relative independence as a vassal-state of the Kingdom of Hungary. Ragusa experienced further expansion when, in 1333, Serbian emperor Stefan Dušan, sold Pelješac and Ston in exchange for cash and an annual tribute, thus the city became Slavic-speaking city at the moment when her connection with the rest of Europe, specially Italy, brought her into the full corrent of the Western Renaissance.
Between the 14th century and 1808, Dubrovnik ruled itself as a free state, although it was a vassal from 1382 to 1804 of the Ottoman Empire and paid an annual tribute to its sultan. The Republic reached its peak in the 15th and 16th centuries, when its thalassocracy rivalled that of the Republic of Venice and other Italian maritime republics. For centuries, Dubrovnik was an ally of Ancona, the other Adriatic maritime republic rival of Venice, itself the Ottoman Empire's chief rival for control of the Adriatic; this alliance enabled the two towns set on opposite sides of the Adriatic to resist attempts by the Venetians to make the Adriatic a "Venetian Bay" controlling directly or indirectly all the Adriatic ports. Ancona and Dubrovnik developed an alternative trade route to the Venetian (Venice-Austria-Germany
Cavtat is a town in the Dubrovnik-Neretva County of Croatia. It is on the Adriatic Sea coast 15 kilometres south of Dubrovnik and is the centre of the Konavle municipality; the original city was founded by the Greeks in the 6th century BC under the name of Epidaurus. The surrounding area was inhabited by the Illyrians; the town changed its name to Epidaurum when it came under Roman rule in 228 BC. Justinian I the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire sent his fleet to Cavtat during the Gothic War and occupied the town; the city was destroyed by the Avars and Slavs in the 7th century. Refugees from Epidaurum fled to the nearby island, Laus which over time evolved into the city of Dubrovnik; the town was re-established in the Middle Ages. After a short while it came under the control of the Republic of Ragusa; the modern Croatian name for the city reveals its link with Dubrovnik. Cavtat is derived from Civitas Vetus. Today, Cavtat is a popular tourist destination with many hotels and private households that rent rooms and apartments.
The seafront is filled with restaurants. A ferry boat connects the town to neighbouring Dubrovnik. There are many private luxury ships and yachts along the strand; the town cemetery contains a mausoleum belonging to the Račić family and decorated by the sculptor Ivan Meštrović. The Epidaurus Festival of Music has been held annually in Cavtat since 2007. Vlaho Bukovac, painter Tino Pattiera, opera singer Luko Zore and Slavist Frano Supilo, politician Baltazar Bogišić, law historian and ethnologist Niko Koprivica, politician Dinko Zlatarić, poet and translator Raimondo Cunich, humanist Cavtat is twinned with: Bochnia, Poland Watsonville, California, USA Croatia Dubrovnik Dalmatia Republic of Ragusa Epidaurus Notes Cavtat Info, Villa Vidak: Cavtat Information Cavtatportal.com, Up to date news from Cavtat and vicinity
Swiss chocolate is chocolate produced in Switzerland. While cacao beans and other ingredients such as sugar can originate from outside Switzerland, the actual production of the chocolate must take place in Switzerland. Switzerland's chocolates have earned an international reputation for high quality with many famous international chocolate brands. Switzerland is renowned for its milk chocolate. In 1875, a Swiss confectioner, Daniel Peter, developed the first solid milk chocolate using condensed milk, invented by Henri Nestlé, Peter's neighbour in Vevey; the 17th century saw the start of chocolate processed in Switzerland. In the 18th century chocolate was only produced in a few areas, such as the Ticino. In the 19th and early-20th centuries, the following chocolate factories were founded: 1819 - Cailler in Vevey 1826 - Favarger in Versoix, Canton of Geneva 1826 - Suchard in Serrières 1830 - Kohler in Lausanne 1836 - Sprüngli in Zurich, company split into Confiserie Sprüngli and Lindt & Sprüngli in 1892 1852 - Maestrani in Luzern 1862 - Klaus in Le Locle 1867 - Peter in Lausanne 1879 - Lindt in Bern 1887 - Frey in Aarau 1899 - Tobler in Bern 1901 - Chocolat de Villars in Villars sur Glâne 1908 - Felchlin in Schwyz 1928 - Stella SA in Lugano 1929 - Camille Bloch in Courtelary 1932 - Teuscher in a small town in the Swiss Alps 1932 - Bernrain in Kreuzlingen 1933 - Chocolats Halba in Wallisellen 1934 - Kägi Söhne AG in ToggenburgIn the second half of the 19th century, Swiss Chocolate started to spread abroad.
Linked to this was the invention of Milk Chocolate by Daniel Peter in Vevey and the invention of the conching by Rodolphe Lindt. From the 19th century until the First World War and throughout the Second World War the Swiss chocolate industry was export-oriented. After the Second World War Switzerland began to outsource production due to commercial restrictions. Today most Swiss chocolate is consumed by the Swiss themselves, Switzerland has the highest per capita rate of chocolate consumption worldwide. In 2004, 148,270 tonnes of chocolate were produced in Switzerland. 53% of this was exported. The gross income of the Swiss chocolate industry in 2004 was 1.37 billion CHF. In 1901, Swiss chocolate producers created. In 1916, this was divided into the Chambre syndicale des fabricants suisses de chocolat and the Convention chocolatière suisse; the former "Chambre syndicale" protects the interests of Swiss chocolate producers. The "Convention chocolatière" focused on the quality of the chocolate and sought a uniform price strategy.
In 1994 the Convention was disbanded. Belgian chocolate Culinary Heritage of Switzerland Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent German-language Wikipedia article; the following references are cited by that German-language article: Alain J. Bourgard: CH comme Chocolat, 2003, ISBN 2-8321-0036-8Specific Swiss chocolate in the online Culinary Heritage of Switzerland database. Chocosuisse: Union of Swiss Chocolate Manufacturers Information about Swiss Chocolat:www.swissworld.org Annual International Chocolatiers and Chocolate Fair
Republic of Ragusa
The Republic of Ragusa was an aristocratic maritime republic centered on the city of Dubrovnik in Dalmatia that carried that name from 1358 until 1808. It reached its commercial peak in the 15th and the 16th centuries, before being conquered by Napoleon's French Empire and formally annexed by the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy in 1808, it had a population of about 30,000 people, out of. Its Latin motto was "Non bene pro toto libertas venditur auro", which means "Liberty is not well sold for all the gold". Named Communitas Ragusina, in the 14th century it was renamed Respublica Ragusina, first mentioned in 1385. (It was a Republic under its previous name, although its Rector was appointed by Venice rather than by Ragusa's own Grand Council. In Italian it is called Repubblica di Ragusa; the Croatian name Dubrovnik is derived from an oak grove. It came into use alongside Ragusa as early as the 14th century; the Latin and Dalmatian name Ragusa derives its name from Lausa. The official change of name from Ragusa to Dubrovnik came into effect after World War I.
It is known in historiography as the Republic of Ragusa. The Republic ruled a compact area of southern Dalmatia – its final borders were formed by 1426 – comprising the mainland coast from Neum to the Prevlaka peninsula as well as the Pelješac peninsula and the islands of Lastovo and Mljet, as well as a number of smaller islands such as Koločep, Šipan. In the 15th century the Ragusan republic acquired the islands of Korčula, Brač and Hvar for about eight years; however they had to be given up due to the resistance of local minor aristocrats sympathizing with Venice, granting them some privileges. In the 16th century the administrative units of the Republic were: the City of Ragusa and captaincies with local magistrates appointed by the Grand Council. Lastovo and Mljet were semi-autonomous communities each having its own Statute. According to the De administrando imperio of the Byzantine emperor Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos, the city was founded in the 7th century, by the inhabitants of the Roman city of Epidaurum after its destruction by the Avars and Slavs c.
615. Some of the survivors moved 25 kilometres north to a small island near the coast where they founded a new settlement, Lausa, it has been claimed that a second raid by the Slavs in 656 resulted in the total destruction of Epidaurum. Slavs, including Croats and Serbs, settled along the coast in the 7th century; the Slavs named their settlement Dubrovnik. The Romance and Slavs held each other antagonistically, though by the 12th century the two settlements had merged; the channel that divided the city was filled, creating the present-day main street which became the city centre. Thus, Dubrovnik became the Croatian name for the united town. There are recent theories based on excavations that the city was established much earlier, at least in the 5th century and during the Ancient Greek period; the key element in this theory is the fact that ships in ancient time traveled about 45 to 50 nautical miles per day, mariners required a sandy shore to pull their ships out of the water for the rest period during the night.
An ideal combination would have a fresh water source in the vicinity. Dubrovnik had both, being halfway between the Greek settlements of Budva and Korčula, which are 95 nautical miles apart. During its first centuries the city was under the rule of the Byzantine Empire; the Saracens laid siege to the city in 866–67. Ooryphas' "showing of the flag" had swift results, as the Slavic tribes sent envoys to the Emperor, once more acknowledging his suzerainty. Basil dispatched officials and missionaries to the region, restoring Byzantine rule over the coastal cities and regions in the form of the new theme of Dalmatia, while leaving the Slavic tribal principalities of the hinterland autonomous under their own rulers. With the weakening of Byzantium, Venice began to see Ragusa as a rival that needed to be brought under its control, but an attempt to conquer the city in 948 failed; the citizens of the city attributed this to Saint Blaise. The city remained under Byzantine domination until 1204, with the exception of periods of Venetian and Norman rule.
In 1050, Croatian king Stjepan I made a land grant along the coast that extended the boundaries of Ragusa to Zaton, 16 km north of the original city, giving the republic control of the abundant supply of fresh water that emerges from a spring at the head of the Ombla inlet. Stephen's grant included the harbour of Gruž, now the commercial port for Dubrovnik, thus the original t
Auguste de Marmont
Auguste Frédéric Louis Viesse de Marmont was a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title Duke of Ragusa. Marmont was born at Châtillon-sur-Seine, the son of an ex-officer in the army who belonged to the petite noblesse and adopted the principles of the Revolution, his love of soldiering soon showed itself, his father took him to Dijon to learn mathematics prior to entering the artillery, there he made the acquaintance of Napoleon Bonaparte, which he renewed after obtaining his commission when he served in Toulon. The acquaintance ripened into intimacy. In 1799 he returned to Europe with his chief. For this he was at once made general of division. In 1801 he became inspector-general of artillery, in 1804 grand officer of the Legion of Honour, but was disappointed at being omitted from the list of officers who were made marshals. In 1805 he received the command of a corps, he was directed to take possession of Dalmatia with his army, occupied the Republic of Ragusa.
For the next five years he was military and civil governor of Dalmatia, traces of his beneficent régime still survive both in great public works and in the memories of the people. In 1808 he was made duke of Ragusa. In the War of the Fifth Coalition, he defeated an Austrian holding force in the Dalmatian Campaign of May 1809 and captured the opposing commander. Breaking out of Dalmatia, he reached Ljubljana in early June. After he defeated Ignaz Gyulai's corps in the Battle of Graz, Napoleon summoned the XI Corps to Vienna, he arrived in time to fight in the Battle of Wagram on 6 July. In the subsequent pursuit of Archduke Charles, Marmont got his corps into a difficult spot and was rescued only by the arrival of Napoleon with heavy reinforcements. Napoleon made him a Marshal of France, though he said, "Between ourselves, you have not done enough to justify my choice." Of the three marshals created after Wagram, the French soldiers said, MacDonald is France's choiceOudinot is the army's choiceMarmont is friendship's choice.
He was appointed governor-general of all the Illyrian provinces of the empire. In July 1810 Marmont was hastily summoned to succeed Masséna in the command of the French army in the north of Spain, his relief of Ciudad Rodrigo in the autumn of 1811 in spite of the presence of the British army was a great feat, in the manoeuvring which preceded the battle of Salamanca he had the best of it. But Wellington more than retrieved his position in the battle, inflicted a severe defeat on the French. Marmont and his deputy commander Comte Jean-Pierre François Bonet were both struck by shrapnel early in the battle. Marmont was gravely wounded in the right arm and side and command of the battle passed to Bertrand Clausel, he retired to France to recover. In April 1813 Napoleon gave him the command of a corps, which he led at the battles of Lützen and Dresden, he fought throughout the great defensive campaign of 1814 until the last battle before Paris. Marmont's forces fought a fighting retreat back to the commanding position of Essonne, inflicting high casualties on the enemy.
Marmont took upon himself a political role, seeking to halt what he now saw as a pointless prolonging of a war which France would now assuredly lose. Marmont reached a secret agreement with them; as the Allies closed on Montmartre, Marmont—together with marshals Mortier and Moncey—marched to a position where they were surrounded by Allied troops and surrendered their forces, as had been agreed. Marmont stayed loyal to the restored Bourbon king Louis XVIII during the Hundred Days, following Waterloo voted in favour of the execution of Marshal Ney, he was made a peer of France and a major-general of the royal guard, in 1820 a knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit and a grand officer of the Order of St Louis. He was the major-general of the guard on duty in July 1830 during the July Revolution, was ordered to put down with a strong hand any opposition to the ordinances. Himself opposed to the court policy, he yet tried to do his duty, only gave up the attempt to suppress the revolution when it became clear that his troops were outmatched.
This brought more obloquy upon him, the Duke d'Angoulême ordered him under arrest, saying: Will you betray us, as you betrayed him? Marmont forfeited his marshalate, his desire to return to France was never gratified and he wandered in central and eastern Europe, settling in Vienna, where he was well received by the Austrian government, strange to say, made tutor to the duke of Reichstadt, the young man who had once for a few weeks been styled Napoleon II. Despite his long friendship with Napoleon, by this time the verb "raguser"—derived from his title, the Duke of Ragusa—was a household word in France: it meant "to betray", he died at Venice in the last living Napoleonic Marshal. In his last years, Marmont spent much of his time working on his Mémoires, which are of great value for the military history of the time, his works are: etc.. Voyage en Sicile. It. Milan, 1840 Esprit des institutions militaires Cesar.
Ragusa is a city and comune in southern Italy. It is the capital of the province of Ragusa, on the island of Sicily, with 73,288 inhabitants in 2016, it is built on a wide limestone hill between two deep valleys, Cava San Leonardo and Cava Santa Domenica. Together with seven other cities in the Val di Noto, it is part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site; the origins of Ragusa can be traced back to the 2nd millennium BC, when there were several Sicel settlements in the area. The current district of Ragusa Ibla has been identified as Hybla Heraea; the ancient city, located on a 300-metre -high hill, came into contact with nearby Greek colonies, grew thanks to the nearby port of Camerina. Following a short period of Carthaginian rule, it fell into the hands of the ancient Romans and the Byzantines, who fortified the city and built a large castle. Ragusa was occupied by the Arabs in 848 AD, remaining under their rule until the 11th century, when the Normans conquered it. Selected as County seat, its first Count was son of Count Ruggero of Sicily.
Thereafter Ragusa's history followed the events of the Kingdom of Sicily, created in the first half of the twelfth century. A Chiaramonte family fief, it remained the county capital after it was unified with Modica in 1296, a status it lost in the 15th century after a popular revolt. In 1693 Ragusa was devastated by a huge earthquake. Following this catastrophe the city was rebuilt, many Baroque buildings from this time remain in the city. Most of the population moved to a new settlement in the former district of Patro, calling this new municipality "Ragusa Superiore" and the ancient city "Ragusa Inferiore"; the two cities remained separated until 1926, when they were fused together to become a provincial capital in 1927 at the expense of Modica, the former capital and the most populous and important city in the region since 1296. In 1838 an asphalt deposit was discovered, still being worked. Ragusa is a hilltown that lies below the Hyblaean Mountains, is divided into Ragusa Ibla and Ragusa Superiore.
The municipality borders with Chiaramonte Gulfi, Giarratana, Monterosso Almo, Santa Croce Camerina and Vittoria. It counts the hamlets of Marina di Ragusa, located by the sea, San Giacomo Bellocozzo; the city has two distinct areas, the lower and older town of Ragusa Ibla, the higher Ragusa Superiore. The two halves are separated by the Valle dei Ponti, a deep ravine crossed by four bridges, The most noteworthy of, the eighteenth-century Ponte dei Cappuccini. Ragusa Cathedral, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist, is the biggest attraction in Ragusa Superiore; the church was located in the western part of ancient Ragusa, under the walls of the Mediaeval castle, where the small church of St. Agnese is today. A smaller building was built on the site after the 1693 earthquake, which soon proved inadequate; the current edifice was built between 1718 and 1778, with a façade in typical southern Sicilian Baroque style, with three portals and sculptures representing the Madonna, St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist.
The upper columns have two clocks showing the time in French fashions respectively. The high bell tower, on the left side, is in Baroque style; the ornate Baroque interior has a Latin cross plan, with a nave and two aisles separated by three colonnades embellished with gold. Charts showing Bible verses referring to St. John the Baptist are over every column; the dome was built in 1783, covered with copper sheets during the 20th century. The side chapels, characterized by altars decorated with polychrome marbles, date from the 19th century. Noteworthy is the Hyblean Archaeological Museum, with different sections devoted to archaeological finds from the Prehistoric to the Late Roman era. Ragusa Ibla is home to a wide array of Baroque architecture, including several stunning palaces and churches; the Cathedral of San Giorgio started in 1738 by architect Rosario Gagliardi, in place of the temple destroyed by the 1693 earthquake, of, the only place in the city a Catalan-Gothic style portal can still be seen.
The façade contains a flight of 250 steps and massive ornate columns, as well as statues of saints and decorated portals. The interior has a Latin cross plan, with two aisles ending in half-circular apses, it is topped by a large Neoclassical dome built in 1820. On a narrow winding street connecting Ragusa Ibla with Ragusa Superiore lies the church of Santa Maria delle Scale; this church is interesting: badly damaged in the earthquake of 1693, half of this church was rebuilt in Baroque style, while the surviving half was kept in the original Gothic style. The last chapel of the latter has a Renaissance portal; the chapels are adorned with canvases by Sicilian painters of the 18th century. Church of the Souls of the Purgatory has a Baroque portal. Church of Santa Maria dell'Itria, built by the Knights of Malta in the seventeenth century, has a campanile with ceramics from Caltagirone and a canvas attributed to Mattia Preti. San Filippo NeriThe church of San Giorgio, designed by Rosario Gagliardi and built between 1739–1775, has a façade with tiers of juxtaposed columns.
The Treasury contains silver items. Similar though smaller is the nearby church of St. Joseph, with an elliptic interior housing a seventeenth-century statue; the church of Sant'Antonino is an example of Norman architecture, characterized b
Province of Ragusa
The Province of Ragusa is a province in the autonomous region of Sicily in southern Italy, located in the south-east of the island. Following the suppression of the Sicilian provinces, it was replaced in 2015 by the Free municipal consortium of Ragusa, its capital is the city of Ragusa, the most southerly provincial capital in Italy. From Scoglitti to Pozzallo, the Ragusan coastline is 85 kilometres long. Along the Ragusan coast are many fishing villages such as Kaukana, Punta Secca, Marina di Ragusa and Marina di Modica; the Hyblaean Mountains are dominating the north of the province and its highest peaks are Monte Lauro, Monte Casale and Monte Arcibessi. The rivers of the province are the Irminio and Ippari and the only lake in the province is the Lago di Santa Rosalia along the course of the Irminio river; the skyline of Ragusa is punctuated by the towers and cupolas of the many churches for which the province is known. The area is unspoilt, as during the 19th century and early 20th century there was large migration from Ragusa to the more prosperous areas of Italy and abroad.
It has an area of 1,623.89 square kilometres and a total population of 321,192. There are 12 comunes in the province. By population, they are: Parts of the province have changed in the late 20th and early 21st centuries due to tourism. However, others are unchanged from pre-industrial times. Main productive activities can be found in the towns of Ragusa and Pozzallo, where the two major industrial areas are located; the west and south of the province are dedicated to the intensive farming in greenhouses and the local vegetables leave from the Market of Vittoria to be exported to all of Europe making the province of Ragusa one of the biggest producers of greenhouse produce. In the areas around Ragusa and Modica cattle farming is at the highest levels in the region for milk and meat production. Tourism has now replaced the fishing industry as the principal source of employment along the coast. There are no motorways in the province and the main roads are the National SS.115 that crosses from west to east and the SS.514 that running north connects Ragusa to Catania.
The SP.25 runs south from Ragusa to Marina di Ragusa. The 120 kilometres of railway network of the province are on single track and not electrified. Regional trains run connecting the major cities. Comiso Airport during the cold-war was the biggest NATO base in Europe and has been refurbished to be converted from military to civil airport; the Port of Pozzallo is the only cargo and passengers port, is located in the southern part of the province. The other ports are either fishing ports like Scoglitti and Donnalucata or Marinas for touristic boats like Marina di Ragusa and Punta Secca; the cities of Ragusa and Scicli contain many examples of baroque architecture and from 2002 are part of the World Heritage. The main monuments are: Cathedral of San Giovanni Portal of San Giorgio Duomo of San Giorgio Duomo of San Giorgio Duomo of San Pietro Church of San Bartolomeo Palazzo Beneventano The main archeological site of the province is the Greek city of Kamarina located on the coast. Others are Kasmenai, Scornavacche, the Roman Baths of Comiso and the Cava Ispica.
Castle of Donnafugata, near Ragusa, is a beautiful example of country residence of the Baron Corrado Arezzo that dominates the surrounding countryside. Castle of the Counts of Modica in Modica town centre. Castle of Naselli d’Aragona in Comiso dating to 1576. Ruins of the fortress of Parco Forza in Ispica. Acate is housing the Castle of the Prince of Biscari constructed in 1494, it is a commanding feature of the town square; the construction of the castle was ordered by Baron Guglielmo Raimondo Paternò, its golden coloured stone work has been modified many times during its long history, it now appears more as an 18th-century palazzo than a castle, although some crenelations and towers remain. Official website The province of Ragusa Images of Ragusa Pictures, tourism, books, local products, local surnames, transportation in the province of Ragusa Ragusa on line