Rajaram II of Satara

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Rajaram II
Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 6th Chhatrapati of the Maratha Empire
ReignDecember 15, 1749 - December 11, 1777
PredecessorShahu I
SuccessorShahu II
BornJune 1726
Kolhapur
DiedDecember 11, 1777 (aged 51)
Satara
HouseBhonsle
FatherShivaji II
ReligionHinduism

Rajaram Bhonsle II, also known as Ramaraja, was the 6th monarch of Maratha Empire.[1] He was an adopted son of Chhattrapati Shahu. Tarabai had presented him to Shahu as her own grandson and used him to grab power after Shahu's death. However, after being sidelined, she stated that Rajaram II was only an impostor. Nevertheless, Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao retained him as the titular Chhatrapati. In reality, Peshwa and other chiefs had all the executive power, while Rajaram II was only a figurehead.

Biography[edit]

In the 1740s, during the last years of Shahu's life, Tarabai brought Rajaram II to him, she presented the child as her grandson, and therefore, as a direct descendant of Shivaji through her husband Rajaram Chhatrapati. She claimed that he had been concealed after his birth for his protection and had been raised by the wife of a Rajput soldier. Consequently, Shahu adopted him as a child.[2]

After Shahu's death, Rajaram II was appointed as the new Chhatrapati, the Emperor of Marathas; when Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao left for the Mughal frontier, Tarabai urged Rajaram II to remove him from the post of Peshwa. When Rajaram refused, she imprisoned him in a dungeon at Satara, on November 24, 1750, she claimed that he was an imposter from Gondhali caste and she had falsely presented him as her grandson to Shahu. His health deteriorated considerably during this imprisonment. Tarabai later signed a peace treaty with the Peshwa, acknowledging his superiority. On September 14, 1752, Tarabai and the Peshwa took an oath at Khandoba temple in Jejuri, promising mutual peace. At this oath ceremony, Tarabai also swore that Rajaram II was not her grandson, but an impostor from the Gondhali caste.[3] Nevertheless, the Peshwa retained Rajaram II as the titular Chhatrapati and a powerless figurehead.[2]

During Rajaram II's reign, the power of the Chhatrapati based in Satara was almost totally overshadowed by his hereditary Peshwas belonging to the Bhat family in Pune and other commanders of the empire such as the Holkars, Gaekwad, Scindia and Bhonsale(Nagpur). During this period, the Marathas were engaged in a continual conflict with the Durrani Empire based in Afghanistan. the Third Battle of Panipat took place in his time.

He was succeeded by another adopted titular ruler Shahu II of Satara.

References[edit]

  1. ^ V.S. Kadam, 1993. Maratha Confederacy: A Study in its Origin and Development. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi.
  2. ^ a b Biswamoy Pati, ed. (2000). Issues in Modern Indian History. Popular. p. 30. ISBN 9788171546589.
  3. ^ Charles Augustus Kincaid and Dattatray Balwant Parasnis (1918). A History of the Maratha People Volume 3. Oxford University Press. pp. 2–10.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
Preceded by
Shahuji
Chhatrapati of the
Maratha Empire

1749–1777
Succeeded by
Shahu II