Rajashekhara Varman

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Rama Rajasekhara
Ruler of Cera Perumal Kingdom of Cranganore
Reign c. 800—844 CE [1]
Successor Sthanuravi Kulasekhara (Kulashekhara Alvar)
Died Tiruvancikkulam
Religion Hinduism (Saiva)

Rama Rajasekhara (reign c. 800—844 AD), better known as Ceraman Perumal Nayanar, is the first known ruler of the Ceras of Cranganore (c. 800—1124 CE). He is venerated as a Saiva Nayanar saint. [2][3][4][5] It was during his reign (in 825 CE) the calendar known as the Kollam Era commenced, the calendar is also known as "Malayalam Era"[4]

Rama Rajasekhara is reputed to have issued the Valapalli Copper Plates — the first epigraphical record of a Cera king to be discovered from Kerala, the inscription makes a specific mention of the certain dinara coin. According to Cekkilar, Ceraman Perumal Nayanar made a pilgrimage to the major Saiva shrines of southern India with his friend Cundarar in his later years, the two saints are believed to have died at the city of Thiruvancikkulam (modern Cranganore). He was succeeded by Sthanuravi Kulasekhara (844 — 883 AD)[4]

The Hindu saint Adi Sankara was a contemporary of Rajashekhara Varma, his Sivanandalahari mentions the Cera ruler as Rajasekhara.[4] Rajasekhara also figures in Vidyaranya's Sankaravijaya.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  2. ^ Sviderski 40
  3. ^ Nayar 88
  4. ^ a b c d e A Survey of Kerala History - A. Sreedhara Menon - Google Books. Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2012-08-29. 
  5. ^ Narayanan, M. G. S. "Perumals of Kerala: Brahmin Oligarchy and Ritual Monarchy—Political and Social Conditions of Kerala Under the Cera Perumals of Makotai (c. AD 800–AD 1124)" Kerala. Calicut University Press. 1996
  • Sviderski, Richard (1988). Blood Weddings: The Knanaya Christians of Kerala. New Era Publications. 
  • Nayar, K. Balachandran (1974). In Quest of Kerala. Accent Publishers.