Rajoy government

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Mariano Rajoy formed the Rajoy government on 22 December 2011 after being nominated by King Juan Carlos I to form a government as a result of the People's Party's victory at the 2011 general election. Rajoy was nominated by King Felipe VI after the 2016 general election to form a new cabinet for a second term in office.

First Rajoy government (2011–2016)[edit]

First Rajoy government
Flag of Spain.svg
Government of Spain
2011–2016
Primer Gobierno de Mariano Rajoy (2011) (2).jpg
Date formed 22 December 2011
Date dissolved 21 December 2015
(caretaker until 4 November 2016)
People and organisations
Head of state Juan Carlos I (2011–2014)
Felipe VI (2014–2016)
Head of government Mariano Rajoy
Deputy head of government Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
No. of ministers 14
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
7
Total no. of ministers 18
Member party PP
Status in legislature Majority
Opposition party PSOE
Opposition leader Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (2011–2014)
Pedro Sánchez (2014–2016)
Vacant (2016)
History
Election(s) 2011 general election
Outgoing election 2015 general election
2016 general election
Legislature term(s) X (13 Dec 2011–13 Jan 2016)
XI (13 Jan–19 Jul 2016)
Budget(s) 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016
Outgoing formation 2015–16 government formation
Predecessor Zapatero II
Successor Rajoy II

The first Rajoy government was the government of Spain from 22 December 2011 to 4 November 2016, a total of 1,779 days, or 4 years, 10 months and 13 days. Rajoy was elected Prime Minister by the Congress of Deputies on 20 December and was sworn into office on 21 December. Rajoy's first cabinet was composed mainly by members of the People's Party (PP), as well as a number of independents. It succeeded the second Zapatero government.

Investiture[edit]

Investiture
Mariano Rajoy (PP)
Ballot → 20 December 2011
Required majority → 176 out of 350 ☑Y
187 / 350
149 / 350
14 / 350
Absentees
0 / 350
Sources[1]

Changes[edit]

  • On 23 September 2014, Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón resigned as Minister of Justice, after the government chose to withdraw his proposed abortion bill. The decision was said to come over the loss of personal prestige resulting from a staunch defense of the bill, with Rajoy's u-turn on the issue being seen as a personal disavowal of Gallardón.[4][5] Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría was charged with the ordinary duties of the affairs of the Ministry for Justice until Gallardon's successor, Rafael Catalá, could take office on 29 September 2014.[6]
  • On 26 November 2014, Ana Mato resigned as Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality due to her involvement in the Gürtel case, after she was summoned to court as a "participant on a lucrative basis" in the corruption crimes allegedly committed by former husband Jesús Sepúlveda. Her resignation came one day before a plenary in Congress on corruption in Prime Minister Rajoy was scheduled to intervene, and after Mato herself had announced earlier that day that she had not considered her resignation.[7] Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría took on the ordinary duties of the affairs of the ministry until her successor, Alfonso Alonso, could take office on 3 December 2014.[8][9]

From 21 December 2015, Rajoy's cabinet took on caretaker duties for the duration of the government formation process resulting from the 2015 general election.[12][13] This lasted for over 300 days and saw a new general election being held in the meantime. A number of ministers renounced their posts throughout this period, with the ordinary duties of their ministries being transferred to other cabinet members as a result of Rajoy being unable to appoint replacements while in caretaker role.

Composition[edit]

The Council of Ministers was structured into the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, 13 ministries and the post of Spokesperson of the Government.[21][22][23][24]

I Rajoy Government
(21 December 2011 – 4 November 2016)
Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy 21 December 2011 – 31 October 2016 PP [25]
Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 PP [26]
[27]
[28]
Minister of the Presidency
Spokesperson of the Government
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation José Manuel García-Margallo 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 PP [27]
Minister of Justice Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón 22 December 2011 – 23 September 2014 PP [27]
Minister of Defence Pedro Morenés 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 Independent [27]
Minister of the Treasury and Public Administrations Cristóbal Montoro 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 PP [27]
Minister of the Interior Jorge Fernández Díaz 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 PP [27]
Minister of Development Ana Pastor Julián 22 December 2011 – 19 July 2016 PP [27]
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport José Ignacio Wert 22 December 2011 – 26 June 2015 Independent [27]
Minister of Employment and Social Security Fátima Báñez 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 PP [27]
Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism José Manuel Soria 22 December 2011 – 15 April 2016 PP [27]
Minister of Agriculture, Food and the Environment Miguel Arias Cañete 22 December 2011 – 28 April 2014 PP [27]
Minister of Economy and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos 22 December 2011 – 4 November 2016 Independent [27]
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Ana Mato 22 December 2011 – 26 November 2014 PP [27]

Changes April 2014[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Agriculture, Food and the Environment Isabel García Tejerina 28 April 2014 – 4 November 2016 PP [29]

Changes September 2014[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Justice Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría took on the ordinary duties of affairs from 24 to 29 September 2014.[30]
Rafael Catalá 29 September 2014 – 4 November 2016 PP [31]

Changes November 2014[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría took on the ordinary duties of affairs from 26 November to 3 December 2014.[32]
Alfonso Alonso 3 December 2014 – 16 August 2016 PP [33]

Changes June 2015[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport Íñigo Méndez de Vigo 26 June 2015 – 4 November 2016 PP [34]

Changes 2016[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Industry, Energy and Tourism Luis de Guindos took on the ordinary duties of affairs from 15 April to 4 November 2016.[35]
Minister of Development Rafael Catalá took on the ordinary duties of affairs from 19 July to 4 November 2016.[36]
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Fátima Báñez took on the ordinary duties of affairs from 16 August to 4 November 2016.[37]

Second Rajoy government (2016–2018)[edit]

Second Rajoy government
Flag of Spain.svg
Government of Spain
2016–2018
Segundo Gobierno de Mariano Rajoy (2016) (2).jpg
Date formed 4 November 2016
Date dissolved 1 June 2018
(caretaker until 7 June 2018)
People and organisations
Head of state Felipe VI
Head of government Mariano Rajoy
Deputy head of government Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría
No. of ministers 14
Ministers removed
(Death/resignation/dismissal)
1
Total no. of ministers 15
Member party PP
Status in legislature Minority
Opposition party PSOE
Opposition leader Vacant (2016–2017)
Pedro Sánchez (2017–2018)
History
Election(s) 2016 general election
Legislature term(s) XII (19 Jul 2016–present)
Budget(s) 2017
Incoming formation 2015–16 government formation
Outgoing formation 2018 vote of no confidence in the government of Mariano Rajoy
Predecessor Rajoy I
Successor Sánchez

The second Rajoy Government was the government of Spain from 4 November 2016 to 7 June 2018, a total of 580 days, or 1 year, 7 months and 3 days. Rajoy was elected Prime Minister by the Congress of Deputies on 29 October and was sworn into office on 31 October.[38][39] Rajoy's second government was composed mainly by members of the People's Party (PP), as well as a number of independents. It succeeded the first Rajoy government. The government was dissolved on 1 June 2018 when a motion of no confidence against Rajoy succeeded, but remained as an acting body until Pedro Sánchez's government was sworn in on 7 June.[40]

Investiture[edit]

Investiture
Mariano Rajoy (PP)
Ballot → 27 October 2016 29 October 2016
Required majority → 176 out of 350 ☒N Simple ☑Y
170 / 350
170 / 350
180 / 350
111 / 350
0 / 350
68 / 350
0 / 350
1 / 350
Sources[1]

Changes[edit]

Composition[edit]

The Council of Ministers was structured into the Prime Minister, the Deputy Prime Minister, 13 ministries and the post of Spokesperson of the Government.[43]

II Rajoy Government
(4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018)
Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy 31 October 2016 – 1 June 2018 PP [44]
Deputy Prime Minister Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [45]
[46]
Minister of the Presidency and for Territorial Administrations
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation Alfonso Dastis 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 Independent [46]
Minister of Justice Rafael Catalá 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Defence María Dolores de Cospedal 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of the Treasury and Public Function Cristóbal Montoro 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of the Interior Juan Ignacio Zoido 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Development Íñigo de la Serna 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Education, Culture and Sport Íñigo Méndez de Vigo 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
[47]
Spokesperson of the Government
Minister of Employment and Social Security Fátima Báñez 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Energy, Tourism and Digital Agenda Álvaro Nadal 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Agriculture, Fisheries, Food, and the Environment Isabel García Tejerina 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]
Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness Luis de Guindos 4 November 2016 – 8 March 2018 Independent [46]
Minister of Health, Social Services and Equality Dolors Montserrat 4 November 2016 – 7 June 2018 PP [46]

Changes March 2018[edit]

Office Name Term of office Party Ref.
Minister of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness Román Escolano 8 March 2018 – 7 June 2018 Independent [48]

References[edit]

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  3. ^ Cué, Carlos (28 April 2014). "Rajoy hace un retoque mínimo en el Ejecutivo y nombra ministra a Tejerina". El País (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 1 May 2018. 
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  28. ^ "Real Decreto 1827/2011, de 21 de diciembre, por el que se dispone que doña María Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón, Ministra de la Presidencia, asuma las funciones de Portavoz del Gobierno" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (307): 139969. 22 December 2011. ISSN 0212-033X. 
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  30. ^ "Real Decreto 816/2014, de 23 de septiembre, por el que se dispone que, como consecuencia de la vacante en el cargo de Ministro de Justicia, la Vicepresidenta del Gobierno y Ministra de la Presidencia asuma el despacho ordinario de los asuntos correspondientes al titular del citado Departamento" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (232): 74673. 24 September 2014. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  31. ^ "Real Decreto 829/2014, de 28 de septiembre, por el que se nombra Ministro de Justicia a don Rafael Catalá Polo" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (236): 76302. 29 September 2014. ISSN 0212-033X. 
  32. ^ "Real Decreto 987/2014, de 26 de noviembre, por el que se dispone que, como consecuencia de la vacante en el cargo de Ministra de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad, la Vicepresidenta del Gobierno y Ministra de la Presidencia asuma el despacho ordinario de los asuntos correspondientes al titular del citado Departamento" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (287): 96751. 27 November 2014. ISSN 0212-033X. 
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  48. ^ "Real Decreto 104/2018, de 7 de marzo, por el que se nombra Ministro de Economía, Industria y Competitividad a don Román Escolano Olivares" (pdf). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish). Agencia Estatal Boletín Oficial del Estado (59): 28062. 8 March 2018. ISSN 0212-033X. 

External links[edit]

  • historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Governments of Spain 2011–present. Ministers of Mariano Rajoy
  • lluisbelenes.es (in Spanish). The governments of the second period of the People's Party Party (since 2011) (under Juan Carlos I)
  • lluisbelenes.es (in Spanish). The governments of the second period of the People's Party Party (since 2011) (under Felipe VI)
Preceded by
Zapatero I–II
Government of Spain
2011–2018
Succeeded by
Sánchez